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workmen; such as adjusting and setting off claims between them, rescinding contracts, taking security from a defendant for the performance of a contract, and the like; and similar powers are given to justices, who, in such cases, are to act as a court of civil jurisdiction, and whose jurisdiction is limited to cases where the amount claimed does not exceed £10.

And, as in the great bulk of cases wherein a workman will sue for wages, the sum claimed will probably be under this sum, this Act will throw a great amount of business of quite a new character on courts that have hitherto been occupied with questions of either a criminal or penal character. As the county courts originally established for the recovery of small debts, and as they have exclusively a civil jurisdiction, it seems at first sight singular that the recovery of wages was not entirely given to the county court. But the reason for giving this civil jurisdiction to justices will probably be found in the remarks of the Commissioners in their report, post, p. 31.

The Lord Chancellor, under powers conferred on him by the Act, has made several rules for carrying into effect the civil jurisdiction of justices in this matter. These are set out in the Appendix, post, p. 130, and it will be seen that they assimilate the practice to that of the county courts.

Attention is particularly requested to the cases of Re Smith and Smith v. Ewen and another (Appendix III.), with reference to ex parte proceedings.

T. J. ARNOLD. LONDON, Jan., 1876.

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APPENDIX.

Appendix (I.) Trade Union Act, 1871

· 156

(II.) R.v. Hibbert, Recorder's charge to Grand Jury 175

-Report of Trial

181

-(III.) Remarks on Re Smith

197

-(IV.) Tompkinson, App., West, Resp., and Hodkinson,
App., Green, Resp
..

204

(V.) Debtors' Act, 1869 (32 & 38 Vict. c. 62), s. 5 - 206

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PAGE. 23 Edw. 3

6 25 Edw. 3

7 12 Rich. 2, cc 5, 111

7 13 Rich. 2, stat. 1, c. 8

8 7 Hen. 4, c. 17

8 22 Hen. 8, c. 12

10 n. 27 Hen. 8, c. 25

10 n. 28 Hen. 8, c. 6

10 n. 33 Hen. 8, c. 10

10 n. 1 Edw. 6, c. 3

10 n. 3 & 4 Edw. 6, c. 22

8 5 Eliz. c. 4, ss. 9, 11

106 14 Eliz. c. 5

10 n. 35 Eliz. c. 7 39 Eliz. c. 4 43 Eliz. c. 2

10 43 Eliz. c. 9 7 Geo. 1, stat. 1, c 13 9 Geo. 1, c. 27 12 Geo. 1, c. 34, s. 2

106 13 Geo. 2, c. 8 20 Geo. 2, c. 19 14, 17, 109 n. 27 Geo. 2. c. 6 31 Geo. 2, c. 11

14 5 Geo. 3, c. 51, s. 20

106 6 Geo. 3, c. 25 •

17 n. 17 Geo. 3, c. 56

17 n. 19 Geo. 3, c. 49

106 32 Geo. 3, c. 57

109 33 Geo. 3, c. 55

. 17, n. 108 ss. 1, 2

104 39 & 40 Geo. 3, c. 77 59 Geo. 3, c. 92

ss. 5, 6 105, 108 4 Geo. 4, c. 29,

17, n. 109 c. 34, 5 Geo. 4, c. 95, ss. 2,5

36, 37 6 Geo. 4, c. 129

41, 84 S. 4

83 10 Geo. 4, c. 52

14, 17 n. 3 & 4 Will. 4, c. 103

125 4 & 5 Will. 4, c. 1

125 5 & 6 Will. 4, c. 76

· 102 2 & 3 Vict. c. 71, s 20

132

17 n. 17 n.

PAGE. 3 & 4 Vict. c. 91, ss. 18, 23 107 5 & 6 Vict. c. 7

- 17, n. 105 6 & 7 Vict. c. 40, s. 17 . 17, n. 106 7 & 8 Vict. c. 15

125 8 & 9 Vict. c. 128, s. 7

· 107 9 & 10 Vict. c. 95, s. 96 · 121 11 & 12 Vict. c. 43

90, 101, 123, 131, 168 s. 1

133

ss. 19, 22 90 13 & 14 Vict. c. 54

125 14 & 15 Vict. c. 92 17, n. 109 14 & 15 Vict. c. 93

112 18 & 19 Vict. c. 63

157, 170 19 & 20 Vict. c. 38

· 125 21 & 22 Vict. c. 73, s. 5 24 & 25 Vict. c. 93

· 112 24 & 25 Vict. c. 97, s. 58 - · 103 24 & 25 Vict. c. 100, s. 26 92, 93 25 & 26 Vict. c. 89

157 25 & 26 Vict. c. 101

109 27 & 28 Vict. c. 48

125 27 & 28 Vict. c. 53

109, 110 28 & 29 Vict. c. 127

90 30 & 31 Vict. c. 101

109 s. 9 - 18,

20, 24 29 c. 103

125

6, 15, 16, 80, n. 84, 113 32 & 33 Vict. c. 62

122 s.5, App.

206

19 s. 14

19,

32, 73, 74, 84 33 & 34 Vict. c. 62

125 34 & 35 Vict. c. 31 43, 85, 156 c. 32

1, 34, 43, 45, 80, n. 84, 85, 104 s. 1

94 35 & 36 Vict. c. 94, s. 12

90 37 & 38 Vict. c. 44,

125 38 & 39 Vict. c. 31, s. 23

c. 40, s. 1, (2) 130 6. 55, s. 117

90 77

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