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SECRETARIES OF STATE (1789-1938)

Presidents

Secretaries of State

Date of commission

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Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia, Mar. 22, 1790-Dec. 31, 1793... Sept. 26, 1789
Edmund Randolph, of Virginia, Jan. 2, 1794-Aug. 19, Jan. 2, 1794

1795.
Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania (Secretary of War),

ad interim Aug. 20, 1795- Dec. 9, 1795.
Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania, Dec. 10, 1795-May Dec. 10, 1795

12, 1800.
Charles Lee, of Virginia (Attorney General), ad interim

May 13-June 5, 1800.
John Marshall, of Virginia, June 6, 1800-Feb. 4, 1801 May 13, 1800
John Marshall, of Virginia (Chief Justice of the United

States), ad interim Feb. 4-Mar. 4, 1801,
Levi Lincoln, of Massachusetts (Attorney General), ad

interim Mar. 4-May 1, 1801.
James Madison, of Virginia, May 2, 1801-Mar. 3, 1809.. Mar. 5, 1801
Robert Smith, of Maryland, Mar. 6, 1809-Apr. 1, 1811.. Mar. 6, 1809
James Monroe, of Virginia, A pr. 6, 1811-Sept. 30, 1814.. Apr. 2, 1811
James Monroe, of Virginia (Secretary of War), ad interim

Oct. 1, 1814-Feb. 28, 1815.
James Monroe, of Virginia, Mar. 1, 1815-Mar. 3, 1817. Feb. 28, 1815
John Graham (chief clerk), ad interim Mar. 4-9, 1817.
Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania (Attorney General), ad

interim Mar. 10-Sept. 22, 1817.
John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts, Sept. 22, 1817- Mar. 5, 1817

Mar. 3, 1825,
Daniel Brent (chief clerk), ad interim Mar. 4-8, 1825.
Henry Clay, of Kentucky, Mar. 9, 1825-Mar. 3, 1829.. Mar. 7, 1825
James A. Hamilton, of New York, ad interim Mar. 4- Mar. 4, 1829

27, 1829.
Martin Van Buren, of New York, Mar. 28, 1829-May 23, Mar. 6, 1829

1831. Edward Livingston, of Louisiana, May 24, 1821-May 29, May 24, 1831

1833.
Louis McLane, of Delaware, May 29, 1833-June 30, 1834..-- May 29, 1833
John Forsyth, of Georgia, July 1, 1834-Mar. 3, 1841. June 27, 1834

J. L. Martin (chief clerk), ad interim Mar. 4-5, 1841.
Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts, Mar. 6, 1841-May Mar. 5, 1841

8. 1843.
Hugh S. Legaré, of South Carolina (Attorney General), ad

interim May 9-June 20, 1843 (died June 20, 1843).
William S. Derrick (chief clerk), ad interim June 21-

23, 1843.
Abel P. Upshur, of Virginia (Secretary of the Navy), ad

interim June 24-July 23, 1843.
Abel P. Upshur, of Virginia, July 24, 1843-Feb. 28, 1844 July 24, 1843

(died Feb. 28, 1844).
John Nelson, of Maryland (Attorney General), ad interim

Feb. 29-Mar. 31, 1844.
John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina, Apr. 1, 1844-Mar. Mar. 6, 1844

10, 1845.
James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, Mar. 10, 1845-Mar. Mar. 6, 1845

7, 1849.
John M. Clayton, of Delaware, Mar. 8, 1849-July 22, Mar. 7, 1849
1 1850.
Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts, July 23, 1850-Oct. July 22, 1850

24, 1852 (died Oct. 24, 1852).
Charles M. Conrad, of Louisiana (Secretary of War), ad

interim Oct. 25-Nov. 5, 1852.
Edward Everett, of Massachusetts, Nov. 6, 1852-Mar. Nov. 6, 1852

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3, 1853.
William Hunter, Jr. (Chief Clerk), ad interim Mar. 4-

7, 1853.
William L. Marcy, of New York, Mar. 8, 1853-Mar. 6, Mar. 7, 1853

1857.
Lewis Cass, of Michigan, Mar. 6, 1857-Dec. 14, 1860.. Mar. 6, 1857
William Hunter, Jr. (Chief Clerk), ad interim Dec. 15-

16, 1860.
Jeremiah S. Black, of Pennsylvania, Dec. 17, 1860- Dec. 17, 1860

Mar. 5, 1861.

Franklin Pierce....

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James Buchanan.

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Presidents

Secretaries of State

Date of com.

mission

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William H. Seward, of New York, Mar. 6, 1861-Mar. Mar. 5, 1861
14, 1869.
Elihu B. Washburne, of Illinois, Mar. 5–16, 1869.

Mar. 5, 1869
Hamilton Fish, of New York (entered upon duties Mar. Mar. 11, 1869
17, 1869).
Recommissioned (retired Mar. 12, 1877).

Mar. 17, 1873
William M. Evarts, of New York, Mar. 12, 1877-Mar. Mar. 12, 1877

7, 1881.
James G. Blaine, of Maine, Mar. 7-Dec. 19, 1881

Mar. 5, 1881
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey, Dec. 19, 1881- Dec. 12, 1881

Mar. 6, 1885.
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware, Mar. 7, 1885-Mar. 6, Mar. 6, 1885

1889.
James G. Blaine, of Maine, Mar. 7, 1889-June 4, 1892. Mar. 5, 1889
William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts (Assistant Secre-

tary), ad interim June 4-29, 1892.
John W. Foster, of Indiana, June 29, 1892-Feb. 23, 1893.-) June 29, 1892
William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts (Assistant Secre-

tary), ad interim Feb. 24-Mar. 6, 1893.
Walter Q. Gresham, of Illinois, Mar. 7, 1893 (died May Mar. 6, 1893

28, 1895),
Edwin F. Uhl, of Michigan (Assistant Secretary), ad

interim May 28-June 9, 1895.
Richard Olney, of Massachusetts, June 10, 1895-Mar. 5 June 8, 1895

1897. John Sherman, of Ohio, Mar. 6, 1897-Apr. 27, 1898.. Mar. 5, 1897 William R. Day, of Ohio, Apr. 28-Sept. 16, 1898.

Apr. 26, 1898 Alvey A. Adee, of the District of Columbia (Second Assist

ant Secretary), ad interim Sept. 17–29, 1898. John Hay, of the District of Columbia (entered upon Sept. 20, 1898 duties Sept. 30, 1898). Recommissioned.

Mar. 5, 1901 Recommissioned (died July 1, 1905).

Mar. 6, 1905 Francis B. Loomis, of Ohio (Assistant Secretary), ad

interim July 1-18, 1905. Elihu Root, of New York, July 19, 1905-Jan. 27, 1909 July 7, 1905 Robert Bacon, of New York, Jan. 27-Mar. 5, 1909.

Do.
Theodore Roosevelt

Do.

Do.

Jan. 27, 1909 Philander C. Knox, of Pennsylvania, Mar. 6, 1909-Mar. Mar. 5, 1909

5, 1913.
William Jennings Bryan, of Nebraska, Mar. 5, 1913- Mar. 5, 1913

June 9, 1915.
Robert Lansing, of New York (Counselor for the Depart-

ment of State), ad interim June 9-23, 1915.
Robert Lansing, of New York, June 24, 1915-Feb. 13, June 23, 1915

1920.
Frank Lyon Polk, of New York (Undersecretary), Feb.

14-Mar. 13, 1920.
Bainbridge Colby, of New York, Mar. 23, 1920-Mar. 4, Mar. 22, 1920

1921.
Charles Evans Hughes, of New York, Mar. 5, 1921– Mar. 4, 1921

Mar. 4, 1925.
Frank Billings Kellogg, of Minnesota, Mar. 5, 1925-Mar. Feb. 16, 1925

28, 1929.
Henry Lewis Stimson, of New York, Mar. 28, 1929– Mar. 5, 1929

Mar. 4, 1933.
Cordell Hull, of Tennessee, Mar. 4, 1933.

Mar. 4, 1933

Do.
William H. Taft.

Woodrow Wilson..

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Warren G, Harding.
Calvin Coolidge..

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Herbert Clark Hoover..

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt...

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