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ference being had in how far the an interview with the Sultan, honour and interests of the Bri. when he presented to him a lettish nation may be involved there. ter, and a flag that accompanied by. To such a system it is in- it, from the hon. the lieutenantcumbent on me to oppose the governor of Fort Marlborough, rights and duties of the British which were received with the government; and it is to be hoped, greatest joy and with every mark that when the character and in- of respect. The fag was then terests of both nations are duly ordered to be hoisted, and a letter considered and deliberated upon sent by captain Salmond to Mr. by higher authorities, such a li- Muntinghe. It is not known what beral policy will be resolved, as may have been the nature of the will at once put an end to the communication thus made, but confusion and irregularities which Mr. Muntinghe sent to call capt. must continue, and even increase Salmond, and to order him to pull to an alarming extent, while the down the British flag which had present system is allowed to be been hoisted by the Sultan. Cappersevered in.

tain Salmond replied, that he dared Done by me, the lieutenant-gov. not to pull it down; and after

of Fort Marlborough and its this, not to enter into details, dependencies, at the Court- there came a party of Dutch solHouse at Marlborough, this diers, together with a party of 12th day of August, 1818. Palembang people favourable to (Signed)

the interest of the ex-Sultan, and T. S. RAFFLES. also of Siaks, to the number of at (Registered)

least 700 in all, by the two latter W. R. JENNINGS, of whom the residence of the Secretary to Government, and young Sultan was surrounded by Registrar.

order of the Dutch, so as to pre

vent all communication with him. The following documents, re- -At sunset the flag, according ceived since the signature of the to custom, was ordered by the above protest, are annexed, as Sultan to be lowered and taken connected with the very extraor- in. He himself was then confined dinary proceeding at Palembang, by the Dutch, and no egress or and from which it would appear ingress on any account permitted, that the Sultan Achmed Nuje- and early the following morning mudin has been actually deposed, the flag-staff was cut down by the and his brother raised to the Dutch.- The Sultan's place of throne in his place, by the Dutch confinement was a small apartcommissioners at Palembang. ment on the eastern side of the Translation of a Letter from Sul- new fort, which did not admit

of tan Achmed Nujemudin, of Pa

more persons being accommolembang, to the Lieutenant-Go

dated there than ten petty offi

cers, who were all that were with vernor of Bencoolen.

him, the rest of his people being " Capt. Salmon, on his arrival obliged to remain outside. Capat Palembang, had immediately tain Salmond and those with him were taken by Mr. Muntinghe, them to Fort Marlborough, from at four o'clock in the morning, the Sultan at Palembang, and and have now been sent off direct presented to the hon. the lieut.. to Batavia in a small vessel.The governor was smuggled out of persons who were deputed by the the place where the Sultan is at Sultan to meet and receive cap- present confined, within the pretain Salmond on his arrival at Pa.. cincts of the New Fort, hy one lembang, viz. three Pangerangs, of his female attendants, who are a Tummungung, a Ranga, and a employed to fetch water and proDemang, were all seized and visions, and on that account alone placed under arrest within the are the only persons permitted to Dutch entrenchment.- The Sul- pass in and out, and that only at tan still continues a close pri- stated times, and for very limited soner, and no communication is periods. The strict manner in permitted between him and any which these women are searched one outside. The only persons by the Dutch guard placed over allowed to pass in or out of the the Sultan, every time they go in place where he is confined are or come out of his place of consome women, who are employed finement, and the circumstance of to fetch water and buy provisions one of them, on whose person a for him, and it is only at stated letter from the Pangeran Depati times that this indulgence is to his wife, merely respecting granted, and for a very limited some domestic affairs, was found, period that they are allowed to being nearly flogged to death, be absent. Such is the inconceiv- rendered much precaution necesable state of misery and distress sary, and the letter in question to which the Sultan has been rem: was accordingly bound on to her duced. Trusting, however, to naked thigh, and thus escaped' the benevolence and compassion detection. Similar precaution was of the British authority at Ben- necessary to enable the deponents coolen, and firmly relying on as- and their followers to get safely sistance from thence, he has out of Palembang, guards and peaceably borne with and sub- spies being stationed above the mitted to all that has befallen town to stop and examine all perhim. Night and day he anxiously sons passing up and down; and hopes that the honourable the for this purpose they withdrew lieutenant-governor will affordone by one to an appointed place him speedy relief; for so great of rendezvouş in the woods, and is the misery and the shame he thence departing together, tranow feels, that he cannot keep velled by stealth across the coun. his eyes dry.”

were ment

try, and by a difficult and cirDeposition of Ki Baha Sanghing borongh in twenty-one days. The

cuitous route reached Fort Marland Pali Jenah, taken at Fort letter, which, from the handMarlborough on the 1st August, writing, appears to them to have 1818.

been written either by the Sultan The deponents state as follows: himself or his brother the Pange-The letter this day brought by ran Depati, who was in confine

ment with him, was delivered to it was not till after the Dutch them by the female already men- frigate and other vessels were tioned, with injunctions from the placed opposite to it, and he Sultan to convey it without de- was told that it would positively lay to the lieuto-governor of Fort be battered down about his ears, Marlborough, and on no account and preparations were apparently to let it fall into the hands of the making to carry the threat into Dutch, or any of the ex-Sultan's effect, that he agreed to move into people. It was well understood that part of it where he is now a that Mr. Muntinghe first of all prisoner, still refusing to quit it endeavoured to obtain the con altogether.- The Regalia were sent of the Sultan to arrange- not got from him till after the ments that were favourable to the departure of captain Salmond for interests of the ex-Sultan, and Batavia, and many threats had prejudicial to his own, but of been used on the part of Mr. which they do not know more of Muntinghe, to take him by force the particulars than that the Sul- and send him to Batavia.—The tan was to have a monthly al. ex-Sultan, in consideration of lowance of one thousand dollars, being again placed upon the five coyangs of rice, and 100 gant- throne by Muntinghe, agreed to angs of salt, and be paid the gross make over to the Dutch the sum of 25,000 dollars, to repair whole of the interior of the counand improve the old palace for try, and to pay down the sum of his accommodation. That the five lacs of dollars in cash and Sultan positively refused to enter valuables ; the sum of four lacs into any such agreement, on which was received by Mr. Muntinghe, Mr. Muntinghe acted as he has and shipped by him; the payment done, in opposition to the wishes, of the remaining lac was to be and notwithstanding the remon- made after Mr. Muntinghe's restrances of the Sultan ; that they turn from the interior, and his are perfectly sure the Sultan never effecting the expulsion of all the put his hand or seal to any treaty British troops from the territory of or written document whatever Palembang.-The warlike equipconnected with the measure lately ment which Mr. Muntinghe fitadopted at Palembang : on the ted for this purpose, consisted of contrary, he invariably told Mr. about 100 troops, Europeans and Muntinghe that he could not, and natives, 100 Siaks, and 1,000 Pawould not accede to any arrange- lembang people, armed in various ments proposed by him; that he ways, and who were conveyed in had not the power to resist his 1,804 boats, in which were mount. acts, and could not prevent him ed eight large guns, and about from doing whatever he pleased 100 small ones. When they left with himself and the country, but Palembang the Dutch had a ship that he would not voluntarily re- of war of 22 guns, and a large sign any of his rights or authority. military force there. He refused to move out of the

(Signed) palace, although pressed in the

T. S. RAFFLES. most urgent manner to do so, and Fort Marlboro', Aug. 15, 1818.

Sir 5

Sir Stamford Raffles has been Menancabon, the celebrated cameritoriously occupied in the pital of the Malay empire. The task of exploring the interior of result has been the discovery of Sumatra, never before penetrated a magnificent country, highly by Europeans, with the purpose cultivated, abounding in the preof extending British influence cious metals, and thickly inhaover that large and valuable bited by a fine race of men, whose island. In three journies he en. friendship appears to have been tered the country in as many dif. effectually conciliated. Sir Stamferent directions; proceeding in- ford Raffles was successful in land from Manua, in the South, forming treaties with many of the he reached the provinces occu- native princes, in virtue of which pied by a people called the Pas. a new, and apparently rich field summahs ;-from Bencoolen he has been opened to British entercrossed the island to Palembang, prise and British commerce. and in the north he penetrated to

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CHAPTER XV.

NORTH AMERICA.

Refusal of the United States to admit Consuls from the Republics of
South America.-Negotiations with Spain respecting the Cession of
Florida.-Decision of Congress on the Seminole War.-Negro
Conspiracy in Georgia.-Discussions on Slavery in Missouri.
Number of Slaves in the United States.- Commercial embarrass.
ments.- Iddress of the President on returning to Washington.-
European Emigrants.- Official Letter respecting them.
THE government of the United Ayres, also met with a repulse,

States has been occupied because the United States could during this year with several ob- not receive him in that capacity jects of deep interest, some of without an acknowledgment of them connected with its foreign the independence of the governrelations, others with its domes- ment of which Puerreydon was tic polity. Soon after the return the supreme director. Subseof the commissioner sent from quently, the President laid before the United States in the year Congress a report by the se1818, to examine and report upon cretary of state concerning perthe situation of the new republics sons desiring to be accredited as of South America, application consuls on behalf of the indewas made by General don Leno pendent governments of South de Clementi to be recognised as America, in which it was administer plenipotentiary from the mitted, that consuls were rerepublic of Venezuela : an official ceived by the government of the refusal to this demand was re- United States from acknowledged turned by authority of the pre- sovereign powers with whom sident, on the ground, that the they had no treaty ;-it was name of Clementi had been added however, on the authority “ayowedly aitixed to a paper of Vattel, that the appointment drawn up within the United States, could not be carried fully into purporting to be a commission to effect without recognising the a foreign officer for undertaking authority of the sovereign from and executing an expedition in whom it proceeded. In these wiolation of the laws of the facts, the determination of the United States," and also to ano United States to stand neutral in ther paper ayowing that act and the great contest between Spain otherwise insulting to the go. and her colonies till success shall vernment. Mr. Deforest who decide it, may clearly be disdemanded to be recognised as cerned. consul general from Buenos The negotiations with Spain

respecting

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