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hour's absence, returned with a verdict of guilty. The main allegations against the defendant were 1. That he did falsely swear that he was Roger Charles Tichborne; 2. That he did falsely swear that he had in July or August 1851, seduced Catherine Mary Elizabeth Doughty, only daughter of Sir Edward Doughty, deceased; 3. That he did falsely swear that he was not Arthur Orton, the son of George Orton, of Wapping, deceased. The jury found him guilty on all these three allegations. As a special finding, the jury further desired to

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express their opinion that the charges of bribery, conspiracy, and undue influence brought against the prosecution in this case are entirely devoid of foundation, and they regret exceedingly the violent language and demeanour of the leading counsel for the defendant in his attacks upon the conduct of the prosecution and upon several of the witnesses produced in the case. The Lord Chief Justice thereupon sentenced the Claimant to fourteen years' penal servitude, and pending the charge of perjury against the witness Luie, authorised his removal in the meantime to Newgate.

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March 1.-Bombardment of Bilbao by the Carlists, as many as 200 shells daily being now reported as thrown into the town.

2. The Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh receive an enthusiastic reception at Berlin on their homeward journey from St. Petersburg to London.

Boiler explosion at Alderman Thomson's Mills, Blackburn, causing the death of twelve workpeople, and serious injury to about twenty.

Died, aged 86, Dr. Neil Arnott, F.R.S., Physician Extraordinary to the Queen, and inventor of the useful stove and ventilator bearing his name.

Died, aged 86, Rev. J. W. Bellamy, B.D., Vicar of Sellinge, Hythe, formerly Head Master of Merchant Taylors' School.

3.-A proposal being made in the German Parliament to repeal the clause of the AlsaceLorraine Administrative Law, giving the Governor power to institute a state of siege, Prince Bismarck said :-"We never expected that the Alsatians would greet our institutions with applause. People have to accustom themselves to foreign institutions, and when you have been with Germany for 200 years, the results of your comparisons will be in Germany's favour. From the acquaintance I have made of the gentlemen here, I believe I should seriously endanger my responsibility if I were to diminish the power of the Governor of the Imperial Province. In France there are twenty-eight Departments in a state of siege. Remember how we came to annex AlsaceLorraine. What we required was a bulwark to defend our rights. The Alsatians are certainly not free from blame for what has Occurred. They participated in the restlessness which led to the war that broke out against us."

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The Dutch troops reported to have been so successful at Atchin as to lead most of the Sultan's allies to withdraw their aid.

4.-The reception of M. Ollivier said to be indefinitely postponed by the Frenc Academy on the ground of the eulogistic tribute he intended offering to the memory of the late Emperor. "Had_Lamartine," he wrote, "known him better, had he had experience of his great heart, of the charm and justness of his mind, of the gentleness of his character; if he had become the confidant of his thoughts solely directed to the public good and to the relief of those who suffer; if he had been witness to the loyalty with which he put in practice the freest institutions our country had yet known; if he had beheld him modest in prosperity and august after misfortune, he would have done more than render him justice, he would have loved him."

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Under the signature "E. P.B.," the late member for the Kilmarnock burghs contributes to the Times a Chapter of Contemporary History," in which a parallel or contrast was drawn between the recent Liberal defeat and the result of several former general elections. The writer thought there had been "no Liberal defeat like this since 1710, when Dr. Sacheverell was rashly impeached, at the instance of some angry Whig Ministers, and in spite of the prudent counsels of Lord Somers, and when the Tory Ministry, who then replaced them, unexpectedly dissolved the Parliament, in order to catch the ball of popularity at its bound. That election resulted in a decisive Tory victory." Having referred to the elections of 1784, 1841, and 1865, he proceeded to accuse Mr. Gladstone of having "at one blow (the -dissolution) destroyed both his Administration and his party, and they are both wiped out of

existence." He next endeavoured to account for the failure of the Government: "I say nothing of its minor delinquencies, of its failures in administration-these, though remarkable in men of conspicuous talent, do not tell very widely or deeply on general national opinion; but I set down the failure to the wounds which it has inflicted on the great characteristic attributes of the English people -their pride, their jealous reverence for established institutions, their singular love of moderation." On this last head "E. P. B." wrote, "If in the daily conduct of ordinary public business a Prime Minister should fail to create confidence in his steady good sense and moderation by a constant exhibition of those gifts, the occasion will surely be seized by them, as it has been just now, to show that they no longer trust him, but that they wish for some other Minister, who can better appreciate their peculiar national instincts and represent their national character."

4.-Canon Gregory's motion to prohibit the London School Board from erecting new schools near denominational ones presently in existence rejected by 24 votes to 21.

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5.-The new Parliament opened by Com. mission, and Mr. Brand unanimously elected Speaker on the motion of Mr. Chaplin, seconded by Lord George Cavendish. Mr. Gladstone was also present, and spoke strongly in favour of the nomination. Next day Mr. Brand presented himself in the House of Lords for formal acceptance by her Majesty, and in name of the Commons laid claim to the exercise of their undoubted rights and privileges. "I humbly,' he said, "petition her Majesty that she will be graciously pleased to allow us freedom of speech in debate, freedom from arrest for our persons and servants, and, above all, freedom of access to her Majesty's royal person whenever occasion may require; and that the best construction may be put upon all our proceedings. For myself, my lords, I desire that the most favourable construction may be put upon my acts, and that whatever I may do in error may be attributed to myself alone, and not to her Majesty's faithful Commons." The Lord Chancellor rejoined: "Mr. Speaker, we have it further in command to inform you that her Majesty doth most readily confirm all the rights and privileges which have ever been granted to her Majesty's Commons by any of her Royal predecessors. With respect to yourself, sir, though her Majesty is sensible that you stand in no need of such assurance, her Majesty will ever put the most favourable construction on your words and actions." The Speaker retired, and the Lord Chancellor then took his seat on the woolsack. New members were thereafter sworn in, and writs authorized to be issued for vacancies occasioned by acceptance of office.

The Claimant's witness Luie or Lundgren again examined at Bow Street, and com

mitted on a charge of perjury extending over his entire evidence in the Tichborne case.

6. The two Houses of Convocation of Canterbury attend Divine service in St. Paul's, and afterwards hold a brief sederunt for the transaction of business. In the Lower House, Archdeacon Bickersteth, re-elected Prolocutor for the fourth time, reviewed the work of Convocation during the last five years, and expressed satisfaction that the English Church condemned both the way in which the so-called Ecumenical Council was called together and the conclusions at which it arrived. The Athanasian Creed, by means of the Synodical Declaration, he regarded as set at rest for at least a generation, and he then passed on to speak of the great work set on foot at the last Convocation-the revision of the English version of the Holy Scriptures-and said that labour of deep anxiety and responsibility, unless the existence of this Convocation were cut prematurely short by some convulsion, would by it be presented to the critical judgment of Biblical students.

Stewart's cotton mill, Musselburgh, destroyed by fire, with much valuable machinery. 7.-News received of the burning of Coomassie, and flight of King Koffee.

The Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh arrive at Gravesend from Antwerp, and proceed to Windsor amid great manifestations of public enthusiasm.

In a letter to the Emperor Francis Joseph, the Pope protests against the Church in Austria being handed over to dishonourable servitude, and his Catholic subjects visited with deep affliction. His Holiness in another letter condemned the new ecclesiastical laws as designed to bring the Church into most ruinous subjection to the arbitrary power of the State. He admitted that the Austrian laws appeared moderate as compared with those enacted by Prussia, but they were of the same spirit and character, and paved the way for the destruction of the Church in Austria as well as in Prussia. The Pope renewed his protest against the rupture of the Concordat, and described the assertion that a change was brought about in the Church by the promulgation of the dogma of Infallibility as a pernicious pretext.

9.-The French National Assembly, by a majority of 41 votes, agree to impose a tax of five per cent. on all goods conveyed by luggage trains.-M. Ledru-Rollin took his seat in the Assembly to-day.

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Asian railway. They proposed that the line should go by Saratov and Kieff rather than by Orenburg and Katharinenburg.


The Parliament of Victoria dissolved, the Ministry appealing to the colony on the one issue of constitutional reform. They desired, it was said, to bring both Chambers of the Legislature in harmony, and proposed the Norwegian plan-that on the rejection of bills by either House, both Houses should sit together to consider such bills.

11.-Died at Washington, aged 63, Charles Sumner, an eminent American politician.

The Record announces (mistakenly) the intended resignation of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

King Koffee's state umbrella, taken from the Royal Palace at Coomassie, presented to the Queen at Windsor by Lieutenant Wood, who had been commissioned by Sir Garnet Wolseley to bring the trophy to this country "as a humble tribute of the dutiful respect and affection borne to her Majesty by the military and naval forces engaged in the war."


12. To modify various disquieting rumours regarding the leadership of the Liberal party, Mr. Gladstone writes to Earl Granville :-" For a variety of reasons personal to myself I could not contemplate any unlimited extension of active political service; and I am anxious that it should be clearly understood by those friends with whom I have acted in the direction of affairs that at my age I must reserve my entire freedom to divest myself of all the responsi bilities of leadership at no distant time. need of rest will prevent me from giving more than occasional attendance in the House of Commons during the present session. I should be desirous, shortly before the commencement of the session of 1875, to consider whether there would be advantage in my placing my services for a time at the disposal of the Liberal party, or whether I should then claim exemption from the duties I have hitherto discharged. If, how. ever, there should be reasonable ground for believing that, instead of the course which I have sketched, it would be preferable in the view of the party generally, for me to assume at once the place of an independent member, I should willingly adopt the latter alternative." Replying to an address from the Liberals of Tunstall, Mr. Gladstone wrote :"I do not disguise from myself the importance of the verdict given at the late election, either as regards myself personally or in other and more important respects, but I neither can repent having confided in the people nor cease to confide in them similarly with reference to the contingencies of the future."

The Queen, accompanied by the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh and the Princess Beatrice, makes a state journey through London from Paddington to Buckingham Palace, by way of Edgware Road, Oxford and Regent Streets, Waterloo Place, Charing Cross, White

hall, through the Horse Guards, and along the Mall. The decorations were abundant and elaborate, and the enthusiasm of the countless thousands through which the royal cortége passed apparently unchecked by the chilling frost or drifting snow showers. In the evening the City was brilliantly illuminated.

13.-Came on before Vice-Chancellor Malins the case of Dr. Hayman, of Rugby, in the form of a notice of motion that the Governing Body of the school might be restrained by an order of court for removing or dismissing the plaintiff from his office, and from electing any person in his place, or from taking any proceeding at law or otherwise for ejecting the plaintiff from his office and residence. That was demurred to, and it lay with the defendants to support their demurrer. The case continued before the court till the 21st.

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Soliciting the honour of re-election from his Buckinghamshire constituents, Mr. Disraeli writes from Downing Street, that in forming a new Administration he had recommended to the Queen "a body of gentlemen who will uphold the institutions of the country and defend the rights of every class of her Majesty's subjects. My acceptance of the office of First Lord of the Treasury vacates my seat; but as I cannot believe that the favour of our Sovereign can be any bar to the renewed confidence of a constituency which I have served more than a quarter of a century, I again solicit the high and honourable trust of being your member in the House of Commons."

14.- James Brown, eating-house keeper, Shadwell, known in the Tichborne case as "Captain" Brown, examined by Sir T. Henry on the charge of perjury. He was afterwards committed for trial.

15.-Sunday demonstration in Hyde Park in favour of the release of Fenian prisoners, and resolutions passed calling upon Mr. Dis raeli to use his influence with her Majesty for that purpose.

16.-Bonapartist demonstration at Chiselhurst on occasion of the Prince Imperial com. pleting his eighteenth year, the age fixed by French law for his majority, and when he formally assumed the position of head and chief of his dynasty. The multitude which flocked out of London had its strength recruited from every department throughout France, and its members were furnished by no one special class of society, but from all ranks and orders in the social scale, from the working man in his blouse to the senator and officer of the Legion of Honour. For days past they had been coming across the Channel, undeterred by the inconvenience of the passage, and train after train, as it arrived at Charing Cross, had been loaded far beyond its powers by crowds of French visitors. Of eighty-seven Prefects under the Empire, sixty-five were described as present at the fête. The proceedings commenced with a service in the small church of

St. Marie, followed by the presentation of an address to the Prince Imperial, who replied to the same, and a reception of deputations, who in some instances had travelled from the extreme parts of France to offer their gifts and congratulations. The Prince was interrupted by loud acclamations when he spoke of the President of the French Republic as the "former companion of the glories and misfortunes of my father." Still louder cheers interrupted him when he claimed a plébiscite in order to settle the foundations of Government in France, and spoke of the plébiscite as at once the "safety" and the "right" of France. The audience again broke out into shouts when he declared that if the name of Napoleon should issue for the eighth time from the voting urns, he was ready to accept the responsibility imposed upon him by will of the

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During the seven years I shall be able to make the order of things legally established respected by all. "

19. Dr. Pusey writes to the Times in depreciation of the legislative action which he supposes is intended by the bishops against Ritualists. He defined his own position as that of "no Ritualist, although bound to many Ritualists by affection and by their labour for souls," and begged the bishops to be slow in entering upon a line of action which, once entered upon, would be irrevocable. "The Judicial Committee has included in its censures too many to be trodden out. As things are, they who would extirpate us would be obliged to leave their work undone. Endurance is stronger than infliction. There are too many, even for a summary process to sever from their flocks. Yet where there is one common offence, the judge who spares any condemns himself for not having spared all."

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Parliament opened by Commission, the Lord Chancellor reading a Royal Message having reference to the marriage of the Duke of Edinburgh, the termination of the war in Africa, and the steps taken for relieving the intensity of the famine in Bengal. Legislation was promised regarding the transfer of land, a re-arrangement of the judicature in Scotland and Ireland, improvement of the Master and Servants Act of 1871, (so far as the law of conspiracy was concerned), and the Act of last year regulating the sale of intoxicating drinks. In the Lords the Address was moved by Lord Lothian and seconded by Lord Cadogan, and in the Commons by Sir W. Stirling-Maxwell and Mr. R. Callender. Replying to an obser vation that the recent dissolution was an elaborate surprise-"a pit dug for the Conservatives into which the Liberals had fallen "-Mr. Gladstone said the justification of the dissolution was its result, showing a larger transfer of seats from one party to the other than had ever occurred since 1831. Though he could not but think the decision of the constituencies wrong, he admitted that it was emphatic. The present Government had acceded to power by the act of the country, and it had every title, therefore, to be fairly tried, without any factious oppo sition, and to have the opportunity of placing its policy and its principles before the country. -Mr. Disraeli replied, that although he thought Mr. Gladstone's reasons for not having called Parliament together before commencing the Ashantee expedition fallacious, he preferred not to enter into any captious controversy on a war which must be regarded as concluded, and in which the skill and energy of our commander and the admirable qualities of our soldiers had been so signally displayed. Neither did he think it incumbent on him to enter into Mr. Gladstone's defence of the dissolution. With its results Mr. Disraeli said he was quite satisfied.

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72, 73, 74.

settlement, 83.

indemnity paid, 132.

Albert Bridge, Chelsea, 130.
Albert Hall opened, 8, 17.

Albrecht, marriage of Prince, 114.

Alcohol manifesto, 52.

Alexandra Palace opened, 118.
Alexandra Palace deaths, 130.
Alford, Dean, statue, 34.

Alice, Princess, son killed, 119.
Alsace "option," 84.

Alsace-Lorraine election, 153, 157, 159.
Amadeus, Prince, 119.
Arctic expedition, 99.
Argyll, Duke of

on Sir A. Cockburn, 57.
on Lord Mayo, 153.
Argyll, Bishop of, 148.
Army, royal warrant, 33, 44.
Army grievances, 136.
Arnim, Count, 52.

Arthur, Prince, 22, 33.

Arthur, Prince, 130.

Ascension Day, 13.

Assam, empire of. III.

Ashantee War-

attack on Elmina, 120.

ambuscade on the Prah, 129, 132.

appointments, 130.

blockade proclaimed,

staff leave, 132.


Sir Garnet Wolseley's address, 134.

successes, 138.

native attack, 139.

Earl Grey on War, 139.

despatches, 143.

advance on Prashu, 146.

battle of Amoaful, 152.

submission, 153.

Coomassie entered, 154, 158, 160.

objects secured, 154.

Treaty of Fommanah, 155.

indemnity, 156.

Royal umbrella, 161.

Association, British-

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Atchinese War, 112, 114, 119, 150, 156,

Athanasian creed, 66, 68, 69, 75, 76,
93, 101, 104.


Aurora disturbances, 98.

Ministerial changes, 44.
Reichsrath opened, 50, 139.
Emperor's anniversary, 143.
at St. Petersburg, 155.
Pope's letter, 160.


Bach's "St. John," 64.
Baird Trust Gift, 128.
Baker, Sir S.-

rumoured calamity to, 114, 115.
safety of, 122, 135.

at Geographical Society, 144.
at Brighton, 148.
Baldacchino case, 129, 145.
Ballot, first contest, 80, 107.
Bankruptcy jury trial, 4.

Bank of England forgeries, 105, 113,

130, 131.

Bank holidays, 25.
Bates, Serjeant, 93.
Bavaria and Germany, 139.
"Beggar's League," 83.
Beethoven centenary, 36.
Bellemere, Gen., censured, 138.
Berlin monument, 44.
Bethlehem church dispute, 109.
Betting offences, 92.
Bicycle feat, 121.
Billiard match, 12.

Birmingham conference, 48.
Bismarck, Prince-

on Ultramontanism, 82.

resignation, 95, 124.

honours, 97:

Prussian ministers, 140.

defence in Lower House, 148.
on Alsace-Lorraine, 159.

Anglo-American, 72.
Botanic Society's fête, 75.
Bothnia, launch, 159,

Bouverie, E. P., on Gladstone defeat,

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Emancipation bill, 40.
Emperor in England, 30.

Bishops punished, 146.
Brest scandal, 82.
Briel anniversary, 64.
Bright, John-

on constitution, 65.
presentation, 75.
representation and land, 99.
Chancellor of Duchy, 133, 134.
at Birmingham, 137.
on Free Land, 138.
on "Residuum," 144.
at Birmingham, 152.
Brighton poisoning, 37.
aquarium, 79.
library, 132.
Brock, Rev. William, 84.

Brussels Bourse, 146.

Buenos Ayres, fever, 12.

Burdett-Coutts, Baroness, 24, 76, 148.
Burmese ambassadors, 71, 73, 102.

Burning, death from, 115.

Bute, marriage of Marquis, 67.
lecture, 125.

Burton, Consul, 83.

Byles, Sir William, 152.

Byron, Lady, controversy, 12, 13.


Caird, Principal, 147.

Cairns, Lord Chancellor, 158.
Cambridge, Duke of―
on grievances, 101.
assaulted, 147.

Cambridge Commission, 52.
Vice-Chancellor, 89.

Canterbury, Archbishop of-
on comprehension, 89.

rumoured resignation, 161.
Captain relief fund, 8.
Cardwell at Oxford, 57.

reconstruction of Army Bill, 59.

Carlyle, T., honours to, 146.

Catholic protest, 76.

Catholic (old) Congress, 83.

Cavour monument, 139.

Census taken, 10.

Central Asia boundaries, 86, 104.

dispute, 115.

railway scheme, 160.

Chaldean inscription, 93.

Challenger expedition, 133.

Chambord, Count de, 132, 137, 138.

demonstration, 59.

manifesto, 86, 102.

Changarnier, proceedings against, 25.

Chesterfield, letters, 145.

Chicago, fire, 41, 44.

Childers, retirement of, 3.

Chancellor of Duchy, 79.

China, marriage of Emperor, 85,
ambassador received, 122.

Chinese labourers killed, 149.
Chiselhurst fete, 129.

demonstration, 161.

Choral festival, 138.

Church, Dean, 37.

Church defence, 51, 58, 65, 7:

Church Congress-

1872, Leeds, 85.

1873, Bath,

1874, Brighton.

Civil Service Stores, 94, 101

Clearing-house returns, 77.

Coals, rise in price of, 77, 101.

Cobden, R., on small holdings, 97, 98.
Club dinner, 29.

Cockburn, Chief-Justice, on Collier
appointment, 45, 47-

on Alabama claims, 83.
Coleridge, Sir J.-

on Liberal Party, 87, 88

on Counsel in Queen z. Cotton, 106.
Chief-Justice, 140.

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