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So, then, Alice went bravely into the water, she considered what Alice could do. Presently and soon splashed Susie Jane, and Susie Jane she wound a soft handkerchief around and around splashed back! And Bobby Shafto gave both the doll's hand, and arm, and tied it firmly. Next, dolls a ride on his back.

she turned some cold water into the basin, and "Alice just loves swimming !" cried Sophie. brought the basin, with great care, onto a chair “I thought she would !” said Elizabeth.

beside the bed. Later, everybody, except Grandmama, Mama, Cousin Eleanor did n't open her eyes. She and Baby, went in bathing. Papa and Uncle Na- thought, “I don't know what the child is doing, thaniel were very jolly, and gave the children a but I won't send her out if she likes to be here. glorious time.

She was such a darling to shut out that horrid Guess how many of them fell sound asleep in sun. Oh, how my head does ache !" the train going home, and I will tell you the an- Just then she felt something deliciously cool swer in the next chapter.

and soft and wet drawn lightly across her fore

head. You know what it was. Again it came, CHAPTER VII

and again. Never had anything felt so good to

Cousin Eleanor ! She said not a word. Alice, THE DOLL LEARNS TRUE POLITENESS

too, was so well-bred that she knew it was not a Every blessed one of them! Even Papa wakened time to speak. only just in time to say, “Preserve us! Ours is But by and by, Cousin Eleanor opened her eyes, the next station !"

smiled brightly at Elizabeth, and said: "I really As soon as the Dales got home, they ate a hot believe the headache is going away!” And she supper which Hannah had ready for them, and sat up, and kissed Elizabeth, and then Alice. then the children were glad to go to bed.

So, now, the doll had learned another way to The next day was still hotter, and Cousin help. Eleanor, who always felt the heat very much, lay “Thank you very much," said Cousin Eleanor. upon a lounge, for she had a terrible headache. “It seems to me that Alice is growing to be a The sun streamed broadly through her south win- very well-bred doll. How thoughtful she was to dow, but she felt so ill that she dreaded even to bathe my forehead." get up to fix the shade.

Elizabeth looked at Alice more happily. “In just a minute I will,” she said to herself, "Who taught Aunt Alice to be polite?" she asked. and closed her eyes. "If only that water-pitcher "Why, I think she was taught a great deal by were nearer !" she thought.

her own kind heart," answered. Cousin Eleanor. She lay there for a little while with her eyes “Her mother died when she was a little baby. shut; and then Elizabeth came into the room with But I really believe Aunt Alice could not be her doll in her arms. She stopped just inside the happy a moment if she felt some one near her door, with her finger on her lip, looking toward was uncomfortable.

She puts her own wishes Cousin Eleanor; and then, what do you think she last. And now, honey, it 's growing cooler outdid? First, she stepped, so softly that it was like side, so let 's take our pails and go out into the a kitten stepping, over to the south window, and pasture and pick some huckleberries. If we get pulled the green shade slowly down until the sun enough, I 'll make a roly-poly pudding for our was hidden, and cool shadows played over the floor. dinner, and you shall make a little one exactly

You remember that, at the christening, Eliza- like it for Alice and Susie Jane." beth said that she wanted her doll to grow up to

Guess what it was that made Cousin Eleanor's be like Aunt Alice, down in Yarmouthport, who own manners so good, and I will tell you in the was always careful about being kind? So now next chapter.

(To be continued.)


Vol. XXXIX.-118.


Another writer stated that the sounds were supposed to be made by the forcible expulsion of air from the swim-bladder. But quite recently Dr. Hugh M. Smith, of Washington, D. C., has discovered that the drumming is produced

by a special muscle in connection with the airSOME ODDITIES OF THE FISH WORLD

bladder, which acts as a sounding-board. The For many years it has been known that certain drumfish is found along the Atlantic coast from fish make sounds known as drumming, and that Massachusetts to Florida. others make noises that are somewhat musical

It is said that more than fifty species of fish and not unlike the croaking of a big bullfrog. are known to make sounds of some kind. The Though the cause of these sounds could have mud sunfish utters a deep grunting sound; the been easily investigated, as such fish are widely mullet, the catfish, and even the eel are known to found, this was not done until recently, although be sound producers. a number of suggestions were made by various

In Siam, a variety of sole, known as dog'swriters as to the means by which the sounds tongue (Cynoglossus), attaches itself to the bot

tom of boats and makes a sonorous sound which is more musical when several are attached to the same boat and act in concert. This sound is "something like that of a jew's-harp struck slowly, though sometimes it increases in loudness so as to resemble the full tones and sound of an organ."

The sea-robin gives a short, high-pitched grunt-whence its name of "pigfish,” given to it in some places.

Darwin tells of a catfish "which is remarkable for a harsh, grating noise when caught by hook and line. This noise can be distinctly heard even when the fish is beneath the water."

In this connection it will doubtless be of inTravels on land and even climbs trees.

terest to our young people to have their attenwere produced. In 1880, Gunther, a careful stu- tion called to certain fish of peculiar form. One dent, wrote as follows:

of the strangest is known by scientists as MelaThese drumming sounds are frequently noticed by nocetus. Another is the Eurypharyx, also known persons in vessels lying at anchor on the coasts of the as the pelican-fish. These are here pictured by



our artist. They are deep-sea fishes, living over a mile below the surface. It is believed that the Melanocetus buries itself in the mud, and when the "feeler" is touched, suddenly opens its huge mouth and draws in its food.

Among the most interesting fresh-water fish that are sometimes kept in household aquaria is the stickleback, which builds a nest. Some build these homes in the bottom of the streams, hiding the nest among the weeds and water-plants; others build on submerged boughs, or on stones or projecting ledges. All kinds of material are collected, and are matted together to form the bottom of the nest, being held in place by sand, small pebbles, leaves, stems, or twigs, all of which are glued together by an adhesive secrecion of the fish. After the base has been formed, the sides and roof are made, with a circular opening at or near the top. In the fresh waters of Guiana, a beautiful, green-brown fish, the Callicthys, builds a nest of grass blades, straw, and leaves, not in the water, but in a muddy hole at the edge, and just above the surface. When the water dries away, the fish, by means of its fins, creeps to other wet or marshy places. It is said to live for twenty-four hours out of water.

Our common sunfish are nest-builders. Every country boy with observing eyes has noticed, at the edge of the pond, the clean appearance of certain spots from which all vegetable material,

CBDUL '2 mud, and pebbles have been removed. This has

QUEER FISH — THE "PELICAN" AND been done by the sunfish, whose swaying body and moving fins and tail make currents in the water, that wash the spot and leave only the clean sirable objects are carried away in the fish's sand. Sometimes the pebbles and other unde- mouth. The stems of the surrounding plants are



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at times trained above the cleaned depression and shocks similar in effect to that produced by a form a perfect bower.

galvanic battery. The shocks delivered by these But of all strange nests, the one that has creatures are very startling, and barefoot fisherpleased me most is that of the Indian paradise- men have been known to be knocked down by fish, kept in an ordinary house aquarium. This accidentally stepping on them in shallow water. fish is novel, not only on account of its brilliant The specimen here pictured was captured in markings, but it also breathes air, and does not, the Gulf of Mexico near Veteran, Florida, and like other fish, depend for its oxygen on that set taken alive to the laboratory of Mr. A. G. Reyfree in the water by aquatic plants. But the nolds. The National Museum has specimens of most remarkable thing about it is its method of Narcine brasiliensis from Cape Lookout, North building a nest. These amazing nests not only Carolina, and from several localities in Florida, float, but are formed of air bubbles. With its as well as from Cozumel Island and Jamaica. mouth the fish blows the little bubbles, and coats This ray is very small when compared with the them with an adhesive or mucilaginous substance, common electric ray (Tetronarce), which reaches so that they adhere together and form -a floating, a weight of two hundred pounds. fairy-like mass, in which the eggs are laid, and

B. A. BEAN, Smithsonian Institution. in which the young are hatched. Occasionally a young fish will slip out, or apparently tumble out,

THE WALKING-STICK INSECT of his home of bubbles, and circle away, finally falling to the bottom of the aquarium. Then one of the parents, in serious alarm at what has happened to the youngster, swims quickly to the bottom, draws the little one into its mouth, swims back to the delicate bubble mass, and literally "blows him up," because he was so careless as to fall out of bed.


A “SHOCKING” FISH The electric ray (Narcine brasiliensis) has a broad body covered with smooth skin, and is


A RAMBLER in the forest is often surprised to find what seems to be a twig alive. This is the walking-stick insect. It has many relatives in the insect world, the family name being Phasmidae, from a Greek word meaning an apparition, a name that fits it well, for indeed it looks like the

ghost of a twig. The accompanying photograph provided with an organ, consisting largely of a of this insect on a real twig was sent to St. jelly-like fluid, which enables the animal to give Nicholas by John Boyd, Sarnia, Ontario, Canada.


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The jack-in-the-pulpit, or our “memory plant," Through the courtesy of Mr. Harry Whitney, has its weapons in the underground bulb, and we here present an extremely interesting photo

these consist of minute needles of crystal, about graph of walrus on a cake of ice in the arctic one five-hundredths of an inch in length, invisible regions. A young walrus from the Whitney Ex- to the naked eye, but a few sticking to the lips hibition is now at the New York Zoölogical Park. or tongue will make themselves painfully known, It will be recalled by our readers that we pub

for they burn and sting like fire. lished on page 841 of "Nature and Science" for safely eat the cluster of red berries that “jack" July, 1911, an account of the young walrus from the Whitney Exhibition now at the park.

Birds may

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“MEMORY ROOT,” AND WHY “Do you know the memory root?" inquired one boy of another, during a ramble in the woods.

"No; what is it, and why is it called that?"

"Come here and look at it, and I will tell you why," said boy number one, showing his companion a root of the Indian turnip; and, as they bent over it, he continued :

“I once dug up one of these plants, and, being young and foolish, I tasted it, taking a very little piece to be sure. Just at first it seemed all right, but in a moment-phew! I thought I had tried to eat red-hot needles. I found out later that it is really full of tiny, needle-like prickers. One is n't likely to forget such an experience, so we call it the memory root.”

Many plants are so placed by nature that they must protect themselves from the attacks of insects and of larger animals, in order that they may thrive and increase. Some have thorns to pre- lifts every autumn on the top of a long stem. vent the cattle from eating their leaves. Some But no boy or other animal will more than once have spines or prickles around the blossoms to molest the bulb, and our young folks should never exclude undesirable visitors. Many others have eat the berries. peculiar means of obtaining similar protection. The picture shows a magnified bit of the root



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