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slightest show of any disturbance : however, two men were killed yesterday for crying Vive le Roi. An address from the prefect of the Seine, Count Bondy, to the inhabitants of Paris, is placarded, and tells them distinctly, “ It is not you “ who are called upon to pronounce upon the
great interests of the nation ; distrust then all " those who may advise you to take too active a
part in the important determinations, in which
your concurrence can be of no service." Order and tranquillity are all that is demanded of them ; all rallying signs, all acclamations of every kind, are forbidden*. The same municipal body whence this address emanated declared its sittings permanent on the 28th, and upon com
. municating to the Duke of Otranto its apprehensions of the calamity which might await the city, by attempting its defence, received, it is said, positive assurances, that no battle should be fought within the walls.
In the middle of the day, no firing being heard, there was a rumour of a capitulation; but so strictly are the barriers guarded, and so secret are all the measures, both of the government and the generals of the army, that the inhabitants are in utter ignorance of what is passing
* Şee Appendix-No. 31. VOL. II.
within two miles of the town. It is a fact that as two regiments of cavalry were passing along the boulevards, about two o'clock, with drawn swords, the people who were standing near me, looking at them in the Rue Mont Blanc, did not know whether they were Prussians or French; some of my neighbours were positive that they were the former. These troops passed in silence. I have since learnt that they were a portion of Vandamme's corps, which has unexpectedly arrived, and that they were going to take up a position on Mont Rouge, under the Bicêtre, in consequence of the Duke of Wellington having crossed the Seine, at Meulan, where some English cavalry are said to have been drowned. No. capitulation has taken place; distant cannonading is still heard at intervals.
Napoleon did leave Malmaison at four o'clock yesterday afternoon, which was announced by General Beker, intrusted with the escort of the Ex-Emperor, in this letter to the Duke of Otranto.
Malmaison, June 29, 1815. « My LOAD, 6 I have the honour to announce to the com“ mission of government, that the Emperor is
getting into his carriage to repair to his desti“nation, uttering his wishes for the establish"ment of the peace, and the prosperity of « France. Deign, my lord, to receive the
homage of profound respect, with which I “ have the honour to be, &c.
(Signed) “ GENERAL Count BĘKER.”
This letter was communicated to the chamber of representatives at ten o'clock last night, together with the answer of the Duke of Wellington to the application made by Count Bignon, minister ad interim for foreign affairs, for passports for Napoleon. You will see that the duke refuses those passports, and that consequently Napoleon runs the risk of being taken in his retreat ; to which it appears that he was finally forced by the positive orders of the government, communicated to him by the Duke of Decrés, minister of the marine, and by Count Boulay. A message from the government informed the chamber of the measures it had pursued relative to him, and owned that his removal was rendered indispensable by the alarms for his personal safety, and apprehensions of some internal commotion.
The Duke of Decrés, in a speech to the peers, confirmed this message. He said he had not been in bed for three nights. I send you his speech and the message. The Duke of Wellington's letter runs thus :
“ Head-quarters, June 28. • M. LE COMTE. “ I had the honour of receiving the letter of your excellence, of the date of the 25th. I “ have already written to the commissaries named “ to treat for peace with the allied powers, upon “ the proposition of a suspension of hostilities; an “ answer to which your excellence has seen, and “ to which I have nothing to add. As to what “ regards a passport, and safe conduct for Na“poleon Buonaparte to the United States of “ America, I am bound to inform your
excel “ lence that I have no authority from my go“vernment to give any answer to such a de“ mand. I have the honour to be, with distin
guished consideration, M. Le Comte, your “ excellence's very obedient servant,
The first answer, to which the duke alludes, is reported to be, that he had received orders from his government to march to Paris, and must continue his progress until further commands. His continued advance at least makes some such answer probable, and so the free choice of a sovereign is to be allowed to France when her
capital is in possession of the allies. His
grace has received no instructions to the contrary; and perhaps he may help Louis to the throne, having received no instructions to allow the French to elect any body else.
The Princess Hortense, his daughter-in-law, saw Napoleon as he got into his carriage: he was calm, she reports, and in good spirits, at his departure. I saw the princess this morning, and must say, that she was entirely so.
On the 25th Napoleon addressed a letter to the army, which has been carefully excluded from the Moniteur, and has appeared only this day, in an evening paper, at the request of M. Campuy, a secretary attached to Prince Joseph. I give it you.
Malmaison, ce 25 Juin, 1815. Napoleon aux braves de l'armée sous Paris. “ Soldats— En obéissant à la nécessité qui “ m'éloigne de la brave armée Française, j'emporte « l'heureuse certitude qu'elle justifiera par l'emi« nent service que la patrie attend d'elle, les eloges " qui nos ennemis mêmes n'ont pu lui refuser.
“ Solduis-Je suivrai vos démarches quoiqu'ab« sent. Je connois tous les corps, et pus un d'eux
ne remportera un avantage signalé sur l'ennemi, que je ne lui tienne compte de la bravoure qu'il