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March 2, 1899.

CHAP. 398.--An Act To provide for the construction of a public building at the city of Janesville, Wisconsin.

Janesville, Wis.

Public building au. thorized

Limit of cost.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and is hereby, authorized and directed to purchase, acquire by condemnation, or otherwise provide a site for a suitable building for the accommodation of the post-office and other Government offices at the city of Janesville, Wisconsin, and cause such building to be erected thereon. The plans, specifications, and full estimates of said building shall be previously made and approved according to law, and shall not exceed, for the site and building, the sum of fifty thousand dollars: Provided, That the site shall leave the building unexposed to danger from fire in neighboring buildings by an open space of not less than thirty feet, including streets and alleys.

Approved, March 2, 1899.

Provixo.
Fire space.

March 2, 1899.

Creston, Iowa.

Public building au. thorized,

Limit of cost.

CHAP. 399.-An Act For the erection of a public building at Creston, Iowa.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and is hereby, authorized and directed to purchase a site for a suitable building, with fireproof vaults therein, for the accommodation of the post-otfice and other Government offices at the city of Creston, Iowa, and cause such building to be erected thereon. The plans, specifications, and full estimates of said building shall be previously made and approved according to law, and shall not exceed, for the site and building complete, the sum of fifty thousand dollars: Provided, That the site shall leave the building unexposed to danger from fire in adjacent buildings by an open space of not less than forty feet, includ. ing streets and alleys.

Approved, March 2, 1899.

Proviso.
Fire space.

March 2, 1899.

Oskaloosa, Iowa.

CHAP. 400.-An Act To construct a public building at Oskaloosa, Iowa, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United

States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the horized building au: Treasury is bereby authorized and directed to acquire, by purchase or

otherwise, a site and to cause to be erected thereon a substantial and suitable building, for use of the post-office and other Government pur. poses, at Oskaloosa, Iowa. The site and building, when complete, shall not cost to exceed fifty thousand dollars. The site shall not be purchased until estimates for the erection of the building, suitable and sufficient for the public purpose, costing not to exceed the residue of the sun herein limited after the purchase and payment for the site, shall have first been approved by said Secretary; and the cost of building and site is limited to said sum of fifty thousand dollars.

Approved, March 2, 1899.

Limuit of cost.

March 3, 1899.

CHAP. 413.-An Act To reorganize and increase the efficiency of the personnel of the Navy and Marine Corps of the United States.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Navy.

States of America in Congress assembleil, That the officers constituting permette lineerpe the Engineer Corps of the Navy be, and are hereby, transferred to the

line of the Navy, and shall be commissioned accordingly.

from Naval A

Proviso.
Precedence to line

Rank in line of en.

1881 to 1882.

Pronisos.

course in 1881, 1882.

SEC. 2. That engineer officers holding the relative rank of captain, Engineersto rauk commander, and lieutenant-commander shall take rank in the line of dates of attaining relthe Navy according to the dates at which they attained such relative ative rank. rank. Engineer officers graduated from the Naval Academy froin Engineer gradnates

lemy eighteen hundred and sixty-eight to eighteen hundred and seventy-six, from 1848 10 1876. both years inclusive, shall take rank in the line next after officers in the line who graduated from the Naval Academy in the same year with them : Prorided, That when the date of a line officer's commission as captain, commander, or lieutenant-commander and the date when the officer livre commis engineer officer attained the same relative rank of captain, commander, sion of same date as or lieutenant-commander are the same, the engineer officer shall také rank after such line officer. SEC. 3. That engineer officers who completed their Naval Acadeiny

gineer course of four years from eighteen hundred and seventy-eight to eight. academic course from een hundred and eighty, both inclusive, shall take rank in the line as 1878 to 1880. determined by the Academic Board under the Department's instructions of December first, eighteen hundred and ninety-seven; and engi neer officers who completed their Naval Academy course of four years in eighteen hundred and eighty-one and eighteen hundred and eighty. two shall take rank in the line as determined by the merit roll of grad. uating classes at the conclusion of the six years' course, June, eighteen hundred and eighty-three and eighteen hundred and eighty-four: Provided, That those engineer officers who were appointed from civil life, and whose status is not fixed by section two of this Act, shall take ciletments from rank with other line officers according to the dates of their first commissions, respectively: And provided further, That the engineer officers officers completing who completed their Naval Academy course of four years in eighteen hundred and eighty-one and ghtee bundred and eighty-two shall retain among themselves the same relative standing as shown on the Yavy Register at the date of the passage of this Act.

Sec. 4. That engineer officers transferred to the line who are below the rank of commander, and extending down to, but not including, the first engineer who entered the Naval Academy as cadet midshipman, sball perform sea or shore duty, and such duty shall be such as is per formed by engineers in the Navy: Prorided, That any officer described in this section may, upon his own application, made within six months duties. after the passage of this Act, be assigned to the general duties of the line, if he pass the examination now provided by law as preliminary to promotion to the grade he then holds, failure to pass not to displace such officer from the list of officers for sea or shore duty such as is performed by engineers in the Navy.

SEC. 5. That engineer officers transferred to the line to perform engineer duty only who rank as, or above, commander, or who subse above cumander, no quently attain such rank, shall perform shore duty only.

have shore duty only. SEC. 6. That all engineer officers not provided for in sections four and five transferred to the line shall perform the duties now performed antico by line officers of the same grade: Provided, That after a period of two years subsequent to the passage of this Act they shall be required to -examination. pass the examinations now provided by law as preliminary to promotion to the grade they then hold, and subject to existing law governing examinations for promotion.

SEC. 7. That the active list of the line of the Navy, as constituted Composition of acby section one of this Act, shall be composed of eighteen rear-admirals, seventy captains, one hundred and twelve commanders, one hundred p. 245, ameuded. and seventy lieutenant-commanders, three bundred lieutenants, and not more than a total of three hundred and fifty lieutenants (junior grade) and ensigns: Prorided, That each rear-adıniral embraced in the nine lower numbers of that grade shall receive the same pay and allowance nine I wer numbers. as are now allowed a brigadier general in the Army. Officers, after Ensigu. performing three years' service in the grade of ensign, shall, after passing the examinations now required by law, be eligible to promotion to the grade of lieutenant (junior grade): Provided, That when the office of chief of bureau is filled by an officer below the rank of rank as rear-admiral.

Duties of engineer officers below rank of commander.

Proriso. -examination for lipo

Officers transferred for engineer duty,

Other engineer otticers to perform lino

Proviso.

tire list, live.

RS, sec. 1362, 1363,

Provisos.

,

Chief of bureau to modores.

rank

ited.

ment.

ment.

rear admiral, said officer shall, while holding said office, have the rank

of rear-admiral and receive the same pay and allowance as are now Retirement of com. allowed a brigadier general in the Army: And provided further, That

nothing contained in this section shall be construed to prevent the retirement of officers who now have the rank or relative rank of com

modore with the rank and pay of that grade: And provided further, With relative That all sections of the Revised Statutes which, in defining the rank of

officers or positions in the Navy, contain the words “the relative rack of” are hereby amended so as to read “the rank of,” but officers whose

rank is so deined shall not be entitled, in virtue of their rank to com. Titles in staff corps mand in the line or in other staff corps. Neither shall this Act be not cbanged.

construed as changing the titles of officers in the staff corps of the appointments of Navy. No appointments shall be made of civil engineers in the Navy civil engineers lim.

on the active list under section fourteen hundrell and thirteer of the R.S., sec. 1413, p. 250. Revised Statutes in excess of the present number, twenty-one. Voluntary retire. SEC. 8. That officers of the line in the grades of captain, com

mander, and lieutenant-commander may, by official application to the Secretary of the Navy, bave their names placed on a list which shall be known as the list of " Applicants for voluntary retirement," and when at the end of any fiscal year the average vacancies for the fiscal years subsequent to the passage of this Act above the grade of commander have been less than thirteen, above the grade of lieutenautcommander less than twenty, above the grade of lieutenant less tban twenty-nine, and above the grade of lieutenant (junior grade) less than forty, the President may, in the order of the rank of the applicants, place a sufficient puinber on the retired list with the rank and threefourths the sea pay of the next higher grade, as now existing, includ. ing the grade of commodore, to cause the aforesaid vacancies for the

fiscal year then being considered. Involuntary retire.

SEC. 9. That should it be found at the end of any fiscal year that the retirements pursuant to the provisions of law now in force, the voluntary retirements provided for in this Act, and casualties are not sufficient to cause the average vacancies enumerated in section eight

of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall, on or about the first day - board to determine. of June, convene a board of five rear-admirals, and shall place at its dis

posal the service and medical records on file in the Navy Department of all the officers in the grades of captain, commander, lieutenant-comquander, and lieutenant. The board shall then select, as soon as practicable after the first day of July, a sufficient number of officers from the before-mentioned grades, as constituted on the thirtieth day of June of that year, to cause the average vacancies enumerated in section eight of this Act. Each member of said board shall swear, or affirm, that he will, without prejudice or partiality, and having in view solely the special fitness of officers and the efficiency of the naval service, perform the duties imposed upon him by this Act. Its finding, which shall be in writing, signed by all the members, not less than four governing, shall be transmitted to the President, who shall thereupon,

by order, make the transfers of such officers to the retired list as are Limit number of in. selected by the board: Provided, That not more than five captains, four medurstary retire. commanders, four lieutenant-commanders, and two lieutenants are so -- promotions to fill va- retired in any one year. The promotions to till the vacancies thus cre

ated shall date from the thirtieth day of June of the current year: re. And provided further, That any officer retired under the provisions of

this section shall be retired with the rank and three-fourths the sea pay of the next higher grade, including the grade of commodore, which is retained on the retired list for this purpose.

SEC. 10. That of the naval constructors five shall have the rank of captain, five of commander, and all others that of lieutenant-commander or lieutenant. Assistant naval constructors shall have the rank of lieutenant or lieutenant (junior grade). Assistant naval constructors shall be promoted to the grade of naval constructor after not less than eight or more than fourteen years' service as assistant naval

Provisos.

cancies, date.

T'ay of officer tired.

Naval constructors. -rank

assistants.

Proviso. -number limited.

Retirement rank, of. ficers of civil war.

Warrant officers, rank.

Prorisos.

etc.

boatswain, etc.

Examination.

Provisos. Diminished pay on

constructor: Provided, That the whole number of naval constructors and assistant naval constructors on the active list sball not exceed forty in all.

Sec. 11. That any officer of the Navy, with a creditable record, who served during the civil war, shall, when retired, be retired with the rank and three-fourths the sea pay of the next higher grade.

SEC. 12. That boatswains, gunners, carpenters, and sailmakers shall after ten years from date of warrant be commissioned chief boatswains, chief gunners, chief carpenters, and chief sailmakers, to rank with but after ensign: Provided, That the chief boatswains, chief gunners, chief carpenters, and chief sailmakers shall on promotion have the same pay -paychief boatswain, and allowances as are now allowed a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps: Provided, That the pay of boatswains, gunners, carpenters and sailmakers sball be the same as that now allowed by law: Provided,

No additional rights further, That nothing in this Act shall give additional rights to quar. to quarters, etc. ters on board ship or to command, and that immediately after the passage of this Act boatswaius, gunners, carpenters and sailmakers, who bave served in the Navy as such for fifteen years, sball be commissioned in accordance with the provisions of this section, and thereafter no warrant officer shall be promoted until he shall have passed an exam. ination before a board of chief boatswains, chief gunners, chief carpenters and chief sailmakers, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy.

SEC. 13. That, after June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and viuety. Pay line officers Na nine, commissioned officers of the line of the Navy and of the Medical Army, etc. and Pay Corps shall receive the same pay and allowances, except forage, as are or may be provided by or in pursuance of law for the officers of corresponding rank in the Army: Provided, That such officers when on shore shall receive the allowances, but fifteen per centum less pay shore. than when on sea duty; but this provision shall not apply to warrant officers commissioned under section twelve of this Act: Provided

Detail for shore duty

beyond seas. further, That when naval officers are detailed for shore duty beyond seas they shall receive the saine pay and allowances as are or may be provided by or in pursuance of law for officers of the Army detailed for duty in similar places: Provided further, That naval chaplains, who Rank of chaplains. do not possess relative rank, sball have the rank of lieutenant iú the Longevity credit on Navy; and that all officers, including warrant officers, wbo have been or from canal life. may be appointed to the Navy from civil life shall, on the date of appointment, be credited, for computing their pay, with five years' service. And all provisions of law authorizing the distribution among captors of the whole or any portion of the proceeds of vessels, or any property mies vessels" "a bol hereafter captured, condemned as prize, or providing for the payment of bounty for the sinking or destruction of vessels of the enemy here- 4632 4633, 4034, 4635

4643, pp. 901, 902, aud after occurring in time of war, are hereby repealed: And provided

903, repealed. further, That no provision of this Act shall operate to reduce the present pay of any commissioned officer now in the Navy; and in any case in which the pay of such an otticer would otherwise be reduced he shall continue to receive pay according to existing law: And pro- duExisting pay not rorided further, That nothing in this Act shall operate to increase or reduce the pay of any officer now on the retired list of the Navy.

Sec. 14. That upon the passage of this Act the Secretary of the Navy shall appoint a board for the examination of men for the position - board to examine, of warrant machinists, one hundred of whom are hereby authorized. etc. The said examination shall be opeu, first, to all machinists by trade, of good record in the naval service, and if a sufficient number of machinists froin the Navy are not found duly qualified, then any machinist of good character, not above thirty years of age, in civil life shall be eligible for such examination and appointinent to fill the remaining vacancies. All subsequent vacancies in the list of warrant macbinists shall be filled by competitive examination before a board ordered by the Secretary of the Navy, and open to all machinists by trade wbo are in the Navy, and machinists of good character, not above thirty years of age, in civil life

Prizes and bounty

ene.

ished.

R.S., secs. 4630, 4631,

upaf.

Retired list fected.

Warrant machin. ists.

warrant

Pay, etc. machinists.

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Term of enlistment,

amended.

I'roriso.
Reinlistment.

269, amended

Retirement of en. listed men.

authorized by the Secretary of the Navy to appear before said board,
and, where candidates from civil life and from the naval service possess
equal qualifications, the preference shall be given to those from the
naval service.

SEC. 15. That the pay of warrant machinists shall be the same as
that of warrant officers, and they shall be retired under the provisions
of existing law for warrant officers. Warraut machinists shall receive
at first an acting appointment, which may be made permanent under
regulations established by the Navy Department for other warrant
officers. They shall take rank with other warrant officers according to
date of appointment and shall wear such uniform as may be prescribed
by the Navy Department.

SEC. 16. That hereafter the term of enlistment of all enlisted men of Red. 1418, p. 250, the Navy shall be four years: Provided, That section fifteen hundred

and seventy-three, Revised Statutes, be amended to read: “If any R. s., sec. 1573, p. enlisted man or apprentice, being honorably discharged, shall reenlist

for four years within four months thereafter, he shall, on presenting his - bounty pay for.

honorable discharge or on accounting in a satisfactory manner for its
loss, be entitled to pay during the said four months equal to that to

which he would have been entitled if he had been employed in actual -increase of pay for. service; and that any man who has received an honorable discharge

from his last term of enlistment, or who has received a recommendation
for reenlistment upon the expiration of his last term of service of not
less than three years, who reenlists for a term of four years within four
months from the date of his discharge, shall receive an increase of one
dollar and thirty-six cents per month to the pay prescribed for the
rating in which he serves for each consecutive reenlistment.”

SEC. 17. That when an enlisted man or appointed petty officer has
served as such thirty years in the United States Navy, either as an
enlisted man or petty officer, or both, he shall, by making application
to the President, be placed on the retired list hereby created, with the
rank held by him at the date of retirement; and he shall thereafter
receive seventy-five per centum of the pay and allowances of the rank

or rating upon which he was retired : Provided, That if said enlisted civil, etc., wars.

man or appointed petty officer had active service in the Navy or in the
Army or Marine Corps, either as volunteer or regular, during the civil
or Spanish-American war, such war service shall be computed as double
time in computing the thirty years necessary to entitle him to be retired:
And provided further, That applicants for retirement under this section

sball, unless physically disqualified for service, be at least fifty years
Marine Corps, SEC. 18. That from and after the date of the approval of this Act the
Composition of line.
R.S., s. 1596, p. 272, active list of the line officers of the United States Marine Corps shall

consist of one brigadier-general commandant, five colonels, five lieuten-
ant colonels, ten majors, sixty captains, sixty first lieutenants and sixty
second lieutenants: Proridei, That vacancies in all grades in the line

created by this section shall be filled as far as possible by promotion by Jos atual.com. mis seniority from the line officers on the active list of said Corps: And

provided further, That the commissions of officers now in the Marine Vacancies in grade Corps shall not be vacated by this act: And provided further, That of brigadier general.

vacancies in the grade of brigadier-general shall be filled by selection
from officers on the active list of the Marine Corps not below the grade
of field officer.

Sec. 19. That the vacancies existing in said Corps after the promo-
tions and appointments herein provided for shall be filled by the Presi-
dent from time to time, whenever the actual needs of the paval service
require it, first, from the graduates of the Naval Academy in the man-
ner now provided by law; or second, from those who are serving or who
have served as second lieutenants in the Marine Corps during the war

with Spain; or, third, from meritorious noncommissioned officers of the No appointments

Marine Corps; or, fourth, from civil life: Provided, That after said from civil life aftor vacancies are once filled there shall be no further appointments from

Provisos.
Credit for service in

Retirement age.

of age.

amended.

Proviso8.

Vacancies, bow filled

Original vacancies, how tilled.

Proriso.

civil life.

existing vacancies filled.

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