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Given at Fort Johnston, on the Upper Shiré, this 7th day of November, 1891. Witness our hands.

Their

X ZARAFI.

X TSHINDAMBA.

marks.
Witnesses to signatures :
H. H. JOHNSTON, Her Majesty's Commissioner.
CECIL MAGUIRE, Captain, 2nd H. C. Lancers,

British Central African Administration.
I, Mkata, Chief of the country on the eastern shores of Lake
Pamalombwe, do hereby adhere to this Agreement.
Witness my band.

His
Х MKATA.

mark
Witnesses to Mkata's signature:
H. H. JOHNSTOX, Her Majesty's Commissioner.
Cecil MAGUIBE, Captain, 2nd II. C. Lancers,

British Central African Administration.
HAMIM (in Arabic).
KIONGWE (in Arabic).

(Seal.) We, the Undersigned, solemnly declare that the foregoing document has been carefully and exactly translated to the Signatories in the Kiswahili and Tshi-yao languages.

H. H. JOHNSTON, Her Majesty's Commissioner.
KIBAGANDA (in Arabic).

KIONGWE (in Arabic).
I, Henry Hamilton Johnston, Her Majesty's Commissioner for
British Central Africa, do hereby promise for and on behalf of the
British Central African Administration that, as long as the Chiefs
Zarati and Tshindamba (Makanda nji) shall faithfully abide by the
terms of this Deed of Cession, they shall be paid quarterly the sum
of 121. 108. each, amounting in all to a joint subsidy of 1001.
A-year,
Witness

my

hand this 7th day of November, 1891.

H. H. JOHNSTON, Her Majesty's Commissioner. Witness to signature : Cecil MAGUIRE, Captain, 2nd H. C. Lancers,

British Central African Administration.

(9.)—M'ponda's Deed of Cession of Livingstonia Territory.

November 8, 1891.

I, M'PONDA, Chief of the Western Yaos, do hereby cede absolutely and in perpetuity to Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, that portion of my territory which is known as the promontory of Cape Maclear, and which includes the Settlements of Livingstonia and Monkey Bay, and the adjacent islands and islets on Lake Nyasa. The said lake surrounds the ceded territory on the west, north, and east, but the land boundary on its sonthern side shall be a line drawn from a point one mile to the south of the southern promontory of Monkey Bay, straight across the peninsula to a point on its western coast five miles to the south of the western limit of Livingstonia Bay, and near the present village of Mbampa.

All my existing proprietary rights within this ceded territory I make over without reservation to Her Majesty the Queen.

In witness whereof I sign this Deed of Cession at Fort Johnston, this 8th day of November, 1891.

His

x M'PONDA.

mark.
Witnesses to signature :
H. H. JOHNSTON, Her Majesty's Commissioner.
CECIL MAGUIRE, Captain, 2nd H. C. Lancers,

British Central African Administration.

(10.)-Liwonde's Deed of Cession of Sovereign Rights.- November 13,

1891.

I, LIWONDE, a Chief on the Upper Shiré, do hereby cede to Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, the full sovereign rights of my country.

I agree to the entire abolition of slavery, and promise to aid to the best of my ability the officers of Her Majesty's Government and of the British Central African Administration in their endeavours to stup the transit of slaves across my territories, and to capture persons engaged in the Slave Trade.

I make over without reserve to Her Majesty's Government, or to those to whom Her Majesty may depute ber rights, the collection of customs duties and revenue from foreigners, complete jurisdiction over all foreigners, and the right to search for and work all minerals in my country. Further, I agree to pay the British Central African Administration an annual house tax to be computed at the rate of 6s. per house (or the value of 6s. in food stuffs or marketable

Х

products), in return for the protection afforded me by the police force of the Administration.

Given at Karungu, on the Upper Shiré, this 13th day of November, 1891. Witness my band.

His

LIWONDE.

mark.
Witnesses to signature:
H. H. JOHNSTON, Her Majesty's Commissioner.
Cecil MAGUIRE, Captain, 2nd H. C. Lancers,

British Contral African Administration. We, the Undersigned, solemnly declare that the foregoing document has been carefully and exactly translated to Liwonde in the Kiswahili and Tsbi-yao languages, and has been signed by him in full knowledge of its contents.

H. H. JOHNSTON, Her Majesty's Commissioner. Their

х NJIWA.

х KHALFAN.

marks. Witness to signatures : Cecil MAGUIRE, Captain, 2nd H. C. Lancers,

British Central African Administration.

(11.)- Msamara and Tshingwalu-ngwalu's Deed of Cession of

Sovereign Rights.-November 14, 1891.

We, Msamara Tshikusi and Tubingwalu-ngwalu, Yao Chiefs on the western bank of the Upper Shiró, do hereby cede to Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, the full sovereign rights of our country.

We agree to the entire abolition of slavery, and promise to aid to the best of our ability the officers of Her Majesty's Government and of the British Central African Administration in their endeavours to stop the transit of slaves across our territories, and to capture persons engaged in the Slave Trade.

We make over without reserve to Her Majesty's Government, or to those to whom Her Majesty may depute her rights, the collection of customs duties and revenue from foreigners, complete jurisdiction over all foreigners, and the right to search for and work all minerals in our country. Further, we agree to pay the British Central African Administration an annual tax to be computed at the rate of Os. per house (or the value of 68. in food stuffs or marketable products), in return for the protection afforded us by the police force of the Administration.

[graphic]

Given at Tshaguta, on the Upper Shiré, this 14th day of November, 1891. Witness our hands.

Their

Х MSAMARA.

Х TSHING WALU-NG WALU.

marks.
Witnesses to signatures :
H. H. JOHNSTON, Her Majesty's Commissioner.
CECIL MAGUIRE, Captain, 2nd H. C. Lancers,

British Central African Administration.

We, the Undersigned, solemnly declare that the foregoing document has been carefully and exactly translated to Msamara and Tshingwalu-ngwalu by us in the Kiswahili and Tshi-yao tongues, and has been signed by them in full knowledge of its contents.

H. H. JOHNSTON, Her Majesty's Commissioner. Their

X NJIWA.

X KHALFAN. marks.

Witness to signatures:
CECIL MAGUIRE, Captain, 2nd H. C. Lancers,

British Central African Administration.

(12.)- Treaty with Kampama, Chief of Tshiradzulu.- December 15,

1891.

1, KAMPAMA, ruling Chief of the Tshiradzulu district (country), do hereby declare that I have this day, for myself, my heirs and successors, ceded all my sovereign rights, including all minerals and mining rights, absolutely and without reserve, to Her Britannic Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, &c., her heirs and successors, &c.

And I further declare that I have accepted, for myself and my people, the Laws and Regulations as explained to me by Mr. Buchanan, and now in force ; and I promise to agree and abide by all Regulations and Ordinances which Her Majesty's Representatives in Nyasaland may make for the better governance of the country, and to compel my subjects to do the same.

Given under my hand at Lisanga, this 15th day of December, 1891.

KAMPAMA. His

KUMALIKA.

mark. Signed in the presence of— John Buchanan, ller Britannic Majesty's

Acting l’ice-Consul for Nyasa. PETER KAM BONA, Servant, Lisanga.

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(13.)- Treaty with Blantyre Chiefs.-December 21, 1891.

Х

We, the undersigned ruling Chiefs, Sub-Chiefs, and Headmen, do hereby certify that we have this day, for ourselves, our heirs and successors, ceded all our sovereign rights, including all minerals and mining rights, absolutely and without reserve, to Her Britannic Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, &c.

And we further certify that we accept the Laws and Regulations made by Her Majesty's Commissioner, as explained to us by Mr. Buchanan, and now in force; and promise to agree and abide by all Regulations and Ordinances which Her Majesty's Representatives in N yasaland may make for the better government of the country, and to compel our subjects to do the same. Done at Michiru, this 21st day of December, 1891.

Their

KABENI, Ruling Chief (Soche).
MALOLI, Sub-Chief (Wilandi).
CHELUCHERE, Ruling Chief (Wilandi).
MACHINJIRI, Sub-Chief (Wilandi).
MANGOMBE, Sub-Chief (Wilandi).
CHELUTAMBO, Sub-Chief (Soche).
CHELUSOMBA, Sub-Chief (Soche).
CHELU BOMA, Sub-Chief (Soche).
CHECHIROBWE, Sub-Chief (Soche).

KUCHIKWAMBA, Sub-Chief (Soche).
X KUCHINGOMBE, Sub-Chief (Wilandi).

CHEMAKATA, Ruling Chief (Wilandi)
CHELUSONGA, Headman ( Wilandi).
MALUNGA, Headman (Wilandi).

MAKWERANI, Headman (Wilandi).
х MLENGA, Headman (Wilandi).
marks.

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