Page images



The following report and graph, prepared by Mr. E. E. Evans, U. S. Vice Consul, Mexico City, furnishes a valuable revision of the Mexican official figures for the stock census of 1923, published opposite p. 253 of this volume, and also shows in a vivid way how severe has been the loss in livestock suffered by Mexico during the last decade and a half.

A national inventory of livestock in Mexico was carried on in 1923 by the Mexican Department of Agriculture, and the corrected and final results have been made available to this Consulate-General in manuscript form.

In order to give greater significance to the data in question, they are placed upon the background of the last previous nation-wide enumeration of Mexican resources in farm animals in 1902, with which they are compared in the annexed tabulation of the several species of livestock existent within the various State areas at the time mentioned.

The fact that Mexican herds and flocks diminished 60 per cent during the twenty-one years intervening between the two censuses bears witness of the extent to which the country's livestock suffered during the period of political revolutions from 1911 to 1920, when banditry and continual civil strife worked havoc to the economic fabric of Mexico.

During the years in question, the most notable bandit chiefs operated in the north central States and the tier of northern States that lie in close proximity to the American border, and there the animal industry of Mexico found its widest extension. As a commodity easily driven from place to place, and readily converted into cash, either on the hoof or in the form of hides and skins, by sale across the Rio Grande, cattle and other livestock necessarily sustained rapid diminution in number. The total loss on account of such depredations is probably much larger than can be appreciated upon the basis of the 1902 census, as it seems reasonable to suppose that some augmentation in the size of herds occurred during the years of peace subsequent to 1902 and up to 1911.

The falling off of 3,392,149 head of cattle represents the largest numerical loss that occurred in any branch of the livestock of Mexico, and it also constituted a greater percentage of the 1902 figure than in the case of other animals, viz., 67 per cent, therefore exceeding the general decrease which may be fixed at 60 per cent.

Goats decreased by 2,635,026 head or 63 per cent, as compared to total of these animals in 1902; sheep by 2,042,716 head, or 60 per cent; and horses by 503,555 head, or 59 per cent.

The smallest numerical losses occurred in mules and hogs, the respective decline of which, by 85,571 and 64,344 head, represented a diminution of 26 and 11 per cent from the 1902 figures.

As stated above, the final and corrected figures concerning the livestock census of 1923 have been obtained directly from the Mexican Department of Agriculture, as a result of the close contact which the Consulate-General maintains with that branch of the Mexican Federal Government, the archives of which have also been placed under contribution for details of the last previous national livestock census which, as stated above, was taken in the year 1902.

The table, which was printed by the "Revista de Hacienda," of January 28, 1924, was subsequently found by the Mexican Department of Agriculture

to contain errors, the most notable of which was an indication of the existence of 1,609,046 hogs in the Republic. This would infer an increase of nearly 1,000,000 hogs during the past 21 years, or since the last previous livestock census of 1902.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]



Home of New York; St. Paul Fire Insurance; Maryland Casualty Company; North American; Agricultural; United States Fire Insurance Company; Niagara Insurance Company; National Insurance Company of Hartford; Hartford Insurance Company; National Surety Company; Associated Employers Reciprocal Insurance Co.; Sherman & Ellis, Chicago, Ill.



[blocks in formation]

In analyzing the above figures, it is necessary to point out that no fixed charges, such as interest on bonds, have been paid by the Railways, and that service for the government has largely been performed on a credit basis. It is doubtful if the items listed above under this head will ever be paid for in cash. The Express receipts of some sixteen million pesos would also doubtless be greatly reduced if the freight service should ever be restored to a normal basis, both as regards quickness of shipment and security of goods in transit.



ALVARO OBREGÓN, Constitutional President of the Mexican United States, to their inhabitants, KNOW YE:—

That, in the use of extraordinary powers in matters of the Treasury granted to the Executive by decree of May 8, 1917, and based upon Art. 12 of the law creating the Federal Revenue for the present year, I have deemed it expedient to issue the following law for the collection of the taxes established in paragraphs "c" and "d" of Section XII of Article One of the Revenue Law.



Art. 1.-The following are subject to the payment of the tax on wages, salaries, fees and emoluments:

I. Persons who regularly or occasionally receive wages, salaries, fees or emoluments, paid to them by the Federal, State or Municipal governments.

II. Persons who regularly or occasionally receive wages, salaries or any other remuneration for services or labor rendered regularly or occasionally as employees, workmen or clerks.

III. Persons who receive fees or emoluments in the exercise of liberal, literary, artistic or unnamed professions.

Art. 2.—The following are exempted from the payment of the tax:

I. Persons included in Sections I and II of the preceding Article when the total of such wages, salaries, fees or emoluments for a given month does not exceed two hundred pesos.

II. Persons included in Section III of the preceding Article, when the total of their fees or emoluments for a given semester does not exceed 1,200 pesos. III.

Salaries of foreign diplomatic representatives.

IV. Salaries and fees of foreign consular representatives, received in the performance of their duties but only when treaties so provide, or when in the countries which they represent, the Mexican consular representatives are not subject to a tax of the same nature as that established by this law, either because it does not exist or because they are granted a similar exemption.

V. Members of official delegations, whether or not of diplomatic character, when representing foreign countries.

VI. The salaries of the present President of the Republic, of the present Magistrates of the Supreme Court of Justice, of the present deputies and senators of the Federal Congress and of the other public functionaries elected by popular vote and who are performing the duties of their office at the time this law takes effect; but the exemption shall not be enjoyed in any case by the successors of those who are hereby exempted nor by those who may be reelected.

Art. 3. The tax on wages, salaries and emoluments shall be paid monthly in the cases included in Sections I and II of Article 1, and every six months in those specified in Section III of the same article.

Art. 4. The quota of the tax shall be according to the following


A. For persons included in Sections I and II of Article 1:

From one centavo to 200 pesos per month, exempt.

[ocr errors]

For that part of monthly income included between 200.01 pesos and 500 pesos, 1 per cent.

For that part of monthly income included between 500.01 pesos and 1,000 pesos, 1.25 per cent.

*Courtesy of the American Chamber of Commerce of Mexico.

« PreviousContinue »