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higher than and clear of the framework, funnels, or any other erections upon the dredger.

2. Every dredger in the River Mersey or the sea channels leading thereto within the jurisdiction of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board, when not at work or in position for working, shall carry the ordinary lights and signals required to be carried by vessels for avoiding collisions, as provided by " The Mersey Channels Prevention of Collisions Act, 1874,” and by the rules and regulations from time to time in force under “The Merchant Shipping Act Amendment Act, 1862."

BRITISH ORDER IN COUNCIL, providing for the Exercise

of Her Majesty's Jurisdiction in Territories adjacent to the Colony of the Gambia.-Windsor, November 23, 1893.

At the Court at Windsor, the 23rd day of November, 1893.
PRESENT: THE QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.

Lord President.
Lord Steward.
Lord Kensington.

WHEREAS by “The Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1890,"* it was, amongst other things, enacted that it should be lawful for Her Majesty to hold, exercise, and enjoy any jurisdiction which Her Majesty then had or might at any time thereafter have, within a foreign country, in the same and as ample a manner as if Her Majesty had acquired that jurisdiction by the cession or conquest of territory;

And whereas by certain Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, bearing date at Westminster the 28th day of November, 1888,f Her Majesty's settlement on the Gambia was erected into a separate Colony, under the title of the Colony of the Gambia, and by the said Letters Patent a Legislative Council was appointed for the said Colony of the Gambia with certain powers and authority to legislate for the said Colony as by the said Letters Patent will more fully appear;

And whereas Her Majesty hath acquired jurisdiction within divers foreign countries on the West Coast of Africa near or

• Vol. LXXXII, page 656.

† Vol. LXXXI, page 140.

adjacent to Her Majesty's said Colony of the Gambia, and it is expedient to determine the mode of exercising such jurisdiction :

Now, therefore, Her Majesty is pleased, by and with the advice of her Privy Council, to order as follows:

1. It shall be lawful for the Legislative Council for the time being of the Colony of the Gambia, by Ordinance or Ordinances, to exercise and provide for giving effect to all such jurisdiction as Her Majesty may, at any time before or after the passing of this Order in Council, have acquired in the said territories adjacent to the Colony of the Gambia.

2. The Governor for the time being of the Colony of the Gambia shall have a negative voice in the passing of all such Ordinances as aforesaid. And the right is hereby reserved to Her Majesty, her heirs and successors, to disallow any such Ordinances as aforesaid, in whole or in part, such disallowance being signified to the said Governor through one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, and also to make and establish from time to time, with the advice and consent of Parliament, or with the advice of her or their Privy Council, all such Laws or Ordinances as may to her or them appear necessary for the exercise of such jurisdiction as aforesaid 28 fully as if this Order in Council had not been made.

3. In the making and establishing all such Ordinances, the sai 1 Legislative Council shall conform to and observe all such Rules and Regulations as may from time to time be appointed by any instruetion or instructions issued by Her Majesty under her Sign-Manual and Signet, and, until further directed, the instructions in force for the time being as to Ordinances passed by the said Legislative Council for the peace, order, and good government of the said Colony of the Gambia shall, so far as they may be applicable, be taken and deemed to be in force in respect of Ordinances passed by the said Council by virtue of this Order in Council.

4. The Courts of the Colony of the Gambia shall have in respect of matters occurring within the said territories adjacent to the said Colony, so far as such matters are within the jurisdiction of Her Majesty, the same jurisdiction, civil and criminal, original and appellate, as they respectively possess from time to time in respect of matters occurring within the said Colony, and the judgments, decrees, orders, and sentences of any such Court made or given in the evercise of the jurisdiction hereby conferred may be enforced and executed, and appeals therefrom may be bad and prosecuted, in the same way as if the judgment, decree, order, or sentence bad been made or given under the ordinary jurisdiction of the Court

5. In the construction of this Order in Council the term “ Governor” shall include the officer for the time being administering the Government of the Colony of the Gambia.

And the Most Honourable the Marquess of Ripon, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, is to give the necessary lirections herein accordingly.

C. L. PEEL.

BRITISH ORDER IN COUNCIL, respecting the Load Lines

of Steam-ships registered in the Straits Settlements. Windsor, March 15, 1893.

At the Court at Windsor, the 15th day of March, 1893. PRESENT: THE QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY IN COUNCIL.

WHEREAS by “The Merchant Shipping Act, 1890”* (section 3), it is enacted that where the Legislature of any British possession by any enactment provides for the fixing, marking, and certifying of load lines on ships registered in that possession, and it appears to Her Majesty the Queen that the provisions of that enactmeut are based on the same principles as the provisions of this Act, and are equally effective for ascertaining and determining the maximum load lines to which such ships can be safely loaded in salt water, and for giving notice of the load line to persons interested, it shall be lawful for Her Majesty by Order in Council to declare that any load line fixed and marked, and any certificate given in pursuance of that enactment, shall, with respect to ships so registered, have the same effect as if they had been fixed, marked, or given in pursuance of this Act ;

And whereas the Legislature of the British possession of the Straits Settlements by certain provisions of three enactments, namely, Ordinance No. 2 of 1882, intituled “An Ordinance to repeal and re-enact with certain alterations the Steam-Vessels Ordinance of 1873 ;" Ordinance No. 10 of 1887, intituled “An Ordinance to provide for the marking of deck and load lines on Steam-vessels registered in the Colony of the Straits Settlements;" and Ordinance No. 13 of 1892, intituled “An Ordinance to amend the Steam-vessels Ordinances, 1882 and 1887," have provided for the fixing, marking, and certifying of load lines on steam-ships registered in that possession;

And whereas it has been made to appear to Her Majesty the Queen that such provisions of the said enactments are based on the same principles as the provisions of "The Merchant Shipping Act, 1890," and are equally effective for ascertaining and determining the

* Vol. LXXXII, page 666.

maximum load lines to which steam-ships registered in that possession can be safely loaded in salt water, and for giving notice of the load line to the persons interested:

Now, therefore, Her Majesty, in exercise of the powers vested in her by “The Merchant Shipping Act, 1890,” by and with the advice of her Privy Council, is pleased to declare, and doth hereby declare, that any load line fixed and marked, and any certificate given in pursuance of the said Ordioances, shall, with respect to steam-ships registered in the Straits Settlements, have the same effect as if it bad been fixed, marked, or given in pursuance of “ The Merchant Shipping Act, 1890.”

C. L. PEEL

BRITISH ORDER IN COUNCIL, prohibiting the Catching of

Seals by British Ships in the Parts of the North Pacific Ocean specified in the Agreement with Russia of May 1893,* from July 4, 1893, to January 1, 1894.— Windsor, July 4, 1893.

PRESENT: THE QU

At the Court at Windsor, the 4th day of July, 1893.
PRESENT : THE QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.
Lord President.

Lord Kensington.
Lord Steward.

Lord Vivian.

WHEREAS by “The Seal Fishery (North Pacific) Act, 1893."4 it is enacted that Her Majesty the Queen may by Order in Counci. prohibit during the period specified by the Order the catching of seals by British ships in such parts of the seas to which that let applies as are specified by the Order; and that for carrying into effect an arrangement with any foreign State an Order in Council may provide that such officers of that State as are specified in the Order may exercise the like powers under the Act as may be exercised by a commissioned officer on full pay in the naval service of Her Majesty in relation to a British ship, and the equipment and crew and certificate thereof; and that any such Order may contain any limitations, conditions, qualifications, and exceptions which appear to Her Majesty in Council expedient for carrying int) effect the object of the said Act;

And whereas the said Act applies to the seas within that part of the Pacific Ocean known as Bebring Sea, and within such other parts

* Page 1286.

† Page 1261.

of the North Pacific Ocean as are north of the 42nd parallel of north latitude;

And whereas an Arrangement has been made between Her Majesty the Queen and His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Russia, whereby British ships engaged in hunting seals within such parts of the said seas as are hereinafter specified may be seized by Russian cruisers :

Now, therefore, Her Majesty, in virtue of the powers vested in her by the said recited Act, and of all other powers enabling her in that behalf, is hereby pleased, by and with the advice of her Privy Council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, as follows :

1. From and after the 4th day of July, 1893, until the 1st day of January, 1894, the catching of seals by British ships is hereby prohibited within such parts of the seas to which the recited Act applies as are comprised within the following zones, that is to say: (1) a zone of 10 marine miles on all the Russian coasts of Behring Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, and (2) a zone of 30 marine miles round the Komandorski Islands and Tulénew (Robben Island).

2. The powers which, under the recited Act, may be exercised by any commissioned officer on full pay in the naval service of Her Majesty may be exercised by the Captain or other officer in command of any war vessel of His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Russia in relation to a British ship, and the equipment and crew and certificate thereof.

3. This Order may be cited as “The Seal Fishery (North Pacific) Order in Council, 1893."

C. L. PEEL.

BRITISH ORDER IN COUNCIL, applying The Inter

national Copyright Acts, 1844, to 1886,” to the Principality of Montenegro.-Windsor, May 16, 1893.

At the Court at Windsor, the 16th day of May, 1893.
PRESENT: THE QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.

Lord President.
Marquess of Ripon.
Mr. Secretary Asquith.

WHEREAS Her Majesty, by virtue of the authority committed to her by “The Iuternational Copyright Acts, 1841 to 1886," and

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