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money out of the contingent fund of the Senate, or creating

a charge on the same.

[4 Nov., 1807-7 April, 1853-5 March, 1857.

PRINTING.

A Committee on Printing, to consist of three members, to whom shall be referred every question on the printing of documents, reports, or other matter transmitted by either. of the executive departments, and all memorials, petitions, accompanying documents, together with all other matter the printing of which shall be moved, excepting bills originating in Congress, resolutions offered by any senator, communications from the legislatures or conventions lawfully called of the respective States, and motions to print by order of the standing committees of the Senate; motions to print additional numbers shall likewise be referred to said committee; and when the report shall be in favor of printing additional numbers, it shall be accompanied by an esti mate of the probable cost; the said committee shall also supervise and direct the procuring of maps and drawings accompanying documents ordered to be printed.

[15 Dec., 1841-18 Dec., 1850-22 Jan., 1855-5 March, 1857.

A Committee on Engrossed Bills, to consist of three members, whose duty it shall be to examine all bills, amendments, resolutions, or motions before they go out of the possession of the Senate; and shall deliver the same to the Secretary of the Senate, who shall enter upon the journal that the same have been correctly engrossed.

[3 Jan., 1820.

A Committee on Enrolled Bills, to consist of three members.

[6 Aug., 1789-5 March, 1857.

APPOINTMENT OF COMMITTEES.

35.—In the appointment of the standing committees, the Senate will proceed, by ballot, severally to appoint the

chairman of each committee, and then, by one ballot, the other members necessary to complete the same; and a majority of the whole number of votes given shall be necessary to the choice of a chairman of a standing committee. All other committees shall be appointed by ballot, and a plurality of votes shall make a choice. When any subject or matter shall have been referred to a committee, any other subject or matter of a similar nature may, on motion, be referred to such committee.

[3 Jan., 1820-8 Dec., 1826-14 Feb., 1828.

REFERENCE TO STANDING OR SELECT COMMITTEES.

36. When motions are made for reference of the same subject to a select committee and to a standing committee, the question on reference to the standing committee shall be first put.

[14 Feb., 1828.

RULE 35-Note.-January 19, 1848. The Senate decided that in filling a vacancy on a committee, caused by the resignation of a chairman, by the President of the Senate, in accordance with an order of the Senate, it shall be only to fill up the number on the committee.

EXECUTIVE BUSINESS-PROCEEDINGS ON NOMINATIONS.

37.—When nominations shall be made in writing by the President of the United States to the Senate, a future day shall be assigned, unless the Senate unanimously direct otherwise, for taking them into consideration. Nominations neither approved nor rejected during the session at which they are made shall not be acted upon at any succeeding session without being again made by the President. When the President of the United States shall meet the Senate in the Senate chamber, the President of the Senate shall have a chair on the floor, be considered as the head of the Senate, and his chair shall be assigned to the President of the United States. When the Senate shall be convened by the President of the United States to any other place, the President of the Senate and senators shall attend at the place

appointed. The Secretary of the Senate shall also attend to take the minutes of the Senate.

[21 Aug., 1789-18 Feb., 1843.

PROCEEDINGS ON TREATIES.

38. Whenever a treaty shall be laid before the Senate for ratification, it shall be read a first time for information only, when no motion to reject, ratify, or modify the whole, or any part, shall be received. Its second reading shall be for consideration, and on a subsequent day, when it shall be taken up as in committee of the whole, and every one shall be free to move a question on any particular article, in this form: "Will the Senate advise and consent to the ratification of this article?" or to propose amendments thereto, either by inserting or leaving out words; in which last case the question shall be, "Shall these words stand as part of the article?" And in every of the said cases the concurrence of two-thirds of the senators present shall be requisite to decide affirmatively. And when through the whole, the proceedings shall be stated to the House, and questions shall be again severally put thereon for confirmation, or new ones proposed, requiring, in like manner, a concurrence of two-thirds for whatever is retained or inserted; the votes so confirmed shall, by the House, or a committee thereof, be reduced into the form of a ratification, with or without modifications, as may have been decided, and shall be proposed on a subsequent day, when every one shall again be free to move amendments, either by inserting or leaving out words; in which last case the question shall be, "Shall these words stand as part of the resolution?'' And in both cases the concurrence of twothirds shall be requisite to carry the affirmative, as well as on the final question to advise and consent to the ratification in the form agreed to.

[6 Jan., 1801

MATTERS CONFIDENTIAL AND SECRET.

39. Afl confidential communications made by the President of the United States to the Senate shall be by the members thereof kept secret, and all treaties which may be laid before the Senate shall also be kept secret until the Senate shall, by their resolution, take off the injunction of

secrecy.

[22 Dec., 1800-3 Jan., 1820.

SECRECY OF REMARKS ON NOMINATIONS.

40.- -All information or remarks touching or concerning the character or qualifications of any person nominated by the President to office shall be kept a secret.

[3 Jan., 1820.

CLEARING OF THE SENATE.

41.When acting on confidential or executive business, the Senate shall be cleared of all persons except the Secretary, the principal or executive clerk, the Sergeantat-arms and doorkeeper, and the assistant doorkeeper.

THREE SEPARATE JOURNALS TO BE KEPT.

[3 Jan., 1820.

42. The legislative proceedings, the executive proceedings, and the confidential legislative proceedings of the Senate, shall be kept in separate and distinct books.

[19 May, 1789-15 April, 1828.

EXECUTIVE PROCEEDINGS FURNISHED TO THE PRESIDENT.

43. The President of the United States shall, from time to time, be furnished with an authenticated transcript of the executive records of the Senate; and all nominations approved or definitely acted on by the Senate shall be returned by the Secretary on the next day after such action is had, unless otherwise ordered by the Senate; but no further extract from the executive journal shall be furnished,

except by special order; and no paper, except original treaties, transmitted to the Senate by the President of the United States, or any executive officer, shall be returned or delivered from the office of the Secretary without an order of the Senate for that purpose.

[27 Jan., 1792-27 March, 1818-5 Jan., 1829-6 April, 1867.

PROCEEDINGS ON AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION.

44. When an amendment to be proposed to the Constitution is under consideration, the concurrence of twothirds of the members present shall not be requisite to decide any question for amendments, or extending to the merits, being short of the final question.

RECONSIDERATION.

[26 March, 1806.

45.When any question may have been decided by the Senate, in which two-thirds of the members present are necessary to carry the affirmative, any member who votes on that side which prevailed in the question may be at lib. erty to move for a reconsideration; and a motion for reconsideration shall be decided by a majority of votes.

MESSAGES TO HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

[3 Feb., 1801.

46.-Messages shall be sent to the House of Representatives by the Secretary, who shall previously endorse the final determination of the Senate thereon.

[26 March, 1806.

MESSENGERS INTRODUCED.

47.Messengers are introduced in any state of business, except while a question is putting, while the yeas and nays are calling, or while the ballots are counting.

48.

PERSONS ADMITTED ON FLOOR.

[26 March, 1806.

No person shall be admitted to the floor of the Senate, while in session, except as follows, viz: The officers

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