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licence shall be 1 dol. 50 c. per registered ton, to be paid to the Castoms officer issuing said licence. The form of such licences, and the terms and conditions under which the same shall be granted, shall be determined by the Governor in Council.

11. In this Act the word “vessel ” shall include any boat or ship registered or not registered, jack, skiff, punt, or launch, whether propelled by sails, oars, or steam.

TREATIES, &c., between Great Britain and Native Chiefs

and States in Central Africa.-1890-1893.

(1.)—Treaty with Kazembe.--September 30, 1890.

TREATY made at Kazembe's, in Lunda, this 30th day of September,

in the year 1890, between Alfred Sharpe, for and on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, &c., her heirs and successors, on the one part, and the Undersigned, Kazembe, for his heirs and successors, on the other part.

I, The Undersigned, Kazembe, do, in the presence of Leadmen and people assembled at this place, hereby promise :-

1. That there shall be peace between the subjects of the Queen of England and my subjects.

2. That British subjects shall have free access to all parts of my country, and sball have the right to build houses and possess property according to the laws in force in this country; that they shall bave full liberty to carry on such trade or manufacture as may be approved by Her Majesty ; and should any difference arise between the aforesaid British subjects and me, the said Kazembe, as to the duties or customs to be paid to me, the said Kazembe, or the Headmnen of the towns in my country, by such British subjects, or as to any other matter, that the dispute shall be referred to a duly authorized Representative of Her Majesty, whose decision in the matter shall be binding and final; and that I will not extend the rights thus guaranteed to British subjects to any other persons without the knowledge and consent of such Representative.

3. That I, the said Kazembe, will at no time whatever cede any of my territory to any other Power, or enter into any Agreement, Treaty, or Arrangement with any foreign Government except

through and with the consent of the Government of Her Majesty the Queen of England, &c. Done at Kazembe’s, this 30th day of September, 1890.

ALFRED SHARPE. His

x KAZEMBE.

mark. Signed in the presence ofHis

X BANDAWE. mark.

Witness: ALFRED SHARPE.

I, the Undersigned, do swear that I have truly and honestly interpreted the terms of the foregoing Agreement to the Contracting Parties, in the Kiswahili language.

His

X BANDAWE. mark

Witness to signature: ALFRED SHARPE.

It is bereby mutually agreed between the parties to this Treaty that the boundaries of the country belonging to the said Kazembe are as follows:

Bounded on the west by Lake Mwero and the Luapula River; on the south by latitude 10° 30' (or thereabouts); on the north by the Kalongwizi River and by latitude 9° 20' (or thereabouts); on the east by east longitude 30o (or thereabouts). ¢

His

X KAZEMBE. mark

ALFRED SHARPE. Witness: His

X BANDAWE. mark.

I hereby make oath and declare that, at the same time that this
Treaty was signed, I gave the said Kazembe, at his request, the
British flag, and explained to him that his acceptance of it made him
a subject of Iler Majesty the Queen of England, &c.

ALFRED SHARPE,
Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Westminster.

(2.)-Treaty with Nsama.- October 16, 1890.

I'REATY made at Nsama's, in Itawa, this 16th day of October, in the

year 1890, between Alfred Sharpe, for and on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, &c., her beirs and successors, on the one part, and the Undersigned, Nsama, for bis heirs and successors, on the other part.

I, THE Undersigned, Nsama, do, in the presence of Headmen and people assembled at this place, hereby promise :

1. That there shall be peace between the subjects of the Queen of England and my subjects.

2. That British subjects shall have free access to all parts of my country, and shall have the right to build houses and possess property according to the laws in force in this country; that they shall have full liberty to carry on such trade or manufacture as may be approred by Her Majesty; and should any difference arise between the aforesaid British subjects and me, the said Nsama, as to the duties or customs to be paid to me, the said Nsama, or the Headmen of the towns in my country by such British subjects or as to any other matter, that the dispute shall be referred to a duly authorized Representative of Her Majesty, whose decision in the matter shall be binding and final; and that I will not extend the rights thus guaranteed to British subjects to any other persons without the knowledge and consent of such Representative.

3. That I, the said Nsama, will at no time whatever cede any of my territory to any other Power, or enter into any Agreement, Treaty, or Arrangement with any foreign Government except through and with the consent of the Government of Her Majesty the Queen of England, &c. Done at Nsama's, this 16th day of October, 1890.

His

X NSAMA. mark.

ALFRED SHARPE.

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I, the Undersigned, do swear that I have truly and honestly interpreted the terms of the foregoing Agreement to the Coutracting Parties in the Kiswahili language.

His

X BANDAWE.

mark Witness to signature : ALFRED SHARPE.

It is mutually agreed between the said Nsama and Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, &c., that the boundaries of the country belonging to the said Nsama are as follows :

Bounded on the west by Lake Mwero; on the east by Chungu's country (east longitude 30°, or thereabouts); on the north by south latitude 8° 25' (or thereabouts); on the south by the Kalongwizi River, and by south latitude 9° 20' (or thereabouts).

His

X NSAMA. mark.

ALFRED SHARPE. Witness : His

X BANDAWE. mark.

hereby make oath and declare that, at the same time that this Treaty was signed, I gave the said Nsama, at his request, the British flag, and explained to him that his acceptance of it made him a subject of Her Majesty the Queen of England, &c.

ALFRED SHARPE,
Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Westminster.

(3.)-Treaty with Chief Kawinga.- June 15, 1891. TREATY made at Chikala, in presence of Sub-Chiefs and people

assembled, between John Buchanan, Esq., Her Britannic Majesty's Acting Consul, Nyasa, on behalf of Her Britannie Majesty, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, Defender of the Faith, &c., her heirs and successors, on the one part, and Kawinga, ruling Chief of Chikala and country, on the other part.

It is hereby agreed :

1. That there shall be peace between Kawinga's subjects and the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty.

2. That the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty shall have free access to all parts of Kawinga’s country, and shall have the right to

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trade, build, plant, lease or purchase land, or engage in any such work as Her Britannic Majesty may permit.

3. That all disputes, of whatever nature, arising between Kawinga's subjects and the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, shall be referred to a duly authorized Representative of Her Majesty, whose decision shall be binding and final.

4. That the said Kawinga and undersigned Sub - Chiefs and Headmen bind themselves, their heirs and successors, not to enter into any Treaty or Agreement with any foreign Power without the consent of Her Britannic Majesty.

5. That the said Kawinga, Sub-Chiefs, and Headmen bind themselves, their heirs and successors, to respect the wishes of Her Britannic Majesty that slavery should cease in all the countries over which her gracious influence extends. Done at Chikala, this 15th day of June, 1891.

JOHN BUCHANAN, Her Majesty's

Acting Consul.
Their

KAWINGA.

KUMLOMBA.
X CLULUPENJU.

marks. Witnesses : HENRY E. SCOTT, Medical Missionary,

Church of Scotland Mission, Domasi. KWIUNDA, Consular Servant.

I, the Undersigned, do hereby swear that I have faithfully interpreted the foregoing Treaty to the above-signed parties in the ChiYao language.

JOHN BUCHANAN. Witnesses to signature : HENRY E. SCOTT. KWIUNDA.

It is hereby agreed that the boundaries are as follows :

On the east, the east side of Lake Shirwa, thence to Lake Chiuta and Namalamba ; on the north, Masanje to Mfera at the River Shiré; on the west, Zineso's land and that of Mpimbe; and on the south, the boundary of Malemya.

JOHN BUCHANAN, Her Majesty's

Acting Consul.
His

X KAWINGA.
mark

Witnesses: HENRY E. SCOTT. KWIUNDA.

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