Soviet Union, June 1972-August 1974
The Foreign Relations of the United States series presents the official documentary historical record of major foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity of the United States Government.
This volume is part of a subseries of the Foreign Relations of the United States that documents the most significant foreign policy issues and major decisions of the administrations of Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford. Five volumes in this subseries, volumes XII through XVI, cover U.S. relations with the Soviet Union. This specific volume documents United States policy toward Soviet Union from June 1972 until August 1974, following closely the development of the administration's policy of Détente and culminating with President Nixon's resignation in August 1974.
This volume continues the practice of covering U.S.-Soviet relations in a global context, highlighting conflict and collaboration between the two superpowers in the era of Détente. Chronologically, it follows volume XIV, Soviet Union, October 1971- May 1972, which documents the May 1972 Moscow Summit between President Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. This volume includes numerous direct personal communications between Nixon and Brezhnev covering a host of issues, including clarifying the practical application of the SALT I and ABM agreements signed in Moscow. Other major themes covered include the war in Indochina, arms control, the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSE), commercial relations and most-favored-nation status, grain sales, the emigration of Soviet Jews, Jackson-Vanik legislation, and the October 1973 Arab-Israeli war.
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This volume includes numerous direct personal communications between Nixon and Brezhnev covering a host of issues , including clarifying the practical application of the SALT I and ABM agreements signed in Moscow .
Accordingly , Secretary Peterson should be instructed to press the Soviets hard on this issue . If you agree , I will personally review the importance of this approach with Pete Peterson before his Moscow trip .
As the Ambassador will undoubtedly report to you , we had an opportunity to discuss these important issues at some length ... the joint State / Commerce / Agriculture memorandum of July 72 on this issue , and he has decided as follows .
State is feeling the pressure of growing public and Congressional correspondence on the Summit talks / Soviet Jewry issue , correspondence either complimenting the President or questioning whether he did raise the issue .
He wrote at the bottom of the memorandum : “ nonsense — this case is a farse ( sic ) —we are not going to jeopardize between now and November what we're doing w / Sovs on this issue . ” On July 26 , Haig wrote to Kissinger : “ Judy ...