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Sierra-Leone. This line will in any event assure to France the entire basin of the Niger and of its affluents.

II. The navigation on the River Cavalla to its confluence with the Fodedougou-Ba will be free to shipping and open for the inhabitants of both countries.

France will have the right of erecting at her own expense on the waterway (thalweg), or on one or the other bank of the Cavally, the works which may be necessary to render it navigable; it being however, perfectly understood that this fact will in no way infringe the rights of sovereignty, which on the right side belong to Liberia. In case the execution of such works should give rise to the establishment of taxes, these would be determined by a new understanding between the two Governments.

III. France renounces all rights which she possesses from the ancient Treaties concluded on different points of the Seed Coast [? Grain] (“Côte des Grains "), and recognizes the sovereignty of the Republic of Liberia on the whole coast to the west of the Cavally River.

The Republic of Liberia abandons, on its part, all pretensions which it might claim to the territories of the Ivory Coast situated to the east of the Cavally River.

IV. The Government of Liberia, as in the past, will facilitate to the extent of its means the free engagements of labourers on the Liberian coast for the French Government or its subjects. Reciprocally, the same facilities are granted to Liberia by the French Government on the French part of the Ivory Coast.

V. In recognizing to the Republic of Liberia the limits which have been fixed, the Government of the French Republic declares that it only intends engaging itself towards the Republic of Liberia, free and independent, and makes all its reserves for the case that this independence would be impaired, or in the case that the Republic of Liberia should alienate any part of the territories which are recognized to it by the present Convention.

Done at Paris, the 8th December, 1892, &c.
The French text* will exclusively serve as evidence.

Special Olauses.

I. The Government of Liberia having incurred certain expenses of establishment on the part of the coast which is to the east of Cavally, France promises to pay to the Government of the Liberian Republic a sum of 25,000 fr. as an indemnity.

II. In case Princes or Chiefs of aborigines whose States are placed in the territory belonging to France should take refuge on

* For French text of this Agreement, see Vol. LXXXIV, page 626.

territories recognized to the Republic of Liberia by the Conion of the

, all facilities consistent with the dignity ree independent State will be afforded to France for the pursuit capture of fugitives.

No. 8.-Mr. Coolidge to Mr. Gresham.

Legation of the United States, Paris, February 24, 1893. 1 I DULY received your confidential despatch of the 14th January, tructing me to ask for an answer to the representations made by ir direction under date of the 13th July, with reference to the ion of the French authorities in Liberia. The contents of this spatch engaged my immediate attention, and before leaving for me I had a personal conversation on the subject with M. Develle, new Minister for Foreign Affairs, who promised that a reply uld be made to my note. Upon my return I recalled the jention of the Minister to the matter. In his answer, which is closed, he states substantially that a regular Treaty has been gned with Liberia, by which this Republic, in return for certain ncessions made by France, waives her claim to the territory lying tween the Rivers San Pedro and Cavally, and recognizes the alweg of the river last named as the dividing line between Liberia nd the territory now placed under the Protectorate of France.

The French Republic has therefore complied with the wish expressed in our communication of the 13th July, that no territory hould be taken from Liberia without her express consent.

The new dividing line and the terms of the Arrangement made with Liberia are fully explained on the map and in the copy of the Treaty which I forwarded to the Department with my Nos. 91 and 112.

I inclose herewith a copy of M. Develle's note, together with a translation of the same.

I have, &c., W.Q. Gresham, Esq.


(Translation.) MR. MINISTER,

(Inclosure.)-M. Develle to Mr. Coolidge.

Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Paris,

February 21, 1893. By your letter of the 16th of this month you were good enough to recall to me a communication which you had addressed on the 13th July last to my predecessor in order to bring to his attention the observations which the notification of the Treaties concluded in 1890 and 1891 by the Government of the Republic with various

2 T

(1892-93. LXXXV.)


IRESPONDENCE between the French and United States' Governments, on the subject of an Insult to the French Flag it Jeannette in Pennsylvania.-1892.

No. 1.—M. Patemộte to Mr. Wharton. nslation.)

Legation of the French Republic in the United States, SECRETARY OF State,

Washington, June 19, 1892. I HAVE the honour to call your attention to the following facts ch have been brought to my notice as having taken place on the 1 May last, in the little city of Jeannette, Westmoreland County, insylvania. M. Auguste Lelang, one of my countrymen residing that loeality, wishing to celebrate Decoration Day, hoisted the lerican flag between two French flags from bis second story dow. During his absence one Thomas Spiers, a policeman of est Jeannette, accompanied by two other persons, climbed up to

window in which these emblems were placed, tore down the rench flags, threw them into the mud, and tore them. I at first fused to believe that such an act had been perpetrated. It seemed se more inexplicable since the Federal Government, as I am happy 1 state, has always been glad to assign a place to France when the Var of Independence was to be commemorated, and since, on that ery 30th day of May, I was requested to furnish a tricoloured flag or the decoration of La Fayette's statue. Before asking your ittention to the facts in question, which were communicated the fery next day to our Consul at Philadelphia, I took pains to ascertain their correctness.

You will find inclosed a report of the investigation which has just been held on this subject, at the request of our Consul, by Captain Lejeune, a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, who resides at Jeannette. This report is signed by three of the residents, who were present when the flags were seized and torn. The facts, moreover, do not appear to be disputed. As you will see, the Chief of Police of Jeannette censured the conduct of his subordinate, but declared that he could not dismiss him, except in obedience to superior orders.

You will doubtless think, as I do, that the best way to close an mcident that is so much to be regretted, would be to remove at unice an officer who has been guilty of an act which you will certainly condemn as severely as I do. I take the liberty to insist that this case be promptly settled. Our national holiday, the 14th July, is near; it will call forth, at Jeannette as well as in all places where there are numbers of French residents, patriotic manifestations


which will again be the occasion of placing the flags of our countries side by side, and it is much to be desired that, at t time, the policeman who has been guilty of so vexatious a violat of duty may no longer be in his present position. • Be pleased to accept, &c., W.F. Wharton, Esq.


(Inclosure.)— Investigation relative to the Removal, on the 30th M

1892, of two French Flags from the second story window
M. Auguste Lelang, at West Jeannette, Pennsylvania, by a Pola

man, who climbed up to the window for the purpose.
To the Consul of France at Philadelphia.
Mr. Consul,

Jeannette, Pennsylvania, June 15, 189 On the 30th May last, Decoration Day, most of the Fren residents of Jeannette decorated their houses with American flag M. Auguste Lelang, after having first hoisted the American All from one of the windows in the second story of his house, afte wards hoisted two French flags, one on each side of the America flag.

As the workshops were closed on that day and the workmen we free, they took advantage of the opportunity to go to merry-making or meetings. M. Auguste Lelang was absent all the afternool together with his wife and children, and he had locked his door.

At about half-past 7 o'clock in the evening, after the flags ha been undisturbed for almost all day, Thomas Spiers, a policeman l'est Jeannette, accompanied by a townsman named John Kockere both of them being assisted by a man named Harliman, who ler them a ladder, placed the ladder against the front of the housi climbed up and pulled down the two French flags, which they after wards tore and threw into the mud. M. Auguste Lelang had th remnants of these two flags sent to the Consul of France at Phila delphia.

Many women and children witnessed this scene, the men bein almost all absent. However, Francois Diffem back, a brewer, Josep! Mommaerts, a baker, and Jean Vertingen, also a baker, saw the ac and signed this paper, together with Captain H. Lejeune, Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, who was instructed to make an investiga tion by the Consul of France at Philadelphia.

On the day following Auguste Lelang asked the policeman why he had committed that act of violence and brutality. The policeman replied that he was not responsible to M. Lelang for what he had done, and that he bad pulled down the flags because he wanted to M. Lelang was not satisfied with this, and went to see the squin

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