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9. Pour les navires au long cours, la visite prescrite par rticle 225 du Code de Commerce pour un chargement nouveau s en France ne sera obligatoire que s'il s'est écoulé plus d'un

depuis la dernière visite, à moins toutefois qu'ils n'aient subi des aries.

10. Les actes ou procès-verbaux constatant les mutations de proiété des navires, soit totales, soit partielles, ne seront passibles, l'enregistrement, que du droit fixe de 3 fr. L'Article 5, No. 2, de Loi du 28 Février, 1872, est abrogé en ce qu'il a de contraire la presente disposition. Les dispositions du présent Article mt applicables aux ventes de bateaux de toute nature servant la navigation intérieure.

11. Le paragraphe 3 de l'Article 4 de la Loi du 19 Mai, 1866, ar la marine marchande est inodifié ainsi qu'il suit :

"Article 4, $ 3. Des Décrets rendus en la forme des règlements l'administration publique, sur le rapport du Ministre du Commerce le l'Industrie et des Colonies, après enquête et après avis des klinistres des Travaux Publics et des Finances, peuvent établir dans un port maritime des péages locaux temporaires pour assurer le service des emprunts contractés par un Département, une commune, une Chambre de Commerce ou tout autre établissement public, en vue de subvenir à l'établissement, à l'amélioration ou au renouvellement des ouvrages ou de l'outillage public d'exploitation de ce port et de ses accès, ou au maintien des profondeurs de ses rades, passes, chenaux et bassins.

“Ces péages sont payables par les navires tant Français qu'étrangers, en raison de leur tonnage de jauge, des quantités de marchandises et du nombre des voyageurs embarqués et débarqués ; ils ne peuvent dépasser 1 fr. par tonneau de jauge nette légale ; 1 fr. par voyageur, et 50 centimes par tonneau d'affrètement ou par tonne métrique de marchandises.

"Les tarifs peuvent comprendre des péages par tonneau de jauge gradués suivant l'espèce du navire, son tirant d'eau, la durée de son stationnement dans le port, le genre de navigation, l'éloignement du pays d'expédition ou de destination, la nature de la cargaison du navire, les opérations faites par lui dans le port au cours d'une escale. Ils peuvent établir des prix réduits d'abonnement ou des exemptions totales ou partielles en faveur de certaines catégories déterminées de navires, tant Français qu'étrangers.

"Ils peuvent spécifier des péages par unité de trafic différents à l'embarquement et au débarquement suivant les diverses natures de marchandises ou les diverses catégories de voyageurs.

"Les tarifs de péages institués conformément au présent Article ou des péages similaires en vigueur peuvent être modifiés avec ou sans conditions, dans les limites des maxima fixés par les Décrets


RITISH NOTIFICATION respecting Law of the Netherland Government on the Subject of Nationality.

London, August 10, 1893.*

Foreign Ofice, August 10, 1893. The Earl of Rosebery, K.G., Her Majesty's Principal Secretary

State for Foreign Affairs, has received a note from Count e Bylandt, Netherland Minister at this Court, requesting that the ollowing notice may be inserted in the “ London Gazette " :


The attention of Netherland subjects residing in the United Kingdom is hereby called to the provisions of the Law of the 12th December, 1892,f relating to Netherland nationality and domicile, and especially to the importance to those who wish to retain their Netherland nationality of giving the notices referred to in that Law. It is requested that all such notices be given by Netherland subjects, verbally or in writing, to the Netherland Consular officer of the place in which they reside, or, if there be no such Consular officer, then to the Netherland Consulate-General in London, No. 40, Finsbury Circus, E.C.

REPORT by Sir Gerald Portal on Uganda.-- November 1,

1893. I

Sir G. Portal to the Earl of Rosebery.—(Received December 6.) My LURD,

Zanzibar, November 1, 1893, In my despatches of the 24th May I endeavoured to lay before your Lordship (1) a description of the road and country intervening between Uganda and the coast; and (2) some account of the state of affairs which I found upon arrival. I now propose to explain the solutions of the whole question which I venture to submit for your Lordship's consideration.

The factors of the whole Uganda question may be summed up as follows:

1. A country lying 800 miles from the coast, with no natural means of communication now open, such as waterways, &c. 2. A fertile soil.

# "London Gazette,” August 11, 1893.

+ Vol. LXXXIV, page 663.
† From Parliamentary Paper “ Africa No. 2 (1894).”


3. A temperate climate.

4. A strategical position of great natu nating the northern and western shores of almost the only access to Lakes Albert and controlling the head waters of the Nile.

5. A race of people of much higher intelle civilization than any other Central or East Af

6. A Monarchy, nominally absolute and shorn of much of its authority.

7. A King of weak moral character and already at different times professed three diffe

8. An almost superstitious reverence on able proportion of the peasantry for the fam

9. The division of the whole population mutually hostile political and religious partie

10. The presence of and influence, both exercised by a considerable number of F Catholic and Protestant.

11. The firm hold taken by Christianity o

12. The hostility of Mabommedanism on the Mahdists, and on the south and southManyuema, &c., of Tabora, Tanganyika, and

13. The exhaustion of the country by as wars, following on wholesale massacres by

14. The attempted administration of the British East Africa Company, and the public of the attempt.

15. The existence of many pledges and Company's officials, which it has been unable

16. The impression under which the Ki laboured, that these pledges and Treaties we though they had been accorded by Her Majes

17. The neighbourhood of the jealous cou northern frontier, rich in ivory, of almost equ with a King hostile to European influence, recently joined by a remnant of the Soudanes from Emin Pasha in the Equatorial province.

18. The existence of a demand among th European commodities and comforts, but a all but the lowest classes to work of any sort.

19. The absence of any natural produ possibly, coffee, which would pay for expo circumstances.


20. Great neglect, up to the present, of the road between ganda and the east coast, and the failure of the Imperial British st Africa Company to effect any improvement in the means of insport of goods, which is now dependent on human porterage, d costs nearly 3001. a-ton.

21. The presence of a large number of Soudanese, consisting of me 500 partly trained and armed soldiers, with nearly 6,000 omen, children, and followers, who were brought, part into the untry and part to its western frontier, from Kavalli by the ompany's officers.

22. The hatred and terror inspired by these Soudanese exoldiers, and the deeds of cruelty practised upon native men and omen by that portion of them who were left by the Company, npaid and uncontrolled, on the western frontier of Uganda.

23. The danger, or indeed, the certainty, of an almost immediate esuscitation of slave-raiding and slave-trading in the event of the rithdrawal of European control.

24. The existence of a possible line of communication by a chain of lakes to the mouth of the Zambezi.

Of these factors, to which might be added several others of minor importance, those of a purely economic character would appear to weigh on the side of evacuation, since no hope need be entertained of Uganda being able, at all events for some years to come, to defray the cost of its occupation; while those of a philanthropic or strategical nature may be quoted in favour of the maintenance of some form of British preponderance.

The possible solutions of the whole question appear to me to be five in number:

(1.) Evacuation, pure and simple.

(2.) The transfer of Uganda and the sphere of influence to Zanzibar.

(3.) Administration by Zanzibar as a tenant of Her Majesty's Government.

(4.) Direct administration by Her Majesty's Government.

(6.) A compromise between the last three, by which the English sphere of influence may be maintained, with the help of Zanzibar, at as small a cost as possible to both countries.

In considering the course to be adopted, the first question which submits itself is that of the responsibility of Her Majesty's Government for Treaties coneluded by a Chartered Company, and subsequently approved by the Secretary of State. Of this nature are, I believe, the Treaties concluded with various Chiefs on the east and west sides of Uganda proper. Some of these Chiefs, the stronger ones, would perhaps be ready to give their consent to the abrogation of these Treaties, but the weaker ones would not be so willing,

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