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FILMS VILIFYING MEXICO

When it had been duly proved that several Moving Picture Producers in the United States of America had released films vilifying Mexico, the Inspectors and Agents of the Department of Immigration and Emigration and the Customs Authorities were instructed to prevent the said films, and all others which these same Producers may continue to release, from entering the national territory; and in order to assure the strict carrying out of these instructions it was recommended to the Governors of the States that within their respective jurisdictions they take great care that these aforesaid films shall not be exhibited.

EXPULSION OF UNDESIRABLE ALIENS

Following precedent and exercising authority delegated to the Executive of the Union by Article 33 of our Magna Charta, forty-three (43) foreigners of various nationalities were expelled from the Republic; and on account of the sanguinary events which have recently occurred in the State of Sonora between Chinese residing in that district, the expulsion of one hundred and eighty-one (181) individuals of that nationality has already been decreed, and awaits only being carried out.

PERMITS FOR THE OPENING AND REBUILDING OF CHURCHES Exercising authority delegated to the Executive under Article 130 of the Constitution, permission was granted for the opening and rebuilding of thirteen (13) churches of the Catholic, and of ten (10) of the Protestant faith. GIFT FROM THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT TO THE RUSSIAN RED CROSS It is generally and well known that the great majority of the Russian people are now passing through an economic crisis acute in the extreme.

A great many private Charitable Societies of different nations, and some foreign governments have contributed gifts of money and of staples, especially foodstuffs, to ameliorate as much as possible this desperate situation which is decimating the Russian people.

The Government of the Nation, recognizing its duties of solidarity in the common cause of free peoples, could not remain indifferent before this touching spectacle caused by hunger and misery, and despite the economic difficulties with which it is struggling, hastened to send its humble share of cereals for immediate and equitable distribution. To that end the latter part of last July ten thousand sacks of corn and three thousand of rice were loaded on a ship of the French Line which will go direct to Riga, as a gift from the Government of Mexico to the Red Cross of Russia.

Some private Charitable Societies and Associations sent to the Russian people also through the Red Cross their modest share of cereals and staples. RESIGNATIONS AND APPOINTMENTS OF FEDERAL OFFICIALS

Lawyer Rafael Zubaran Capmany, General Antonio I. Villarreal, Engineer Fortunato Dozal, Lawyer José Inocente Lugo and Lawyer Enrique Colunga, respectively, presented their resignations of the posts of: Secretary of Industry, Commerce and Labor; Secretary of Agriculture and Public Works; Under-secretary of the same department; Under-secretary of the Interior; and Chief of this last department. The resignations were accepted.

In due time the following appointments were made: for Secretary and Under-secretary of Public Education, Lawyer José Vasconcelos, and Professor Francisco Figueroa, respectively; for Governor of the Northern District of Lower California, Lawyer José Inocente Lugo; for Under-secretary of the Interior, Lawyer Gilberto Valenzuela; for Secretary of War and Navy, Division-General Francisco R. Serrano; for Secretary of Industry, Commerce and Labor, Lawyer Miguel Alessio Robles; for Under-secretary of War and Navy, General Roberto Cruz; for Under-secretary of Agriculture and Public Works, Ramón P. Denegri; and for Director of the National Pawnshop, Epigmenio Ibarra, Jr.

SECTION OF IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION

Through this section the following matters have been handled:

Providing railway transportation for 3,605 needy laborers who have re

turned to the homeland on account of scarcity of work in foreign countries. many of whom were supplied with food during their trip.

Care was taken that immigrants as well as emigrants strictly observe Mexican laws. Of the former there were 79,259; and of the latter there were

36,902.

Measures were adopted to prevent sick, poverty-stricken, gambling, and vicious immigrants, or professional agitators from settling in our territory; effective proceedings were instituted against the steamer "New China" which was bringing to this country, in violation of its laws, a considerable number of Asiatics; accommodations were given to settlers who did not declare any freight for Mexico, and effective aid continues to be given them, for which the Inspectors of Immigration and Emigration have been given the status of Colonization Agents. The Inspectors of Immigration have aided the Secretariat of War in the case of rebels who have tried to enter the country, and the Treasury Department in the matter of exportation of metallic gold. Arrangements have been drawn up to prevent the emigration of workingmen to the United States where they are exposed to many hardships. has been given foreign tourists that they might penetrate into the interior of Mexico without fulfilling all the requirements usually exacted. An effort has been made to increase the wages of the personnel, for in general the cost of living is higher in those places where they have to give their services. And finally it has been extended until the Immigration and Emigration Service, from the importance of its work, is really efficient.

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The immigration and emigration which took place during the year 1921 is as follows:

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Through this section there were ordered published approximately 500 Decrees, Laws and Regulations on different branches of the Public Administration. There were handled 134 petitions for pardon which were granted and 104 which were denied, 84 reductions of sentence, 17 preparatory liberations, 254 defenses preferred against the Secretariat of Interior, and 16 against the Federal Executive. By order of the Executive himself, 180 arrests were undertaken during the year. The transfer of 73 federal criminals from certain towns to other towns was ordered.

In the Penal Colony of Islas Marías, $64,946.32 was spent; there remain at liberty 423 prisoners, the number harbored there amounting to 343.

ADMINISTRATIVE SECTION

Through this section orders were transmitted to help the unemployed in Tampico by the amount of $42,579.85; the workers of the Lagunera region by $22,868.18; and various others by $12,600.00. Aid was supplied to several municipal governments to the sum of $220,834.56, and to some of the states to that of $155,500.00, Repatriated Mexicans were furnished with $40,000.00, also as aid; and $241,392.00 to the states of the federation in the form of subsidies so that they could take care of the expenses of the recent elections for Representatives and Senators of the Congress of the Union.

ADVISORY DEPARTMENT

The Advisory Department, whose personnel is composed of a Chief and three lawyers, was reorganized in March of this year, and was divided into three divisions: One designed to give opinions on the business in progress; another commissioned with the compilation of all the laws of the Federation as well as of the States, in conformity with a systematic classification; the third is charged with studying the bills which it is urgent to send to the Legislative Authority, particularly concerning the departments corresponding to this Secretariat.

The Association of Consulting Lawyers, in the period covered by this report, has formulated 257 reports, compiled the most important circular letters issued by the Secretariat, and has delivered numerous opinions.

The Section of Codification of Laws has begun to classify and coordinate the legislative requirements of the entire country. Furthermore they have taken upon themselves the duty of publishing all the laws in force of the Federation as well as of the Federal District and Territories since their independence. To this end the Section is publishing a monthly Bulletin, divided into sections conforming to the plan explained in the first of the three numbers which have been published. This work has been received with good will by the public as is shown by the large number of subscribers; and besides, copies of the Bulletin are sent to all the Secretariats of State, to the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, to all the offices of the Judicial Department, to the Governments of the States, and to the Legations and Consulates of our country.

The Commission of Lawyers charged with formulating the afore-mentioned bills has under consideration plans drawn up by each one of its members concerning the branches of Public Charity, Private Charity, Penal Colonies, Immigration and Emigration, and the law regulating appeals. The greater part of these bills will be sent to the Congress of the Union during its present session.

PRESS DEPARTMENT

The work developed by this department can be summarized as follows: Quick and complete diffusion of news, reports, and articles which show to the country and foreign nations the course of public affairs; encouragement of relations between the press of this capital and of the States, and providing them regularly with the bulletins which the Department itself prepares; and the making out of a detailed report on the business daily transacted in the Departments of the Secretariat of the Interior, extracts of which report are made and sent to the newspapers of the capital.

The success achieved by this Bulletin is certain, for the daily papers of the capital often reproduce it on the first page.

Since the company furnishing wireless communication increased its rates, the news service which previously was transmitted by cable to the principal daily papers of Costa Rica and Nicaragua has been suspended, and it will be necessary to arrange a good telegraphic communication for the transmission of news, even though it may not be so rapid as formerly.

SECTION OF ARCHIVES, LIBRARY AND PUBLICATIONS

As a consequence of the divers public upheavals which have occurred in the

country during recent years, and especially because of the frequent changes of government which have taken place in this capital, numerous files and other documents which were in the respective offices of the Secretariat of the Interior have been reduced, destroyed or disorganized, and by virtue of that fact this section of the Secretariat has been under the unavoidable obligation preferably of restoring and arranging the same, and almost completely reorganizing its work; but this did not prevent it from continuing as far as possible the inventories of volumes and other existing documents in order to make up their respective catalogues, and it is hoped that by the end of the present year it will have succeeded in bringing all its duties back to normal.

PUBLIC CHARITY

The Administration of Public Charity has held as its rule of procedure the continuation of the reconstruction work undertaken in former years, and in this field the wards of the General Hospital, which were found in a state of ruin, were completed; six wards of the Juárez Hospital were equipped in accordance with the modern requirements of Surgery and Medical Science, thereby assuring that the establishment exactly fulfill its purpose; the General Insane Asylum was given a complete drainage system, and its plumbing changed; water from Jochilimco was brought into the Workingwomen's Home, besides the completion of various repairs in the same; and similar action was taken in regard to the Industrial School for Orphans, Home for Foundlings, National School for the Blind, National Homeopathic Hospital, Asylum for Beggars, and other institutions depending on the same Administration. Besides the increase in the number of beneficiaries, the Administration, with the cooperation of the Secretariat and of the Executive, succeeded in keeping the buildings in good condition as to construction, drainage, cleanness, water supply, medicines, food, doctors, and, in a word, in good condition of hygiene and efficiency, capable of making perfect the operation of Public Charity, being convinced that material welfare exerts a great influence on the spiritual and moral well-being, and vice versa.

For "Food and Utensils" the amount of $1,738,942.80 was used; for material works, $570,259.08, and for medicines, $169,130.03. The total expended in the year covered by this report was $4,099,355.36.

The number of inmates reached the figure of 6,837.

The Administration took care of the following establishments: The General Hospital, Juárez Hospital, Homeopathic Hospital, General Insane Asylum, House of Correction for Children, Home for Foundlings, Industrial School for Orphans, School for Deaf Mutes, National School for the Blind, Asylum for Beggars, Workingwomen's Home, Public Dormitory, General Advisory Office, Advisory Office Number Two, Advisory Office Number Three, Lagunilla Baths, Juárez Baths, Advisory Office of the Faculty of Medicine, Dispensary of the Public Charity of Campeche, Penal Colony of Islas Marías, Hospital of Aguascalientes. The last four mentioned, though not belonging to the Public Charity of the Federal District, were aided by order of the Executive. The Juárez Baths passed into the hands of the Department of Public Health on August 4th of this year.

The Department of Public Charity has the sum of $719,096.68 invested in mortgages whose interest rate has been increased during the present year from 6% to 12% annually. To the credit of the Home for Foundlings there exists a trust fund of the value of $274,146.56 which, added to the former, amounts to the sum of $993,243.24 which the Department considers at the present time its invested capital. It has, besides, deposited with the Monetary Commission $542,452.24; in cash $28,787.31; and loaned to the General Treasury of the Nation $549,975.82.

The sums invested in mortgage loans which have just been referred to, on June 30, 1921, amounted to $705,403.38; the same having increased by June 30, 1922 to the sum of $993,243.24, showing an increase in behalf of the Public Charity Department of $287,839.86 in the course of a single year.

This brief explanation gives an approximate idea of the present state of Public Charity in the Federal District, of the manner in which it has carried

on its work, and of the high purposes which have animated it. The Executive will try to have the scope of this institution daily widened and its services made more and more efficient, without injuring its economic equilibrium.

PRIVATE CHARITY

The Committee on Private Charity which in accordance with the law, exercises supervision over private institutions that perform acts of mercy, has thoroughly arranged matters assuring that the directors, or trustees appointed by the benefactors to carry out their wishes and administer the funds, shall strictly execute these wishes and administer the funds in the most advantageous manner, preventing their being diverted from the purpose for which they were appointed. It has frequently visited the establishments and made observations of the state of affairs in order to correct whatever irregularities might be found. It has examined in detail the accounts rendered by the directors, and has suggested prudent methods to increase the income from the capital. It has taken great care to draw up rules and regulations to insure the harmonious and effective discharge of the duties of all the employees and elements which compose the Committee, and at the present time it can be said that it has accomplished its object. At present it is also study. ing a project for a Law of Private Charity in which it will explain all its knowledge acquired by experience.

There exist 36 foundations or establishments which enjoy legal individuality with a net capital of $35,651,742.45; and in a short time there will be settled in the courts of Paris a trial which the "Mier y Pesado" Foundation has pending, and which will bring more than $8,000,000.00.

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In the present year the Executive has decreed the legal individuality of the endowed institutions designated: The Health Committee of Mixcoac,' and the Central Committee of the Association for the Prevention of Blindness in Mexico.' The following are about to obtain the decree of individuality: The endowments-"Neutral White Cross," "Children's Protective Society," 'Augustine García Conde Asylum," "Dr. Nicholas Saint John Infant Sanatorium," "College of Our Lady of Guadeloupe," 'Augustine González de Cosío Assistance Foundation," and the "Hospital of the Divine Infant." The foundations "Ignacio de la Torre y Mier," "Luisa Martínez de Rodrigo Saro," and "Felix Cuevas" are in process of formation. Estates referring to the foundations "José Joaquín de Aráoz" and "Francisco Plancarte y Labastida" are now being probated.

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The Committee has been considering the inclusion of the National Pawnshop among the foundations of Private Charity, also in the case of the "Concepción Béistegui Hospital" and the "Colegio de la Paz."

Of the establishments of Private Charity there are: 10 Asylums which give lodging regularly to 164 men and 116 women, 161 boys and 320 girls; 4 Schools in which free instruction is given to 239 boys and 258 girls; 8 Hospitals in which more than 350 sick are attended and about 731 operations performed; the "Student's Home" which lodged in the year 82 professional students; the Luz Saviñón" Widows' Pension which helped 63,000 persons; 9 Assistance Foundations which gave out 268 monthly pensions, 667 scholarships for children in different schools, and aided more than 3,500 persons with donations; and 8 Mutual Aid Societies, for the most part foreign, which help primarily their compatriots in various ways, including paying the costs of their repatriation.

To recapitulate, the various Foundations of Private Charity have aided more than 80,000 persons in the year, dispensing for this $1,274,205.68 independently of what they spent for costs of administration and upkeep of their property.

The Executive will encourage by whatever means he can the development of such beneficent institutions, and to that end will spare no labor; he will also be vigilant to see that the wishes of the benefactors are strictly carried out, and that their property is applied to its purpose and not diverted therefrom nor wasted. This conception of its duties has been heartily seconded

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