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the city in which he lives. This has been plainly shown “BECAUSE WE

12 by the making of the big cheese by which Appleton has Ist

been so widely advertised. WANT TO KNOW" St. Micholas

On the morning of August 15, on all the roads around Union Square, Appleton, farmers were traveling, and each was carrying new York

milk to the dairy factory nearest to him. They had the milk from eight thousand cows. A big cheese was to be

made. To make it right, the cows were all milked at the PINK ROSES SUCCEEDING RED ON THE SAME BUSH

same hour, and the milk was all cooled to the same WORCESTER, Mass.

temperature. At the dairy factories (there are thirty-two Dear St. Nicholas: Last spring, we had a red rambler of them), the milk was turned into vats, and, by rennet rose-bush in our garden. All through April and June dissolved in sour milk, was changed to curd. The curd it bore red ramblers, but later, on the same bush on was conveyed from the thirty-two different factories to which the ramblers grew, there were pink rosebuds that Appleton, where thirty-five expert cheese-makers in white looked like moss-roses. Maybe you can tell me why that uniforms awaited its arrival. was; if so, you will oblige

Here the curd was dumped into seven vats, each with a Ruth WHITING. capacity of seven hundred gallons, and was allowed to

stand until the separate little flakes became united into one This was evidently due to the hot, dry weather.

It was then cut into strips, which were passed The coloring-matter was not produced as freely through a mill and chopped into fine pieces. These were under such circumstances, and, in addition to this, thrown into a mold. the great heat of the sun bleaches out the color diameter, was built on an outdoor platform. Four hundred

The mold, an iron frame five feet high and five feet in that is formed. During a trip last summer among pounds of cheese-salt were added, and the cheese-makers the rose-growers in Europe, I noticed that, in the stirred vigorously until the mixture was evenly salted. A moist and cool climate of England, the roses had thousand-pound cover was fastened on and the press a much darker and richer color than similar roses applied, to force the water from the cheese. It was then

seven o'clock in the evening. The men now left the had when grown in countries where the air is hot cheese, for the first process was complete; but just before and dry. I also noticed similar effects in France going to bed, they tightened the press. Next day the side and in Germany. It is probable that all your roses of the huge cheese was rubbed vigorously to keep it from would have been deeply red, if the weather had sweating.

A case was built on the outside leaving a space six inches been cooler and more moist.- Robert Pyle.

in width between it and the rim. Into this space ice was

packed. The cheese was stored in the warehouse to ripen MANUFACTURING A TWELVE-THOUSAND-POUND and to await the time of its shipment to Chicago. CHEESE

On October 20, another refrigerator was built around

APPLETON, Wis. it, and it was sent on a special flat-car to Chicago, where DEAR ST. NICHOLAS: Whenever anything is done in an it was put on view. President Taft, in the presence of a uncommon way, or better than usual, or on a larger scale, large crowd, cut the first slice from the cheese at the or with remarkable rapidity, it makes a reputation not National Dairy Exhibition. A Chicago store purchased only for the man who does the work, but for the State and the cheese for advertising purposes.

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When this monstrous cheese, which weighed exactly the inside of the curve. And, as we all know, twelve thousand, three hundred and sixty-one pounds, was

it is the tendency of a body moving rapidly in a cut up, it was sold immediately for about fifty cents a pound.

circle, or the segment of a circle-a curve-to Large crowds had witnessed the making, and moving fly from the center. A horse, or the rider on a pictures of all the work were taken for the Agricultural bicycle or motor-cycle, instinctively leans toward Department of the United States.

the center to counteract this tendency; and the To make this great cheese cost about six thousand dollars.

builder of a railroad follows the same law when he constructs his road-bed slanting downward toward the inner side of the curve.

But, with the automobile, the road is presumably as level on the curve as elsewhere. In going around a curve, therefore, the centrifugal force causes the automobile to tip outward, increasing the weight on the rubber tires of the outside wheels, and of course taking off the weight from the inner wheels.

Theoretically, even a little motion on a curve produces some of this effect, but the tipping is not visible except in higher speed. With speed increased sufficiently to cause the centrifugal force to overcome the weight, the automobile is overturned-and, it will be found, invariably outward from the curve.

If the chauffeur, in racing, takes a man to help "hold down the machine," that man leans to the inner side of the curve, as shown in photographs of machines rounding a curve in a race.

If the occupants of an automobile, running at high speed, fear that it will overturn on a curve, they should lean inward, to help hold down that side of the machine, just as each would do if he were riding a bicycle.





DEAR ST. NICHOLAS: Why does the water seem to be THE SPECIAL HOOP AND PRESS USED TO FORCE THE gray in some parts, green in others, and blue in others? WATER FROM THE CHEESE.

Hoping you will answer my question, I am,
This is eight feet in diameter and five feet high.

Your loving reader,

CHARLOTTE DEMOREST (age 9). This is undoubtedly the biggest cheese ever made. It was remarkably successful not only in the making, but in The ocean water holds many kinds of mud in the quality, which was pronounced excellent. It has given suspension, and many salts in solution; hence its Appleton and Outagamie County great prestige as a dairy

own color varies from pale blue and pale green center.


to muddy yellow or white. When we look at seawater, we get some of its real color mixed with

the sky light that happens to be reflected just then

New HAVEN, Conn. DEAR ST. NICHOLAS: If an automobile tipped when

from the surface of the ocean, and this compound going around a curve, would it tip toward the inside or color may be blue, white, gray, or red, etc.; conthe outside of the curve, and why?

sequently, the color of the ocean will seem to be Yours sincerely,

different in different directions on different days. STANLEY DAGGETT.

Blue for clearest water in clearest weather, and The automobile will upset toward the outside. light green in cloudy weather; gray for muddy This is a test question of physics in some schools, water in cloudy weather.-Willis L. MOORE, and probably a “catch” question elsewhere. For Chief U. S. Weather Bureau. it is likely that nine out of ten persons would at With lake or pond water, this explanation aponce answer that the machine would upset toward plies with the exception of the "salts in solution.”

Vol. XXXIX.-95.


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"A HEADING FOR JUNE." BY CHARLOTTE J. TOUGAS, AGE 17. The list of prize-winners this month is so long that it tribution of surpassing merit and quite worthy to rank leaves us only scant space for mention and encouragement with many of those here printed. It is as disappointing of those whose contributions would have been printed if to the Editor, as to the contributors themselves, that so only ST. NICHOLAS could have made room for them. The many of these clever essays, poems, and pictures are task of selection has never been more difficult than in this crowded out. But some of the young authors and artists competition; and in the effort to include as many offerings who sent them are already Honor Members; and it is as possible, we have been compelled, for once, to omit the only a question of time when the rest of these ardent Second Roll of Honor. Therefore, every name that ap- workers will join the ranks of the leaders of the Leaguepears upon the Honor Roll this month represents a con- both in its pages and its prize.lists.


In making the awards, contributors' ages are considered. PROSE. Gold badge, Dorothy M. Rogers (age 17), Gloucester, Mass. Silver badges, Eva Jane Lattimer (age 1), Columbus, O.; Helen L. Beede (age 12), Orleans, Vt.; Dorothy May Russell (age 15), Albany, N. Y.; Susan Cleveland (age 7), Bryn Mawr, Pa.; Elizabeth Hendee (age 14), Hopkinton, Ia. VERSE. Silver badges, Stanley Bonneau Reid (age 14), Oakdale, Cal.; Ellen Lee Hoffman (age 14), St. Louis, Mo. DRAWINGS. Silver badges, Jean Eleanor Peacock (age 11), Norfolk, Va.; Rebekah Howard (age 14), Pittsburg, Pa.; Walter K. Frame (age 16), Pittsburg, Pa. PHOTOGRAPHS. Silver badges, Genevieve Blanchard (age 14), Oak Park, Ill. ; Olive L. Ladd (age 11), Lincoln, Neb. ; Elizabeth H. Armstrong (age 13), New York City; Hazel Chisholm (age 14), New York City; Nancy Ambler (age 14), Burlington, Ia. ; Mary Hogan (age 13), Decatur, Ala.; Marjorie C. Huston (age 12), Coatesville, Pa.; Josephine Sturgis (age 15), Boston, Mass. PUZZLE-MAKING. Gold badge, Marjorie K. Gibbons (age 15), Paignton, England. Silver badges, Margaret Waddell (age 13), Colville, Wash. ; Eleanor King Newell (age 11), Lausanne, Switzerland; Marion J. Benedict (age 13), North Tarrytown, N. Y.; Fannie Ruley (age 14), West Philadelphia, Pa. PUZZLE ANSWERS. Silver badge, Dorothy Belle Goldsmith (age 14), New York City, N. Y.

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