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THE present work was compiled, in the first instance, at the request of a Special Committee of the International Law Association, which was appointed, at the Brussels Conference, October 1st, 1895, to study the question of an International Court of Arbitration, and to report at the next Conference. When the Committee met to fulfil its commission, the Convener was requested to examine and report upon the various published schemes for the composition of a Court of Arbitration; such report to be printed and circulated among its members. This first draft was submitted to the Committee, and an edition of a thousand copies was printed by the Association and issued jointly with the Peace Society. Copies, suitably bound, were presented to the various Rulers of the civilised world, by most of whom an acknowledgment was sent, and appreciation expressed. It was followed by an appendix containing additional matter.

In anticipation of the meeting of the Peace Conference at the Hague these two publications were combined and issued as a second edition by the Peace Society. Copies were distributed, through the courtesy of M. de Staal, among the delegates to the Hague Conference, who spontaneously and generously testified to its usefulness.

This third edition has been considerably enlarged, and no pains have been spared to secure its completeness and accuracy.

It is commended to the acceptance of the general public in the hope that the subject of which it treats may become still more a topic of popular study and discussion, and that the compilation may be increasingly useful. Should this hope be realised, it will be largely due to the generous initiative of the magnanimous young ruler who sits on the Russian throne, and to the new impetus given by the labours of the Conference which assembled at the Hague under his auspices, which, whatever the critics may say, have lifted the question into fresh altitudes, and have marked the beginning of a new era, in which the deliberations of reason and the reign of law shall be substituted for the arbitrament of the sword (falsely so called), and the lex talionis.

The portrait of His Imperial Majesty is, by permission, from a photograph by Messrs. W. & D. Downey, of Ebury Street, S.W.


Page 502, line 2, for "in May" read “March 16th.”

line 3, add "Venezuela
11. page 508.

Page 504, line 34, for “ Mr." read "Hon."

sentence." lines 8 to

line 35, for "assitant "read" assistant.”

line 38, for "1898” read “1897."

Page 508, No. 144 same as No. 100, therefore delete lines 1 to 8 (to "Colombia"), and transfer remainder (lines 8 to 11) to end of No. 100, page 502.

Page 512, line 13, after “San José" add “ April 8th, 1896.”

Page 504, after No. 122 add:

122A. HONDURAS and SALVADOR, in 1886. Question of the boundary-line between the two Republics. By a Convention signed at Tegucigalpa, September 28th, 1886, ratified at San Salvador, July 27th, 1888, this was referred to four Commissioners-two land surveyors and two lawyers-appointed by the two Governments, and by them determined" within three months from the date of ratification."

Page 506, after No. 132, aad:

132A. BOLIVIA and PARAGUAY, in 1889. Antagonistic boundary claims, concerning which a treaty (Tamayo-Aceval) had been definitively concluded, February 17th, 1887. This treaty, which recognised the rights of Bolivia, was not ratified, and this led to complications. "The differences, which had existed for some time, were happily adjusted by the intervention of the Argentine Republic, which accepted the part of Arbitrator."

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