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whom fortune bad made a king, bui nation like his would invest her. As whoin pature bad intended “ to carry cordingly staid and sher critics find burthens." Mental imbecility may be that the language of this poem is much traced il rough all his words and actions : too luxuriant in its beauties for common in his suspicions, and hanishment of Bo- ears; that its morality is much 100 *OLigbroke-in his superstitious prarings thusiastically pure for common use. Per about the " divice right" of kings--in hans they are a raid the one should give Bis momentary fluctuations between in- young gentleinen a distasie to tie radiof tenperate hope and abject despair. - daily lite, and the other induce young laHow were we surorised then io fiod, in dies to wander about in woods of a niglit, 'the Richard 15. of Mr. Kean, a vigorous depending on their chastity for protis. and elevated mini, struggling indeed rion. If a wish of ours could have cosuainst necessity, brit strevezling like a fined to the closet this beauritul daw.. king; yielding to resistless force, bue ing of Milton's glorious day, it should yielding like a pilingspher; greater le- never have revisited the theatre: the vond comparison in his dungeon the fancy is unable to realize the delicious Bolingbroke on his throne! The mo- fieshoess of its scenery amidst the glare dern stage lius exhibited unching of lain- of stage lamps, and ibe glitter of rulperate dignity equal to the speech in glass chandeliers; the rich and deri, which Richard compares os meturn to

and endless barinony of its lunguage, is that of the sum ; or the one in which he wore than lose in the mouths of siping apostrophises his name." Arin, arm, my ?eiuit, and simpering actresses: ana, same! &c."--porting of inajestical ana

ahore all, we could have wished to preger equal to his rebuhe et Worthuni er- serre lle alipost sacred name of its au

"the deposmg of a king."- thor from the censures, or, that is stil! iling of deep and exquisite parties, p- worse, the applauses of galleries and proaching to the look and action accon- dresy boxes. Setting asiele these feelpanying the words, “ My eres are full of ings, in which perhaps few will partici: tears," when he cries w read the charges pare, the piece is got up with consider

mainst him. It has been thie fashion of ahle taste and splendor. The scene in late to discover sonje meterus con- which the lady is coufined in the chair nection between mynity and live feet by the spells of Comus, is beautiful. Mr. ren inches in height. We love to bear Conway, however he might look, talked uo more of tbis, after Mr. Kean's per- like anybody rather than the son of Baieformance of this character

chus and Cired; he gare the pleasure * Mind! mind aloue

persuading words of the gay enchantes The living fountains in irself contains with as grave a face, and as reliterzić Of beauteous and subtime----"

an air, as if he had been dealing out We have said that Mr. Kean's Rich- “wise saws.' We are sadly afrun this anil. is totally different from Slik- actor will belve the good opinion se speare's. It will be asked, do we donit that were once inclined to form at him. He the actor cani, in any crise, reserve praise thought his faults, and he ims a great for thus departing from his author? We rany, itere those of habit, and that we answer, is a general principle, certainly could discover some' natural your mind mul, especially when that aatiwris Shak ties hid underneath them; but bis tautis speare. We regard the present as one grow upon bim, and liis good qualis of those beautiful faults which nothing become more bid in proportion.' w:r. tout transcendant genins can sanction, out meaning to find fault with any, ne and fortunately, nothing but transcendant cannot help confessing, that of all tite Sprius can coininit.

scores of performers employed in tos Covent-GARDEN THEATNI.--The piece, the only one up could consere tu fosque oferimus bns been revived at trust with the words of Nilton aid te th-thicairenith a splendur sof decoration music of Arve, is Jiins Stephens : * u tuntee of when its claracters were sung the beautiful indledy '" () a even puntowned boy louds and ladies. The hill, &c." with the greatest possibile er Cornis ja precierly-seh a work as might fect; that is to s.y, with the greattit Prve been experied tiom the genius of possiyle simpluiry. The holes appear Milton, it un point when the external tu drop from ier lips, with a relucta tur vinalupi licine bestelling upon dindine melanchod sietiness tres de les in all the beauty of Penns, and when iul: the reftitatis. barbarism it wiedtfit ab iial entine'is pu coloring botore his Spiel.ce can produce unthingiske in

muci, in the wie Braliam, with the perfezione of hus skill, Bitlis Boost fun wilt which an magin cislomishes us ; Cutajallt, with the war

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1815.]
Message of the Prince Regent, &c.

461 ders of her voice, enchants us; syren- look and motion-her very fingers speaki, like, she throws us into a delicious exta- Other dancers make us stretch our eyes cy, till we know not wliere or what we till they ache with gazing; but she makes

We hear these singers, but cannot us almost close them wirb pleasure. Lube said to listen to them: but to Miss pino is just what one could fancy as the Stephens we listen with a quiet and Ariel of Shakspeare-- all the feathery heartfelt delight, a sober certainty of lightness and unearthly graces of that dewakiny bliss," as different from, and as lightful bemg; and over the whole, il superior to, tiie noisy adiniration the for- dash of home-like human feeling, withmer excite, as the smile of inward con- out which mere human beings could not tent is to the laugh of riotous mirth.– sympathise with her. This the nighty In the dance with which the piece con- master or the human heart knew when cludes, the boisterous agility of Mr. he made her stop short in the midst of Somebody with a French name, with his her quaint fancies, with “ Do you love leapings, and twirlings, and cuttings, was me, master ? no."- Prosp. “Dearly, my applauded to the very echo; while the ex- delicate Ariel." quisitelydelicate and fairy-like movements We hope next month to be able to of Lupino were passed over in silence, give the delightful performances of Miss This is the most pleasing dancer we have O'Neill the attention they so richly dea ever seen; there is expression in every

serve.

DIGEST OF POLITICAL EVENTS.

GREAT BRITAIN.

entered with his allies should be laid before OUR preparations for war, in concert the House immediately for its informationwith our continental allies, still continue and confidently relies on the support of the with unabated vigour, and to this great House, to enable him to take such steps point the most important proceedings of against the common eneniy as may be both Houses of Parliament during the deemed proper at this important crisis." past month have referred. An addition On the same day, Lord Castlereagh of 95,000 seamen, including 5,000 ma- laid before the House of Commons copies rines, has been voted for the service of of the ratihed treaties, signed at Vienna the present year; and on the 18th of on the 25th March, with the Emperor of May, or the inotion of Lord Castlereagh, Russia and King of Prussia. The ratifileave was given to bring in a bill to ein- cation of the treaty with Austria, owing power the Prince Regent to call out the to its being given in a more formal manwhole or any part of the militia.

To

ner than by the other powers, has not enable the government to meet the in- yet been received. Of these documents, creased expenditure which a state of which are counterparts of one another, war must occasion, a bill was brought with the exception of the names, we into the House of Commons to authorise gave a copy in our last. To this treaty the continuance of the property tax for belong the following appendages :another year, that is to April 5, 1816,

Separate and additional Article. which was read a third time and passed

As circumstances might prevent his Ma. on the 5th of May.

jesty the King of the United Kingdom of On the 22d of May, the following mes- Great Briain and Ireland from keeping consage from the Prince Regent was deli. stantly in the field the number of troops spevered to both Houses :

cified in the second article, it is agreed, that “ The Prince Regent, acting in the name his Britannic Majesty sball have the option, and on the behalf of his Majesty, thinks it either of furnishing his contingent in men, right to inform the House, that, in conse- or of paying at the rate of 30l. sterling per quence of the events which have recently annum for each cavalry soldier, and 201, per taken place in France, in direct contraven- annum for each infantry soldier, that may tion of the treaty concluded at Paris in the be wanting to complete the number stipulast year, his royal highness has judged it ne- lated in the second article. cessary to enter into engagements with his The present additional and separate are allies, for the purpose of forming such a ticle shall have the same force and effect as concert as may prevent the revival of a sys- if it were inserted word for word in the treatem which experience has proved incompati- ty of this day. It shall be ratified, arid the ble with the peace and independence of Eu- ratifications shall be exchanged at the same tope. His royal highness has given orders time. that copies of the treaties into which he has In faith whercof, the respective plenipoNew MONTHLY MAG,No. 17. VOL. IIL

3 P

462

Treaty with Austria, Russia and Prussia. (June 1. tentiaries have signed it, and have affixed gages to furnish a subsidy of five millions thereto the impression of their arms. sterling for the service of the year ending on Done at Vienna the 25th of March, 1815. the 1st of April, 1816, to be divided in equal [Here follow the signatures.] proportions amongst the three powers, rameDeclaration.

ly, berween his Majesty the Emperor of all The undersigned, on the exchange of the the Russias, his Majesty the Emperor of ratification of the treaty of the 25th of March Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, and last, on the part of his court, is hereby com

his Majesty the King of Prussia. The submanded to declare, that the 8th article of the sidy above stipulated of five millions stersaid treaty, wherein his most Christian Ma- ling, shall be paid in London by monthly injesty is invited to accede, under certain stie stalments, and in equal proportions, to the pulations, is to be understood as binding the thorised to receive the same. The first pay

ministers of the respective powers, duly ancontracting parties, upon principles of mutual security, to a common effort against the

ment thereof to become due on the 1st day power of Napoleon Buonaparte, in pursu

of May next, and to be made immediately ance of the third article of the said treaty; upon the exchange of the ratifications of this

In case but it is not to be understood as binding his present additional convention. Britannic Majesty to prosecute the war with peace should take place, or be signed be a view of imposing upon France any parti- the expiration of the said year, the subsidy

tween the allied powers and France, before cular government.

However solicitous the Prince Regent must calculated upon the scale of five millions be to see his most Christian Majesty restored sterling, shall be paid up to the end of the to the throne, and however anxious he is to have been signed ; and his Britannic Majes

month in which the definitive treaty shall contribute, in conjunction with his allies, to ty promises, in addition, to pay to Russia so auspicious an event, he nevertheless deems himself called upon to make this declaration, four months, and to Austria and to Prussia on the exchange of the ratifications, as well subsidy, to cover the expenses of the return

two months, over and above the stipulated in consideration of what is due to his most of their troops within their own frontiers. Christian Majesty's interest in France, as in conformity to the principles upon which the have the same force and effect as if it were

The present additional convention shall British government has invariably regulated inserted word for word in the creaty of the its conduct.

CastleREAGH.

25th of March, Foreign-Ofice, May 18, 1815.

It shall be ratified, and the ratifications Additional Convention (concluded at Vic shall be exchanged as soon as possible.

enna, April 30, 1815) to the Treaty In faith of which, the respective plenipobetween his Britannic Majesty and his tentiaries have signed it, and have affixed Majesty the Emperor of all the Rus- thereunto the seals of their arms. sius,* signed March 25, 1815.

Done at Vienna this 30th day of April, in His Majesty the King of the united king- the year of our Lord 1815. dom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his

(L. S.) CLANCARTY. Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, hav

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE RASOUNOFFSIT. ing agreed by common consent to regulate,

(L. S.) LE COMTE DE NESSELRODS. by means of a particular convention, which shall be added in the form of an additional ministers some time since, that the over,

It was publicly avowed by the British article to the treaty concluded at Vienna the

tures received in the beginning of April 25th March, the arrangements which have from Buonaparte, had been transmitted been judged necessary to give to the stipula- to Vienna for the purpose of being comtions of the said treaty all the effect requisite for the attainment of the great and noble end municated to the sovereigns and pleniwhich their said Majesties have proposed to potentiaries assembled in that city. The pursue, have named, in order to discuss, set- following official letter on this subject, tle, and sign the conditions of the present from Lord Clancarty, affords so complete convention, his Majesty the King of Great an insight into the views and sentiments Britain and Ireland, the Right Hon. Richard of the great powers relative to the contest le Poer Trench, Earl of Clancaray, &c. &c., for which all Europe is preparing, thar and his Majesty the Emperor of all the Rus- we cannot refuse it a place in our sias, Andrew, Coane de Rasoumoffsky, &c. pages:&c., and Charles Robert, Count de Nessel. The Earl of Clancarty to Viscount Case rode, &c. &c.; who, after having exchanged

tlereagh. their full powers, found to be in due and

Vienna, May 6, 1815. proper form, have agreed upon the fol- My Lord Adverting to your Lordship's lowing

dispatch, and to its several enclosures, ARTICLES His Britannic Majesty en- conveying a proposal made by the existing

government in France, and your Lordship's This convention has of course been answer thereto, 1 have the honour to acsigned by Austria and Prussia also.

quaint you, for the information of his Ma.

1815.) Sentiments of the Allies respecting France,

463 jesty's government, that at a conference held peace and permanent tranquillity, for which on the 3d inst., his highness Prince Meter- the world has so long panted. They are not nich acquainted us, that a M, de Strassant, even at war for the greater or less p oportion who had been stopped on his way thither at of security which France can afford them of Lintz, from not having been furnished with future tranquillity, but because France, under proper passports, had addressed a letter to its present chief, is unable to afford them any his Imperial Majesty, and therewith for- sccurity whatever. warded some unopened letters which the In this war they do not desire to interfere Emperor had directed him to unseal in the with any legitimate right of the French peo. presence of the plenipotentiaries of the allied ple; they have no design to oppose the claim powers.

of that nation to choose their own form of These proved to be a letter from Buona. government, or intention to trench, in any parte, addressed to his Majesty, professing a respect, upon their independence as a great desire to continue at peace, to observe the and free people; but they do think they have stipulations of the treaty of Paris, &c., and a a right, and that of the highest nature, to letter from M. de Caulaincourt to Prince contend against the re-establishment of an Metternich, containing similar professions. individual, as the head of the French govern

After reading these papers, it was consi- ment, whose past conduct has invariably dedered whether any, and what answer should monstrated, that, in such a situation, he will be made thereto, when the general opinion not suffer other nations to be at peace appeared to be, that none should be re- whose restless ambition, whose thirst for foturned, and no notice whatever taken of the reign conquest, and whose disregard for the proposal.

rights and independence of other states, must Upon this, as indeed upon all other occa- expose the whole of Europe to renewed sions subsequent to the resumption of au- scenes of plunder and devastation. thority by Buonaparte, wherein the present However general the feelings of the sovestate of the continental powers, with regard reigns may be in favour of the restoration of to France, has come under discussion, but the King, they no otherwise seck to influone opinion has appeared to direct the coun- ence the proceedings of the French in the cils of the several sovereigns. They adhere, choice of this or of any other dynasty.or form and from the commencement have never of government, than may be essential to the ceased to adhere, to their declaration of the safety and permanent tranquillity of the rest 13th of March, with respect to the actual of Europe : such reasonable security being ruler of France. They are in a state of hos- afforded by France in this respect, as other tility with him and his adherents, not from states have a legitimate right to claim in choice, but from necessity, because past ex- their own defence, their object will be satispcrience has shewn, that no faith has been fied; and they shall joyfully return to that kept by him, and that no reliance can be state of peace which will then, and then placed on the pro essions of one who has bi- only, be open to them, and liy down those therto no longer regarded the most solemn arms which they have only taken up for the compacts, than as it may have suited his own purpose of acquiring that ranquillity so eaconvenience to observe them-whose word, gerly desired by them on the part of their the only assurance he can afford for his peace- respective empires. able disposition, is not less in direct opposi- Such, my Lord, are the general sentiments tion to the tenor of his former life, than it is of the sovereigns and of their ministers here asto the military position in which he is actually sembled ; and it should seem that the glorious placed. They feel that they should neither per- forbearance observed by them, when masters form their duty to themselves nor to the people of the French capital in the early part of the committed by Providence to their charge, if last year, ought to prove to the French, that they were now to listen to those professions this is not a war against their freedom and of a desire for peace which have been made, independence, or excited by any spirit of amand suffer themselves thus to be lulled into bition or desire of conquest, but one arising the supposition, that they might now relieve out of necessity, urged on the principle of their people from the burden of supporting self-preservation, and founded on that legitiimmense military masses, by diminishing mate and incontrovertible right of obtaining their forces to a peace establishment, con- reasonable security for their own tranquilvinced as the several sovereigns are, from lity and independence.-10 wnich, if France past experience, that no sooner should they has on her pare a claim, other nations have been disarmed, than advantage would have an equal title to claim at the hands of be taken of their want of preparation, to re- France. new those scenes of aggression and blood- I this day laid before the plenipotentiaries shed, from which they had hoped that the of the three allied powers in conference, the peace so gloriously won at Paris would long note proposed to be delivered upon the crhave secured them.

change of the ratifications of the treaty of They are at war, then, for the purpose of the 25th March. After the opnions which obtaining some security for their own inde. I have detailed as those with which the allied pendence, and for the rcconquest of that sovereigns are impressed, wich respect to the

FRANCE.

464
Preparations of France for War:

[June 1; objectof the war, it is scareely necessary for me state of siege, and the inhabitants have to add, that the explanation afforded in this note received the unwelcome notice to supas the construction put by his royal highness ply themselves with provisions for six the Prince Regent on the sth article of that months. Not content with these pretreaty, was favourably received. Immediate cautions, Buonaparte has ordered works instructions will consequently be issued to to be thrown up on Montmartre and the the ambassadors of the imperial courts of other commanding situations round Austria and Russia, and to the minister of Paris, with all possible expedition. Four his Prussian Majesty, to accept of this grote hundred picces of cannon, as we are on the exchange of the ratifications of the told, are to be planted upon them, to treaty in question.

In order to be assured that I have ad prevent the second entrance of foreign vanced nothing in this dispatch which does troops into that capital. Preparations not acand with the views of the cabinets of are also making for inundating the the allied sovereigns, I have acquainted the neighbouring country, in case of einerplenipotentiaries of the high allied powers gency; and the ships of war have been with the contents thereof, and have the ho. stripped of their guns and crews to assist nour to inform you, that the sentiments con. in repelling the threatened invasion. tained in it entirely coincide with those of Notwithstanding the plausibie &c. their respective Courts. I have the honour counts given in the French papers of to be, &c.

federations and associations, and volup(Signed) CLANCARTY. teer companies, and patriotic gifts, and

the eagerness of people of all classes Among the entertainments which the to promote the views of the existing con present stage-manager in France deter- vern inent, we think we can perceive mined to get up for the amosement of sufficient demonstrations that matters do the good people of Paris, was a new con- n't wear such an auspicious aspect as stitution, which was to be submitted to Napoleon would wish the world to be the deputies of all the electoral colieges lieve. The department of the North is of the empire assembled in the Champ officially accused of apathy; it is admitde Mars, or, according to the new jar- ted that disturbances have taken place gon, the Champ de Mai. The plan of at Bourdeaux, Dijon, and other places, this constitution is published, and cer- and an ordinance of the lieutenant of tainly the indireci homage paid in it to police at Nantes, directed against the that of our own country, by the sworn noblesse, informs us that all is not quiet enemy of Britain, is not among the least in the western departments, where the curious of its features. In this respect, Duke of Bourbon is still waiting for a however, it is Itile more than a copy of favourable opportunity of-rehoisting the that framed by the unfortunate Louis standard of Louis XVIII. A report of XVIII., except that in regard to the li- Fouche, the minister of police, daied the berty of the press, Buonaparte abolishes 7th of May, further states, that a secret the censorship previous to publication, correspondence, connected with f reign and throus the subsequent responsibility agency, is organized in the country for upon authors and printers. As it is yet the purpose of exciting civil war, and doubtind whether ihis constitution may enumerate's various acts of disaffection not be consigned to the same grave and disturbance which it has produced. which, during the last 25 years, has On this report was founded a decree, swallowed so many other French politi- proscribing all Frenchmen abroad alcal abortions before it can be carried iached to the Bourbons who should not into effect-and as it is indeed equally return home within a month. doubtful, whether any serious intention If we may credit the staternents of the of acting upon it was ever e tertained German papers, the military force which by him with whom it originated, we think France will be able to bring into the it unnecessary to enter for the present, field has been greatly over-rated, as they into the detail of its provisions.

assure us, that out of the rast numbers The preparations for resisting the of prisoners of war in Russia, only 36,000 storm impending over this devoted coun- have yet reached their native country. try are continued with an activity which it is added, that in consequence of reproves that the usurper is fully aware of cent events all the others have been dethe extent of ivis danger. The utmost tained, and that 8,000 rho were in Gerexertions have been made to strengthen many on their return home, have been and provision the triple line of fortresses marched back again. which refends the frontiers. All those The departure of Napoleon, to as. of the first fine have been declared in a sume the command of the forces in the

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