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tional guards of Picardy and Flanders; and the worthy Count of Artois is said to be at Lord Wellington's head-quarters. The Duke of Orleans' name is again put into this lottery of crowns and sceptres; for rumours in his favour were this day renewed. The secrecy observed by the government, and all its agents, on this occa , sion, is truly admirable. They have had the address to keep the proclamations of Louis out of the papers, although communicated to five fundred people at least; and by so doing they shew that they know better than that monarch what may increase his chance of being elected as a constitutional king; for such is the best hope now entertained by those, who seem to be acquainted with the extremity to which France is reduced. The proceedings of the representatives shew them determined to make every effort to obtain this blessing, which, although their honour might be piqued in standing by Napoleon the Second, yet is the.essential object, and if attained, will secure for ever to France the rights and privileges of a free and happy nation. It will be astonishing indeed, if these patriots should be able to do more for their country, in her extreme distress, than has ever been accomplished by the successful champions of national independence. It will consummate the
glory of England, and add a lustre to her name which yictory cannot purchase, if her triumphant armies respect, if they guarantee, the efforts of those legislators, who in the hour of peril and disgrace consecrate, what may be their last mo, ments, to the defence of freedom and the cause of posterity. Fortune has put into the hands of the Duke of Wellington the capacity of finishing his fame, by a deed reserved for him alone of all conquerors, and worthy the general of a free and enlightened people. If the truth does reach him, it will come through the mouths of those in whom he will have a just diffidence; but could he bụt be persuaded, what I most firmly believe to be the case, that the following declaration of the representatives speaks the language of the great majority of France, as it certainly does the language of liberty and sense, I cannot but think that to his laurels he would deign to add the crown decreed to those who know how to spare and to save. The declaration agreed to is as follows:
Declaration of the Chamber of Representatives.
« The troops of the allied powers are about to occupy the capital. “ The chamber of representatives will never
" theless continue to sit in the midst of the in, “ habitants of Paris, whither the express will of “ the people hath called its mandatories.
“ But in these weighty circumstances, the “ chamber of representatives owe to themselves, “ to France, and to Europe, a declaration of “their sentiments, and their principles.
“They declare then, That they make a solemn « appeal to the fidelity and the patriotism of the * national guard of Paris, the depository of the “ national representation.
They declare, That they repose with the “most entire confidence on the principles of
morality and of honour, on the magnanimity s of the allied powers, and on that respect for the “independence of the nation, so positively ex* pressed in their manifestos.
They declare, that the government of « France, whoever may be its chief, ought to « call round itself the wishes of the nation,
legally declared, and to co-operate with the “ other governments, in order to form a common “ tie and guarantee of peace between France " and Europe.
They declare, that no monarch can offer any real guarantees, unless he swear to observe “ a constitution formed upon the deliberations $ of the national representation, and accepted by
" the people. Thus, any government which shall “ have no other title than the acclamations and “ wishes of a party, or that shall be imposed by “ force; any government that shall not adopt " the national colours, and that shall not gua“ rantee the liberty of the citizens—the equali
ty of civil and political rights—the liberty of “ the press—the liberty of worship-the repre“sentative system - the free consent of the “ citizens in the levies of men and money-the
responsibility of ministers--the irrevocability “ of the sales of the national property of all kinds "the inviolability of property—the abolition “ of tythes, of ancient and new hereditary no
bility and of feudalism, the abolition of all s confiscation of goods--the entire oblivion of 56 opinions and political sentiments pronounced
up to this moment--the institution of the
legion of honour--the recompences due to the “ officers and soldiers--the assistance due to « their widows and children the institution of “ juries the permanence of the judges-the "payment of the public debt-will have only an “ ephemeral existence, and will not ensure the s tranquillity of France or of Europe. That if " it can be supposed that the bases announced in “ this declaration can be disregarded or violated,
the representatives of the French people now
acquit themselves of a sacred duty, protesting so beforehand, in the face of the whole world, “ against violence and usurpation. They con$ fide the maintenance of the conditions which
they thus proclaim to all good Frenchmen“to all generous hearts-to all enlightened “ minds--to all men jealous of their liberty- lastly, to all future generations. (Signed) “ LANJUINAIS, President,
This declaration was proposed and adopted in consequence of a proclamation to the French by the government, communicated to the cham, ber, in which the surrender of the capital is justified, and the hopes of the nation elevated by the assurance, that, notwithstanding this event, 5. The declarations of the sovereigns of Europe so must inspire too much confidence, their pros mises haye been too solema, to admit of a “ fear that our liberties and our dearest interests “ can be sacrificed to victory*.” The pleni- : potentiaries being returned (they came back last
See Appendix--No. 38.