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680 GREAT BRITAIN AND SOUTH AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CONVENTION between Great Britain and the South Afric
Republic, relative to the Affairs of Swazieland.—Signed
WHEREAS Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom Great Britain and Ireland, and his Honour the State President the South African Republic, as representing the Government of said Republic, have agreed that it is expedient that they sho enter into a Convention relative to the affairs of Swazieland substitution of the Convention of 1890,+ which terminates on taking effect of the arrangements contemplated in this Conventio
Now, therefore, Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingd of Great Britain and Ireland, and his Honour the State President the South African Republic, as representing the Government of said Republic, hereby consent and agree that the following Artic! accepted finally by and between Her Majesty and his Honour, sha when duly signed, sealed, and executed by Her Majesty's Hi Commissioner for South Africa on behalf of Her Majesty and by Honour the State President of the South African Republic behalf of the Government of the said Republic, and, when du ratified by the Volksraad of the South African Republic, constitu and be a Convention by and between Her Majesty the Queen of t! United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South Africt
Republic:: ART. I. The Convention of 1890 between Her Majesty ti
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and tl South African Republic, with the exception of Articles X and XXI thereof, sball, on the 8th day of August, 1893, cease and determini and the Articles of this Convention shall have force and effect, bu the provisions of all or any of the Articles of the said Convention 1890 may, with the consent of Her Majesty's High Commissione and the State President of the South African Republic, be continue in force for a further period, to be mutually arranged, pending to completion of the Convention or Organic Proclamation provided Me in Article II of this Convention.
II. Her Majesty's Government agrees, notwithstanding aus thing to the contrary contained in Articles II or XII of the Con vention of London of 1884, or in the Convention of 1890, that can Government of the South African Republic may enter into negotia
* A further Convention, in substitution of the Convention of 1890 and this Convention, was concluded on December 10, 1894. It will be giva Vol. LXXXVI.
+ Vol. LXXXII, page 1062. I Vol. LXXV, page 5.
LEAT BRITAIN AND SOUTH AFRICAN REPUBLIC. 681
is with the Swazie Queen Regent and Council with a view to laining a Convention or an Organic Proclamation by which rights
powers of jurisdiction, protection, and administration over izieland, without incorporation thereof into the said Republic, y be conferred upon and secured to the last-mentioned Governnt, but no such Convention or Organic Proclamation would be itled to recognition from Her Majesty's Government unless the d Government were satisfied
(a.) That the Swazie Queen Regent and Council understood the ture, terms, Articles, and conditions thereof;
(6.) That just provisions have been made for the protection of e Swazie natives with regard to the management of their own ternal affairs according to their own laws and customs, including e laws and customs of inheritance and succession in so far as the id laws and customs are not inconsistent with civilized laws and istoms, or with any law in force in Swazieland made pursuant in ich Convention or Organic Proclamation, and with regard to their untinued use and occupation of land now in their possession, and of
grazing or agricultural rights to which they are at present ntitled.
III. In the event of any such Convention or Organic Proclamalaon as aforesaid being approved of by Her Majesty's Government, the following Articles of this Convention shall be binding upon the Government of the South African Republic.
IV. All British subjects residing in Swazieland, or having in Swazieland any property, grant, privilege, or concession, or any right, title to, or interest in any property, grant, privilege, or concession, shall be secured in the future enjoyment of all their rights and privileges of whatsoever nature or kind in like manner as burgbers of the South African Republic, but shall obey the Government and conform to the laws established for Swazieland.
V. Every white male who sball have been a bona fide resident in Swazieland (even if temporarily absent from Swazieland) on the 20th April, 1893, shall become and be entitled to all the political privileges of a full burgher of the South African Republic as though he had been born in that Republic. Provided, however
(a.) That every white male shall make application in writing to an officer to be appointed at Bremersdorp, in Swazieland, by the Government of the said Republic, to have bis name enrolled upon a list of persons so entitled, and upon satisfactory proof, by a true and solemn declaration, of his bona fide residence in Swazieland on the aforesaid day, such declaration to be made within six months from the date of public notification of the appointment of such officer as aforesaid, such officer shall be bound to enrol his name on such list, and such list shall be the list of burghers of the South African
682 GREAT BRITAIN AND SOUTH AFRICAN REPUBLIC. Republic, so admitted under this head of this Article to the privileges aforesaid.
(6.) That every white son of any person admitted to the privilege of a burgher under the preceding paragraph of this Article, which son shall bave been a minor on the aforesaid date, shall be entitled to the like political privileges which he would have had if his father had been a natural-born burgher of that Republic, and he himself had been born therein, provided that the right under this section shall be claimed by such minor from the Government of the Souta African Republic by notice in writing within twelve months from he attaining his majority.
(c.) That every person admitted as a burgher shall, vile resident in Swazieland, be entitled to register bis vote at sa election when and where a burgher resident in some convenient district of the South African Republic adjoining Swazieland would be entitled to vote, such district to be determined by the Goretment of the South African Republic, and if thereafter he shall come to reside in any district of the South African Republic, such person shall there be entitled to register lais vote.
VI. The equal rights of the Dutch and English languages in all Courts of Swazieland shall be maintained. This provision shall be in force so long as the administration of Swazieland by the Government of the Sonth African Republic continues under the provisions of the Convention or Organic Proclamation referred to in Article II.
VII. The customs duties shall not be higher in respect of any article imported into Swazieland than the duty thereon according to the tariff at present in force in the South African Republic or the tariff at present in force in the South African Customs Union, whichever is now the higher. This provision shall be in force so long as the administration of Swazieland by the Government of the South African Republic continues under the provisions of the Convention or Organic Proclamation referred to in Article II. No individual or individuals, Corporation or Company, shall have exclusive rights or privileges with regard to imposition of of exemption from customs duties on goods.
VIII. The Government of the South African Republic agrees to prohibit the sale or supply of intoxicating liquor to Swazie natives in Swazieland.
IX. No railway beyond the eastern boundary of Swazieland shall be constructed by the Government of the South African Republic save under the provisions of a further contemplated Convention between Her Majesty the Queen and the South African Republic
, ar with the consent of Her Majesty's Government.
X. Articles X and XXIV of the Convention of 1890 are bere again set forth for convenience of reference:
" Article X. The Government of the South African Republic withdraws all claim to extend the territory of the Republic, or to enter into Treaties with any natives or native tribes to the north or Dorth-west of the existing boundary of the Republic, and undertakes to aid and support by its favouring influence the establishment of order and government in those territories by the British South Africa Company within the limits of power and territory set forth in the Charter granted by Her Majesty to the said Company
- Article XXIV. Her Majesty's Government consent to an alteration of the boundary of the South African Republic on the east so as to include the territory known as the Little Free State within the territory of the South African Republic.”
XI. Her Majesty's Government reserves the power of exercising diplomatic representation in favour of Swazie natives or British subjeets in case any provision of the Convention or Organic Prociamation referred to in Article II shall not be fairly and faithfully observed.
XII. This Convention will be ratified by the Volksraad of the South African Republic on or before the 30th day of June, 1894, and in default of such ratification this Convention shall be null and void.
Signed and sealed at Cape Town, this 1st day of November, 1593.
(L.S.) HENRY B. LOCH, High Commissioner for
South Africa. Signed and sealed at Pretoria, this 8th day of November, 1893. (L.S.) S. J. P. KRUGER, State President of the
South African Republic.
REGULATIONS issued by the British Commissioner and
Consul - General respecting the Importation, Exportation, and Disposal of Fire-arms, Ammunition, &c., and the Traffic in Spirituous Liquors in the British Central Africa Protectorate.-Zomba, August 1893.
WHEREAS under the provisions of $ 99 of “ The Africa Order in Council, 1889,"* as amended by “The Africa Order in Council, 1893,"| the Consul-General bas power to make Queen's Regulations • Vol. LXXXI, page 301.
† Page 1050.
for peace, order, and good government, and for securing the observance of any Treaty for the time being in force relating to any place to which the said Orders apply;
And whereas Her Majesty is a party to the General Act of the Brussels Conference, signed at Brussels on the 2nd July, 1890;*
And whereas, for the better carrying out of the said General Act. it is expedient that regulations should be made respecting the imper tation, exportation, and disposal of fire-arms, ammunition, and guepowder to, from, and in the British Central Africa Protectorate, and respecting the traffic in spirituous liquors; and respecting Customs and licence duties :
It is hereby notified that the Consul-General has, in pursuance of the powers aforesaid, made the following
Regulations. A duty of 10 per cent. ad valorem on guns, gunpowder, and ammunition.
(The importation or purchase of guns, gunpowder, and ammunition is subject to the restrictions laid down in the Brussels Act, Articles VIII, IX, and X.)
The importation of all forms of alcohol (i.e., any beverage in which alcohol is present) is placed under the following restrictions:
Alcohol can only be imported if the importer can produce a special licence signed by Her Majesty's Commissioner and ConsulGeneral or his representative, which will be discretionally granted to Europeans and other foreigners requiring alcohol for their personal use, for medical or for scientific purposes, or for sale to Europeans : vide Regulations.
When alcohol is imported under these conditions it will be subject to the usual 5 per cent. ad valorem duty, in addition to the cost of the licence to import.
Licence to possess or carry any gun, rifle, pistol or other fire
(This licence lasts for five years without renewal. It is issued in accordance with the provisions of the Brussels Act. Tbis licence is obligatory on all persons whom Her Majesty's Commissioner permits to bear arms, excepting when the person is using the fire-arm in the service of Her Majesty the Queen, in the army, navy, or police, or is serving in a similar capacity under the British South Africa Cher tered Company.)
Licence to trade, 101. per annum. Special licence to import alcohol, 28. 6d. (Each separate importation requires a separate licence. Each
* Vol. LXXXII, page 55.