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with its annexes, shall be drawn up in triplicate; one of these shall be deposited in the archives of the League of Nations, one shall be kept by His Britannic Majesty's Government, and one by the Government of the French Republic.

"ARTICLE 2. The Mandatory shall be responsible for the peace, order and good government of the territory, and for the promotion to the utmost of the material and moral well-being and the social progress of its inhabitants.

"ARTICLE 3. The Mandatory shall not establish in the territory any military or naval bases, nor erect any fortifications, nor organise any native military force except for local police purposes and for the defence of the territory.

"ARTICLE 4. The Mandatory:

"1. Shall provide for the eventual emancipation of all slaves, and for as speedy an elimination of domestic and other slavery as social conditions will allow;

"2. Shall suppress all forms of slave trade;

"3. Shall prohibit all forms of forced or cumpulsory labour, except for essential public works and services, and then only in return for adequate remuneration;

"4. Shall protect the natives from abuse and measures of fraud and force by the careful supervision of labour contracts and the recruiting of labour;

"5. Shall exercise a strict control over the traffic in arms and ammunition and the sale of spirituous liquors.

"ARTICLE 5. In the framing of laws relating to the holding or transfer of land, the Mandatory shall take into consideration native laws and customs, and shall respect the rights and safeguard the interests of the native population.

"No native land may be transferred, except between natives, without the previous consent of the public authorities, and no real rights over native land in favour of non-natives may be created, except with the same consent.

"The Mandatory shall promulgate strict regulations against usury. "ARTICLE 6. The Mandatory shall secure to all nationals of States Members of the League of Nations the same rights as are enjoyed in the territory by his own nationals in respect of entry into and residence in the territory, the protection afforded to their person and property and acquisition of property, movable and immovable, and the exercise of their profession or trade, subject only to the requirements of public order, and on condition of compliance with the local law.

"Further, the Mandatory shall ensure to all nationals of States Members of the League of Nations, on the same footing as to his own nationals, freedom of transit and navigation, and complete economic commercial and industrial equality, except that the Mandatory shall be free to organise essential public works and services on such terms and conditions as he thinks just.

"Concessions for the development of the natural resources of the territory shall be granted by the Mandatory without distinction on grounds of nationality between the nationals of all States Members of the League of Nations, but on such conditions as will maintain intact the authority of the local Government.

"Concessions having the character of a general monopoly shall not be granted. This provision does not affect the right of the Mandatory to create monopolies of a purely fiscal character in the interest of the territory under mandate and in order to provide the territory with fiscal resources which seem best suited to the local requirements; or, in certain cases, to carry out the development of natural resources, either directly by the State or by a controlled agency, provided that there shall result therefrom no monopoly of the natural resources for the benefit of the Mandatory or his nationals, directly or indirectly, nor any preferential advantage which shall be inconsistent with the economic, commercial and industrial equality hereinbefore guaranteed. "The rights conferred by this article extend equally to companies and associations organised in accordance with the law of any of the Members of the League of Nations, subject only to the requirements of public order, and on condition of compliance with the local law.

"ARTICLE 7. The Mandatory shall ensure in the territory complete freedom of conscience and the free exercise of all forms of worship which are consonant with public order and morality; missionaries who are nationals of States Members of the League of Nations shall be free to enter the territory and to travel and reside therein, to acquire and possess property, to erect religious buildings and to open schools throughout the territory; it being understood, however, that the Mandatory shall have the right to exercise such control as may be necessary for the maintenance of public order and good government, and to take all measures required for such control.

"ARTICLE 8. The Mandatory shall apply to the territory any general international conventions applicable to his contiguous territory.

"ARTICLE 9. The Mandatory shall have full powers of administration and legislation in the area, subject to the mandate. This area shall be administered in accordance with the laws of the Mandatory as an integral part of his territory and subject to the above provisions.

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"The Mandatory shall therefore be at liberty to apply his laws to the territory subject to the mandate with such modifications as may required by local conditions, and to constitute the territory into a cus toms, fiscal or administrative union or federation with the adjacent territories under his sovereignty or control, provided always that the measures adopted to that end do not infringe the provisions of this mandate.

"ARTICLE 10. The Mandatory shall make to the Council of the League of Nations an annual report, to the satisfaction of the Council, containing full information concerning the measures taken to apply the provisions of this mandate.

"ARTICLE 11. The consent of the Council of the League of Nations is required for any modification of the terms of this mandate.

"ARTICLE 12. The Mandatory agrees that, if any dispute whatever should arise between the Mandatory and another Member of the League of Nations relating to the interpretation or the application of the provisions of the mandate, such dispute, if it cannot be settled by negotiation, shall be submitted to the Permanent Court of International Justice provided for by article 14 of the Covenant of the League of Nations"; and

Whereas the Government of His Britannic Majesty and the Government of the United States of America are desirous of reaching a

definite understanding as to the rights of their respective Governments and of their nationals in the said territory:

The President of the United States of America and His Britannic Majesty have decided to conclude a convention to this effect, and have named as their plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States of America:

His Excellency the Honourable Frank B. Kellogg, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States at London: His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor

of India:

The Right Honourable Joseph Austen Chamberlain, M. P., His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs: Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE 1. Subject to the provisions of the present convention, the United States consents to the administration by His Britannic Majesty, pursuant to the aforesaid mandate, of the former German territory described in article 1 of the mandate, hereinafter called the mandated territory.

ARTICLE 2. The United States and its nationals shall have and enjoy all the rights and benefits secured under the terms of articles 2. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 of the mandate to Members of the League of Nations and their nationals, notwithstanding the fact that the United States is not a Member of the League of Nations.

ARTICLE 3. Vested United States property rights in the mandated territory shall be respected and in no way impaired.

ARTICLE 4. A duplicate of the annual report to be made by the Mandatory under article 10 of the mandate shall be furnished to the United States.

ARTICLE 5. Nothing contained in the present convention shall be affected by any modification which may be made in the terms of the mandate as recited above, unless such modification shall have been assented to by the United States.

ARTICLE 6. The Extradition treaties and conventions in force between the United States and the United Kingdom shall apply to the mandated territory.

ARTICLE 7. The present convention shall be ratified in accordance with the respective constitutional methods of the High Contracting Parties. The ratifications shall be exchanged at London as soon as practicable. It shall take effect on the date of the exchange of ratifications.

In witness whereof, the undersigned have signed the present convention, and have thereunto affixed their seals.

Done in duplicate at London, this 10th day of February, 1925.

(Signed) Frank B. Kellogg. Austen Chamberlain.

And whereas the said Convention has been duly ratified on both parts, and the ratifications of the two Governments were exchanged in the city of London on the eighth day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-six;

Now, therefore, be it known that I, Calvin Coolidge, President of the United States of America, have caused the said Convention to

be made public, to the end that the same and every article and clause thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington this twelfth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and twenty[SEAL] Six, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fifty-first.

By the President:

(Signed) Calvin Coolidge.

Frank B. Kellogg, Secretary of State.

1925

RADIO BROADCASTING-ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES, GREAT BRITAIN, CANADA AND NEWFOUNDLAND FOR THE PREVENTION OF INTERFERENCE BY SHIPS OFF THE COASTS OF THESE COUNTRIES WITH RADIO BROADCASTING, EFFECTIVE FROM OCTOBER 1, 1925

(Treaty Series, No. 724-A; not in the Statutes at Large)

[EXCHANGE OF NOTES]

ARRANGEMENT WITH GREAT BRITAIN

[The British Chargé d'Affaires ad interim to the Secretary of State]

No. 796.

Immediate

BRITISH EMBASSY,

Manchester, Mass., September 8th, 1925. SIR: With reference to your note of July 1st, and to previous correspondence concerning the proposed reciprocal arrangement between the United States Government and His Majesty's Government for preventing interference by ships with wireless broadcasting, I have the honour, under instructions from His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, to inform you that it has been duly noted that the United States regulations do not now require American ships to be equipped for using the 300 metres wave and that it would seem clear, therefore, that the suggestion in your note under reference for the use of the wave on American ships to be permitted regionally in British waters was merely put forward by the United States Government with a view to meeting what was understood to be the views of His Majesty's Government. I am to point out that the 300 metre wave is used principally in European waters by fishing vessels and other small craft, and it would be impracticable satisfactorily to define the areas in which the wave might be employed. As its use even by such ships may in the near future be abolished, His Majesty's Government are of opinion that it is now unnecessary to qualify the prohibition in regard to United States ships in British waters.

His Majesty's Government are in agreement with the opinion expressed in the penultimate paragraph of Mr. Hughes' note on the

subject of December 9th last to the effect that the proposed reciprocal arrangement can be concluded by an exchange of notes, and I am accordingly authorized to inform you that subject to any modifications which may be agreed to internationally at the next International Conference on Radiotelegraphy, ships registered in Great Britain and Northern Ireland will, from October 1st next, be prohibited from using the waves of three hundred and four hundred and fifty metres within two hundred and fifty miles of the coasts of the United States on condition that United States ships will, from October 1st next, be similarly prohibited from using those waves within two hundred and fifty miles of the coasts of the United Kingdom.

In regard to the conclusion of a similar arrangement between Canada and Newfoundland on the one hand, and the United States on the other, I have the honour to inform you that I am awaiting separate instructions which Mr. Secretary Chamberlain has promised to furnish me with at an early date, and on receipt of which I shall not fail to communicate with you in the matter forthwith. I have the honour to be, with the highest consideration, Sir, Your most obedient, humble servant,

The Honourable Frank B. Kellogg,

(Signed) H. Chilton.

Secretary of State of the United States, Washington, D. C.

[The Secretary of State to the British Chargé d'Affaires ad interim]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, September 15, 1925. Sir: Referring to your note No. 796, dated September 8, 1925, concerning the proposed reciprocal arrangement by an exchange of notes between the United States Government and His Majesty's Government for preventing interference by ships with radio broadcasting, I am pleased to state that copies of your note have been forwarded to the interested authorities of this Government with a view to ascertaining whether the necessary orders will be issued to American ships effective on October 1st next. As soon as replies are received to these inquiries, I shall address a further communication to you on this subject.

Accept, Sir, the renewed assurances of my high consideration.

Mr. Henry Chilton, C. M. G.,

For the Secretary of State:
(Signed) Joseph C. Grew.

Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary,
Chargé d'Affaires ad interim of Great Britain.

[The Secretary of State to the British Chargé d'Affaires ad interim]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, September 25, 1925. Sir: Referring to your note No. 796, dated September 8, 1925, and to the Department's note dated September 15, 1925, concerning the proposed reciprocal arrangement between the Government of the United States and His Majesty's Government for preventing inter

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