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*The above list, corrected to November 1, was furnished by the Department of Gobernación on Oct. 31, 1923. At that time, owing to disputed elections and other disturbing influences in several states, the question of the governorship was much involved. In some cases, as in Puebla, the person who claimed to be Governor was under indictment by the Legislature, and the acting governor was one who was elected or appointed by the same body, and was recognized as interim governor by the Central Power. In San Luis Potosí the incumbent, Jorge Prieto Laurens, had not been recognized by the Central Power, but claimed to have been elected by popular franchise. In Querétaro the incumbent was Francisco Ramírez Luque, who claimed to have received a sweeping popular majority at the recent election, but who was unrecognized by the Central Power.
In some of the cases where the names of the constitutional governor and acting incumbent appear together, the former was supposedly absent on leave of absence granted by the legislature of the state. In the case of Puebla, the leave of absence was granted and the governor was then charged with crimes for which an effort was made to bring him to trial.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS*
ENVOYS EXTRAORDINARY AND MINISTERS PLENIPOTENTIARY
China (vacant), Chile, Germany, Spain (vacant), Italy, Switzerland, Holland, Guatemala, Norway, Japan, Uruguay, Argentina, Panama.
Belgium, Peru, Czechoslovakia.
CHARGÉS D'AFFAIRES AD-INTERIM
United States, France, Spain, Cuba, China, Brazil.
DIPLOMATIC SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES IN MEXICO1
(Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary)
GEORGE T. SUMMERLIN, Counselor
L. LANIER WINSLOW, First Secretary
Corrected to July, 1923. Since that date, Mr. Summerlin and Col. Parker have been transferred and Mr. Charles B. Warren has been appointed Ambassador and is now at his post.
Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, Lee R. Blohm...
Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, Harold G. Bretherton.
Chihuahua, Chihuahua, W. M. Parker Mitchell.
Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Harry B. Ott.....
Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua.
Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, John W. Dye.
Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Oscar C. Harper.
Ensenada, Lower California.
Ensenada, Lower California, Leighton Hope..
Frontera, Tabasco, Robert L. Rankin..
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Andrew J. McConnico.
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Anthony Sherman.
Guaymas, Sonora, Bartley F. Yost.
Guaymas, Sonora, John A. McPherson..
Manzanillo, Colima, Stephen E. Aguirre.
Los Mochis, Sinaloa, Harold Frederic Jones..
Mexicali, Lower California, Henry C. von Struve.
Mexicali, Lower California, Charles W. Doherty.
Mexico City, Edward P. Lowry.
Mexico City, Ernest E. Evans..
Mexico City, John McArdle
Puebla, Puebla, William O. Jenkins..
Monterey, Nuevo Leon.....
Monterey, Nuevo Leon, Paul H. Foster..
Monterey, Nuevo Leon, George D. FitzSimmons.
Nogales, Sonora, Henry C. A. Damm.
Agua Prieta, Sonora, William W. Young.
Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas.
Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Harry L. Walsh.
Salina Cruz, Oaxaca, George E. Seltzer.
Saltillo, Coahuila, Fred R. Robinson..
San Luis Potosi, San Luis Potosi....
San Luis Potosi, San Luis Potosi, Walter F. Boyle..
Tampico, Tamaulipas, James B. Stewart.
Vera Cruz, Vera Cruz...
Vera Cruz, Vera Cruz, John Q. Wood..
FOREIGN COMMERCE OF MEXICO IN FIRST HALF OF 1923,
GENERAL INFORMATION SHEET. THE MEXICO CITY
POPULATION, RACE AND STANDARDS OF LIVING
This Consular District includes the Federal District, the States of Mexico, Queretaro, Hidalgo, Tlaxcala, Morelos and Puebla, and parts of the States of Michoacan and Oaxaca. The population, according to the 1921 census, is approximately six millions, or nearly one-half the population of the Republic.
Most of the inhabitants outside of the cities are full-blood Indians. Of the total population at least 80% are illiterate and indigent having the lowest standards of living, consuming the barest necessities of clothing, food and shelter and no luxuries. Corn and beans constitute the staple articles of food. Scant cotton covering for the body with, perhaps, a native blanket for a winter coat and sandals for the feet supply the usual clothing. Four walls and a roof, with dirt floor and no heating or sanitary accommodations is the customary housing for a family of this numerous class.
There is no middle class outside of the cities where clerks, small tradesmen and minor government officials form a limited class between the two extremes.
AREA, CLIMATE AND TOPOGRAPHY
The area of the Mexico City District is approximately 108,000 square miles. The greater part lies on the high plateau and is very mountainous but with many fertile valleys. Mexico City has an altitude of 7,434 feet above sea level. The climate is equable; the temperature ranging from 35 to 90 degrees, but rarely reaching either extreme. The mean temperature is 65 degrees. The rainy season is from May or June until October. The rest of the year is normally dry but precipitation is abundant for the successful cultivation of the land without irrigation.
The following report was prepared in the office of the American Consul General in Mexico City on December 17, 1923. It is here published with the permission of the Department of State and the Department of Commerce. To Mr. Claude I. Dawson, American Consul General in Mexico City, to Consul Clarence D. Bowman, and to Vice Consul Earnest E. Evans, who personally prepared the report, the editor is under many obligations.