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say will entirely revolutionize the making of naval stores. Instead of getting the turpentine directly from the tree, they put the cord-wood right into the still, and bring out the tar and pyroligneous acid, and convert it entirely; so the original methods will be done away with. In fact, there is the beginning of more changes in that Exposition than ever happened in respect to any other exhibition in the world, because the opportunity for change is so vast and so great. If you choose to go up among the mountains, among the homespunners, you can study the whole history of any of the mechanic arts for the last century and a half in a week's journey. You can begin at the beginning of almost every art, and trace it down as you come out from those mountains, among a people who have never seen a wheeled vehicle. If you choose to go so far, you can trace every one of the arts, down to the present day, in a seven days' journey. I will only repeat one suggestive remark which was made to me by Col. Killibrew of Tennessee, when, looking over the marvellous collection of ores, minerals, and timber, I suggested that there will be ten customers to the North for one competitor. Col. Killibrew said, “Yes, Mr. Atkinson; but make one statement to your friends in the North, that there are two classes of persons we will not permit to come into this country and develop these resources.” I did not know exactly what was coming, and I asked him to define the two classes ; and he said, “ Mormons and secessionists.” (Laughter and applause.] They have had some trouble with the Mormons lately, and have had to make that classification.
I now move the following vote, sir: Voted, that Messrs. John Kilburn, B. F. Nourse, W. E. Barrows, George W. Weeks, John Scott, with such other members of this Association as they may join with themselves, constitute a committee to attend the Atlanta Cotton Exposition Dec. 6, to co-operate with the National Cotton Planters' Association in promoting the general interests of the cotton-growers and cotton-spinners of the country. Also, that this committee secure the attendance at said meeting of as many other persons who are interested in the manufacture of cotton as may be possible, whether members of this Association or not.
The motion was seconded by Mr. Draper.
Mr. ATKINSON. I trust that out of that joint meeting will come some action in respect to another suggestion that I made there ; but it requires the co-operation of others outside of this Association, in order to carry it out. This trial of cotton-gins, cotton-presses, and cleaners can be but the beginning. It is the wish of the friends of both the grower and manufacturer that there should be next winter, after the picking season is over, another trial at some point in the North; and Boston would be the right place, if the means can be provided. I trust that Philadelphia will try to get ahead of Boston, and thereby move Boston to keep up with Philadelphia. It is quite as important that the planter and grower of cotton should come here to see what a cotton-factory really is, as it was important that the cotton manufacturer should go down there and see how the cotton was handled. It is only for me to get you into mischief by making these audacious suggestions; but if you can carry them out in Boston or Philadelphia with the ability with which the much more crude suggestion, made in Atlanta, has been carried out by H. I. Kimball and his associates, you will do a very good thing.
The PRESIDENT. I will say, before putting this motion, that I should be very happy to go to Atlanta if circumstances permitted; but my engagements are such that it will be impossible for me to go there: but, if it should prove possible for me to do So, I shall be very glad to go.
The motion of Mr. Atkinson was then adopted.
Mr. DRAPER. I move that the Board of Government be authorized to make a purchase of such of these models exhibited by Mr. Hill as they may deem proper for the use of the School of Technology, as a very slight return for the privilege we have had of occupying their hall.
The PRESIDENT. I hoped the gentleman would so word his motion that they could be available to the members of the Association as well as the School of Technology.
Mr. ATKINSON. It is an excellent suggestion ; but I think I can say on behalf of the Institute that all the models belonging to the Institute are at the service of the gentlemen at any time. [Applause.]
The motion was then carried.
Mr. ATKINSON. There are other gentlemen here who have been to Atlanta, and I only made my statement to draw them out. I hope many other points will be brought out by them.
Mr. DRAPER. I am always looking for something practical
to grow out of these things, - something definite. I wish there might be a committee of this Association who should make a few simple rules that they all agree to, that should be printed in black and white, and scattered like the leaves of the forest, if you please, among these people, stating just what you want on the part of the cotton-planters. You could adopt such rules as this: “Be sure you do not mix long-staple cotton with short;” and a few other simple rules. If you should spread them there, it would be a capital thing, in my judgment.
Mr. GARSED. It will all follow, if the gentlemen go to Atlanta and meet the planters. I have no doubt these things will come out as you expect them to.
Mr. Granville Nicholson of 71 John Street, New York, was granted the floor for the purpose of calling attention to his steelwire cotton-ties; and he said,
Cotton-ties are now made of iron hoops, and their weight on each bale is about ten pounds, which amounts to 31,500 tons on the cotton crop of last year. Now a steel-wire tie is made; and the weight of those ties would have been only 12,375 tons, a saving of 19,125 tons. The exporter and consumer of cotton buys those ties, and pays for them as cotton, at ten or eleven cents a pound. The saving would have been, if wire ties were used, about $4,000,000 on the crop of last year. It is a question for the manufaeturers of cotton of New England whether this tie, or any other tie that can weigh eleven ounces, should be used. It is just as strong, perhaps stronger, and is as cheap, weighing only one-third as much, as the iron hoops. It is a very inportant question for those who are buying cotton and paying ten cents a pound for iron, when you can use a tie that only weighs one-third as much. I am speaking now of any light tie. This is the one I manufacture. If the cotton exchanges or cotton manufacturers of the country should say to the planter that he must not use a tie that weighs substantially over twelve ounces instead of one which weighs a pound and twelve ounces, a great saving could be made. My tie weighs eleven ounces, and is made of No. 9 Bessamer steel wire, and can be re-used, and for baling other things.
Mr. GOULDING. I rise, Mr. Chairman, to move that this Association tender a vote of thanks to Mr. Hill for his address and explanation of his models.
The motion was seconded and adopted.
Mr. AIKINSON, As a matter of curiosity, gesztesL, Dirt they leave may like to look at several nomespur ariais STE aud woven in the Atlanta Exposition. Here 25 : DOUBERTIT shirt and necktie ; and it is embroidered wir al SOLT Ex-Governor (now Senator) Brown Geors... WL trained to spin cotton when he was a poor George in his youth. This piece of embroidery, giver is a: :: agent of the Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Machine Lomas.) also an example of another application of machine. Tie 1 creditable to New England mechanism. I also ca: For at tion to some very wonderful and thoroughly artiste embrace done by the same person, who was in charge of the Week: & Wilson exhibit at the Exposition. One wa copie.. xtera from nature, a peacock being tied to a log for a cops. IL 0000 aud shades of the peacock's feathers being exactis reproducen. together with the lug and flowers around it. It was a gone with a sewing-machine, and you would think it is a work ci a
Mr. DRAPER. I want to bear ny testimony to this lack that all those Southern people connected with manufacturing are terribly in earnest. They are bound to learn every times that they can about manufacturing, or any thing that they undertake. They seem like new converts, so to speak. They talked with me about machinery, and they are talkios about it down there; and I want you to remember what I say, that they are very much in earnest.
Mr. SMITH. We have noticed a number of articles in the newspapers to the effect that the governor of Georgia and our friend Mr. Atkinson had the pleasure of wearing suits of clothes in the evening made from cotton which they had picked in the morning. Having been a cotton manufacturer for several years, we scratched our heads to know how this could be done ; as it must necessarily go through many different processes to be woven in time for the cloth to be colored, cut, and made up, and worn at a reception in the evening. Now, if all this is true, there is yet considerable for us to learu in regard to taking cotton and putting it into cloth. I should like to hear from Mr. Atkinson on the subject. [Applause.]
Mr. ATKINSON. There are two or three little inaccuracies in tbe statement that has been made about these suits of clothes. I will go back a little in my statement. The suits which were made for the governors before I got there were made in this way: The cotton was gathered early in the morning for the filling. The warp is in the loom, the same as a satinet warp. The warp
is not made at the same time. The warp being in the loom, the cotton was gathered in the early morning, dried off sufficiently to be ginned on the roller-gin by eight o'clock, spun upon the small spinning-frame, with four doublings, as has been stated by Col. Barrows, woven upon a Crompton loom, and, I think, by twelve o'clock the goods went to the dye-works of Mr. Thomas, outside, where they were dyed, and were brought back by two or three o'clock in the afternoon, the measure having been taken by Mr. Goss, the tailor, during the morning. The cloth was then cut, and the sewing done upon the Wheeler & Wilson sewing-machine. The garments were ready for wear by half-past six o'clock in the evening. The only difference in respect to my own suit is this, that, on the morning on which Mr. Garsed and myself and one of the governors were to have gone out in the field, it was raining so hard that we could not have picked the cotton; and therefore a portion of the previous lot was used for this coat and vest which I have on.
This suit, which was made in that way, from the ginned cotton gathered on a previous day, early in the morning, starting at eight o'clock on the gin, was sent to Mr. Kimball's house at half-past six in the evening. I changed my dress, and walked over to the house occupied by Col. Barrows, and made a call upon him, with it on my back. It will be obvious, however, to you, that, if he chose to put the number of hands to do the work, and had a warper there, he could put a double and twist warp, which would not require another sizing, into that loom, and make a jean, with a warp and filling like this, in a day; and, if you stump him to do it, I am not sure he would not do it: but the warp is not made on the same day, — the rest is all made on the same day.
Mr. Atkinson alluded to the growing importance of the smal farmers of the South, by means of whose industry and inte 1):: gence the cost of raising cotton is being reduced, and said, that while no improvements can be made in removing cotton across the ocean, science having exhausted all its resources in this direction, they were also exhausting science in getting freight brought from the South to the North; but we are getting every year into a better and better position for its working up: and if my principle is rightly stated, that the