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massacre and pillage. It is fancied at this moment that the generale is beating—it is beating in all quarters of the town—no actual insurrection has yet broken out, or any violence been attempted.—The tumult in the town now seems to subside—the guards have every where been doubled.
You must not suppose the discontent at the convention confined to the soldiers nor the lower classes. A member of the lower chamber told me this evening, that proofs of treason might be brought against Fouché; that he had contrived to bring over the president Lanjuinais, and about fifty active orators of the assembly to his interests and views, and that the consequence was, no one wbo had any objection to make to the measures of government was heard for a moment. He added, “ There are " three hundred amongst us for Napoleon the
Second, and a hundred and fifty that are in
different, but are good patriots; the rest are " for temporizing and yielding.” I quote
thuis as this gentleman's notion, not mine. He threw the whole blame of the convention upon Fouché, who he said had deceived the Prince of Eckmülh and all the general officers.
In the sitting of last night the representatives were occupied with discussing the official doella
ments, relative to the capitulation, and to the efforts made at negotiation ; also two proclamations of Louis XVIII. were read: at half past one the chamber demanded fresh communica. tions, which were made at seven in the morning. The capitulation, or, as several members insisted it should be called, the convention, was read at the public sitting; and immediately after listening to the terms by which the capital was surrendered, M. Garat, in a long speech, proposed a bill of rights, similar to that of the English ; in' whom, of all the allies, he added, that he had a confidence in their promise that the French would be left an independent nation in spite of their disasters. After a long debate, it was agreed to refer the subject to the committee of constitution, to which, for that purpose, were added the names of Messieurs Garat, Barrere, and Poullain-Granprè.
General Solignac proposed to thank the army for its services; to the army were added the pupils of the polytechnic school, and offive other schools, as well as the riflemen of the national guard. M. Penières moved that the tri-coloured flag, and the national colours, should be put under the protection of the army, of the national guards, and of all good citizens. M. Jay moved that all the communications made last night to
the house should be published, and the General Sorbier particularized the two proclamations of Louis, that those citizens, who were persuaded that the return of that monarch would be sig. nalised only by acts of paternal goodness, might see that these documents prove quite the contrary. The question was referred to a committee, and the chamber adjourned until five this evening
The peers opened their sitting earlier than was notified, and continued in a secret commita tee until half-past three, when they adopted publicly the resolution of the representatives, thanking the armies for their devotion and patriotism.
Wednesday, July 5. The walls of Paris were covered this morning with placards, of the most important nature. The convention; the thanks of the chambers to the army
of the west ; the thanks to the army of Paris, and a proclamation of the Prince of Essling to the national guards of Paris. You will see by the convention, that the commanders in chief of the English and Prussian armies bind themselves to respect the actual authorities, as long as they shall erist. In the thanks to the army of Paris, you will find that the proposition of M. Penières, with respect to the preservation of the national colours, is included, and also that the displaying of any other than those colours is expressly forbidden by the Prince of Essling. The internal service of the capital is still to be left in the hands of the national guard, and the municipal gendarmery. No alarming consequences followed the tumult of yesterday ; but until the army shall have finally marched to its destination,
there will be prétence at least for the rumours that the federates will rise. The men in uniform, who appeared yesterday most active in fomenting the discontents are said not to have been soldiers, but disguised malcontents; and it is allowed on all hands, that such of the imperial guard as were seen in the streets preserved the utmost decency and decorum.
Passing to the palace of the legislative body, early in the afternoon, I found the whole long ascent of steps, and all the avenues, covered with the national guard, who allowed no one to approach the doors when the galleries were once full. A member of my acquaintance, going to the sitting, told me he believed they were choosing a king; and such was the common rumour until the journals of this evening appeared, and shewed that their deliberations had been perhaps preliminary to that measure, but that no mention had been made of proceeding to election. We ask ourselves what king, for there is no longer any talk of the certain succession of Napoleon the Second, although the bust and pictures of that infant are now the most prominent ornaments of the printshops. · The Journal de l'Empire at last speaks out boldly, and says, it would be absurd to think of any other sovereign than Louis XVIII. That - parent of his people is at Compiegne, with the na