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be brought to trial in the State to which the surrender has been made, for any other crime or on account of any other matters than those for which the extradition shall bave taken place, until he has been restored or bad an opportunity of returning to the State by which he has been surrendered.
This stipulation does not apply to crimes committed after the extradition.
VIII. The requisition for extradition shall be made through the Diplomatic Agents of the High Contracting Parties respectively
The requisition for the extradition of the accused person must be accompanied by a warrant of arrest issued by the competent authority of the State requiring the extradition, and by such evidence as, according to the laws of the place where the accused is found, would justify bis arrest if the crime had been committed there.
If the requisition relates to a person already convicted, it must be accompanied by the sentence of condemnation passed against the convicted person by the competent Court of the State that makes the requisition for extradition.
A sentence passed in contumaciam is not to be deemed a conviction, but a person so sentenced may be dealt with as an accused person.
IX. If the requisition for extradition be in accordance with the foregoing stipulations, the competent authorities of the State applied to shall proceed to the arrest of the fugitive.
X. If the fugitive has been arrested in the British dominions, he sball forthwith be brought before a competent Magistrate, who is to examine him and to conduct the preliminary investigation of the case, just as if the apprehension had taken place for a crime committed in the British dominions.
In the examinations which they have to make in accordance with the foregoing stipulations, the authorities of the British dominions shall admit as valid evidence the sworn depositions or the atlirnations of witnesses taken in Roumania, or copies thereof, and likewise the warrants aud sentences issued therein, and certificates of, or judicial documents stating the fact of, a conviction, provided the same are authenticated as follows:
1. A warrant must purport to be signed by a Judge, Magistrate, or Judicial Oflicer of Police of Roumania.
2. Depositions or affirmations, or the copies thereof, must purport to be certified under the hand of a Judge, Magistrate, or Judicial Officer of Police of Roumania, to be the original depositions or aflirmatious, or to be the true copies thereof, as the case may require.
3. A certificate of or judicial document stating the fact of a
conviction must purport to be certified by a Judge, Magistrate, or Judicial Officer of Police of Roumania.
4. In every case such warrant, deposition, affirmation, copy, certificate, or judicial document must be authenticated either by the oath of some witness, or by being sealed with the official seal of the Minister of Justice or of Foreign Affairs of Roumapia ; but any other mode of authentication for the time being permitted by the law in that part of the British dominions where the examination is taken may be substituted for the foregoing.
XI. On the part of the Roumanian Government, the extradition shall take place as follows in Roumania :
The Minister, or other Diplomatic Agent of Her Britannic Majesty in Roumania, shall send to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, in support of each demand for extradition, an authentic and duly legalized copy either of a certificate of coudempatiou, or of a warrant of arrest against an incriminated or accused person, showing clearly the nature of the crime or offence on account of which proceedings aru being taken against the fugitive. The judicial document so produced sball be accompanied by a description and other particulars serving to establish the identity of the person whose extradition is claimed.
In case the documents produced by the British Government to establish the identity, and the particulars gathered by the Roumanian police authorities for the same purpose, should be deemed to be insufficient, notice tbereof shall forthwith be given to the Minister or other Diplomatic Agent of Her Britannic Majesty in Roumania, and the individual whose extradition is desired, if he has been arrested, shall remain in detention until the British Government has produced new elements of proof to establish his identity, or to clear up any other difficulties arising in the examination.
XII. The extradition shall not take place unless the evidence be found sufficient, according to the laws of the State applied to, either to justify the committal of the prisoner for trial, in case the crime had been committed in the territory of the said State, or to prove that the prisoner is the identical person convicted by the Courts of the State which makes the requisition, and that the crime of which he has been convicted is one iu respect of which extradition could, at the time of such conviction, have been granted by the State applied to. In Her Britannic Majesty's dominions the fugitive criminal shall not be surrendered until the expiration of fifteen days from the date of his being committed to prison to await his surrender.
XIII. If the individual claimed by one of the two High Contractiug Purties in pursuance of the present Treaty should be also claimed by one or several other Powers, on account of other crimes or offences committed upon their respective territories, his extradition shall be granted to that State whose demand is earliest in date.
XIV. If sufficient evidence for the extradition be not produced within two months from the date of the apprehension of the fugitive, or within such further time as the State applied to, or the proper Tribunal thereof, shall direct, the fugitive shall be set at liberty.
XV. All articles seized which were in the possession of the person to be surrendered, at the time of his apprehension, shall, if the competent authority of the State applied to for the extradition has ordered the delivery thereof, be given up wheu the extradition takes place, and the said delivery shall extend not merely to the stolen articles, but to everything that may serve as a proof of the crime.
XVI. All expenses connected with extradition shall be borne by the demanding State.
XVII. The stipulations of the present Treaty shall be applicable to the Colonies and foreign possessions of Her Britannic Majesty, so far as the laws for the time being in force in such Colonies and foreign possessions respectively will allow.
The requisition for the surrender of a fugitive criminal who has taken refuge in any of such Colonies or foreign possessions may be made to the Governor or chief autliority of such Colony or possession by any person authorized to act in such Colouy or possession as a Consular officer of Roumania.
Such requisitions may be disposed of, subject always, as nearly as may be, and so far as the law of such Colony or foreign possession will allow, to the provisions of this Treaty, by the said Governor or chief authority, who, however, shall be at liberty either to grant the surrender or to refer the matter to his Government.
Her Britannic Majesty shall, however, be at liberty to make special arrangements in the British Colonies and foreign possessions for the surrender of criminals from Roumania who may take refuge within such Colonies and foreign possessions, on the basis, as nearly as may be, and so far as the law of such Colony or foreign possession will allow, of the provisions of the present Treaty.
Requisitions for the surrender of a fugitive criminal emanating from any Colony or foreign possession of Her Britannic Majesty shall be governed by the rules laid down in the preceding Articles of the present Treaty,
XVIII. The present Treaty shall come into force teu days after its publication, in conformity with the fornis prescribed by the laws of the High Contracting Parties. It may be terminated by either of the High Contracting Parties at any time on giving to the other six months' notice of its intention to do so.
The Treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Bucharest as soon as possible.
in witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seal of their arms. Done in duplicate at Bucharest, March 1, 1893.
(L.S.) CHARLES IIARDINGE.
At the moment of proceeding to the signature of the Treaty of Extradition concluded this day, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries of Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, and of His Majesty the King of Roumania, have agreed upon the following declaration :
The Roumanian Government may in its absolute discretion refuse to deliver up any person charged with a crime punishable with death.
This Protocol shall have the same force and the same duration as the Treaty of Extradition sigued to-day.
Iu witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the saine, and have affixed thereto the seal of their arms. Done in duplicate at Bucharest, March 21, 1893.
(L.S.) CHARLES HARDINGE. (L.S.) AL. LA HOVARI.
CONVENTION between Great Britain and Roumania, respect
iny False Indications of Origin on Goods. — Signed at Bucharest, 1893.*
[Ratifications exchanged at Bucharest, March 1s, 1891.]
Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, and His Majesty the King of Roumania, being mutually desirous of concluding a Convention relating to the suppression cf false indications of origin on goods, have named as their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:
Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, the lionourable Charles Hardinge, Her Britannic Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires at Bucharest,
And His Majesty the King of Roumania, M. Alexandre N.
Signed also in the Roumanian language.
Lahovari, Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Crown of Roumania, &c., lis Minister Secretary of State for Foreigo Affairs ;
Who, having communicated to each other their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles :
Art. I. All goods bearing a false indication of origin, in which one of the Contracting States or a place situated in one of them shall be directly or indirectly indicated as being the country or place of origin, shall be seized on importation into either of the two States.
The seizure may also be effected in the State where the false indication of origin has been applied, or in that into which the goods bearing the false indication may have been imported.
If the legislation of either of the two States does not sanction seizure on importation, such seizure shall be replaced by prohibition of importation.
If the legislation of either of the two States does not permit seizure in the interior, such seizure shall be replaced by the remedies assured in such case to natives by the law of that State.
II. The seizure shall be effected either at the request of the proper Government Department, or of an interested party, whether individual or Society, in conformity with the domestic legislation of each State.
III. The authorities are not bound to effect the seizure of goods in transit.
IV. The present stipulatious do not prevent the vendor from putting his naine or address upon goods coming from a country other than that where the sale takes place; but in such case the name or address must be accompanied by a clear indication in legible characters of the country or of the place of manufacture or production.
V. The Tribunals of each country shall decide what appellations, on account of their generic character, do not fall within the provisions of the present Convention; regional appellations concerning the origin of products of the vine being, however, not comprised in the reserve provided for by the present Article.
VI.* The stipulations of the present Convention shall be appli
* List of British Colonies which have acceded to the above Convention under Article VI:
1. Newfoundland, August 10, 1894; 2. Victoria, August 27, 1894; 3. Queensland, September 9, 1894; 4. South Australia, September 9, 1894.
The following British Colonies and foreign possessions bave not acceded to the Convention :
1. India; 2. Tasmania; 3. Western Australia; 4. New Zealand; 5. The Cape of Good Hope; 6. Natal; 7. Canada; 8. New South Wales.