Petroleum: Its History, Origin, Occurrence, Production, Physical and Chemical Constitution, Technology, Examination and Uses; Together with the Occurrences and Uses of Natural Gas

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H.C. Baird & Company, 1894 - Gas industry - 715 pages

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Contents

CHAPTER II
37
Density of Pennsylvania oils Determination of the density of petroleum
42
CHAPTER IV
49
Inorganic admixtures Occurrence of gold in the ashes of crude petro
55
Fossil paraffins Ethylene olefine type Actual ethylenes
62
Other series of hydrocarbons Acetylene series Camphene series
68
Combinations rich in carhon
69
Cpetroleum naphtha petroleum benzine safety oil Danforth oil
75
Analyses of natural gases from Murraysville Speechley and Fre
82
Recognition of disturbances of the oilbed
88
The process of formation not identical with the processes of distillation
99
Difference in opinions regarding the origin of petroleum Peculiar view
121
Theories advanced by M Coquand Grabowski and C H Hitchcock
127
G P Wall and Krugers observations of the occurrence of asphalt
133
From animals Opinions of various scientists
139
Residues left behind by animals and plants
145
Alexejews apparatus 342
147
From plants and animals Prof Lesleys view of the formation of Penn
151
Reasons advanced by several scientists that petroleum has been formed
154
Process of the formation of petroleum
158
Occurrence of bitumen at Seyssel on the Rhone France Occurrence
160
Early methods of obtaining oil in Galicia the United States and Ger
166
Boring machinery of the Well Works Co of Aurora Ill Average per
172
The derrick and its construction The engine and its connections
176
String of drilling tools
180
Faucks boring system with freefall drill
186
Faucks selfacting freefall jars
192
Recovery of the tubing
198
Cost of drilling wells
204
Tank vessels early use of tank vessels in Russia Improvements
210
Russian tank steamers
216
United Pipe Lines Association
221
Storage tanks and specifications for their construction
229
Pipe lines in the Caucasus
235
CHAPTER VIII
241
Englers apparatus Results of Englers examinations of various kinds
248
Distillation with the thermometerbulb in the gas space
254
Table for the reduction to the normal temperature of 59 F of
259
Receiving crude oil Pipes and tanks in use
265
Prof Benjamin Sillimans experiments Isaiah Warrens still Construc
271
Wagon still
278
Impracticability of the use of air for condensing Original form of con
284
Open method of distributing tanks
291
Flashing point of the distillates Manufacture of light products
296
Heckmanns naphtha still
302
Evolution of sulphurous acid in treating the distillate with sulphuric
309
Systems of conveying air to the agitator Principal systems of refining
315
System with one vessel
321
Settling tanks
327
Arrangement of a dephlegmator
379
Purposes of refining crude shale oil Process of refining Chemical treat
385
Ramdohrs filtering apparatus
391
Drum for pulverizing bone black
397
Methods of testing which have to be executed in determining the physi
405
Table showing results obtained by fractional distillation of different
411
Flashing point
417
Apparatuses with open petroleumholders Tagliabues open tester
423
Abels apparatus as introduced in England Parrish naphthometer
432
Englers apparatus improved by K Neumann
439
Victor Meyers method of determining the flashing temperatur
440
Penskys apparatus
448
Requirements which a testing apparatus should answer
454
Importance of the viscosity of lubricating oils and their behavior when
461
Wilsons viscosimeter
467
Prof Stefano Paglianis viscosimeter for the determination of the
473
Stahls apparatus Simpler tests employed by manufacturers Tests as
476
Ingham and Stapfers lubricanttesting machine Prof R H Thurstons
486
Table showing the results obtained in testing a series of vegetable
494
Jaehns testing machine for the examination and choice of lubricants
500
Value of experiments with testing machines
507
Preparation of the standard candles for making experiments Munich
514
Condition of the room in which the photometric measurements are
522
AHrminatiou of acidity
544
Gasoline and its use for the manufacture of illuminating and fuel gas
555
Use of petroleum and its products for driving motors Methods by which
561
Priestman petroteum motor
568
V Schiltzs petroleum motor Motors of F Wilhelm and J Har
574
The wick and its functions Researches of Beilstein Engler and Lew
580
Arrangement of a liuigeu lamp New form of lamp adopted
587
Nonsuccess of gasified fuel General adoption of the method of combus
608
Drorys tar and oil sprinkler
615
What determines the use of petroleum for steam fuel Creation of
621
Apparatuses for locomotives Experiments of St Clair Deville
627
Apparatuses for hearths Nobel and Wittenstroms stepfurnace West
634
Lubrication of marine engines and of the cold parts of stationary engines
640
Use of petroleum for medicinal purposes Petroleum ether Prof
648
Action of officinal petroleum Cosmoline and its properties
654
Use of natural gas for burning lime in the Surachani district and
662
A Hilgers analysis of oilgas S Lamanskys report on the examination
668
R Schwarzs furnace D H Knapps apparatus Pintschs gas producer
675
Content of crystallized and anhydrous salts in solutions of carbonate
681
9ft theory antprni Tue folds p lni nrr n mpYyIKjjy wrtf
690
Test for residuum fit for use Defects of residuum
697
feat for creosote carbolic acid and allied substances
703
Purification of crude paraffine
704
CHAPTER XII
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