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the imputation of the latter character. on the nuptials of their Royal Highnesses They would neither desire nor expect the Prince and Princess of Wales, your that he should count over pounds, shil- Commons proceeded to take into their lings, and pence, with the minuteness of consideration the several points to which a petty tradesman. It was evident that your majesty was pleased to direct their the bill was respectful to his Royal High- attention, with as much dispatch as their ness in the highest degree; it showed that peculiar importance would allow: and the public took an interest in his debts, they trust that their conduct has maniand felt even their own honour to be in- fested the cordial satisfaction which they volved with the preservation of that of derive from an eyept intimately connected the Prince of Wales. The restrictions with the happiness of your majesty, and were intended not to wound the honour the welfare of your people. Some of the of the Prince, but to shield him in future provisions and regulations which have been from the imprudences to which men of adopted on this occasion, arose from cirhis exalted rank were exposed. They cumstances, which, painful as they unwere restrictions, not on the Prince, nor doubtedly were, would be a subject of on future princes of Wales, but on those deeper regret to your Commons, if they about them, who had it in their power, had not produced that gracious communi. by wise and regular means, to restrain cation of the sentiments and wishes of his the hand of extravagance, and guard Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, against profusion.
which could not fail to confirm the hopes The bill having gone through the com- and gratify the feelings of a generous and mittee, was reported. On the 26th, it loyal people. In discharging their duty was read a third time and passed. on this important occasion, your Com
mons have been actuated by the persuaThe Speaker's Speech to the King on pre- sion, that the true interests of your masenting the Money Bills.] June 27. His jesty's illustrious family are not to be seMajesty came in state to the House of parated from those of the nation; a prinPeers, and having sent a message by the ciple which animates the loyalty of all Black Rod, to summon the attendance of classes of your majesty's subjects, and the other House, the Commons, with which binds their duty and affection to a their Speaker, came to the bar, when Mr. constitution which they love and revere. Speaker addressed his Majesty as follows: « Another bill, which it is my duty to
“ Most gracious Sovereign; Your faith- present to your majesty, is for the purful Commons humbly attend your majesty pose of providing such a jointure for her with the bills which close the supply for Royal Highness the Princess of Wales, the public service of ihe year. Impressed as is suited to her rank, her dignity, and with a due sense of the nature and impor- her virtues. In approaching your majesty tance of the contest in which your majesty with this bill, your Commons are impressed is engaged, your Commons have thought with the most earnest and anxious hopes, it necessary to make the most ample pro that if ever the provision should be ren. vision for the several branches of the pub. dered effectual, it may not become so, unlic service. In discharging the painful til, under the favour of Divine Providence, but indispensable duty of imposing addi. a long and uninterrupted continuance of tional burthens on their constituents, they happiness has been experienced from a have derived just consolation and satisfac- union, not more calculated to promote the tion from the state of the credit, the com- domestic comforts of your majesty, and merce, and resources of the country; of your illustrious family, than to give and they are encouraged and gratified by ditional security to those liberties and that the hope that the liberality and exertions constitution, which were preserved by of your faithful subjects will be rewarded your majesty's ancestors, which have been by the restoration of peace, on such a maintained and cherished by your gracifoundation, as will give increased security, ous care and protection, and which it is to the unexampled blessings so long ex- the fervent wish and prayer of your maperienced by these kingdoms.
jesty's faithful subjecis that this country “ Other objects, not less interesting to inay continue to enjoy, to the latest the feelings of your majesty and of the posterity, under your majesty's royal denation, have also employed the delibera- scendants." tions of your Commons. In consequence of your majesty's most gracious message The King's Speech at the Close of the
Session.) The Bills having severally re- conduct of lord Bridport. I have every ceived the royal assent, his Majesty made reason to rely on the continuance of the the following Speech to both Houses : distinguished bravery and conduct of my “ My Lords, and Gentlemen ;
fleet and armies, as well as of the zeal, The zealous and uniform regard which spirit, and perseverance of my people, you have shown to the general interests of which have been uniformly manifested my people, and particularly the prudent, through the whole course of this just and firm, and spirited support which you have necessary war.” continued to afford me, in the prosecu- The parliament was then prorogued to tion of the great contest in which we are the 5th of August. It was afterwards still unavoidably engaged, demand my further prorogued to the 29th of Octobes. warmest acknowledgments. “ The encouragement which my allies
SIXTH SESSION must derive from the knowledge of your sentiments, and the extraordinary exer. tions which you have enabled me to make,
SEVENTEENTH PARLIAMENT in supporting and augmenting my naval and military forces, afford the means most likely to conduce to the restoration of
GREAT BRITAIN. peace to these kingdoms, and to the reestablishment of general tranquillity, on The King's Speech on Opening the Sesa secure, an honourable, and a lasting sion.) October 29, 1795. His Majesty foundation.
opened the Session with the following “ Gentlemen of the House of Commons; Speech to both Houses :
“I have to return you my hearty thanks « My Lords and Gentlemen, for the liberal and ample supplies which “ It is a great satisfaction to me to the resources of the country have enabled reflect, that, notwithstanding many events you to provide, beyond all former exam- unfavourable to the common cause, the ple, for the various exigencies of the pub. prospect resulting from the general situar lic service. I have also to acknowledge, tion of affairs has, in many important regwith peculiar sensibility, the recent proof pects, been materially improved in the which you have given me of your attach- course of the present year. ment to my person and family, in the pro. “ In Italy, the threatened invasion of vision which you have made for settling the the French has been prevented; and they establishment of the Prince and Princess have been driven back from a considerable of Wales, and for extricating the Prince part of the line of coast which they had from the incumbrances in which he was occupied :-- There is also reason to hope involved.
that the recent operations of the Aug. " My Lords, and Gentlemen;
trian army have checked the progress “ It is impossible to contemplate the in- which they have made on the side of Ger. ternal situation of the enemy with whom many, and frustrated the offensive prowe are contending, without indulging a jects which they were pursuing in that hope, that the present circumstances of quarter. France may, in their effects, hasten the 6. The successes which have attended return of such a state of order and regular their military operations in other parts of government as may be capable of main- the campaign, and the advantages which taining the accustomed relations of amity they have derived from the conclusion of and peace with other powers. The issue, separate treaties, with some of the powers however, of these extraordinary transac- who were engaged in the war, are far from tions, is out of the reach of human fore- compensating the evils which they expesight. Till that desireable period arrives, rience from its continuance. The destrucwhen my subjects can be restored to the tion of their commerce, the diminution of secure enjoyment of the blessings of their maritime power, and the unparalleled peace, I shall not fail to make the most embarrassment and distress of their ineffectual use of the force which you have ternal situation, have produced the imput into my hands. It is with the utmost pression which was naturally to be exsatisfaction that I have recently received pected ; and a general sense appears to the advices of an important and brilliant prevail throughout France, that the success obtained over the enemy, by a only relief from the increasing pressure detachment of my fleet under the able of these difficulties must arise from the restoration of peace, and the establish- of Commerce, with the United States of ment of some settled system of govern- America, which I announced to you last ment.
year, have now been exchanged. I have “ The distraction and anarchy which directed copies of these treaties to be laid have so long prevailed in that country, before you. have led to a crisis, of which it is as yet “Gentlemen of the House of Commons, impossible to foresee the issue, but which " It is matter of deep concern to me, must, in all human probability, produce that the exigencies of the public service consequences highly important to the in will require farther additions to the heary terests of Europe. Should this crisis ter- burthens which have been unavoidably minate in any order of things compatible imposed on my people. I trust that their with the tranquillity of other countries, pressure will, in some degree be alleviated and affording a reasonable expectation of by the flourishing state of our commerce security and permanence in any treaty and manufactures, and that our expenses which might be concluded, the appear- though necessarily great in their amount, ance of a disposition to negociate for ge- will, under the actual circumstances of neral peace, on just and suitable terms, the war, admit of considerable diminution will not fail to be met, on my part, with in comparison with those of the present an earnest desire to give it the fullest year. and speediest effect. But I am persuaded
“ My Lords and Gentlemen, you will agree with me, that nothing is so
" I have observed for some time past, likely to ensure and accelerate this desira- with the greatest anxiety, the very high ble end, as to show that we are prepared price of grain, and that anxiety is infor either alternative, and are determined creased by the apprehension that the proto prosecute the war with the utmost / duce of the wheat harvest, in the present energy and vigour, until we have the year may not have been such as effecmeans of concluding, in conjunction with tually to relieve my people from the diffiour allies, such a peace as the justice of culties with which they have had to contend. our cause and the situation of the enemy The spirit of order and submission to the may entitle us to expect.
laws which, with very few exceptions, has With this view I am continuing to manifested itself under this severe presmake the greatest exertions for maintain-sure, will, I am surc, be felt by you as an ing and improving our naval superiority, additional incentive to apply yourselves, and for carrying on active and vigorous with the utmost diligence, to the conside operations in the West-Indies, in order to ration of such measures as may tend to secure and extend the advantages which alleviate the present distress, and to prewe have gained in that quarter, and which vent, as far as possible, the renewal of siare so nearly connected with our com- milar embarrassments in future. Nothing mercial resources and maritime strength. has been omitted on my part that
appear“ I rely, with full confidence, on the ed likely to contribute to this end; and, continuance of your firm and zealous sup- you may be assured of my hearty conport, on the uniform bravery of my feets currence in whatever regulations the wisand armies, andon the fortitude, persever- dom of parliament may adopt, on a subance, and public spirit of all ranks of my ject so peculiarly interesting to my people people.
whose welfare will ever be the object near“ The acts of hostility committed by est my heart. the United Provinces, under the influence His Majesty then retired and their and control of France have obliged me to lordships adjourned to five o'clock. treat them as in a state of war with this country.
Attack on his Majesty.] The House be• The fleet which I have employed in ing again met, the North Seas has received the most cor
Lord Grenville rose and stated, that, dial and active assistance from the naval previous to the discussion of the king's force furnished by the empress of Russia, Speech, he wished to draw their lordships and has been enabled 'effectually to attention to a subject of great and immecheck the operations of the enemy in that diate importance, he therefore wished thaç quarter.
the bar should be cleared. Being inform“ I have concluded engagements of de. ed that the question on the Speech must fensive alliance with the two imperial be first disposed of, he moved, that it be courts ; and the ratifications of the Treaty taken into consideration to-morrow. The
Onslow, who, as one
of the lords of the Whether you are understood right, that
bar was then cleared, after which lord I could not do it, without danger of being Westmoreland, who rode in the carriage trod upon, I requested one of them would with the king, stated the insult and out. draw back; upon finding which I immediately rage with which his majesty had been seized him, and drew him in close to the cartreated ; and added, that his majesty, and riage, and conveyed him to the Court-yard of
St. James's, where I believe he now is. those who had accompanied him were of
On what part of the pavement was the opinion, that the glass of his coach had coach, when the glass was broken ?--Almost been broken by a ball from un air gun the centre of the coach way, just going from which had been shot from the window of crossing of Bridge-street; just opposite to a a house adjoining the Ordnance office. bow window house by the Ordnance office, on This statement was corroborated by lord this side of the office. bedchamber, had also accompanied his you saw whatever struck the glass as it came majesty ; and the House was resolved into through the air, before it touched the glass ? a committee of privileges; before which
You cannot say what it was?-It is utterly the following examinations took place. impossible, it came with such velocity. Mr. John Walford, of Pall-Mall, Haber the carriage, or passed through the carriage
Whether it struck upon the glass side of dasher, was called in; and being sworn, first? - It siruck the glass which was up; imwas examined as follows:
mediately after I saw his Majesty look down. Were you called out on this day by the high What size did you apprehend this misconstable ?-1 was.
chievous weapon to be of?-I observed at Upon what duty ?—The office of constable, the time it must be the size of a marble or which I serve at present.
bullet. Where was you stationed; and what part Do you judge from its size in the air, or of the attendance had you? I was stationed from the hole it made in the glass ?-It was by Mr. Jones, the high constable, at the impossible to judge of its size as it passed, Horse Guards.
but I judged from the hole it made in the Did you place yourself according to that glass. direction? Yes.
Whether, at the time this weapon passed, Did you attend his majesty's coach from you observed the man where you have before the Horse Guards to the House of Lords ?- described ?-I saw him immediately after; at Yes; on the right hand side of his Majesty's the time my eyes were not on the pavement. carriage.
When you then saw him, was he upon the Give an account of what you observed in pavement?-Whether on the foot pavement that attendance?-On entering into Parlia- or not, I cannot tell. The Horse Guards were ment-street, I observed one man in particular between the mob and the constable. among the crowd very active; which I ob. Did you observe any thing in the hands of served to Mr. Stockdale, my brother consta- the man during any part of the time ?-I did ble, at the time. This man was running by 'not. the side of the house, calling out “ No war! | Have you any reason to know whether he Down with George !” And on our entrance had any thing in his hand or not; any recolinto Palace-yard, I observed something came lection of it I did not see his hands at all. with great velocity from the foot pavement, Whereabouts was it that you saw him freas I thought; on which I observed to Mr. quently stooping down?—In the Park, by Stockdale, “ Good God! the glass is broke! Carleton-gardens. That must surely be a ball." His Majesty When you said, “ Good God! it must be a then passed on to the House, and I observed ball!" did you mean to say, that it must be the man with the crowd perfectly quiet Im- discharged by an instrument?-I made the mediately on his Majesty's coming out of the observation, that nothing could throw it with House, they set up a hooting and hissing. I that velocity, but an instrument. did not observe the man any more, particu- Whether you observed any other outrage larly, till I got into the Park; I then per- committed on the carriage in which his maceived him frequently stoop down, but whe- jesty was?-Several. ther he picked up any thing or not I cannot state them to the House ? - By repeatedly say; but at that time there were many stones , throwing stones. being thrown about. Hearing him make the Do you mean by the same man, or others? same exclamation again, I told him, if not - I do not positively say that this man threw quiet, I most assuredly should take him into any; by others many were thrown. custody.
You have stated that you heard this man The exclamation of, “ Down with George!" ' use the expression, “ Down with George! again?-Yes; his still repeating it, when I No war !” Did you hear any other persons came opposite to Carleton Gardens, I made use expressions of treason or disrespect?--Se. one o two attempts to seize him, by putting veral repeating the same. my haads between the Horse Guards. Finding Did they appear to be persons aiding or (VOL. XXXII.]
abetting this man, or accidental persons, dif-, crowd, and a number of persons, about forty ferently dispersed in the crowd !--I cannot or fifty, going near the king's coach, hissing say whether they were immediately of his , and inaking a great deal of noise, and crying party; but, there was one party, whom I ob- out, “ No war! No George!” and a number served the whole of the way, keeping by the l of expressions of that kind side of the carriage, both to the House of What other expressions ?--A number of Peers and back again; the same people. others, which I did not take particular notice
Were they merely men; or men and women what they were. Mr. Walford mentioned to indiscriminately?- They were entirely con- he observed some of the persons that sisting of men and boys,
were very active in hissing and making a riot. Did you conceive any of them spoke with a Nothing particular happened, till I observed, French accent, so as that you might think when we came to the narrow part of Palacethey were Frenchmen?-No, I did not. yard, when I saw something thrown at his
Are any of them in custody :--There are majesty's carriage, and heard it hit the glass, three, I believe.
Mr. Walford, who was standing close by me (I Upon your seizing the man, did he make was then within a few yards of the carriage) resistance, or show any alarm; or what was remarked to me, that he thought that was his behaviour on the occasion ?-lle struggled the person who flung it, and desired me to as very much to get away; on which I was sist in seizing him, and pointed out the man. obliged to have the assistance of one or two But as the crowd was very thick, I did not take other constables to convey him.
any particular notice, as I thought it impossible Was he alarmcd ?--Very much.
to seize any man, the crowd was going so Did he say any thing? What was his beha- quick. Nothing farther passed till his majesty viour after you seized him ?-IIe said, “ Good alighted, when Mr. Walford observed the God! that I should ever be suspected of dis- man alluded to standing in company with loyalty !"
some others near the carriage : he made this After he was seized, was he encouraged, or remark, that he believed that was the man otherwise addressed by any of the other per- that fung the stone, and that was so very sons whom you remarked? --It was impossible active; and pointed him out, I believe, to one any of them could get to us for the horse; of the Bow-street persons; I don't know the but he kept repeating the whole way, “He person, but they said his name was Kennedy. thought there could be no harm in acquaint. After his majesty was in the coach, and set ing his majesty with their grievances." off on his return home to the palace, we ob
At the time you seized him, and he strug- served this same person, with a number of gled, did any body attempt to rescue him? -- others, that had followed the coach at the I conceive it was impossible they could at- same time downwards, keeping company on tempt any thing of the kind, from the horse the side of the coach in a very disorderly closing immediately upon us. We were sur- manner, hissing and groaning, and calling oui, rounded directly by them.
"No war!” and making use of a number of Was it generally observed by the persons disagreeable expressions. who surrounded the king's carriage, that this What expressions ?-Such as “No war !" man was taken into custody ?-Do you mean and I believe" No King !” And this person, the constables, or the mob.
with several others that went down and came The mob?—I really cannot say.
up, making frequent exertions to get through Did you search the man you seized ?-We from amongst the horse to the king's carriage, did.
which by niain force we put back betwixt the Did you find any weapon about him ?- horses. When we had got about the middle There was nothing at all found in his pockets of the park, the constable who was with me (I of any kind.
believe his name is Walford) addressed him Did the man appear to be in liquor ?-No. self particularly to the young man that was
Did the ball appear to come in an horizontal taken up, desiring him to be peaceable and direction?-I really cannot tell, it came with behave better, or he would take him into cus such velocity
tody. He, with others, appeared to be very
insolent, to set the constable at defiance; upon Then Mr. John Stockdale, Bookseller of Piccadilly, was called in; and being we got to St. James's. Nothing else passed,
which he was seized and kep! in custody till sworn, was examined as follows:
that I know of. Are you serving the office of constable now? Did you see any body in the act of throw -Yes.
ing ?--I did not. Had
you notice from the high constable to Were you or Walford foremost when the glass attend to-day?-Yes.
broke?_We were nearly together; he was a Where were you placed ?-At the Horse yard or two before me. Guards.
Did Walford make any observation to you Were you all the time near the last witness, upon it?-He did. Walford ?---I was.
What was il!-lle said, “ I am certain that Give an account, then, what you observed was the man that fung the stone; let us seize from the Ilorse Guards ?-I observed a great him," -alluding to the person that was atter.