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“ The republic has made us acquainted with 66 all the evils incident to an excess of liberty ; " the empire with those attached to an excess of

power. Our wish, and it is unalterable, is to rs find at an equal distance from these extremes, “ the independence, the order, and the peace of “ Europe. All eyes in France are fixed on the

English constitution; we do not pretend to be “more free, we will not consent to be less so, s than your countrymen. The representatives so of the French people are employed upon their « social compact. The powers will be sepa

rated, but not divided. It is, indeed, to their so separation that we would owe their harmony.

As soon as this treaty shall have received the signature of the sovereign that may

be called “ to govern France, that sovereign will receive for the sceptre and the crown from the hands of $the nation*."

If the Duke of Wellington be general in chief in execution of the treaty of March the 25th, amended by England, which leaves the French free in their choice, after the removal of Napoleon, he cannot continue hostilities; but we shall see whether Lord Castlereagh intended that the monarch of France should receive the

* See Appendix-No, 29.

sceptre and crown from the hands of the nation, or from the hands of himself and his coadjutors of congress. You see, by the inclosed address, that no mention is made of Napoleon the Second.

M, Otto las been sent on a mission to the English government, but by the last advices he was still at Boulogne, not having yet received his passports. That gentleman said, at leaving Paris, that, if he could once communicate with our cabinet, he had no doubt of success. He asks, for the justice of his cause, or the skill of his address, only the mollia tempora fandi, being in no way abashed at his former diplomatic defeat from the noble secretary who crept in at the chink at Vienna whilst the French ambassador was guarding the door.

Every preparation is making for tomorrow's battle. I have just seen several small detachments of the old guard and of the line, marching through the square of Vendome to their posts. . They shouted Vive l'Empereur!" as in the days of Napoleon's triumph. The boys of the polytechnic school have marched to their posts on the heights. The riflemen of the national guard were a few of them engaged in some trifling affairs which took place the other side of St. Denis, at Pierrefitte and la Pate d'Oie, in consequence of a movement made by the

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VOL. II.

Prussians on the right of the line, which occa. sioned a corresponding disposition on the part of the French. The English cavalry have made their appearance in the plain of Vertus; and the Duke of Wellington is said to have arrived with his whole army-of English, Hanoverians, Brunswickers, and Belgians, which, with the Prussians, Sasons, and Hessians of Marshal Blucher, compose the army in front of the capital.

Judge of the connexion of the monied interest and the honour of a nation. The actions of the bank have risen 25 per cent. since the battle of Waterloo, and the funds, which were at 53 on the 23d, are now at 64, having risen from 63 this day!!!

The most contradictory reports prevail re. specting Napoleon. The Journal du Soir po. sitively asserts that he left Malmaison at half past ten o'clock this morning, escorted, and that all reports to the contrary are circulated to make the allies believe that the chambers are insincere in their proposal of peace; but a physician of his household left him at three o'clock at that place: he adds, that 600 of his guides of the guard were in waiting, and that it is expected he is to command the army to-morrow. They are now actually crying about in the

street, “ Le depart de sa majesté l’Empereur pour " l'armée;" and common rumour asserts, that he was at Montmartre this morning inspecting the works. This story is aided by a tale of the Archduke Charles, having arrived at the French head quarters. The last folly is, that the Duke of Wellington is to be offered the crown of France; but, before you laugh at this, let me assure you that a marshal of France said a day ago, “ We have been beaten; we must bear the

badge of humiliation : let our conquerors im

pose any foreign sovereign of their own, not “ make us suffer the excess of disgrace by put“ ting upon us the traitors who have ruined us.

Why not give us Lord Wellington ? nay, we “ would take the Cossack Platoff—any body but “ the Bourbons.” This was said to an Englishman, and the last sentence shows there was no flattery intended.

To-morrow is expected to decide the lot of the capital, if not of France.

LETTER XXVII.

Paris, June 30.

At three o'clock this morning a cannonading was heard, sometimes loudly, sometimes faintly, which continued till five. The fire of distant musquetry was also heard, in the diree: tion of St. Denis; but at eight o'clock neither cannon nor small arms were distinguishable ; and an officer of engineers assured me at nine o'clock, that he had received permission to quit his post at la Villette a suspension of arms having been agreed upon with the allies. Other reports said that the battle was still raging, and that the Prussians were beaten and in flight. Walking into the town, I found for the first time the shops shut, and large patroles of the national guards parading the streets, in every direction; many soldiers of the line were loitering about, singly, and in small parties of three and four, which did not give cause to suspect that the decisive battle had taken place. The Tuileries' gardens and boulevards are crowded with well drest people, chiefly ladies; but there is not the

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