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But if the water does not pafs, and the heat returns as it was at firft, or even is more violent; omit giving the water fo often, and have recourfe to the other extinguents, which have been described; and if the patient finds relief, perfift in the ufe of them. If, on the contrary, you perceive, that they produce an intolerable uneafinefs and inquietude, you may certainly know, that the eruption of the fmall-pox or measles is at hand. Wherefore you must quit this method, and haften to affist nature, in expelling her fuperfluities in the manner I fhall deliver in the following chapter.



Of thofe things which haften the eruption of the

THE eruption of the fmall-pox and measles is

The pa

promoted by the following means.

tient must be well wrapped up in cloaths, and his body rubbed all over. He must be kept in a room not very cold; he should drink frequently, a little at a time, of cold water, to provoke fweat, and affift the protrufion of the humours to the external parts.

The fick perfon must put on a double shirt, the borders of which must be bound. Underneath him, place two small bafins of very hot water, one before, and the other behind him; fo that the vapour may come to the whole body, except the face; by which means the skin will be rarefied, and difpofed to receive the erumpent humour. For the furface of the body may, in this cafe, be compared to a leech, which, to cool

cool its own heat, attracts whatsoever it can. And by this management, not only is the fkin foftened, but the ftrength of the patient is alfo preferved; fo that nothing can be more proper.

As to furnaces and baths, they are both destructive at this time, by fo overheating and weakening, that a fwooning follows; by which nature is diverted from its work with great danger, if the fit be violent and long for nothing is a greater indication of the approach of death, the natural heat retiring into the inner parts; after which it will be foon oppreffed and extinguished by the over-abounding humours. Likewife, when the hot vapour, which I have directed, is ufed, it must never be fuffered to cool upon the body; but is presently to be wiped and dried off, with great diligence. This method is abundantly fufficient to forward the coming out of the difeafe, when nature is not languid, or the humours too thick and vifcid.

But in cafe it happens, that the outward fever is indeed mild, but anxiety and inquietude continue, and the eruption is difficult; you must wait till the fifth day is over, and then use those medicines which promote the eruption. But this is to be done with great caution and all manner of attention, in the way which I have mentioned, when speaking of the rules to be obferved in giving extinguishing remedies : for an errour here, although it be not fo great as the other, yet is alfo dangerous. And the caution confifts in not being too hasty in giving these medicines, but to infift upon the former regimen, as long as there is any profpect of fuccefs without them; and as long as you are not yet certain, that the fever is too re

mifs in the inward parts, as well as it is in the outward. This you will eafily know, by the pulle and refpiration not being too quick, full, or irregular; and if, in feeling the breaft, you do not find it hot in the highest degree. For though the fever be doubly or trebly increafed, it will not therefore be mortal; as you may judge by comparing this with other fevers, which you have obferved in perfons of the fame temperament, and in the fame degree of heat with your patient, who nevertheless have recovered.

Thefe extinguifhing remedies are alfo to be applied when, as foon as the puftules appear in the skin, the patient feels himfelf to be pretty well, and his pulfe and breath are easy. But if, on the other hand, the eruption goes on flowly and with difficulty, they must be abfolutely forborn: for to use them, is to ftrive against nature, and check the protrufion. And when any anxiety follows upon the ufe of extinguents, efpecially a palpitation of the heart, be fure that you have committed a great errour. You must therefore immediately take all poffible pains in foftening the skin, in the manner I have taught; and give to drink frequently warm water, either alone, or in which fennel and finallage feeds have been firft boiled, and the like fimples which conduce to the eruption; according as the heat of the patient and his ftomach will bear them; regard alfo being had to the flownefs of the pimples in coming out.

This is the defcription of an easy, gentle medi.cine, which, without too much heat, promotes the eruption.

Take yellow figs to the number of thirty; raifins,


the ftones being taken out, twenty drachms; pour upon them three pints of water, and let them boil till they are diffolved. Give to the patient of this liquor half a pint, at three feveral times. Then cover him up well in cloaths, and foment the body, as is above directed.

The following is yet more powerful.

Take of the aforefaid decoction four ounces; of the decoction of fennel and smallage feeds, two ounces let the patient drink it, as has been directed.

One ftill more efficacious is this.

Boil fennel-feeds and fimallage-feeds, of each ten drachms, in an earthen veffel, till the water is red; ftrain it, and give three ounces at a time.

Laftly, this compofition is very good and useful, at feveral times.

Take of red rofes four drachms; of lentils decorticated nine drachms; yellow figs ten; of gum tra. gacanth three drachms; of white raifins ftoned, ten drachms; lack, cleared from its flicks and washed, three drachms; fennel and fmallage feeds, of each five drachms. Boil all thefe in three pints of water, to one pint ftrain the liquor, and give half a pint of it, with a fixth part of a drachm of faffron, twice or thrice, as there may be occafion.


We fhall now fpeak of thofe parts of the body of which care is to be taken.

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Of taking care of the throat, eyes, &c. as foon as the puftules have appeared.


S foon as ever the figns of the fmall-pox appear, particular care must be taken of the eyes, the throat, the nofe, and ears, and alfo of the limbs, in the way I am going to defcribe. Nay, fometimes it will be neceffary to extend our care even to the foles of the feet, and the palms of the hands: for oftentimes violent pains arife in these parts, the hardness of the fkin hindering the eruption.

Upon the first appearance of the figns, drop rofewater into the eyes now and then; alfo wash the face with cold water often in a day, and fprinkle the eyes with the fame. For if the difeafe be mild, this method will prevent the puftules breaking, out in them. This indeed is to be done, for greater caution; for in the mild fort, it feldom happens, that any puftules break out on the eyes. But in a bad fort, when you fee a large eruption in the beginning, with an itching of the eye-lids, and redness of the white of the eyes, fome places of which are redder than others; you may be affured that the fmall pox will break out there, unless great help be given therefore immediately drop rofe-water, in which fumack has been infufed, into the eyes, feveral times in the day.

It will be still more effectual to apply a collyrium, made of galls in rofe-water, by dropping it into the eyes; or to inftill into the eyes what is fqueezed from the pulp and skins of the four pomegranate, first chewed.


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