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Nelson C. Munson S. Dorothy Bell Dorothy Peabody
WRITTEN IN PENCIL. Arthur Bent, Amy Rothschild, Mary
NO AGE. Ruth C. Wilson, John Dinwiddie, Chrystie Douglas,
Anita L. Grannis, Chester B. Morris, Victor Child.
Suzanne Bringier Olivia Doane
WRITTEN ON BOTH SIDES OF PAPER. Florence Hoag-
*land, Elda Brun, Lawton Filer, Ida A. Ruperti. Phæbe S. Lambe Dorothy Hughes
WRONG SUBJECT. Marjorie Grey, Helen D. Hill.
PUZZLES, 1 TOO LONG. Sibyl R. Mandel.
PRIZE COMPETITION No. 156
Eleonora Ricasoli Margaret Mortenson
THE ST. NICHOLAS League awards gold and silver badges
each month for the best original poems, stories, drawings, Lucy A. Mackay Dorothy E. Handsaker E. I. Greenspun photographs, puzzles, and puzzle answers. Also, occasionJoan Waterlow Marjorie Flack
George S. Cattnach Weare Holbrook Louis F. Adams Philip Franklin ally, cash prizes of five dollars each to gold-badge winEleanor Michnun Nellie Melrose
Margaret Warburton ners who shall, from time to time, again win first place. Vernie Peacock Beatrice Rifflard James R. Angell
Competition No. 156 will close October 10 (for forDelma V. George Bess Winston
Betty Jackson Marian Shaler
Charles P. Newton Norrine M. Peacock eign members October 15). Prize announcements will be Clifton J. Furnas Edward Shenton Isidore Helfand
made and the selected contributions published in St. Reneé Geoffrion Louise S. May
Rebecca S. Marshall NICHOLAS for February.
Verse. To contain not more than twenty-four lines.
Subject, “The Call of the Wild,” or, “My Valentine." Elizabeth Kieffer Elizabeth Ellinge
Prose. Essay or story of not more than three hundred DRAWINGS, 2 Katherine Bull
words. Subject, “My Favorite Character in FictionLaura Hales Betty Quick
and Why." Pattie Martin Margaret Duggar
Photograph. Any size, mounted or unmounted; no blue Eleanor K. Newell Marx B. Loeb Leigh Hanes Joan P. Wheeler
prints or negatives. Subject, "A Flying Start." Marion Dale Marie L. Muriedas
Drawing. India ink, very black writing-ink, or wash. Margaret Finck Margaret Brate
Subject, Strangers,” or a Heading for February. Lois Adams
Helen Cowell Jeannette Ridlon Marguerite Murray
Puzzle. Any sort, but must be accompanied by the anEllen L. Hoffman Helen Westfall
swer in full, and must be indorsed. Gladys H. Meldrum Catharine M. Clarke
Puzzle Answers. Best, neatest, and most complete set Kathryn Turner Alan H. Westervelt Sarah M. Bradley Cecil B. Baer
of answers to puzzles in this issue of St. NICHOLAS. Gordon K. Chalmers Eleanor Gottheil
Must be indorsed and must be addressed as explained on Betty Humphreys Eleanor Johnson
the first page of the “Riddle-box." PHOTOGRAPHS, 1
Wild Creature Photography. To encourage the purVERSE, 2 Caroline F. Ware
suing of game with a camera instead of with a gun. The Claire Walker
prizes in the “Wild Creature Photography” competition Isabelle B. Hill
John A. Frank Florence Cannon Dorothy G. Schwarz
shall be in four classes, as follows : Prize, Class A, a Alice McElwee Eversley S. Ferris
gold badge and three dollars. Prize, Class B, a gold Frances Struller Howard Sherman, Jr.
badge and one dollar. Prize, Class C, a gold badge. Georgene Davis Horton H. Honsaker Ethel Litchfield
Prize, Class D, a silver badge.
But prize winners in this Dorothy H. Mack Harriette Harrison
competition (as in all the other competitions) will not Ella Loughridge Humphrey Morris
receive a second gold or silver barige.
“FASHIONABLE.' Coxey H. Ford
Photographs must Edith S. Sloan
BY Joseph F. Scott Anna M. Grant
ELIZABETH MARTIN- not be of “protected” game, as in zoological gardens or Virginia A. Leffler DALE, AGE 12.
game reservations. Contributors must state in a few words DRAWINGS, 1 Willard Vander Veer
where and under what circumstances the photograph was Louise A. Wiggenhorn Mary Sullivan E. Theo. Nelson Lucile Wolf
Fannie Ruley Jean McPherson Eric H. Marks
S. H. Ordway, Jr.
Special Notice. No unused contribution can be reAlison M. Kingsbury Stella E. Grier Alpheus B. Stickney,ad turned by us unless it is accompanied by a self-addressed Jane B. Yeatman Harold P. Whaley Charles M. Alford Nellie L. Leach
and stamped envelop of the proper size to hold the manuLily Madan PHOTOGRAPHS, 2
script, drawing, or photograph. Maxine Durant
Roberta Jennings Dorothy Collins
ANY reader of ST. NICHOLAS, whether a subscriber or not, Dorothy Ward Robert Banks
is entitled to League membership, and a League badge and Lois Myers Robert Phillips Helen Weaver
leaflet, which will be sent free. No League member who
has reached the age of eighteen years may compete. ROLL OF THE CARELESS
Every contribution, of whatever kind, musi bear the A list of those whose contributions were not properly prepared, and name, age, and address of the sender, and be indorsed as could not be properly entered for the competition :
"original” by parent, teacher, or guardian, who must be NOT INDORSED. Fred Burgey, Helen Yeatman, Mildred convinced beyond doubt that the contribution is not copied, Murray, Stephanie Marcinkowski, Hester A. Emmet, Caroline Tyson, Elizabeth Doremus, Rebecca Johnson, Walter J. Freeman, Jr., James but wholly the work and idea of the sender. If prose, the Sheean, Sarah Tatum, A. Schweizer, Mary Markey, Doris M. number of words should also be added. These notes must Blamires, Helena Gray, Peyton Richards.
not be on a separate sheet, but on the contribution itselfLATE. Wilfred Cresswell, Amelka Czosnowska, Victor Carrara, if manuscript, on the upper margin; if a picture, on the Mabel P. Brewis, Maureen G. Husband, Ruth Farrington, Thompson margin or back. Write or draw on one side of the paper G. Sampson, Fred Mitchell, ' Robert R. Mcllwaine, Serena E. Hand, only. A contributor may send but one contribution a Alma R. Kehoe.
month-not one of each kind, but one only. INSUFFICIENT ADDRESS. Robert McLees, Augustus L. Putnam, Wilhelmina Ruperti, Verona M. Hess, Eleanor Kohn, Margaret
The St. Nicholas League, Leathes.
Union Square, New York.
BY HILDEGARDE HAWTHORNE
WILD PLACES OF AMERICA
splendid heights, traveling on snow-shoes, carry
ing no arms, just a folding ax, some raisins, no I 've sometimes wondered who it was that first bedding, and a few candles which helped him to thought of living in cities; especially when I make a fire in strong winds and storms, when his have just got back to one after long weeks in the hands were numb with cold. Usually he tried freedom of the woods and hills, the secret wild to make some hunter's or miner's hut before places of summer and autumn, to find myself nightfall, but often he spent nights alone in the again in the clangor and dust of town. Why, I
Why, I snow, sleeping at intervals, feeding his eager fire think, do people take so much trouble to build to keep from freezing, gathering wood by the walls that shut one in, when it is so much nicer dim reflected light of the stars. Sometimes the without them? In fact, if that inventor of city mountain-lion screamed, sometimes a chickadee life were before me, he might hear some uncom- chirped to its companion. “Even during the plimentary things in regard to his taste, and all it worst of nights,” says Mr. Mills, “when I thought has brought upon us.
of my lot at all, I considered it better than that Of course he could find plenty to retort, for of those who were sick in houses or asleep in cities are crowded with a number of useful and the stuffy, deadly air of the slums." admirable objects; with vast numbers of nice One winter he walked “On the upper slopes of persons, of splendid shops, and theaters, and the 'Snowy' range of the Rockies, from the Wyschools, and restaurants, and what not of the oming line on the north to New Mexico on the handsome, even the indispensable. Nevertheless, south ... a long walk full of amusement and I feel as though I could look forward quite adventure.” If you want to find out how long, calmly to the finish of cities, at least as places in look at your map; but remember it was “full of which to live. Nice for visiting and for seeing ups and downs," sometimes dropping as low as pictures and friends and hearing music in, but seven thousand feet above sea-level, occasionally not so good for staying in.
climbing to twice that height. Just now most of you are coming home from There are fourteen different tales in the book, vacations in all sorts of spots by sea and lake and each one of which is a treat. There is the wonriver, mountain camp or country farm-house, derful account of the Thousand-Year-Old Pine, back to your city and town homes; coming back that stood near the Mesa Verde of the Cliffwith quantities of lovely memories, plenty of tan, Dwellers. There is the extraordinary adventure and stronger muscles, cramful of all the energy of a Watcher on the Heights, when an electrical and joy of the out-of-doors. And I feel sure storm played havoc with Mr. Mills- in old times, that during the long October evenings, after the people would have thought that gnomes and sun has set red behind the housetops, you will witches were at their sport, and the mountain like to snuggle down with a book that will con- would ever after have been called haunted. Then, tinue your summer memories, will take you out too, there is the delightful story of “Scotch," the on the long trail of adventure under the open dog who was Mr. Mills's devoted comrade for sky, seat you by camp-fires in forest nights, and many years, and who merits having a whole book keep you a while longer in the company of nature. written about him, if this short chapter is a fair
There are many such books, and some are bet- sample. ter than others; and among the very best and And listen to this about a camp-fire: most delightful is “Wild Life on the Rockies,”
I wish every one could have a night by a camp-fire-by by Mr. Enos A. Mills. It would be a great pity Mother Nature's old hearthstone. When one sits in the for any out-door-loving boy or girl to miss this forest within the camp-fire's magic tent of light, amid the book. And since I cannot believe that there ex
silent sculptured trees, there go thrilling through one's
blood all the trials and triumphs of our race. The blazing ists any boy or girl who does n't love outdoors, wood, the ragged and changing flame, the storms and that amounts to saying that every one of you calms, the mingling smoke and blaze, the shadow-figures should read it.
that dance against the trees, the scenes and figures in the Mr. Mills has spent many years wandering feel at home once more in the woods. A camp-fire in the
fire, - with these, though all are new and strange, yet you among the Rocky Mountains all alone. Winter
forest is the most enchanting place on life's highway by after winter, he went tramping the lonely and which to have a lodging for the night.
Boys, is there one of you whose heart does n't when the three friends are forced to separate, thump a hearty “Yes” to that?
that the tragedy comes. If you want an idea of what a walk in winter Certainly these two books show you men it is among the Rockies can be, read the bit that tells worth while to meet, if only in the pages of a of the round trip from Estes Park to Grand book. They both tell of a simple endurance of Lake. There was n't anything from lions and hardship, a steadfast courage, cheer in difficulbears to avalanches and tumbles over precipices ties, heroic physical effort, and a manly joy in left out of that jaunt, which Mr. Mills described danger; tell, too, many secrets of the wilder-as the most adventurous and entertaining shortness, give you lovely pictures of natural things, tramp he ever took.
reveal the habits of animals-and are stories that Another book that will take you far into the thrill you from cover to cover. wilderness is “The Lure of the Labrador Wild," There is a good deal to America, as you know, by Dillon Wallace. It is an account of a dis- and fortunately most of it is very far, indeed, astrous but glorious expedition made by the au- from any cities. Another magnificent stretch of thor under the leadership of Leonidas Hubbard, country is the Yosemite, and if you get J. S. with a half-blood Cree Indian for guide, called Chase's book, “Yosemite Trails,” you will learn George Sheldon. A splendid man he proved to a great deal about this wonderful valley in a be, without whose faithful help the writer would most delightful way, for Mr. Chase writes with have died in the wilderness, as was the fate of the charm and interest of the true enthusiast. He poor Hubbard.
tells about the lesser known portions, the wilder It is a different book from the other, for it is forests and hidden lakes. But he does not negfull of hardships, desperate, lonely wanderings lect the age-old trees, the famous falls, and in rags and starvation, with the icy Labrador domed heights. What days and nights of jolly winter for bitter company. But how brave a tale travel and adventure and splendid sights! What it is, and how one learns to love the three men camps, what moons and suns ! It will make who fought so fine a losing battle!
you all anxious to get there for yourselves, and In his preface, Mr. Wallace says:
I hope that is just what you will do; I certainly The writing of the story was a work of love. I wished intend doing it, some fortunate summer. not only to fulfil my last promise to my friend to write Now for one more book, and that, too, about the narrative of this expedition, but I wished also to create the Rockies. This one is by an Englishman who a sort of memorial to him. I wanted the world to know Hubbard as he was, his noble character, his devotion to
came here to see what we could do in the way of duty, and his faith, so strong that not even the severe hard
wild ways and wild scenes, after he had been ships he endured in the desolate North, ending with his pretty much over the rest of the world. The death, could make him for a moment forget the simple book is called “Camps in the Rockies," and the truths that he learned from his mother on the farm in old author's name is William A. Baillie-Grohman. Michigan. I wanted the young men to know these things, for they could not fail to be the better for having learned The book is as fresh as a mountain wind, full of them; and I wanted the mothers to know what men ranchers, cow-boys, and Indians, of good stories mothers can make of their sons.
and anecdotes, of a clean delight in the life, and a It is a true story, for the ill-fated Hubbard ex- thorough appreciation of the people who lived it. pedition is a part of history. And it is as dra. The author went around a good bit, and saw matic and touching a story as ever man wrote the West very completely. He tells about the down. What is it that draws men to undertake different aspects of the country, and the way such perils, that sends them far from friends the Indians live, and how the cow-boys make and home into the grim wilderness? You can things hum. guess, in reading this book, and come to under- These four books will do for the present. They stand how Mr. Wallace returned alone since, have a whole winter's enjoyment in them, for you and finished what Hubbard began.
want to read them slowly, and get thoroughly But by no means is all the book sad. On the acquainted with the men who wrote them, as well contrary, most of it is full of fun and high spir- as with the stories themselves. Men who have its, full of adventurous youth and of the gen- little use for cities, to be sure, but who can find erous ardor of men bound together for noble their way across mountain and desert by the achievement. There are many wonderful and stars, follow the trail of bear and lion, camp beautiful things told of the great, desolate coun- alone and comfortable where most of us would try, and of the people, white, and Indian, and die of fright and exposure, and who know many half-blood, who live in it. It is only at the end, things it is good and wise to know.
MEDINA, OAXACA, Mex. the mountain. The chief of this tribe was called the Dear St. NicHOLAS: You were a birthday present to "Old Owl.” One day a part of the tribe fished down at me, and a mighty good one, too.
this end of the lake. Toward night, when they were I am away down in the jungles of Mexico, where going home, one of the Indians said, as he looked up at there is not much to do; so my mother thought you the mountain, “See the Old Owl. He has turned his would be a nice present for me.
face to the sky." This meant that the chief was dead, We live in a colony with about seventy-five Ameri- and when they reached the camping-place, they found cans. There is a little school, of which my mother is that he had been killed; so, in memory of him, it has the teacher, a hotel, three Mexican stores, and a little always been called the Owl's Head. This is the legend depot.
as I remember it. The vegetation is queer down here. We hardly ever I am very fond of St. Nicholas, and the stories I see a tree without parasitic plants all over the limbs, think I like best are the continued ones. I look forward and the roots hanging down look like vines. The jungle very eagerly to reading you every month. is as thick as that of Africa. I have never seen the
Your loving reader, jungles of Africa, but I think this is about as thick.
Doris E. EMERY (age 14). We have many fruits down here, and I like most of them. We have oranges, lemons, limes, bananas,
South ORANGE, N. J. papaya, mango, figs, cumquats, and pineapples. The Dear St. Nicholas : I thought it might interest you to papaya is rich in pepsin. Our pineapples weigh as hear about a door-panel we made for the closet door in much as sixteen pounds.
my room. We cut the pictures from the ST. NICHOLAS I am your faithful reader,
covers, and mounted them on dark blue cambric, arHelen CostiGAN (age 12). ranging them according to the months and the sports
appropriate to them. It makes a very attractive panel, HAVELOCK NORTH, N. Z.
and I always keep my closet door shut now, which I Dear St. NichOLAS: I am a New Zealand girl, and live
used to forget sometimes. in a little country town called Hastings. I did not know
My sisters and I have taken you for eight years. you were in the world till I came to school.
I saw a
Yours sincerely, volume as far back as 1894. We also have a farm
ISABEL W. BEUGLER (age 12). where there are lots of wild horses, sheep, cattle, and lots of rabbits. We often go out shooting them. I can
BOLTON, N. Y.
DEAR ST. NICHOLAS: In a recent issue of your magshoot and ride, and everybody at school nicknamed me “Indian." A river runs right through the farm, and it
azine, I read an article on the giant tortoise of the
Bronx Zoo. I should like to tell you of my experience is eating into the land. Father had to get the men to back up the bank with willows. I guess you don't get
with that same tortoise. many letters from New Zealand. I hope I will some
A few years ago, Mr. Loring, my brothers' tutor, who day visit America.
was at one time a Head of Department at the Bronx, I am twelve years old, and have got a brother eight
took me "behind the scenes" at the reptile house. He years and a sister three years.
there introduced me to the tortoise's keeper, who let me Much love from your little colonial friend,
go right into the cage where the tortoises are kept in Sheila MCLEOD.
winter, when they are not on view. Then Mr. Loring
asked the keeper if I might ride on the tortoise's back, GRINNELL, IA.
and the keeper said he thought the "old man" would n't DEAR St. Nicholas: I don't know what I should do
mind. So I was lifted onto the high, sloping back of without you. You have so many nice and interesting the “old man," who, very slowly and with much dignity, stories. You were a Christmas present to me from my walked around the cage to the bars, where he proceeded papa. I have just been reading the letters in the to rub me off. I guess he did n't like to have anything January number. It seems so nice that the little chil- tickle his back. Of course I jumped off, upon which he dren over in Italy and Holland can enjoy you as well
slowly rejoined his comrade. That was my experience as the children in America. I was much interested in
with the Bronx tortoise. the story, "The Lady of the Lane," and all of the other
Your loving reader, nice stories which have appeared in the St. Nicholas.
FRANCESCA U. MOFFAT. Your new and faithful reader, HELEN E. JOHNSON (age 11).
PUNGANUR, INDIA, Dear ST. NICHOLAS: I like your magazine very much.
NEWPORT, VT. I am the daughter of a missionary in India, and a pupil Dear St. Nicholas: I live in Vermont, and I love it in Highclerc School for missionaries' children. This more than anything else I know of. Newport is on school is on the Pulney hills. Lake Memphremagog, which is about thirty miles long, We live in a place where we are the first and only but only about six miles of it are in Vermont. The rest white people. We are sixteen miles from any other is in Canada. It is a very beautiful lake, and it is well white people, and twenty-four miles from a railway named, for Memphremagog is the Indian name for station. I have n't any companions except my younger beautiful water.
brother and sister when I am here on the plains. But Owl's Head, I think, is the prettiest mountain in still I would rather live here than any other place in sight. It is about ten miles down the lake, and looks India. like the head of an Indian with his face turned to the I am going back to school soon. I have read nearly sky. This is how it came to be called Owl's Head: a all your serial stories, and I like them very much. tribe of St. Francis Indians used to come to this lake
Your loving reader, for fish every summer, and they camped at the foot of
HELEN THEODORA SCUDDER (age 10).
ANSWERS TO PUZZLES IN THE SEPTEMBER NUMBER
4. Draper. 5. Errors. Cross-words: 1. Irony. 2. Atoms. 3.
Flame. Stale. 5. Crazy. 6. Little.
CONNECTED WORD-SQUARES. I. 1. Marsh.
2. Arica. Demetrius. 5. Simonides. 6. Sebastian. 7. Kath
3. Rigor. 4.
5. Hardy. II. 1. Egret. 2. Grade. arine. 8. Desdemona. 9. Cymbeline.
3. Ravin. 4. Edits.
Tense. înl. 1. Yeast. 2. Edgar. 3. Agate. 4. Satan. 5. Trend. ANAGRAM.
fv. 1. Habit. Walter Raleigh.
2. Aroma. 3. Borax. 4. Image 5. Taxed.
Draina. 2. Revel.
4. Merge. 5. Alter. Saratoga.
1. Schuyler (Philip). 2. Garfield. 3. Virginia. 4. Delaware. 5. Yorktown. 6. Connected STARS. Centrals, Cleopatra. Cross-words: 1. C. Braddock. 7. Santiago. 8. Victoria.
3. England. 4. Priory. 5. Green. 6. Palace. 7. Deposit._8. ILLUSTRATED NUMERICAL ENIGMA. “We have met the enemy,
Go. 9. P.
II. Parable. 12. Vienna.
face. and they are ours.'
15. Refresh. 16. Be. LETTER Puzzle. Cæsar.
DOUBLE ACROSTIC. Primals, Buffalo; finals, New York. Cross
words: 1. Bean. 2. Urge. Novel ACROSTIC. Primals, Handel; third row, Mozart.
4. Flay. 5. Also. 6. Lair.
Answers TO ALL THE Puzzles IN THE JULY NUMBER were received before July 10 from Judith Ames Marsland-Mary A. O'Connor-
Answers to Puzzles IN THE JULY Number were received before July 10 from Dorothy B. Goldsmith, 8-Gladys S. Conrad, 8-Henry
ANSWERS TO ONE Puzzle were received from E. B. H.-A. B., Jr.-D. A. H.-C. H.-D. W.-M. L. C.-M. C. H.-M. A. M.-J. B. R.
GEOGRAPHICAL PRIMAL ACROSTIC
illuminated. 9. A discharge of firearms, and leave sick. My primals spell the name of a President of the United
10. Mesmerism, and leave a negative. 11. Trickery, and
leave a small receptacle. States.
12. Sucking up, and leave a Cross-WORDS (of equal length): 1. One of the New
celestial sphere. 13. An associate, and leave a grassy
plain. 14. To attract, and leave a snare. England States. 2. A South Carolina town near Au
The primals of the remaining words will spell the
name of a President of the United States.
ELSA A. SYNNESTVEDT (age 15).
I am composed of fifty-three letters and form a quota-
tion from "King Lear." CONSTANCE GRIFFITH (age 14), League Member.
My 5-13–37-34-49 is destruction. My 42–14-40-46–
43–21-39 is part of an insect. My 8-50-36-10-15-26-41 WORD-SQUARES
was an Egyptian ruler. My 44-29-48–32 is a token of I. 1. SALT-WATER. 2. A product of turpentine. 3. A affection. My 16-35-6-53-9 is shelter from the sun. small island. 4. A brother's daughter. 5. To penetrate.
My 11-25-2–27-12 is a part of the body. My 3–28–31II. 1. A kind of tree. 2. Once more.
3. To color. 47-22-52–20-18 is one who makes a kind of musical 4. A vessel regularly plying between certain ports.
sound with his lips. My 4-1-51-7-30 is an article of 5. Ingress.
apparel. My 19–17–23–33 is a plague. My 45–38–24 is MARJORIE K. GIBBONS (age 15), Honor Member. to permit.
ALICE NICOLL (age 11), League Member. TRIPLE BEHEADINGS AND CURTAILINGS (Silver Badge, St. Nicholas League Competition)
ZIGZAG EXAMPLE: Triply behead and curtail stubborn, and All the words described contain the same number of leave a metal. Answer, obs-tin-ate.
letters. When rightly guessed, and written one below In the same way behead and curtail: 1. Pertaining to another, the zigzag, beginning with the upper, left-hand the south pole, and leave part of a circle. 2. State of letter, will spell the name of an English poet. being uncivilized, and leave an obstruction.
Cross-WORDS: 1. To intertwine confusedly. 2. A carmake acquainted, and leave a slender stick. 4. A bene- penter's tool. 3. A kind of three-leaved plant. 4. First. fit, and leave an insect. 5. A planner of buildings, and 5. To become visible. 6. Celebrated. 7. A pillar. 8. To leave to strike. 6. Unprejudiced, and leave skill. 7.
select. 9. A small storage room. 10. A place of conPertaining ranch of mathematics, and lea
II. To countered. 8. Finally doing away with, and leave
JESSICA B. NOBLE (age 12), League Member.