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and as there were three or four carriages exaetly resembling his majesty's, it was difficult to know precisely when the monarch passed, and at which moment to applaud. He was preceded by a battálion or two of national guards of the northern departments, some troops of the line dressed in uniforms of English cloth and make a detachment of Swiss guards, body-guards, foot and horse, royal volunteers, old coaches, diligences, military waggons, and a few cannon, and he was followed by a mass of troops of all nations, apparently composed of officers, the line being closed with a second train of carriages, tax-carts, cabriolets, and Paris hackney coaches, full of women of every description : the whole entry having the air of a returning colony, or the breaking up of a camp fair. The acclamations from the women and children were very long and loud, as also from a certain portion of the national guards in the procession, and from the degraded and numerous classes of municipal functionaries, who were de. termined not to be thought equivocal : “ quan
toque magis falsa erant quæ fiebant, tanto plura facere."
Saturday, July 15. SINCE my last letter the Parisians have begun to find that their king reigns only in the Tuileries, which palace itself can scarcely be said to be under his command, as the Prussians still bivouack in the Place du Carousel, and have rendered the avenues on that side unapproachable. The interior of the triumphal arc is their slaughter-house: even the wretched royalist journalists begin to complain of the loaded cannon, lighted matches, and piled arms in front of their king, and on the bridges of his capital; and hint, that the conduct of the Prussians is such as the friends of the good cause must deplore. Marshal Blucher allows his subordinates every vengeance and pillage, which he seems inclined to direct against the town collectively, as well as individuals. The bridge of Jena had been mined by his order, and would have been blown up in spite of the king's remonstrances, had not the Duke of Wellington placed a sentry upon it,
who was ordered to quit his post preparatory to lighting the train, and actually saved this monument by adhering to his declaration, that he could not leave the place until he was relieved by the corporal. Malmaison has been half spoiled, out of spite, and not only the house, but the persons attached to Napoféon have been marked for retribution. General Thielman being quartered with Madame la Marechale Ney, took away all the horses, carriages, and harness from her stables. The adjoint of the 10th arrondissement was threatened on Sunday last, that, if he did not provide ten thousand pairs of shoes in a given time, he should be sent to a fortress. This officer goes to the prefect Bondy, who informs him, that he has been ordered to procure ten millions of contributions, and takes him to Talleyrand—that minister advises them both to keep out of the way, or to temporize, until the king, that is, the king of Prussia, shall arrive, when some means of remonstrance may be in their power. The Prussian marshal avowed, that he would sack the suburbs of St. Germain in three days if his demands were not satisfied; and, upon being told that the Duke of Wellington had made no such requisition, replied, “ He
may if he pleases, I shall not interfere." He laughs at the nomination of General Maison to
be governor of Paris, and says, that his general Müffling shall take care to see that the Frenchman does not infringe upon his authority. I understand that the Duke of Wellington is exceedingly concerned at these excesses, but says, very naturally, that he cannot prevent them, unless he should draw out his army to fight the Prussian marshal. What may seem extraordinary is, that the Prussians are in a state of extreme insubordination, and even talk not so much of the king as of the cause for which they are fighting. This, you may conclude, is to avenge themselves of the French. They quite forget, as all our declaimers in England as well as in Germany are in the habit of doing, that the Prussians were the first aggressors. The invasion of the Duke of Brunswick, the coalition of Pilnitz, are wiped from the page even of contemporary history: we only talk of revenging the wrongs of Germany, as if France had not received the original injury.
The Prussians were eager to have a solemn entry of their army into Paris, which the English commander in chief refused for his own army; but, when applied to by Marshal Blucher, of course could only say, that he was to follow his own inclinations. In consequence of this, about fifty thousand Prussians entered by the boulevards, and over the bridges, in the forenoon of the 7th, the day after the capitulation; many battalions traversed the streets only to swell the procession, as they quitted the town immediately. Such of the English troops as were to be
quartered in the city came in privately at six in the morning. It was at first hoped, that no soldiers would be quartered in private houses; but that expectation was at once destroyed, and the present anxiety of the inhabitants is only directed to being favoured with English instead of any other lodgers. The conduct of our troops is such as to claim and to gain for them this preference. It is impossible for conquerors to in, spire fewer regrets--not so our allies : wherever they have appeared, they have carried with them terror, and left behind a disgust fatal to the cause of the monarch whom they have pro. tected. Several parts of the country which they have occupied, or traversed, have cooled in their attachment to the Bourbons, whose return has been accompanied with desolation and rapine. The royalist of my acquaintance, the most decided in bis abhorrence of Napoleon, told me a day or two ago, that the French had nothing left for them but to try a Sicilian vespers. The king gives no sign of authority,