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into consideration the order of the day relative to the constitution; and M. Durbach, ascending the tribune, made a speech replete with patriotic energy, averring, that no one could doubt that the continuation of hostilities after the abdication of Napoleon was sufficient to prove, that a counter revolution, and the dismemberment of France, were the now sole object of the allies ; and yet, in spite of this extremity, in the face of a triumphant enemy, did this deputy declare, “that “ the Bourbons, who for a quarter of a century “have carried on war against France, are the ene“ mies of the French people; that they are pro* scribed from their territory; that, conformably

to the sixty-seventh article of the constitution

accepted by the people, no proposition of peace “ can be made or listened to, unless the perpetual “ exclusion of these princes from the French 6 throne shall be a preliminary indispensable, “ and a condition sine quâ non of all negotiation; “ that the French are resolved to fight, even unto “ death, for their liberty and independence, and that they will perish rather than submit to the “ humiliating yoke intended to be imposed upon “ them : finally, that the representatives of the “ people, faithful to the mandates of their con“ stituents, swear to maintain this declaration, “ and to die at the post confided to them by their "countrymen; they swear to die as becomes

" the representatives of a great people, placing “themselves, disarmed, and wrapt in the national “ colours, between the cannons of the enemy " and the intrenchments allotted to the brave “ defenders of the capital, and the national re“ presentation."

Let me ask you, whether you would not, though an Englishman, have joined in the universal acclamations which followed the instant adoption of this declaration ? It is ordered that the speech should be printed, and placarded in Paris and the departments. If the representatives should do all they say, one would be anxious to see what course Lord Wellington would take, commanding an army of Englishmen, the slaves of liberty and a parliament. His grace may have received no instructions relative to an apparition of a French house of commons in front of his lines, and could admit, perhaps, of no such obstacle or interference. His continued advance animates the royalist party, and caused, I suppose, the daring treason of M. Malleville, which, however, has only given rise to that expression of the general sentiments of the assembly which you have just read. However averse the chambers may be to the Bourbons, and whatever acclamations may follow the cry of the imperial.. ists, it does not appear that the opinion favourable to the Napoleon dynasty approaches ta

unanimity. On the contrary, M. Gamon, a decided constitutionalist, in his speech of the day before yesterday, spoke of the king which the French might elect; and M. Manuel, one of the most independent and able members of the assembly, proposed, this evening, a proclamation to the French people, in which no mention is made of Napoleon deux, and he defended the omission in this address, which was referred to a committee. Not a voice has dared to hint at the recal of Louis; and, on the whole, the royalists begin to suspect that their cause in the chambers is desperate, and that they have counted upon a division of opinions in the national representation, which does not exist in any degree that can favour their cause. None of the shades yet are faded to the white. News arrived this morning, that La Vendée is pacified in consequence

of the late victories of General Lamarque, who has concluded a convention with Augustus Laroche Jacquelin. Thus the co-operation which Lord Castlereagh promised the allies in the heart of France has been crushed at once by the vigour of the imperial government. His lordship no more calculated on the conclusion of the campaign of his western auxiliaries after fifteen days, than on the events of the week in the north. He is certainly not the artificer of

his own fortune; and it might be easily proved, that not in one single instance the favourable circumstances which have attended his late political career have been such as he provided for, and expected to ensue. Running his blind circle, he does not catch, but is caught by success, which treads upon his heels; and I never think of this spoilt child of chance without calling to mind one of Dryden's bad lines :

“ I follow fate, which does too fast pursue,"

LETTER XXVIII.

Paris, Saturday, July 1.

No disturbance took place in the city last night ; and the wounded and the peasants' carts being removed from the square Vendome, this quarter of the town appears more in its usual state than it did yesterday. The number of national guards on duty amount to 12,000. The steps of the palace of the representatives are covered with troops, who are on duty all night. The grenadiers of the eleventh legion petitioned the chamber to-day to order that such of the guard as wished to serve might have the requisite posts assigned them: the chamber referred this petition to the government. The popular journals complain, that no measures are taken to arm the federates; and, indeed, Count Thibaudeau, in the house of peers, two days ago, hinted that this measure was advisable, and would be adopted, were it not for certain pusillanimous inclinations which had crept into the government and the chambers. Could it be ascertained

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