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A line shall be drawn from the point on the left bank of the River Benue fixed in that Article, which, crossing the river, shall go direct to the point where the 13th degree of longitude east of Greenwich is intersected by the 10th degree of north latitude. From that point it shall go direct to a point on the southern shore of Lake Chad, situated 35 minutes east of the meridian of the centre of the town of Kuka, this being the distance between the meridian of Kuka and the 14th meridian east of Greenwich measured on the map published in the German “ Kolonialatlas ” of 1892.

In the event of future surveys showing that a point so fixed assigns to the British sphere a less proportion of the southern shore of Lake Chad than is shown in the aforesaid map, a new terminal poiut making good such deficiency, and as far as possible in accordance with that at present indicated, shall be fixed as soon as possible by mutual agreement. Until such agreement is arrived at the point on the southern shore of Lake Chad situated 35 minutes east of the meridian of the centre of the town of Kuka shall be the terminal point.

III. Any part of the line of demarcation traced in this Agreement, and in the preceding Agreements above quoted, shall be subject to rectification by agreement between the two Powers.

IV. The territories to the west of the boundary-line traced in the present Agreement, and in the preceding above-quoted Agreements, shall fall within the British sphere of influence, those to the east of the line shall fall within the German sphere of interest.

It is, however, agreed that the influence of Germany in respect to her relations with Great Britain shall not extend eastwards beyond the basin of the River Shari, and that Darfur, Kordofan, and Babr-el-Ghazal, as defined in the map published in October 1891 by Justus Perthes, shall be excluded from her influence, even if affluents of the Shari shall be found to lie within thein.

V. The two Powers take, as regards the extended spheres of influence traced in the present Agreement, a similar engagement, as regards their respective spheres, to that taken in the preceding above-quoted Agreements.

They agree that neither will interfere with the sphere of influence of the other, and that one Power will not, in the sphere of the other, make acquisitions, conclude Treaties, accept sovereign rights or Protectorates, or hinder or dispute the influence of the other.

VI. Great Britain recognizes her obligation to apply, as regards the portion of the waters of the Niger and its aflluents under her sovereignty or protection, the provisions relating to freedom of navigation enumerated in Articles XXVI, XXVII, XXVIII, XXIX, XXX, and XXXIII of the Act of Berlin of the 26th February,

1885.* Germany on her side recognizes ber obligation, under
Article XXXII, to be bound by those provisions as regards the
portion of the waters under her control.
Berlin, the 15th November, 1893.


AGREEMENT supplementary to the Convention concluded on

the 13th December, 1885,6 between the General Post Office of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Imperial German Post Office for the Exchange of Postal Parcels.-Signed at London, November 29, and at Berlin, December 10, 1893.

ART. I. On and after the 1st January, 1894, postal parcels exchanged under the Convention of the sth December, 1885, between the Postal Administrations of Germany and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland may be insured up to the sum of 1,000 marks or 501. (1,250 fr.).

11.-1. On insured parcels there must be paid, at the same time as the postage and in addition to it, the under-mentioned insurance fees for every 300 fr. (240 marks or 121.) or fraction of 300 fr. of insured value.

(a.) In Germany

20 centines on parcels transmitted by the direct sea route, and 25 centimes on parcels transmitted viả Belgium.

(6.) In the United Kingdom-
5d. for the first 300 fr.; and

d. for each additional 300 fr. or fraction thereof, without distinction of route.

2. The revenue from insurance fees is retained by the Administration which collects them, that is, by the Post Oflice of the country where the parcels originate.

3. Out of its receipts this Administration has to pay as insurance fee to the Administration of the country of destination 5 centimes for every 300 fr., or fraction of 300 fr., insured value per parcel, and has also to defray the insurance fees proper to the land and sea transit of the parcels.

111.-1. In case of the redirectiou or return of insured postal parcels, on which a fresh postage is collected from the sender or addressee under Article IX of the Convention of the 1sth December, 1885, a new insurance fee is charged. • Vol. LXXVI, page 4.

+ Vol. LXXVI, page 108.

2. The amount of this fee and its apportionment among the Administrations taking part in the subsequent transmission shall be in accordance with the sums mentioned in the preceding Article II, sections 1 and 3.

IV. The payment of compensation for the loss or damage of insured postal parcels shall follow the rules laid down in Article XI of the Convention of the sth December, 1885 ; but the compensation to be paid in the case of any one parcel shall not exceed the amount for which it has been insured.

V. The two Administrations will mutually serve as intermediaries for the transmission of insured postal parcels to the other countries with which they severally maintain a similar exchange. They will come to an understanding hereafter as to the rates of postage and insurance and the other conditions upon which they can undertake to act as intermediaries in particular cases. These rates and conditions shall, however, in no case be less favourable than those which the Administrations have obtained for their own service with the countries in question.

VI. In the case of all parcels containing coin, objects of gold or silver, or other precious articles, exchanged between Germany and the United Kingdom, insurance is obligatory. If such a parcel is banded over uninsured by one Administration to the other, the latter Administration proceeds in the manner and with the formalities prescribed by its law and inland regulations.

VII.-1. No parcel may be insured for an amount above the real value of its contents.

2. In case the sender of an insured parcel, with intent to defraud, declares the contents to be above their real value, he loses all claim to compensation ; and the enforcement of this rule does not prejudice any judicial proceedings of which the law of the country of origin may admit.

VIII. The provisions of the Convention of the fath December, 1885, remain generally applicable to insured postal parcels. Moreover, the following additional detailed regulations are applicable to such parcels

1. Every insured parcel must bear on the cover and also on the despatch note a statement of the sum for which it is insured, without erasure or addition even if certified. When this statement is made in German or English money the sender or the Post Office of the country of origin must indicate by new figures, placed by the side of or below the others, the equivalent of the amount in francs and centimes.

2. The same dispatch note may not be used with both insured and uninsured parcels.

3. The exact weight of an insured parcel in kilogrammes and

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grammes must be entered by the office of origin both on the cover of the parcel and on the dispatch note in the place provided for the purpose.

4. Each insured parcel must bear a red label with the word " insured" or " valeur déclarée' upon

it. 5. The labels on parcels coutaining coin, articles of gold or silver, jewellery or other precious objects, must be so placed that they cannot serve to conceal injuries to the cover. They must not be folded over two sides of the cover so as to hide the edge. The address of such parcels must be written on the actual covering of the parcel.

6. The parcel bills used for the parcel post service between Germany and the United Kingdom shall be enlarged by the addition of columns for the entry of the weight of insured parcels and the sum in francs and centimes for which they are insured.

Done in duplicate at London on the 29th day of November, 193, and at Berlin on the 10th day of December, 1893.


AGREEMENT between the Postmaster-General of the United

Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Minister of State for Communications of the Empire of Japan for increasing the Limit of Weight of Packets of Patterns or Samples of Merchandize exchanged through the Post between British Colonies and Possessions (except India, Canada, and the Australasian Colonies) and Japan.-Signed at London, April 27, and at Tokió, June 19, 1893.

The Postmaster - General of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Minister of State for Communications of the Empire of Japan, being desirous of facilitating the postal relations between British Colonies and possessions and the Empire of Japan, and in exercise of the power given to them under Article V of the Convention of the Universal Postal Union concluded in Vienna on the 4th day of July, 1891 ; *

Have agreed as follows:

The limit of weight of packets of patterns or samples of merchandize exchanged by post between British Colonies and posses

• Vol. LXXXIII, page


sions (except India, Canada, and the Australasian Colonies) un the one part, and the Empire of Japan on the other part, shall be increased from 250 grammes to 350 grammes.

The present Agreement shall take effect on the 1st day of July, 1893.

Done in duplicate and signed at London on the 27th day of April, 1893, and at Tôkiô on the 19th day of June, 1893.


AGREEMENT between the Post Office of the United Kingdom

of Great Britain and Ireland and the Post Office of Liberia, for the Exchange of Postal Parcels uninsured and without collection of value on delivery.-Signed at London, March 14, 1893.

The Post Office of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Post Office of Liberia agree to effect a regular erchange of parcels uninsured and without collection of value on delivery between Great Britain and Liberia.

The conditions of the exchange of parcels, both as regards parcels exchanged direct between Great Britain and Liberia and as regards parcels in transit, are determined by the following regulations :

ART. I.-1. Parcels uninsured and without collection of value on delivery may be forwarded, under the denomination of postal parcels, between the United Kingdom and Liberia up to the weight of 11 pounds avoirdupois.

2. The two Administrations shall determine the conditions as to packing, dimensions, &c., under which the parcels are allowed to circulate, and also the classes of articles which are prohibited.

II.--1. Each of the contracting countries guarantees the transit of parcels over its territory to or from any country with which such contracting party has parcel post arrangements; and the Offices which take part in the conveyance are held responsible within the limits determined by Article VIII below.

2. In the absence of any arrangement to the contrary between the Offices concerned, the conveyance of the postal parcels between the two countries will be effected in closed bags, boxes, or baskets, the cost of which shall be shared equally between the two Administrations.

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