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CENTRAL AMERICAN CONFEDERATION.
Secession from Mexico-Arzú's Campaign-Prevarication of Salvador-
Filisola's Victory-His Subsequent Course-Liberal Triumph in
Costa Rica-Honduras Favors Union-National Independence Se-
cured-Labors to Organize a Nation-The Constituent Assembly—
Provincias Unidas del Centro de América-Abolition of African
Slavery-Provisional Government-Moderados or Serviles - Libe-
rales or Fiebres-Principles and Aims of Parties-Mexican Forces
Retire-Seditions Begin-Salvadoran Force in Guatemala-Confed-
eracion de Centro América-Fundamental Law-Finances-Adjourn-
ment of the Constituent Assembly.....
General Elections-Meeting of the First Congress-Manuel José Arce,
First President of the Republic-Foreign Relations-Arce's Pre-
varications-Conflict with Guatemala-Party Bickerings-Liberals
Quarrel with Arce-He Joins their Opponents-Bitterness Engen-
dered-President versus Guatemalan Rulers-Arrest of Jefe Juan
Barrundia-Riots at Quezaltenango-Murder of Vice-jefe Cirilo
Flores-Arce as Dictator in Guatemala-War against Salvador-Arce
Defeated-He Gives up the Presidency, and Cannot Recover It---
Bloody War of 1826-9-Morazan the Victor-José Francisco Bar-
rundia, Acting President - Liberal Measures Peace Restored-
CIVIL Ꮃ Ꭺ Ꭱ .
Revolution in Honduras-Conservatives Invade the State-Second Gen-
eral Elections-Francisco Morazan Chosen President-Plots of the
Serviles-Arce's Invasion from Mexico-Occupation of Honduras
Ports by Exiled Rebels-Spanish Flag Hoisted in Omoa, and Aid
from Cuba-Salvadoran Authorities in Rebellion-Third General.
Elections-Morazan Reelected-Failure of Colonization Plans-Rav-
ages of Cholera-Indian Revolt under Carrera-His Early Life..... 108
DISSOLUTION OF THE REPUBLIC.
Campaign against Carrera-Several Departments of Guatemala in Re-
bellion Jefe Galvez Deposed-Carrera Takes Guatemala-Murder
of Salazar-Carrera Accepts Money to Leave the City-Dictatorship
Offered Morazan by the Aristocrats and Refused-Carrera's Second
Rebellion-The Republic in Peril-Morazan's Efforts to Save It-
Nicaragua and Honduras Forces Invade Salvador—Morazan Defeats
Them--His Retreat to San Salvador-He Einbarks-Is Refused
Hospitality in Costa Rica-Goes to South America-The Republic is
Dead-Salvador at the Mercy of Carrera..
GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS.
State Government of Guatemala-Barrundia's Radicalism-His Over-
throw-Vice-jefe Flores Assassinated in Quezaltenango-Downfall of
the Liberals in Guatemala-Aristocratic Leaders Exiled-Jefe Mo-
lina-His Differences, Impeachment, and Acquittals-Rivera Ca-
beza's Reforms-Earthquakes-Galvez' Rule and its Benefits-Party
Opposition to Him-Indian Outbreaks-Carrera Captures Guatemala
-Galvez Resigns-Subsequent Rule of the Aristocrats-Guatemala
again Independent- Honduras' State Government-Jefe Dionisio
Herrera-Early Dissensions-Comayagua Assaulted by Rebels-
Morazan in the Field-Honduras Secedes from the Central American
Confederation-Federalism Rooted out of her Territory....
SALVADOR, NICARAGUA, AND COSTA RICA.
Salvador State Government-Liberals Overthrown-Secession from the
Union-San Salvador as the Federal Seat of Government-Guate-
mala Imposes her Will--Jefe Cañas and Comandante Malespin-- Nic-
aragua's Early Troubles-Siege and Bombardment of Leon-- Organ-
ization of State Government-Dissensions and Warfare--Eruption of
Cosiguina-Secession from the Confederation-Costa Rica as a Con-
federated State-Juan Mora's Administration-Towns' Bickerings
Settled-Braulio Carrillo's Rule-Final Secession from the Central
American Republic-Prosperity of the State....
DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION.
Interstate Dissensions-Pacto de Chinandega - Confederacion Centro
Americana-Supremo Delegado Chamorro-Hostility of Guatemala
and British Officials-Arce Invades Salvador-War of the Confeder-
acy against Guatemala-Helplessness of Chamorro-End of the
Pacto de Chinandega-Condition of the States-Ferrera's Bad Faith
-Salvador and Honduras against Nicaragua-Horrors of Leon-
Vice-president Joaquin E. Guzman-Honduras and Salvador at War
-Guardiola's Vandalism-Malespin Overthrown-Renewed Efforts
to Confederate Guatemala an Independent Republic-Costa Rica
Follows-Salvador, Nicaragua, and Honduras a Confederacy-Its
Short Life-Further Unsuccessful Attempts...
REPUBLIC OF COSTA RICA.
Rule of Carrillo Continued-Plots for its Overthrow-Invasion of Mora-
zan-Change of Government-Morazan's Policy-Opposition-Re-
volts-Morazan's Defeat and Death-Satisfaction of the Oligarchs-
Measures of the Victors-New Constitution—Subsequent Amend-
ments-Sedition-Castro's Administration-Costa Rica Declared a
Republic-Recognition by Spain-Relations with Other Powers-
Boundary Questions with Nicaragua and Colombia-President Juan
Rafael Mora-His Repressive Measures...
REPUBLIC OF NICARAGUA.
State Government-Director Buitrago's Conservatism-British Aggres-
sion-Director Sandoval's Rule-Internal Troubles-Guerrero's Ad-
ministration—The Mosquito Kingdom-Its Origin and History—
Bubbles-British Pretensions-Seizure of San Juan del Norte-Dip-
lomatic Complications-Clayton-Bulwer Treaty-Nicaragua Recovers
her Own-Relations with Foreign Powers-An American War Ship
Bombards San Juan del Norte-Pineda's Government-Establish-
ment of the Republic-Party Dissensions-Legitimists versus Demo-
crats-Chamorro and Castellon-Civil War-Death of Chamorro—
Estrada Succeeds Him....
REPUBLIC OF GUATEMALA.
President Rivera Paz-Carrera's Course-Pretended Sedition-Dissolu-
tion of the Assembly-A Consejo Constituyente Created-Carrera
Becomes President-Attempt against his Life-Revolt of Monter-
rosa-Carrera's Despotism-The Republic Established-Relations
with Other Powers-Revolution of the Mountain-Constituent As-
sembly Convened-Carrera's Forced Resignation and Exile-Liberals
Triumphant-Their Squabbles and Disintegration-The Moderado
Party-Revolution of Los Altos-Intrigues of the Serviles-Presi-
dencies of Martinez and Escobar-Causes of their Resignations-
Paredes Recall of Carrera-Deeds of Vengeance-Carrera again
President-Partial Restoration of Peace....
REPUBLIC OF SALVADOR.
Malespin's Acts-Lindo's Coup d'Etat and Deposal-Jefe Guzman-
Revolt at Santa Ana-President Aguilar-The Bishop Expelled-
Viteri's Alliance with Malespin and Honduran Oligarchs—President
Vasconcelos-British Hostilities-Salvador's Relations with Foreign
Powers-San Martin's Administration-Destruction of San Salvador
-President Campo-Campaign against Walker in Nicaragua-Estab-
lishment of the Republic-Santin's Overthrow-Presidency of Ge-
rardo Barrios-War of Salvador and Honduras against Guatemala
and Nicaragua-The Latter Victorious-Barrios' Flight-Restoration
of Peace-Dueñas as President-Barrios' Subsequent Return-His
Capture and Surrender by Nicaragua-His Execution in San Salva-
REPUBLIC OF HONDURAS.
President Ferrera-Revolutionary Movements-Political Executions—
Presidency of Juan Lindo-New Constitution-Lindo Overthrown-
Belize-Honduras' Troubles with Great Britain-British Occupation
of Tiger Island-Bombardment of Omoa-Bay Islands-President
Cabañas-War with Guatemala - Guardiola's Assassination- Pro-
visional Rules of Castellanos and Montes-Alliance with Barrios--
Unsuccessful War with Guatemala and Nicaragua-Montes Deposed
-Establishment of the Republic-José M. Medina Chosen President
-Amendment of the Constitution....
WALKER'S CAMPAIGN IN NICARAGUA.
Kinney's Expedition-William Walker Joins the Democrats-Failure of
his Expedition to Rivas-Cholera Decimates the Legitimists at Ma-
nagua-Death of Muñoz-Walker's Victories at La Virgen and Gra-
nada-Execution of Minister Mayorga-Walker's Convention with
Corral - Provisional Government Organized-President Patricio
Rivas-Commander of the Forces, Walker-Minister of War Corral
Put to Death for Treason-Recognition by Salvador and Honduras
-Seizure of the Transit Company's Steamers-Costa Ricans on the
War-path-Havoc of Cholera..
END OF FILIBUSTERING IN CENTRAL AMERICA.
Recognition of President Rivas by the United States-Walker's Hostile
Attitude-Flight of Rivas-Walker Makes Himself President-Alli-
ance against Him-Death of Estrada The Legitimists Accept Rivas
-Costa Ricans and Nicaraguans in Rivas-Destruction of Granada
-It is Occupied by Allied Forces-Walker Reoccupies Rivas-Where
He is Besieged-Successes of the Costa Ricans-Failure of Lock-
ridge's Expedition-Surrender of Walker-War of Nicaragua and
Costa Rica Commodore Paulding and Walker's Second Attempt-
Walker's Invasion of Honduras, Capture, and Execution-Govern-
ment Reorganized-President Martinez' Administrations....
POLITICAL EVENTS IN COSTA RICA.
Rewards to Walker's Conquerors-Reelection of Mora-His Downfall and
Exile-His Return, Capture, and Execution-Montealegre's Admin-
istration-Violence of Parties-Compromise on Jesus Jimenez-His
Peaceful Rule-President José M. Castro-Charges against Him—
His Overthrow-Several New Constitutions-Jimenez again Presi-
dent His Arbitrary Acts-How He was Deposed-President Car-
ranza-Other Temporary Rulers-President Guardia's Despotism—
Failure of his Warlike Plans-His Death-Administration of Prós-
pero Fernandez-Preparations to Defend Independence-His Sudden
Death-Bernardo Soto's Peaceful Rule....
DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS IN SALVADOR.
Rule of President Dueñas-His Conservatism-Quarrel with Honduras-
The Latter Allied with Salvadoran Liberals-Battle of Santa Ana-
Dueñas Deposed-His Impeachment, Release, and Temporary Exile
--Santiaga Gonzalez Provisional President-Gonzalez Elected Chief
Magistrate Guatemala and Salvador at War with Honduras--
Murder of Vice-president Mendez-Earthquakes-President Valle—
Trouble with Guatemala-Exeunt Valle and Gonzalez-Zaldivar's
Long Rule-Constitutional Changes-Alliance with Nicaragua and
Costa Rica-Resistance to Barrios' Plan of Conquest-Salvador Vic-
torious Restored Peace - Zaldivar Eliminated - Revolution -F.
Menendez Made President..