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IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
The Senate having proceeded, in pursuance of the Constitution, to reconsider the bill (H. R. 10384) entitled "An Act to regulate the immigration of aliens to, and the residence of aliens in, the United States," returned to the House of Representatives by the President of the United States, with his objections, and sent by the House of Representatives to the Senate with the message of the President returning the bill.
Resolved, That the bill do pass, two-thirds of the Senate agreeing to pass the same. Attest:
JAMES M. BAKER,
ACT APPROVED OCTOBER 16, 1918.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That aliens who are anarchists; aliens who believe in or advocate the overthrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States or of all forms of law; aliens who disbelieve in or are opposed to all organized government; aliens who advocate or teach the assassination of public officials; aliens who advocate or teach the unlawful destruction of property; aliens who are members of or affiliated with any organization that entertains a belief in, teaches, or advocates the overthrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States or of all forms of law, or that entertains or teaches disbelief in or opposition to all organized government, or that advocates the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers, either of specific individuals or of officers generally, of the Government of the United States or of any other organized government, because of his or their official character, or that advocates or teaches the unlawful destruction of property shall be excluded from admission into the United States.
SEC. 2. That any alien who, at any time after entering the United States, is found to have been at the time of entry, or to have become thereafter, a member of any one of the classes of aliens enumerated in section one of this act, shall, upon the warrant of the Secretary of Labor, be taken into custody and deported in the manner provided in the immigration act of February fifth, nineteen hundred and seventeen. The provisions of this section shall be applicable to the classes of aliens mentioned in this act irrespective of the time of their entry into the United States.
SEC. 3. That any alien who shall, after he has been excluded and deported or arrested and deported in pursuance of the provisions of this act, thereafter return to or enter the United States or attempt to return to or to enter the United States shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; and shall, upon the termination of such imprisonment, be taken into custody, upon the warrant of the Secretary of Labor, and deported in the manner provided in the immigration act of February fifth, nineteen hundred and seven
Approved October 16, 1918.
JOINT RESOLUTION OF OCTOBER 19, 1918.
Joint Resolution Authorizing the readmission to the United States of certain aliens who have been conscripted or have volunteered for service with the military forces of the United States or cobelligerent forces.
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, notwithstanding the provisions of section three of the immigration Act of February fifth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, excluding from the United States aliens who are likely to become a public charge, or who are physically defective, or who are contract laborers, or who have come in consequence of advertisements for labor printed, published, or distributed in a foreign country, or who are assisted by others to come, or whose ticket or passage is paid for with the money of another, or by any corporation, association, society, municipality, or foreign government, or who are stowaways, or who are illiterate, aliens lawfully resident in the United States when heretofore or hereafter enlisted or conscripted for the military or naval service of the United States, or of any one of the nations cobelligerent of the United States in the present war; and aliens lawfully resident in the United States who have enlisted for service with Czecho-Slovak, Polish, or other independent forces attached to the United States Army or to the army or navy of any one of the cobelligerents of the United States in the present war, who may during or within one year after the termination of the war apply for readmission to this country, after being honorably discharged or granted furlough abroad by the proper military or naval authorities, or after being rejected on final examination in connection with their enlistment or conscription shall, within two years after the termination of the war, be readmitted; and that any alien of either of the foregoing descriptions who would otherwise be excluded under said section of the immigration Act on the ground that he is idiotic, imbecile, feeble-minded, epileptic, insane, or has had one or more attacks of insanity, or on the ground that he is afflicted with constitutional psychopathic inferiority, tuberculosis, a loathsome or dangerous contagious disease, or mental defect, shall be readmitted if it is proved that the disability was acquired while the alien was serving in the military or naval forces of the United States or of any one of the nations cobelligerent of the United States in the present war or in an independent force of the kind hereinbefore described, if such alien returns to a port of the United States within two years after the termination of the war; and that the head tax provided in the immigration Act of February fifth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, shall not be collected from aliens readmitted in to the United States under the provisions of this resolution. Approved October 19, 1918.
IMMIGRATION RULES OF MAY 1, 1917.
SCOPE OF THE LAW.
The act entitled "An act to regulate the immigration of aliens to, and the residence of aliens in, the United States," passed February 5, 1917, is the immigration act or law referred to in the following rules.1
It applies to and is to be enforced in every part of the United States and every place possessed by the United States except the Isthmian Canal Zone. It is enforced by the Bureau of Immigration and the Immigration Service in every such place except the Philippine Islands, where it is enforced by the "officers of the general government thereof." But under the provisions of the act persons who are not citizens of the United States, or citizens of the insular possessions, coming from the insular possessions to the mainland or proceeding from one insular possession to another, must undergo examination under each and every provision of the act. Hawaii is a Territory, not an insular possession.
For the purposes of the act citizens of islands under the jurisdiction of the United States are regarded as though citizens of the United States; all other persons who are not native born or naturalized citizens of this country, except untaxed United States Indians, are aliens under the terms of the act. (Sec. 1.)
Rule 1. COLLECTION OF HEAD TAX.2
SUBDIVISION 1. Notice to collector.-Upon the arrival of aliens at a seaport of the United States or at any designated port of entry on the Mexican border, the immigration officer there in charge shall certify to the collector of customs the number of such aliens other than those described in subdivision 3 hereof, together with the name of the transportation agent or other person responsible for the payment of head tax due in respect of them, and shall specify:
(a) How many of said aliens have been held for special inquiry; (b) How many, other than such as are covered by paragraph (g) of subdivision 3 hereof, claim to enter for the purpose of passing in transit through the United States; *
(c) How many make unsupported claims to American citizenship;
1 All numbered sections mentioned in the rules refer to those of said act unless stated to the contrary.
2 With respect to collection of head tax on account of aliens coming from or through Canada, see also Rule 12.
8 See Rule 13.
4 Tourists are included in this class. An alien may enter and leave the United States by the same port and still be an "in transit" passenger.