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ANNALS OF OUR TIME:
A DIURNAL OF EVENTS,
SOCIAL AND POLITICAL, HOME AND FOREIGN,
FROM FEBRUARY 28, 1871, to MARCH 19, 1874.
ANNALS OF OUR TIME.
Peb. 24.--Earl Granville, on the part of her Majesty's Government, endeavours to obtain some modification in favour of France of the war indemnity of six milliards of francs said to be demanded by Prussia. Government, he wrote, felt the difficulties which arise from their ignorance of the offers made on the side of France, and they bear in mind that this country is one only among the neutral powers, all bound by the obligations of friendship to both parties. “But her Majesty's Government are willing, in consideration of the extreme pressure of time, to make representations to Germany on the amount of this indemnity, and to tender their good offices in the spirit of friendship to both parties, under the conviction that it is the interest of Germany, as well as of France, that the amount of the indemnity should not be greater than that which it is reasonable to expect could be paid.”
Invasions of Looshai tribes into the tea districts of Cachar and Sylhet, North-east India, leading to the despatch of a combined party of British and native troops to recover a young girl named Winchester, who had been carried off after the murder of her father.
26.-Some remarks in the way of censure having been made in Parliament regarding the manner of the withdrawal of the British ambassador from Paris in September last, Lord Lyons writes to-day from Bordeaux :-“I conceived at the time that it was my duty neither to reject the advice of the French Minister for Foreign Affairs, nor to separate myself from my principal colleagues, and I thought it would be on all accounts inexpedient for me to allow myself to be shut up in Paris and to be deprived of all speedy and satisfactory means of communicating with your lordship. sequent experience has, I confess, confirmed me in these opinions. On the day after I left Paris, all communication by road with that place was intercepted, and on the following day the last telegraphic wire was cut. The diplomatists who were left in the besieged city were refused by the German authorities positively all facilities for corresponding with their Governments otherwise than by letters left open for the inspection of those authorities. My having resided at the seat of the Delegation of the Government at Tours, and having followed them to Bordeaux, have been accepted by the French as manifest proofs of the desire of her Majesty's Government to maintain intimate and friendly relations with them, while my doing so has afforded her Majesty's Government the readiest and most effectual means of maintain. ing such relations in fact."
26.-A person understood to be a police spy, engaged in watching the National Guards defiling in front of the Column of July, seized by a mob of infuriated Republicans, and, after being subjected for hours to a series of gross outrages, is at last bound hand and foot and thrown into the Seine.
27.- Proclamation signed by Thiers and Picard posted in Paris, urging the inhabitants to accept even the hard terms of peace imposed by the Germans as the only means of saving France. During six days, it was said, the negotiators fought foot by foot, and did what was humanly possible to obtain the most favourable conditions. “If the Convention be not respected the armistice will be broken, and the enemy, already masters of the forts, will occupy in strong force the entire city. Private property, the works of art, and the public monuments are guaranteed to-day; but should the Convention cease to be in force misfortune will await the whole of France. The fearful ravages of war, which hitherto have not ex. tended beyond the Loire, will then extend to the Pyrenees. It is absolutely true to say that the safety of Paris affects the whole of France. Do not imitate the fault of those who did not wish us to believe, eight months ago, that the war would be so fatal. The French army, which defended Paris with so much courage, will occupy the left of the Seine and ensure tne loyal execution of the new armistice. The National Guard will undertake to maintain order in the rest of the city, as good and honoured citizens, who have shown themselves to be brave in the face of the enemy, and this cruel situation will end in peace and the return of public prosperity.”
28.-Treaty of Commerce between Spain and Sweden and Norway signed.
The American House of Representatives pass a bill repealing the duty on coal.
News from Paris indicate great uneasiness regarding the entry of the German troops and some necessary precautions were taken for avoiding a street conflict. In the afternoon the statues in the Place de la Concorde were veiled with thick crape, though “Strasburg was still permitted to retain the flags and immortelles with which it had been bedizened for months past. By midnight the streets were reported to be unusually clear, a result partially accomplished by the closing of the theatres and cafés.
The first Act of the Session, authorising an annuity of 6,000l. to her Royal Highness the Princess Louise, receives the Royal assent.
March 1.—This (Wednesday) torenoon the mined, the man suggested that the prisoner German army, to the number of 30,000, com- should go and call her sister. She went out mence to enter Paris. The first Uhlan made of the room. When she returned she placed his appearance at the Arc de Triomphe about a handkerchief over his face, and the man imnine o'clock. He was soon followed by other mediately rushed at him and held his arms. Uhlans, and then by the main body of the He struggled, but the man continued holding occupying troops, the 6th and with Prussian
him, and the prisoner pressing the handCorps, with about 11,000 Bavarians, which kerchief over his face. This lasted some had previously been reviewed by the Emperor minutes. He was then forced backwards on at Longchamps. Not being able to pass to a sofa. When he came to himself he under the arch, they turned down the Avenue found himself tightly strapped.
The man des Champs Elysées, and proceeded in the Tyrell was standing over him, and said, “If direction of the Place de la Concorde, their you move I will murder you." Witness asked bands meanwhile sounding out the ever-popu. him to loosen the strap over his breast, and he lar “ Wacht am Rhein." The Duke of
Witness attempted to get up to a sitCoburg, General Blumenthal, and their respec- ting position and look at the table, but Tyrell tive staffs, rode in at the head of the troops, forced him down, and put a handkerchief over followed by a squadron of Bavarian Hussars, his eyes. He afterwards heard the front door with bright pennons of blue and white silk. slam. He succeeded in loosening the straps Following these, and evidently in honour of on his wrist, and broke a pane of glass in the Bavaria, came two batteries of Bavarian artil. window, and gave an alarm. All the jewellery lery, and then rifles and infantry. There on the table was gone, with the exception of a (writes the Times correspondent) was the small gold chain. The jury acquitted the pri"Leib Regiment,” with its shattered companies soner on the charge of robbery with violence, only a quarter of their original strength, and and also on a second charge for assault, on the their flag hanging in ribbons from the stump of ground that she had acted under her husband's a broken staff. As they marched past the coercion. closed arch an officer's horse slipped and fell,
1.—Died at Edinburgh, John Carmichael, and a crowd pressed round the dismounted
M.A., Senior Classical Master in the High rider. Instantly a comrade rode to his assist
School. ance amid the hisses of on-lookers; one man was ridden over, and two or three horsemen The Burials Bill, permitting Dissenters to charged along the pavement. This had the bury in parish churchyards with their own rites, effect of scattering the mob, and from that
or no rites, read a second time in the Commons moment they looked on in profound and re
by 211 to 149 votes. spectful silence. For an hour and a half did The London School Board, by a majothe incessant stream of Bavarians continue, rity of 41 to 3, reject a proposal for teaching with here and there an interval occupied by the Bible without religious note or comment in some general and his staff. Then came the schools under their management. Lord SanGrand Duke of Mecklenburg. Bismarck him- don protested against the startling notions and self, smoking a cigar, rode suddenly up, looked new religion Professor Huxley had formerly on the scene for a few minutes without going brought before the Board, to which the Probeyond the crest of the hill, and then turned fessor replied by reminding his lordship that away in the direction of Versailles, whither the as Keats was reported to have been justly Emperor and Crown Prince had retired after killed by an article, so any faith which can the review in the morning.
be killed by human effort ought to be so
killed.” Lord Lurgan's famous greyhound, - Died at Bordeaux, M. Kuss, Mayor of Master M'Grath, shown to the Queen at
Strasburg and Deputy for the Bas-Rhin. Windsor, and afterwards to various members of the Court circle.
2.-Bank of England rate of discount raised
from 2 to 3 per cent. The comparative quiet Came on at the Central Criminal Court
prevailing at Paris combined with the acceptbefore the Recorder, the trial of Martha Tor
ance by the Assembly of the preliminaries of pey, aged 28, described as a married woman,
peace, caused the Stock Market to maintain a charged as an accomplice in the robbery of
firm appearance, and even before business jewels belonging to W. H. Ryder (see Jan. 12,
hours the French loan had been run up over 1871, p. 973). The shopman, Parkes, de
I per cent. tailed his experience within the house in Upper - Describing the desolate condition of Paris, Berkeley Street, into which he was admitted the Journal Officiel records: “The Bourse by a man describing himself as Tyrell, but now and all the shops are closed. Paris has volunknown to be Torpey. He took, he said, some tarily suspended her life, and feels the
respon: of the jewellery out of a bag, and stated the sibility weighing upon her in such a painful prices of the different articles. He there saw moment, that it becomes her not to add to the the prisoner sitting at the fire. Witness stood misfortunes she has already to bear others more at one side of the table, and the man on the terrible that might be irreparable. After having other. When some of the articles were exa- heroically endured famine and miseries, Paris is
capable of a still greater courage.” Other jour- and peals from the church bells. The city was nals appeared with black borders. To-day the illuminated and an enthusiastic reception given German soldiers, in large numbers, visited the to the Empress and Princesses. Louvre, Carrousel and other places of public resort, the populace, as a rule, looking on with
3.-Acting under the advice of his medical sorrow and resignation. The “Red ” leaders
Childers retires from the Admin still maintained their cannon and barricades in
ralty and is succeeded by Mr. Goschen. Mr. the Belleville, St. Martin, and Temple districts.
Stansfeld afterwards succeeded to the Poor
Law Board, and Mr. Baxter became Secretary 2.- Writing to Cardinal Patrizi, Dean of
to the Treasury. the College of Jesuits and Vicar-General of the Holy See, the Pope explains the nature of his Destructive earthquake at Tanglandang connection with the Jesuits, and defends the Island, one of the Sanguir group in the Malay order against attacks made on it by “the in- Archipelago, the sea rising to a great height vaders of our secular dominions." “We and sweeping hundreds of the inhabitants off often apply to the Fathers of the Company of the streets and plantations on the coast. Jesus and entrust them with various interests,
4.-Commenced in the Commons, a debate more especially those appertaining to the holy ministry; and they have continually shown
on the proposal for a second reading of the more and more of that laudable affection and
Army Regulation Bill, Col. Lindsay moving zeal in their fulfilment, for which our prede.
that the expenditure necessary for the National cessors often had occasion to praise them
Defences did not at present justify any vote of largely. But this most just attachment and
public money for the extinction of purchase. esteem which we entertain for this order-SO
Died at Haverstock Hill, aged 98, Lewis well-merited from the Church of Christ, the
Doxat, connected with the Morning Chronicle Holy See, and the Christian community in
in the early part of this century, and for fifty general—is far from the abject servility attri
years editor of the Observer. buted to us by the scoffers, whose calumny we disdainfully reject from us, as well as from the 6.–The Pope congratulates the Emperor of humble devotion of the Fathers.”
Germany on the assumption of the Imperiaļ Explosion in the Victoria Pit, Ebbw
dignity as an event likely to be beneficial to all Vale, Monmouthshire, causing the death of 19
Europe. “We return your Majesty, however, out of 30 persons in the works at the time.
special thanks for the expression of your friend
ship for us, as we may hope that it will not inIn the Commons to-day the sitting was considerably contribute to the protection of the chiefly occupied with a debate on the Govern- liberty and the rights of the Catholic religion. ment proposal for a Select Committee to inquire On the other hand, we request your Majesty into the present disturbed condition of West- to be convinced that we shall neglect nothing meath, Sir Robert Peel, Mr. Osborne, and by which, when the opportunity presents itself, others, taunting ministers for seeking to obstruct we may be useful to your Majesty.” free inquiry. On a division the Committee was carried by 256 to 175 votes.
The ex-Emperor writes from Wilhelms- Explosion of the powder arsenal at
höhe, protesting against the deposition of his Morges, causing the death of twenty soldiers
dynasty as unjust and illegal -—"Unjust, be
cause, when war was declared, the feeling of engaged at the time in withdrawing bullets from the French cartridges.
the nation, roused by causes independent of
my wish, produced a general and irresistible 3.—The German soldiers begin to leave enthusiasm ; illegal, because the Assembly, Paris on their march homeward, Count Bis- elected for the sole object of concluding a marck having obtained from Jules Favre, in the peace, has exceeded its powers in dealing with forenoon, official intimation of the Treaty being questions beyond its competence, and because, ratified by the Bordeaux Assembly. The Em- even were it a Constituent Assembly, it would peror telegraphed from Versailles to Berlin :- have no power to substitute its own will for
I have just ratified the conclusion of peace, that of the nation. The example of the past it having been accepted yesterday by the Na- confirms this. The opposition of the Constitional Assembly in Bordeaux. Thus far is the tuent Assembly, in 1848, yielded to the elecgreat work complete, which by seven months' tions of the roth of December, and in 1851 the victorious battles has been achieved, thanks to nation, by upwards of seven millions of votes, the valour, devotion, and endurance of our supported me against the Legislative Assembly. incomparable army in all its parts, and the Political feeling cannot overcome right, and in willing sacrifices of the whole Fatherland. The France the basis of all legitimate government Lord of Hosts has everywhere visibly blessed is the plébiscite. Beyond it there is only usurour enterprises, and therefore by His mercy pation by some for the oppression of the rest. has permitted this honourable peace to be I am ready, therefore, to submit to the free achieved. To Him be the honour; to the expression of the national will, but to it only. army and the Fatherland I render thanks from In the presence of lamentable events, which a heart deeply moved.” This telegram was impose on everyone self-denial and disinterestpublicly read at Berlin amid salvoes of artillery | edness, I could have desired to remain sileat,