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his crop of tobacco and tootoon is gathered, shall at once in the nearest agent of the proprietors of this Concession of quantity, in order that the proprietors of this concession be able to carry out the engagements in above-mentioned Artic and to purchase it quickly.
11. The proprietors of this Concession have no right to purc lands, except to the necessary extent for store-houses and residen and what may be necessary to carry out this Concession,
12. The cultivators, in accordance with certain conditions v will be made in conjunction with the Government, are enti to be given an advance within a certain limit for their crop.
13. If after the lapse of one year from the date of the signing this Concession a Company to carry it out is not formed, and work does not begin, this Concession will be null and void, un war or such like may prevent the formation of a Company.
14. In case of misunderstanding arising between the Per Government and the proprietors of this Concession, that misund standing shall be referred to an Arbitrator accepted by sides, and in case of the impossibility of consent to the appointu of an Arbitrator, the matter will be referred to the arbitrati of one of the Representatives, resident at Tehran, of the Gove ment of the United States, Germany, or Austria, to appoint Arbitrator, whose decision shall be final.
15. This Concession is exchanged in duplicate with the signatu of His Imperial Majesty, registered in the Foreign Ministry, betwe Major Talbot and the Persian Government, and the Persian tert it is to be recognized.
March 8, 1890 (28 Rajab, 1307).
No. 3.—Sir H. Drummond Wolff to the Marquess of Salisbury.
(Received September 16.) (Telegraphic.)
Gulhek, September 16, 189 A WRITTEN protest bas been formally made by M. de Bützow ti the Kavam-ud-Dowleh against the Tobacco Régie Concession. Ibi Russian Minister has requested that it be anuulled on the ground that it is opposed to the commerce of the country and is contrary to Treaties.
I should be obliged if your Lordship would kindly cause Majat Talbot to be informed of this, and I shall be glad of instruction although I do not think that the Persians will give way.
No. 16.-Mr. R. J. Kennedy to the Marquess of Salisbury.
(Received July 1.) tract.)
Gulhek, June 2, 1891. Ox the 26th ultimo I received a telegram from the Legation ent at Shiraz stating that the Mollahs were refusing to enter
Masjid, and were preventing the people from answering the zan," or call to prayer, and that they had expressed their ention of continuing this line of conduct until Mr. Binns, the al Manager of the Tobacco Régie, had been expelled from iraz. The Legation Agent also stated that the minor local thorities and the Mollahs appeared to be acting in unison.
A similar report was made to his Chief at Tehran by Mr. Binns, o added that he had twice asked for an audience of the Princeovernor, but could obtain no satisfactory reply.
M. Ornstein, who was naturally very anxious with regard to the reatening outlook of the Régie affairs, both at Shiraz and Tabreez, formed me that he had spoken to the Amin-es-Sultan, who assured im that all this excitement would in a short time be allayed.
On the 29th ultimo the Legation Agent at Shiraz telegraphed hat Mirza Muhammad Ali, Mujtahed of Shiraz, had informed im that “either Mr. Binns or the Mollahs would have to leave the country; if not, some awful disturbance would take place. The Mujtahed said that doubtless the Corporation would flood the country with Europeans, who would have constant intercourse mth the people, and undermine their religion. They refuse to enter the mosques until a satisfactory arrangement has been arrived at. I replied that if they were reasonable and maintained peace, probably the Corporation would appoint Persians or Indians in the sub-districts. This engagement to appoint Persians or Indians in sub-agencies they want under the signature of the Corporation. Matters growing very serious. I hear that there is every likelihood of masses growing unmanageable again.”
I communicated this telegram to M. Ornstein, who, with the Amin-es-Sultan's approval, sent a telegram to Mr. Binns for publication at Shiraz, which it is hoped may have a calming effect. I have the honour to inclose copy of it.
I also beg to inclose copy of a despatch from the Acting ConsulGeneral at Tabreez reporting the opposition of the Mollahs of that town to the Tobacco Régie.
All these difficulties are, as your Lordship is aware, only what has always been foreseen, and, although they are no doubt serious, I fally believe that, with the exercise of inuch tact and patience, they may be gradually overcome.
M. Ornstein informs me that “at Tebran everything connected with the Régie is so far very satisfactory, and that Haji Mehemet
closure 2.)- Acting Consul-General Paton to Mr. R. J. Kennedy.
Tabreez, May 23, 1891. I HAVE the honour to report that I have heard that some days
two Mollahs called on the Armenian Archbishop here and eavoured to coerce him into urging the Armenians to stand out inst the Tobacco Régie, their demand being founded on the fact t the Armenians are Persian subjects like the Mussulmans, and, such, are bound to support them. They assured the Archbishop he did not promise to do as they asked he would be waited on by some other Mollahs who would urge it more strongly.
The Archbishop, I understand, made no promise, but reported matter verbally to the Amir-i-Nizam, who requested him to put $ statement in writing, so that he might forward it to Tehran. bu will no doubt, therefore, be able to satisfy yourself as to the
I have, &c. J. Kennedy, Esq.
R. M. PATON.
uth of this report.
No. 17.-Mr. R. J. Kennedy to the Marquess of Salisbury.
(Received August 17.) (Telegraphic.)
Gulhek, August 17, 1891. As this is the religious month of Moharrem, the Europeans af Tabreez fear lest the opposition to the Tobacco Concession, which has increased considerably during the last few days, may lead to a fanatical outbreak. Their alarm is exaggerated apparently, and the day on which the climax of religious excitement is reached, trumely, the anniversary of the Imam Husein's death, has passed and no incident taken place; but at the request of the Tabreez Government the Christian population kept as much as possible out of the way temporarily, and the tobacco offices were during the period of religious excitement closed by the advice of the Amin-esSultan.
A Petition has been sent to the Shah by the Mollahs, who preach against the Tobacco Concession, in which they pray that it may be abolished.
No. 18.- Mr. R. J. Kennedy to the Marquess of Salisbury.--
Gulhek, July 27, 1891. I have the honour to inclose translation of an anonymous placard which has been posted up in Tabreez in reply to a Notice recently issued by the Persian Tobacco Corporation.
This placard was at once torn down by the local authorities.
The Russian Minister here has informed Russian subjects ar protected subjects at Shiraz that they are at liberty to disregard tl existence of the Tobacco Régie, and to purchase and sell tobae without let or hindrance. The Marquess of Salisbury.
R. J. KENNED
(Inclosure.) — Notice in reply to the Notice issued by the Europeans (Translation.)
ULEMAS of the town! Law is the law of religion, and not th laws of the Europeans !
Woe to those Ulemas who will not co-operate with the nation Woe to those who will not spend their lives and property! An one of the Ulemas who will not agree with the people will lose hi ļife. Woe to any one who may sell one muskâl of tobacco to th Europeans! Woe to the Europeans who may wish to enforce thes customs of the infidels! We will kill the Europeans first, and the plunder their property! Woe to the Armenians, who will be killed and will lose their property and their families! Woe to those what will keep quiet!
We write this in answer to the Notice.
No. 30.—Mr. R. J. Kennedy to the Marquess of Salisbury
(Received October 7.) (Telegraphic.)
Gulhek, October 7, 1891. In conversation yesterday with the Amin-es-Sultan on the subject of the Tobacco Régie, his Highness observed that there were many difficulties, and even dangers, attending its establishment in this country, and that no sooner are they overcome in one quarter than they break out in another.
His Highness suggested that it might be possible to arrange in a friendly way that the Régie should be abolished, and that the Company should be compensated both pecuniarily and otherwise : “for,” continued the Amin-es-Sultan, “it cannot be to the interest of Her Majesty's Government that one commercial enterprise should be supported at the expense of others, and of the friendly political relations existing between England and Persia.”
I replied that Her Majesty's Government did not wish to force com miercial enterprises upon tbe Shah and the Persian nation against their will; but that I feared the abolition of the Régie