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In token whereof the two Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Convention and have thereto affixed their seals. Drawn up in duplicate at the Hague, this 24th April, 1893.

(L.S.) VAN TIEN HOVEN.
(L.S.) H. A. L. HAMELBERG.

TREATY of Commerce and Navigalion between His Majesty

the King of Portugal and the Algarves and Her Majesty the Queen-Regent of Spain.--Signed at Madrid, March 27, 1893.

[Ratifications exchanged at Lisbon, September 5, 1893.]

(Translation.)

His Majesty the King of Portugal and the Algarves and Her Majesty the Queen-Regent of Spain, equally animated with the wish of drawing closer the ties of friendship which uite the two countries, and being desirous of extending the commercial relations between their respective States, have determined to conclude a special Treaty for this purpose, and have appointed their Plenipotentiaries, pamely:

His Majesty the King of Portugal and the Algarves, Sebastião Guedes Bramdão de Mello, Count of São Miguel, a Grandee of the Kingdom, Chief Officer of his Royal Household, Bachelor of Laws at the University of Coimbra, Grand Cross of the Order of Our Lady of Conception of Villa Viçosa, Knight of the Most Ancient and Noble Order of the Tower and Sword for the reward of valour, loyalty, and merit, Grand Cross of the National and Royal Order of the Lion of the Netherlands, of the Order of St. Anne of Russia, and of that of Albert the Valorous of Saxony, Knight Commander of the Order of Isabella the Catholic of Spain, of the Iron Crown of Austria, and of several other foreign Orders, &c., his Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Catholic Majesty ;

Her Majesty the Queen-Regent of Spain, Don Antonio Aguilar y Correa, Marquis of Vega de Armijo and Mós, Count of Bobadilla, Viscount of Pegullal, a Grandee of Spain of the first class, a member of the Royal Academies of History and of Moral and Political Science, Doctor of Laws, Knight and Master of the Royal Institute of Seville, Knight of the Papal Order of Christ, Grand Cross of the Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Tower and Sword for the reward of valour, loyalty, and merit, Grand Cross of

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travellers in Spain on account of any Portuguese firm, and Spanish manufacturers and merchants, and commercial travellers in Portugal on account of any Sparish firm, will be at liberty, without being liable either in Portugal or in Spain to the payment of any industrial tax, to make any purchases or sales they may require for their business and to receive orders. These commercial travellers may carry with them patterns and samples, but no merchandize.

This exenption from the tax in question will be secured by means of a certificate of identity in accordance with the Form (A) annexed to this Treaty.

V. Any gold or silver articles imported into either of the two countries shall be subject in the other to the laws and regulations in force with respect to the assaying of the same.

VI. Portuguese in Spain and Spaniards in Portugal will be entitled to the treatment laid down, or which may be hereafter laid down, in any special Treaties relating to the ownership of trademarks, or of any industrial or commercial models or drawings. In the absence of such Treaties, the subjects of either of the two nations will be entitled in the other to the advantages accorded to the natives by law.

VII.* Portugal and Spain mutually engage that in future no other country will be treated in a more advantageous manner than the two countries respectively, as far as regards depôts, re-exportstion, transit, transhipment, and navigation in general.

VIII. The products of the soil, and the manufactured artieles mentioned in Schedule (A) annexed to this Treaty, shall be exempted from all import, export, or transit dues while being carried for the purpose of trade over the common roads or railways of the frontier between Portugal and Spain, and upon the rivers which serve as a boundary-line between the two countries.

IX. The articles originally coming from either of the two contracting countries, and which are specified in Schedule (B) annexed to this Treaty, will be allowed to circulate freely through the land frontier of both nations, and upon the rivers which serve as a boundary between them, subject, however, to the formalities laid down in that Schedule.

X. The products of the soil of Spain, and Spanish manufactured articles specified in Schedule (C) annexed to this Treaty, will be admitted into Portugal, if directly imported by sea, on payment of the duties laid down in the said Schedule.

XI. The products of the soil of Portugal, and Portuguese manufactured articles specified in Schedule (D) annexed to this Treaty, will be admitted into Spain, if imported directly by sen, on payment of the duties laid down in the said Schedule. See Final Protocol, page 462.

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