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1815.]

The Rev. W. Shepherd's Paris" vindicated.

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every one whose breast cherishes that quotations from his remarks will suffice most delightful inmate, I mean, candour. to show of what the remainder consists,

On turning to p. 412 of your last for, “throw but a stone, the giant dies.” Magazine, my attention was excited, by Take the following one, " I sat down to what appears to me at least, a most is the perusal of the Rev. W. Shepherd's liberal attack on Mr. Shepherd's “ Paris Paris in 1802 and 1814;' a title as imin 1802 and 18 14.” Now, I will can- posing as the work has proved; and, to didly confess that, like Castigator, I pur- spare any fellow labourers in literature a chased this book on the recommendation similar waste of his precious time, I shall of the Edinburgh Review, and perused trouble you with the following instances it with an avidity equal to the ideas of futilities and inaccuracies scattered which I bad formed of it. The work in luxuriant profusion over 250 meagre combines, in my opinion, the “ utile pages.”. Now, what will the candid readulci,” and, as has been well observed, der think, when I venture to say, that he “ contains every where the traces of a who has taken upon himself to chastise vigorous mind, at once shrewd and bold, others, (addar cargos

, avros enxsovy Bouwr) has and of feelings and principles equally brought forward no inaccuracies which candid and pure.” That your corre have not been anticipated by the Edinspondent, Mr. Editor, should have form- burgh Reviewer, and certainly, no futied a different verdict excites my regretlities, unless he imagine that illiberal no less than astonishment. At the same sneers supply the place of argument. time I should have listened to his sugges- It is true that Castigator bas analyzed tions with greater pleasure, had they the contents, but in most instances he not been sullied with contemptuous finishes the quotations with a speer : sneers and personal reflections. '" But . quid dig um tanto feret bic promissor such effusions cannot fail to lower the hiatu ?" I beg to remind him that to talk authors themselves in the opinion of im- of inaccuracies and futilities, and to propartial judges; and, if malice is accom

duce no evidence in support of the panied with an affectation of pleasantry, charge, betrays both a want of ability it cannot fail to excite disgust in every and charity. I will maintain again man whose taste is not corrupt, or whose and again, that Mr. Shepherd's work judgment is not perverted.” (See Dr. is what it professes to be, and it “ought Marsh's letter to Mr. Vansittart, p. 5.) in fairness to be judged of according I sincerely trust that Castigator will to those professions.” It is very prohave no reason to complain that I mis- bable thai in its progress through the interpret his meaning in any part, or that press the author made few alterations I use against him any undue severity of either in the expression or in the sedlanguage. At the same time I must timents. Whatever a work of this kind confess that it requires some command may gain by subsequent corrections, it of temper to treat hin with respect and loses, perhaps, more in spirit and forbearance, so offensive are the insinua- fidelity. The first impressions made tions, and so insulting the terms to which upon ihe mind of a traveller are genehe occasionally has recourse.

He talks rally the most true to nature, and conseof Mr. Shepherd's quaint Alippancy," quently the more instructive to a reader. sneers at him for having, as he terms it, And I think that even Castigator must “the simplicity of an apostle," calls his allow the truth of these remarks, and rebook " dull," " a trivial publication," pent of having written the above senand hopes that the merited exposure of tence. But to proceed, " after a quaintly such trash, as he has been quoting from, Aippant preface, the author states the may deter others of our wise country- powerful motives which induced him, men fron inundating us with crude ob- in common with a large proportion of servations on their return from France. pseudo-patriots, with their leader at their For his own sake I much wish that Cas- head, to carry their incense of gratitude tigator had not sufered such language and praise to the first consul of France." to escape him; it confers no benefit on I bave again perased the preface alluded a good cause, but for the most part sa- to, and am unable to find a single mark vours of a bad one. 12 Geive ETAPTINTA OVEider of flippancy which it displays, and I κατιοντα ανθρωπω, φιλεει επαναγειν τον θυμου: ιherefore challenge Castigator to proσυ μεντοι αποδεξαμενος υβρισματα εν τω λογω και duce the passage, or to stand convicted με επειτας ασχημονα εν τη αμοιβη γενεσθαι, of what le knew to te untrue. I shall I do not propose to follow Castigator leare Mr. Shepherd to reply to the conEbrough all his windings : one or two cluding charge of pseudo-patriotism, if

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On the Propriety of Chanting certain Prayers. [Feb. 1, lie thinks it worth his while, only ob- shape of letters, journals, tours, and serving that from an attentive perusal diaries, to the annoyance of the better of the book before us, he appears to me, informed at home, and who already “ an inflexible lover of liberty, and friend suffer enough by the recent importation of the constitution," and

of bad French and worse manners." A determinate spirit

Here with an artful smile, quoth Dick, By ancient learning to th' enlighten'd love

Your proofs come mighty full and thick; Of ancient freedom warm’d;

Into those common places look, especially as I find bonourable mention

Which from great authors I have took, made of him in the life of that illustrious

And count the proofs I have collected, and able champion of learning, Gilbert To have my writings well protected : Wakefield, « bom even Castigator inay These I lay by for lime of need, revere, particularly when he peruses the And thou may’st at thy leisure read; character given of him by Dr. Samuel For standing every critic's rage, Parr-" His diligent researches, bis ex- I sately will to future age, tensive knowledge, bis zeal for the diffu- My system as a gift bequeath, sion of learning, and solicitude for the Victorious over sinife and death. discovery of truth, will always be re- Finally, to one and all the objections membered with respect by unprejudiced which Castigator has brought against readers, who consider the numerous dif

“ Paris in 1802 and 1814," I will briefly ficulties with wbich he had to struggle, urge what Professor Porson has applied and the virtuous motives by which he to a canon of Dawes, “ Ea nisi machinis was actuated.” It is idle tor ('ustigator, impulsa validioribus, æternum persistet jo his usual style of generalities, to talk inconcussa," and subscribe myself, of “ the minor blunders in French and Cambridge, Dec. 16. N. N. Latin names as they occasionally occur, and to produce not a single instance of MR. EDITOR, them. From this omission we may IT has been long custoinary in cathefairly conclude that he was unable to drals, and also in country churches, maintain the charge, and therefore sup- where organs have been introduced, to posed, “ after cannonading the castle chant or sing the short prayers or supwith a volley of shot from his pedantic plications which follow the commandbattery, to advance under the cover of ments in the communion sei vice, the the smoke, and take the fastnesses by propriety of which custom has appeared storm, without the tediousness of a regu- to me altogether doubtful, as relaxing lar approach by the mines of argument that serious tone of mind which a person or the lodgment of confutations." praying and petitioning for grace ought

I shall now, after quoting Castigator's to possess. Is any aftlicted? says St. concluding remarks, lay down the cæstus James, let him pray; is any merry? let for the present. 1 hese, like their him sing psalmis. The service of the brethren, contain an abundance of pert- church consists of prayer and praise : ness and loquacity. “ I should not," these must be considered as soniew hat says he,“ have thus long trespassed on differing from each other, or the distincyour readers' patience, in animadverting tion in terms would be without effect. un so trivial a publication, did I not Singing, therefore, is applicable to praise, conceive that I was doing (elegant repe- but not to prayer. When Christ and titions !) a twofold service to the public; his disciples had eaten the Passover they first, in proving that the Edinburgh Re- sung a hymn or psalm. Beda and Groview is as litile to be trusted in praise as tius suppose this to have been the Lord's in censure: that in both cases it is in- Prayer; but Dr. Roberts, in his key to fluenced by faction or caprice; and the Bible, says, “ I dislike this, because that, baving survived its founders, the it is not proper or usual to call a prayer present race have inherited only the ma- a hymn." Paul and Silas, when in prilice of their predecessors, and are fast son, prayed and sang prnises unto God. sinking in popular estimation under the Paul exhorts the Ephesians to speak to growing ascendancy of more able com- themselves in psalms and hymns and spipetitors. My second object is, the hope ritual songs-msinging and making melody ihat the merited exposure of such trash in their hearts to the Lord; and he bids as I have been quoting from, may deter the Colossians to teach and admonish one others of our wise countrymen from another in psalms and hymns. The posinundating us with crude observations cure in which we are enjoined to be, on their return from France, in the namely, upon our knees, forbids us, in

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1815.) Inquiries concerning Ralph Allen and Peter Annet.

7 my opinion, singing those prayers or fore he entered upon his expedition supplications for grace; for, though it against France, ordered a litany or probe allowed that prayer may be made in cession to be set forth in English. any posture, and that a canon of the In conclusion, Mr. Editor, I shall feel ancient church commands the people to highly obliged to any of your learned pray standing, yet do I no where find correspondents if they will point out that the people are commanded to sing when this custom crept into the church, kneeling, and it is evident that the com- and upon what ground it was admitted, pilers of our liturgy (that of Edward VI. seeing it is contrary to the Rubric; or, if when the commandements were first or- my sentiments are erroneous or frivolous, dered to begin the cominunion service) to have the goodness to set me right. had no such ideas, for the Rubric com Chester, Oct. 28, 1814 llomo Sun. mands the people to continue kneeling, and ask God mercy for their transgres- MR. EDITOR, sion of the commandments for the time AMONG the many benefits that have past, and grace to keep the same for the accrued to literature from the institution time to coine.

of periodical miscellanies, supported by When we picture to ourselves the the correspondence of intellig nt men, clergyman standing in the most holy part one of the most pleasing has been the of the church, (if I may so say,) and rescuing the names of inany ingenious then on the north side of the commu- persons from that obscurity into which nion table, turning himself to the con- they would have fallen, if inquiry had gregation, and, like another Moses, de not been made about them in one quarlivering God's laws in an awful and com- ter, and as readily answered from anmanding manner, shall we, who are com- other. Instances of this have lately ocmanded and have transgressed, shall we, curred in your magazine, and some vaI say, raise our voices in chant and song; luable information has heen elicited in or shall we not rather, like frail and consequence of the hints and queries offending creatures, with the greatest re

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have suffered to occupy an verence and submission, pray for God's' occasional corner in your useful pages. grace to incline our hearts to keep those with the same view, I beg leave to call his several and just commandmenis; and the attention of your numerous readers if, as is really the case, those commande to the following names, of whom we ments are to be universally subinitted to have either no historical account at all, and acquiesced in, then is it necessary or at least such only as relates to their that all should join with one voice in public acts and professional pursuits, praying for that disposition of heart their literary performances and particuwhich may incline them to their duty; lar connexions. but if those prayers are to be chanted, Ralph Allen, esq. the correspondent not one-fourth part, perhaps, of the con- of Pope, the Allworthy in Fielding's gregation can join in the service; it will “ Tom Jones,” the patron of Warburton, therefore be partial and imperfect;-and and the most intimate friend of the great this alone is a weighty argument for sup- Earl of Chatham. A memoir of this pressing a custom which seems to have excellent man, properly executed, would been unwarily begun. But, it is ob- prove an inestimable mirror of morality served, the Litany is coinmanded to be for young persons, besides affording a song or said. I cannot assimilate the rich and instructive body of information Litany with the prayers alluded to. God to the world at large. "Mr. Allen died delivered his commandments amidst such at Prior-park, near Bath, June 29, 1764, awful appearances upon Mount Sinai, at the age of 72. that the people all trembled, and fear- a character very different from the fully solicited Moses himself to speak above was that of Peter ANNET, the with them; “ but let not God speak deistical writer, who made it the conwith us,” said they, “ lest we die." How stant study of his life to bring the Chrisinconsistent would chanting have been tian religion into contempt, with a viruwith the trembling and the fear of dying lence of hostility which either indicated which at that time possessed the Israel- some rancour against its highest ornaites! Besides, litanies have been used ments, or the consciousness of his own in all ages upon less solemn occasions. baseness. Some account of the man who St. Augustin and his train first ap- attacked Sherlock, and was answered by proached Ethelbert, King of Kent, sing. Chandler, will

, however, be acceptable ing litanies; and King Henry VIII, be to many who feel an interest in the great

8 Inquiries concerning Rev.C.Peters, Rev.C. Ktdgell, S. Hartlib. [Feb. 1,
truths which were agitated by his means; also the author of a volume of admirable
and before I dismiss his name, I beg sermons.
leave to suggest the utility of collecting Some account is likewise desired of
into one volume the memoirs of those the Rev.John Kidgell, M. A formerly
men who have distinguished themselves of Herttord College, Oxford; and after-
on the side of infidelity; a work which, wards rector of Horne, in Surrey, to
faithfully executed, would I ain per- which was added the living of Godstone,
suaded do more good than all the con- in the same county. Mr. Kidgell was
troversial voluines that ever were pub- the author of a very witry poem intituled
lished.

“ Table Talk," which is to be found in From one whose labours were directed many iniscellaneous collections. But he to the strange object of undermining the was principally made known by the share principles of public and private happi- he had in the prosecution of the celeness, I turn to the almost-forgotten pame brated John Wilkes, for the publication of CHARLES Peters, master of arts, rec- of that abominable libel the * Essay on tor of St. Mabyn, in Cornwall, perhaps Woman." Mr. Kidgell published a narthe most elegant and vigorous polemic rative of the proceedings, and a justifiof the last century. His Critical Disser- cation of himself in the part he took on tation on the Book of Job is the finest that occasion. He was also the author commentary in our language, whether it of two small volumes of fables designed be considered with respect to verbal cri- for the entertainment and instruction of ticism, literary research, or evangelical his royal highness the Prince of Wales. illastration. In language it is elegant, These fables were printed in a very neat and in learning profound; the argumen- manner, with appropriate designs, en. tative part is unanswerable, and the wit graved in outline; but after the whole is equally pleasant and good-natured. were executed, with a dedication to Lady, Bishop Warburton never had such an Charlotte Finch, who had the charge of adversary as Mr. Peters, who completely the young princes, bis majesty, casting succeeded in demolishing the ideal sys- his scrutinizing eve over the work, distem advanced in the prelate's famous covered in it a levity of style, and a work on the Divine Legation of Moses. satirical allusion to living characters, The bishop, however, affected to treat which in his judgment rendered it an his acute antagonist with contempt, and improper manual to be put into the in bis usual coarse language designated hands of his children. In consequence him by the illiberal appellation of the of this the fables were called in and Cornish Critic. Bishop Lowth, in his suppressed, with the exception of such letter to the right reverend author of the copies as may be found in private colDivine Legation of Moses Demonstrated, lections. quotes the passage, and in a note sube But a still niore important service joined observes thus: “The very learned would be rendered to literature in geneand ingenious person of whom this de- ral by a copious memoir of SAMUEL cent language is used, is the Rev. Mr. HARTLIB, who lived in the middle of Peters. I mention his name because the the seventeenth century, and was one of readers of the Divine Legation will the most active founders of the Royal hardly know it froin thence, where he Society. He might truly be called the passes by the style and title of the Corn- Mecænas of his age; and he was deish Critic. What the true meaning and servedly esteemed by the greatest men import of this title may be I cannot say: of that period both abroad and at home. I suppose it

may allude to some prover. It is remarkable that none of the names bial saying relating to Cornwall, perhaps here mentioned, and concerning whom like that of the Jews, equally false, con- inforination is now sought, occurs in our ceruing Galilec-that out of Cornwall numerous biographical collections. Hereariseth no critic; but this is mere con- after I shall trouble you with some more jecture; I bave never heard of any such desiderata of a like kind, in the hope of proverb. I was thinking of explaining it obtaining, through this useful channel, by another common saying ; but then some interesting cominunications illusthe title would imply a commendation, trative of the history of learning. and, what is worse, would have too great

A GLEANIR. a propriety. Every one has heard of a Cornish hug; which, if a man has once MR. EDITOR, felt it to the purpose, he will be core of CMARITY is a virtue so amiable, that as long as lic lires."--Mr. Peters was even where it falls into weakness, and

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1815.)
Evils of indiscriminate Charity.

9 deviates from the strict rules of pru

taken notion that by so doing the poor dence, reverence is justly due to the are employed and ingenuity encouraged, motives from which the waste of bounty will, in a short space, be hurthened with flows. I was led to this reflection by a debt which cannot easily be cleared. reading the accounts given in our public With respect to almsgiving, lie that bas papers of the extraordinary conduct of a the means, whether large or contracted, young man of large fortune, who, instead should bave iminedinie utility in bis of dissipating his income in brothels and view, and while he is relieving actual gaming-houses, spends his time in tra. and visible distress, it is a duty which he velling from one part of the kingdom to owes to society to be caretul t at big another, for the sole purpose of relieving bounty does not generate an inclination the wants of the distressed. But, much to idleness in those who are the objects as I may admire this uncommon spirit of it. By not duly attending to this of generosity, it would be wrong to ap- caution, and dintinguishing between the prove of the mode in which that libe- honest poor and the clamorous, we shall rality is exercised. All actions that encourage vice instead of relieving viraffect the interests and the morals of the tue; thus, perhaps, with the best intenpeople must be judged on public tions in the world letting loose upon sogrounds, and without any regard to pri- ciety those refractory beings who by provate feeling. Mercy is heaven's prime per discipline and left in earn their attribute, but were it extended to cri- bread by labour, might have proved at minals of all descriptions, the conse- least of some service in generation. quence would be fatal to the peace of It requires no depth of argument to society. Justice is indeed terrible, but prove that indiscriininate benevolence her authority in the moral world is has a direct tendency to create poverty so necessary to the security of the state instead of removing it; for a few persons and the welfare of individuals, that animated with this Quixotic spirit of any attempt to abridge it would be philanthropy, and possessing ample nothing less than an introduction to bar- means for carrying it into effect, would barism and anarchy. Charity is a most soon disorganize our manuf. ctories and lovely grace; but when left to the im- reduce our fields inio commons. llappulse of mere scnsibility, instead of being pily for the nation when the revoluguided by the sober dictates of reason, tionary manja was spreading like the the disposition becomes injurious where pestilence over the land, threatening to it might have been a blessing. That destroy all that our ancestors had left sentimental benevolence which is so for the preservation of property and feelingly described by some novelists morals, the popular leaders in the cause and metaphysical moralists, has little to of reform were either 100 poor, or too recommend it except in the way of con- covetous, to adopt this mode of opetrast and opposition to the sordid mind rating on the passions of the multitude. which seeks only its own gratification. In making this observation I would on Though the last is ofteu termed economy, no account insinuate any thing disand the foriner is generally dignified respectful of one who is active to excess with the name of charity, it will be found in deeds of charity, as he thinks them : on examination that the one is selfish but nothing can be more clear than this, avarice, and that the other is nothing that such a course naturally leads the ilbetter than ostentatious caprice. I literatc peasant and the impatient arwould be wrong to say that no good is tizan to form invidious comparisous bedone by indiscrect atins; for prodigality tween the kind-hearted gentleman, as itself is frequently service able to the so- they call him, and the unfeeling landlord; ber and industrious, though at the same though of the two the last is their best time to person would be hardy enough, friend, by giving them employment all like Mandeville, to maintain that piri- the year round, and teaching them by yate vices are in a moral sense public his authority and example to rely on the benefits. A discreet man will do more exercise of their bodily powers for the substantial good with a few pounds pro- supply of their daily wants. In all coun. perly managed and bestowed, than an tries where mendicity prevails the want imprudent man who squanders away a of energy and integrity will invariably be princely revenue. A moderate estate well perceived. The moral dignity of men is cultivated will prove a blessing to many destroyed by a practice which draws off generations, but a large domain con- his thoughts from the use of his limbs and tinually made the scene of new improve the proper exercise of his mental faculties ments and speculations, under the mis- for the support of himself and his family. New MONTHLY MAC, -No, 13.

VOL. III. с

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