Soviet Union, June 1972-August 1974
The Foreign Relations of the United States series presents the official documentary historical record of major foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity of the United States Government.
This volume is part of a subseries of the Foreign Relations of the United States that documents the most significant foreign policy issues and major decisions of the administrations of Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford. Five volumes in this subseries, volumes XII through XVI, cover U.S. relations with the Soviet Union. This specific volume documents United States policy toward Soviet Union from June 1972 until August 1974, following closely the development of the administration's policy of Détente and culminating with President Nixon's resignation in August 1974.
This volume continues the practice of covering U.S.-Soviet relations in a global context, highlighting conflict and collaboration between the two superpowers in the era of Détente. Chronologically, it follows volume XIV, Soviet Union, October 1971- May 1972, which documents the May 1972 Moscow Summit between President Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. This volume includes numerous direct personal communications between Nixon and Brezhnev covering a host of issues, including clarifying the practical application of the SALT I and ABM agreements signed in Moscow. Other major themes covered include the war in Indochina, arms control, the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSE), commercial relations and most-favored-nation status, grain sales, the emigration of Soviet Jews, Jackson-Vanik legislation, and the October 1973 Arab-Israeli war.
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Sonnenfeldt forwarded the memorandum to Kissinger under a covering July 15 memorandum with the recommendation that he sign it . According to an attached routing memorandum , it was sent to the President for decision on July 17 .
SUBJECT Peterson Backchannels on Cuban Shipping Restrictions and Soviet Maritime Agreement Secretary Peterson ( and Sonnenfeldt ) have sent you several messages requesting guidance on issues arising out of NSAM 2202 restrictions on use ...
Sonnenfeldt has sent in his version of options , cleared with Peterson ( Tab D ) . He seems to be favoring establishing a Soviet shipping company immediately , with Soviet assurances against future use .
2 Attached but not printed is backchannel message 2741 from Peterson and Sonnenfeldt to Kissinger , July 24 . 3 July 24 . Attached but not printed is backchannel message 2760 from Sonnenfeldt 46 Foreign Relations , 1969–1976 , Volume ...
Sonnenfeldt thinks that the best tactic is to let the Soviets think over Peterson's presentations . Peterson may see Brezhnev in the Crimea on Sunday , 4 but the result may be that there will be no maritime agreement to sign during the ...