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thousand protestations of his unshaken fidelity to the imperial cause. In

page 180, and the following pages, I have recorded what was my notion of Fouché's conduct, and have mentioned also the diversity of opinion on that subject. I regret that I have left it to this place to record a singular fact respecting that minister.-A personal friend and general of Napoleon's was, one day, a little before the departure of the Emperor for the army, talking to him in private, and undertook the defence of Fouché. Napoleon replied, “that he was a traitor, and that he would deprive him. of his place, and arrest him." His defender took up the cause warmly on every ground, both as to the difficulty of finding a successor, (for Savary would terrify even the aidede-camps) and as far as 'respected the outcries of the partisans of that minister, who would exclaim against Napoleon for dismissing a man who would not sign his ambitious decrees. “ If you are victorious," said the general, “ Fouché will serve you well--if you are beaten, you must not expect that any minister of police will be of any service to your cause." Napoleon desisted from his project of dismissing Fouché-but his adviser has since changed his opinion, and one day said to me, “I am now convinced that Fouché was a traitor, from the

moment he found the war inevitable. His conduct in every event subsequent upon the abdication was always double. I know not whether it was possible to save the national cause, but of this I am sure, that Fouché and Davoust thought only of saving Fouché and Davoust.”

No. I.

Il ne

Napoleon's Speech to the National Guard. Soldats de la garde nationale de Paris, Je suis bien-aise de vous voir. Je vous ai formés il y a quinze mois pour le maintien de la tranquillité publique dans la capitale, et pour sa sûreté. Vous avez rempli mon attente. Vous avez versé votre sang pour la défence de Paris; et si des troupes ennemies sont rentrées dans vos murs, la faute n'en est pas à vous, mais à la trahison, et sur-tout à la fatalité qui s'est attachée à nos affaires dans ces malheureuses circonstances.

Le trône royale ne convenait pas à la France. donnait aucune sûreté au peuple sur ses intérêts les plus précieuses. Il nous avait été imposé par l'étranger. S'il eût existé, il eût été un monument de honte et de malheur. Je suis arrivé armé de toute la force du peuple et de l'armée, pour faire disparaître cette tache, et rendre tout leur éclat á l'honneur et à la gloire de la France.

Soldats de la Garde Nationale ; ce matin même le télégraphe de Lyon m'a appris que le drapeau tricolore flotte à Antibes et à Marseille. Cent coups de canon, tirés sur toutes nos frontières, apprendront à l'étranger que nos dissentions civiles sont terminées ; je dis les étrangers, parceque nous ne connaissons pas encore d'ennemis. S'ils rassemblent leurs troupes, nous rassemblerons les nôtres. Nos armées sont toutes composées de braves qui se sont signalés dans plusieurs batailles, et qui présenteront à l'étranger une frontière de fer; tandis que de nombreux bataillons de grenadiers et de chasseurs des gardes nationales garantiront nos frontières. Je ne me mêlerai point des affaires des autres nations: malheur aux nations qui se mêleraient des nôtres ! Des revers ont retrempés le caractère du peuple français ; il a repris cette jeunesse, cette vigueur qui, il y a vingt ans, étonnait l'Europe,

Soldats, vous avez été forcés d'arborer des couleurs proscrites par la nation. Mais les couleurs nationales étaient dans vos cæurs. Vous jurez de les prendre toujours pour sigue de ralliement et de défendre ce trône impériale seule et naturelle garantie de nos droits. Vous jurez de ne jamais souffrir

que

des étrangers, chez lesquels nous avons paru plusieurs fois en maîtres, se mêlent de nos constitutions et

VOL. II.-App.

B

APPENDIX.

de nôtre gouvernement. Vous jurez enfin de tout sacrifier à l'honneur et à l'independance de la France.

No. II.

The following Portrait of the Bourbon Family, traced by one

of the Imperial Ministry, is inserted to show what was the Persuasion of a certain Portion of Frenchmen, during the last Reign of Napoleon.-It appeared in the Independent and thc Journal de l'Empire of the 23d of May; and the Reader is warned to bear in mind, not only by whom it was composed, but that it was said of a Dynasty dethroned; and was not when written, nor is now meant to be applied to the Royal Family of France under the present circumstances.

Louis XVIII, is undoubtedly superior to his brother and nephews, but this prince possesses more learning than wisdom. He is perfectly acquainted with Horace and Juvenal, though he knows nothing of administration; he is familiar with the Greeks and Romans, but an utter stranger to the men of his own age. By a long residence in England, he has acquired some just notions of a representative government, without the least knowledge of the art of governing.

Louis XVIII. will write an able paragraph for a journal, the success of which in Paris will give him at his levee the greatest pleasure; but at the same time, he will allow his ministers to present, in his name, to the chamber of deputies, a report, by which the government will lose a hundred votes in one day, and which will do him serious injury in the public opinion. He will draw up a diplomatic declaration with precision and elegance, while he is incapable of obtaining or preserving any influence in foreign courts. His moderate policy, couched in well rounded periods, shall meet with every encomium, and kingdoms be disposed of without the slightest attention to his paternal remonstrances, or the smallest regard for his interests: in short, Louis XVIII. such as we have seen him, might, I think, be very suitably ranked in the third class of the Institute. I perceive him to be an erudite man, a good academician, but I look in vain for the king

Besides labouring under the incorrigible weakness of the present Bourbons, Louis XVIII. is excessively headstrong on certain points; and the consequence of these two united defects in the conduct of this prince, is a fault which has been that of his whole life since the emigration; a fault which, after having exposed him among strangers, has raised him a great number of enemies in France, even among his most faithful adherents. For these last twenty-five years Louis

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