Page images

the barley-water fome proportion of poppy. But if the body be very loose, add to the barley-water one part of dry feeds of acid pomegranates, and one part of poppy.

But, if it be requisite to bind the body, instead of barley-water, take meal of peeled barley, and the meal of poinegranate-feeds; boil these in the same manner as barley-water is made, and let the fick drink of this, as he would drink of barley-water either alone, or with bambu sugar and gum-arabic mixed with it, if a looseness should make it necessary; or with the medicines which I shall describe anon. For barley-water, mixed with pomegranate-juice, is very serviceable in the small-pox, and more especially in the measles. But the waters of the gourd, of the Indian pumpion, and of the cucumber; the mucilage of fleawort-feeds, and the like, of whatever kind, which make a mild phlegm, and easy to be spit up; these waters, I say, are more useful in the measles, than in the small-pox; unless it be in those forts of the small-pox, which are accompanied with a malignity and heat, together with a violent fever and want of sleep.

But in those cases of the small-pox, wherein the fever and infiammation are not fo vehement, those things above mentioned, and others of the like kind, have no other effect, but to render them flower, and to protract the whole course of the disease : wherefore it will be your business to have recourse to this or that sort of medicines, or to abstain from them, as occasion shall require. For when the small-pox happens to be in the highest degree of heat and putrefaction, with the addition of moisture; then thofe things which have a cooling, drying, and condensing quality, are more proper ; fuch as juice of pomegranates, verjuice, and others of the fame nature.


But when the disease is the mealles, which arise from a vehement ebullition of the bile blended with the blood ; those things which have the twofold virtue of cooling and humecting, are the most proper in their cure; inasmuch as the corrupted blood is tempered and corrected by their means. For the blood of a person, in the measles, is like ftagnating water, which putrefies by long standing; whereby its natural texture is destroyed, and, by the action of the fun, it contracts a vitious acrimony, But if these wa. ters are mixed with rain, or any other running sweet water, they foon recover their former wholefomeness.

Moreover, in the small-pox barley-gruel is beneficial, if it be taken with sugar and pomegranate-juice, or with a proper quantity of julap; giving due attention to the patient's loose or coftive state, as likewise to his greater or lesser degree of heat : except that barley-water is lighter to take, eafier to swallow, and more suitable to the throat and breast. Wherefore, act according to these directions, after you liavę been apprised, that barley-water is more proper for persons in the mealles, ihan in the finall.pox; unless the small-pox happen to be of a bad fort, in the manner we have mentioned.

As to the rest, vetches well cleansed are good in the small-pox, if a food be prepared of them with the juice of acid pomegranates, or with vinegar : the meal of lentils is useful allo, if the meal be wrought up with cold water.

Know likewise, that coid water is more serviceable to a patient in the mealles, than in the small pox; as being fafer, and of a more certain effect.


Now, then you see the small-pox attended with great inflammation, and a stoppage in the pulse and respiration ; then give extinguishing medicines, proportioned to the fymptoms : if they are less urgent, employ few; if very urgent, employ many.

But never allow the eating of young birds, until the pulse and breath have returned to their natural state ; nor till the puítules are thoroughly withered, and the scabs fallen off

Let us now turn the discourse upon loosening the belly, and restringing the fame in the small-pox.

[blocks in formation]

Of managing the discharges of the belly, in the


HE belly is generally loose in the small-pox and

mealles towards their decline, but especially in the mealles. For which reason, every thing must be avoided which opens the body, after the small-pox and mealles are conducted to the end ; even though the body be bound. But if it be lax, instantly ab{tain carefully from those things which give stools : although it be necessary in the beginning of these two diseases, and before they are on the decline, to give a laxative.

For it is fometimes requisite to open the body in the small-pox, either upon account of the excess of heat and pain in the head; or in order to ease nature of her load, and lessen the morbific matter, when you have reason to think it over-abundant. And it will be really so, when you find the body, both before and after bleeding, neither weakened nor

wasted ;

wasted; but, on the contrary, bloated and full, with a paleness, or a little redness, and a fluctuating pulse. For sometimes, in such a state, bleeding will not be necessary, and it will be sufficient to evacuate the superfluous humidity: and that especially, when the aforesaid signs evidently appear; and besides, if, through the sluggishness of the fever, the body be dejected, and entirely void of a red colour. In this state, a very proper medicine is a decoction of yellow myrobalans, if it be drank with white hard sugar, and the juice of an acid pomegranate, (two or three, if there be occasion), bruiled with the pulp and internal tunicles. For it is the quality of these two medicines to purge the body of the superfluous humours, together with part of the bile, without raising any heat ; especially the pomegranate juice; and to leave nothing behind them in the intestines. And this is the best medicine which can be given in this case.

But in the mealles give the juice of Damascene plums, and the plums themselves, fresh gathered, either alone, or bruised with julap, adding sugar to them. But avoid the medicine called tarangioben * ; for it is as prejudicial in the measles, as horey is in the small-pox; both upon account of the exceslive heat which it occasions, and of increasing the nauseating and uneasinets of the sick. In like manner carefully avoid giving them the juice of ivy, or of the black violet to drink ; because they both equally heighten the disorder in the body..

Now, whereas the first and most necessary remedy

* A sort of manna among the Sogdians, Medes, and Babylonians, which concretes on the leaves of certain fhrubs, and is gathered thence.


in the small-pox, is to draw blood, when it is too much in quantity, or there is no prospect of checking its ebullition by any other means, even by extinguents ; but there is a necessity for taking a little away, as well for relieving nature, as for abating the fulness of the blood vessels, and easing them of their orergreat load, which must otherwise be productive of very bad consequences ; especially if the blood be heated to that degree, that a violent inflammation might enfue : in the fame mander it behoves you, in the beginning of the measles, to draw off some of the bile, when you perceive it over-abundant; and then to pursue what remains of it by extinguents. Now, the sign of an excessive redundancy of the bile is, the violence of the inflammation, and the uneasiness, together with the discharge of the fame bile, both by vomit and stool, and a bitterness in the mouth.

But if the quantity of the bile is not excessive, and yet there is an uneasiness, and thirst, and vehement heat, without any appearance of bile, either by vomit or stool; though its quantity, I say, be not exceffive, we may however judge it to be of a bad quality, in proportion to the violence of the inflammation and uneasiness.

And this is what I have thought proper, that you Tould know, concerning the management of the difcharges of the belly, when it is loose in the beginning of thesc two distempers. Now, if the belly be lax, give nothing laxative ; for in this case, any thing that increases the discharges is not safe in either of the diftempers. But while the belly continues loose, order the patient, instead of barley-water, to drink barley. gruel; and if it be necessary, boil the barley-gruel

« PreviousContinue »