Naval Blockades in Peace and War: An Economic History since 1750

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Cambridge University Press, Dec 4, 2006 - History
A number of major blockades, including the Continental System in the Napoleonic Wars, the War of 1812, the American Civil War, and World Wars I and II, in addition to the increased use of peacetime blockades and sanctions with the hope of avoiding war, are examined in this book. The impact of technology and organizational changes on the nature of blockades and their effectiveness as military measures are discussed. Legal, economic, and political questions are explored to understand the various constraints upon belligerent behavior. The analysis draw upon the extensive amount of quantitative material available from military publications.

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Preface page ix
Britain France and Napoleons Continental System
The United States versus Great Britain 17761815
The North Blockades the Confederacy 18611865
International Law and Naval Blockades during World War
The United
The American Submarine and Aerial Mine Blockade of
From Pacific Blockades
What It All Means

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Page 8 - Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective ; that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 8 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4.
Page 11 - If a question of law to be decided is covered by a treaty in force between the belligerent captor and a power which is itself or whose subject or citizen is a party to the proceedings, the court is governed by the provisions of the said treaty. In the absence of such provisions, the court shall apply the rules of international law. If no generally recognized rule exists, the court shall give judgment in accordance with the general principles of justice and equity.
Page 11 - It is therefore suggested that the following questions should constitute the programme of the conference: (a) Contraband, including the circumstances under which particular articles can be considered as contraband; the penalties for their carriage; the immunity of a ship from search when under convoy; and the rules with regard to compensation where vessels have been seized but have been found in fact only to be carrying innocent cargo...
Page 12 - Blockade, including the questions as to the locality where seizure can be effected, and the notice that is necessary before a ship can be seized. (c) The doctrine of continuous voyage in respect both of contraband and of blockade. (d) The legality of the destruction of neutral vessels prior to their condemnation by a prize court. (e) The rules as to neutral ships or persons rendering "unneutral service

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