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ARTICLE 9. The present Convention shall be open for the adherence and accession of States which are not signatories. The corresponding instruments shall be deposited in the archives of the Pan American Union, which shall communicate them to the other High Contracting Parties.

In witness whereof, the above mentioned Plenipotentiaries sign the present Convention in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and French, and hereunto affix their respective seals, at the City of Buenos Aires, Capital of the Argentine Republic, on the twenty-third day of the month of December 1936. (Signed) Argentina : Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Roberto M. Ortiz,

Miguel Angel Cárcano, José María Cantilo, Felipe A.
Espil, Leopoldo Melo, Isidoro Ruiz Moreno, Daniel
Antololetz, Carlos Brebbia, César Díaz Cisneros;
Paraguay: Miguel Angel Soler, J. Isidro Ramírez;
Honduras: Antonio Bermúdez M., Julián López
Pineda; Costa Rica: Manuel F. Jiménez, Carlos
Brenes; Venezuela : Caracciolo Parra Pérez; Gustavo
Herrera, Alberto Zérega Fombona; Peru: Carlos
Concha, Alberto Ulloa, Felipe Barreda Laos, Dío-
medes Arias Schreiber; El Salvador: Manuel Castro
Ramírez; Maximiliano Patricio Brannon; Mexico:
Francisco Castillo Nájera, Alfonso Reyes, Ramón
Beteta, Juan Manuel Alvarez Del Castillo, Brazil:
José Carlos De Macedo Soares, José De Paula Rodri-
gues Alves, Helio Lobo, Hildebrando Pompeu Pinto
Accioly, Edmundo Da Luz Pinto, Roberto Carneiro
De Mendonça, Rosalina Coelho Lisboa De Miller.
María Luiza Bittencourt; Uruguay: Pedro Manini
Ríos, Eugenio Martínez Thedy, Felipe Ferreiro, Abal-
cázar García, Julio César Cerdeiras Alonso, Gervasio
Posadas Belgrano; Guatemala : Carlos Salazar; José
A. Medrano, Alfonso Carrillo; Nicaragua: Luis Man-
uel Debayle, José María Moncada, Modesto Valle, Max
Henríquez Ureña, Tulio M. Cestero, Enrique Jiménez;
Colombia : Jorge Soto Del Corral, Miguel López
Pumarejo, Roberto Urdaneta Arbeláez, Alberto Lleras
Camargo, José Ignacio Díaz Granados; Panama:
Harmodio Arias M., Julio J. Fábrega, Eduardo Chiari;
United States of America: Cordell Hull, Sumner
Welles, Alexander W. Weddell, Adolf A. Berle, Jr.,
Alexander F. Whitney, Charles G. Fenwick, Michael
Francis Doyle; Chile: Miguel Cruchaga Tocornal, Luis
Barros Borgoño, Félix Nieto del Río, Ricardo Mon-
taner Bello; Ecuador: Humberto Albornoz, Antonio
Pons, José Gabriel Navarro, Francisco Guarderas;
Bolivia: Enrique Finot, David Alvéstegui, Carlos
Romero; Haiti: H. Pauleus Sannon, Camille J. León,
Elie Lescot, Edmé Manigat, Pierre Eugéne de Lespi-
nasse, Clément Magloire; Cuba : José Manuel Cortina,
Ramón Zaydin, Carlos Márquez Sterling, Rafael
Santos Jiménez, César Salaya, Calixto Whitmarsh,
José Manuel Carbonell.

1936

INTER-AMERICAN CULTURAL RELATIONS

CONVENTION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND OTHER AMERICAN REPUBLICS

Signed at Buenos Aires, December 23, 1936; ratification advised by

the Senate of the United States, June 29, 1937; ratified by the President of the United States, July 15, 1937; ratification of the United States of America deposited with the Pan American Union at Washington, July 29, 1937; proclaimed by the President of the United States, September 16, 1937

(Treaty Series, No. 928; 51 Statutes at Large, -)

(The following text was taken from the Senate print of the convention :)

CONVENTION FOR THE PROMOTION OF INTER-AMERICAN CULTURAL

RELATIONS

The Governments represented at the Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Peace;

Considering that the purpose for which the Conference was called would be advanced by greater mutual knowledge and understanding of the people and institutions of the countries represented and a more consistent educational solidarity on the American continent; and

That such results would be appreciably promoted by an exchange of professors, teachers, and students among the American countries, as well as by the encouragement of a closer relationship between unofficial organizations which exert an influence on the formation of public opinion,

Have resolved to conclude a convention for that purpose and to that effect have designated the following plenipotentaries:

Argentina: Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Roberto M. Ortiz, Miguel Angel Cárcano, José María Cantilo, Felipe A. Espil, Leopoldo Melo, Isidoro Ruiz Moreno, Daniel Antokoletz, Carlos Brebbia, César Díaz Cisneros.

Paraguay: Miguel Angel Soler, J. Isidro Ramirez.
Honduras: Antonio Bermúdez M.. Julián López Pineda.
Costa Rica: Manuel F. Jiménez, Carlos Brenes,

Venezuela : Caracciolo Parra Pérez, Gustavo Herrera, Alberto Zérega Fombona.

Peru: Carlos Concha, Alberto Ulloa, Felipe Barreda Laos, Diómedes Arias Schreiber.

El Salvador: Manuel Castro Ramírez, Maximiliano Patricio Brannon.

Mexico: Francisco Castillo Nájera, Alfonso Reyes, Ramón Beteta, Juan Manuel Alvarez del Castillo.

Brazil: José Carlos de Macedo Soares, Oswaldo Aranha, José de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Helio Lobo, Hildebrando Pompeu Pinto Accioly, Edmundo da Luz Pinto, Roberto Carneiro de Nandonça, Rosalina Coelho Lisboa de Miller, María Luiza Bittencourt.

Uruguay: José Espalter, Pedro Manini Ríos, Eugenio Martínez Thedy, Juan Antonio Buero, Felipe Ferreiro, Andrés F. Puyol, Abalcázar_García, José G. Antuña, Julio César Cerdeiras Alonso, Gervasio Posadas Belgrano.

Guatemala: Carlos Salazar, José A. Medrano, Alfonso Carrillo.

Nicaragua: Luis Manuel Debayle, José María Moncada, Modesto Valle.

Dominican Republic: Max Henríquez Ureña, Tulio M. Cestero, Enrique Jiménez.

Colombia : Jorge Soto del Corral, Miguel López Pumarejo, Roberto Urdaneta Arbeláez, Alberto Lleras Camargo, José Ignacio Díaz Granados.

Panama: Harmodio Arias M., Julio J. Fábrega, Eduardo Chiari.

United States of America: Cordell Hull, Sumner Welles, Alexander W. Weddell, Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Alexander F. Whitney, Charles G. Fenwick, Michael Francis Doyle, Elise F. Musser.

Chile: Miguel Cruchaga Tocornal, Luis Barros Borgoño, Félix Nieto del Río, Ricardo Montaner Bello.

Ecuador: Humberto Albornoz, Antonio Pons, José Gabriel Navarro, Francisco Guarderas, Eduardo Salazar Gómez.

Bolivia: Enrique Finot, David Alvéstegui, Eduardo Díez de Medina, Alberto Ostria Gutiérrez, Carlos Romero, Alberto Cortadellas, Javier Paz Campero.

Haiti: H. Pauleus Sannon, Camille J. Léon, Elie Lescot, Edmé Manigat, Pierre Eugéne de Lespinasse, Clément Magloire.

Cuba : José Manuel Cortina, Ramón Zaydin, Carlos Márquez Sterling, Rafael Santos Jiménez, César Salaya, Calixto Whitmarsh, José Manuel Carbonell.

Who, after having deposited their Full Powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE I. Every year each Government shall award to each of two graduate students or teachers of each other country, selected in accordance with the procedure established in Article II hereof, a fellowship for the ensuing scholastic year. The awards shall be made after an exchange between the two Governments concerned of the panels referred to in Article II hereof. Each fellowship shall provide tuition and subsidiary expenses and maintenance at an institution of higher learning to be designated by the country awarding the fellowship, through such agency as may seem to it appropriate, in cooperation with the recipient so far as may be practicable. Travel. ing expenses to and from the designated institution and other inci. dental expenses shall be met by the recipient or the nominating Gorernment. Furthermore, each Government agrees to encourage, by appropriate means, the interchange of students and teachers of institutions within its territory and those of the other contracting countries, during the usual vacation periods.

ARTICLE II. Each Government shall have the privilege of nominating and presenting to each other Government on or before the date fixed at the close of this article a panel of the names of five graduate students or teachers together with such information concerning them as the Government awarding the fellowship shall deem necessary, from which panel the latter Government shall select the names of two persons.

The same students shall not be nominated for more than two successive years; and, except under unusual circumstances, for more than one year. There shall be no obligation for any country to give consideration to the panel of any other country not nominated and presented on or before the date fixed at the close of this article, and fellowships for which no panel of names is presented on or before the date specified may be awarded to applicants nominated on the panels of any other country but not receiving fellowships. Unless otherwise agreed upon between the countries concerned, the following dates shall prevail:

Countries of South America, November 30th.
All other countries, March 31st.

ARTICLE III. If for any reason it becomes necessary that a student be repatriated the Government awarding the fellowship may effect the repatriation, at the expense of the nominating Government.

ARTICLE IV. Each High Contracting Party shall communicate to each of the other High Contracting Parties through diplomatic channels, on the first of January of every alternate year, a complete list of the full professors available for exchange service from the outstanding universities, scientific institutions and technical schools of each country. From this list each one of the other High Contracting Parties shail arrange to select a visiting professor who shall either give lectures in various centers, or conduct regular courses of instruction, or pursue special research in some designated institution and who shall in other appropriate ways promote better understanding between the parties cooperating, it being understood, however, that preference shall be given to teaching rather than to research work. The sending Government shall provide the expenses for travel to and from the capital where the exchange professor resides and the maintenance and local travel expenses while carrying out the duties for which the professor was selected. Salaries of the professors shall be paid by the sending country.

ARTICLE V. The High Contracting Parties agree that each Government shall designate or create an appropriate agency or appoint a special officer, charged with the responsibility of carrying out in the most efficient way possible the obligations assumed by such Goyernment in this Convention,

ARTICLE VI. Nothing in this convention shall be construed by the High Contracting Parties as obligating any one of them to interfere with the independence of its institutions of learning or with the freedom of academic teaching and administration therein.

ARTICLE VII. Regulations concerning details for which it shall appear advisable to provide, shall be framed, in each of the contracting countries, by such agency as may seem appropriate to its Government, and copies of such regulations shall be promptly furnished, through the diplomatic channel, to the Governments of the other High Contracting Parties.

ARTICLE VIII. The present Convention shall not affect obligations previously entered into by the High Contracting Parties by virtue of international agreements.

ARTICLE IX. The present Convention shall be ratified by the High Contracting Parties in conformity with their respective constitutional procedures. The original instrument shall be deposited in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Argentine Republic which shall transBrazil: José Carlos de Macedo Soares, Oswaldo Aranha, José de Paula Rodrígues Alves, Helio Lobo, Hildebrando Pompeu Pinto Accioly, Edmundo da Luz Pinto, Roberto Carneiro de Mendonça, Rosalina Coelho Lisboa de Miller, María Luiza Bittencourt.

Uruguay: José Espalter, Pedro Manini Ríos, Eugenio Martínez Thedy, Juan Antonio Buero, Felipe Ferreiro, Andrés F. Puyol, Abalcázar García, José G. Antuña, Julio César Cerdeiras Alonso, Gervasio Posadas Belgrano.

Guatemala : Carlos Salazar, José A. Medrano, Alfonso Carrillo.

Nicaragua: Luis Manuel Debayle, José María Moncada, Modesto Valle.

Dominican Republic: Max Henríquez Ureña, Tulio M. Cestero, Enrique Jiménez.

Colombia : Jorge Soto del Corral, Miguel López Pumarejo, Roberto Urdaneta Arbeláez, Alberto Lleras Camargo, José Ignacio Díaz Granados.

Panama: Harmodio Arias M., Julio J. Fábrega, Eduardo Chiari.

United States of America: Cordell Hull, Sumner Welles, Alexander W. Weddell, Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Alexander F. Whitney, Charles G. Fenwick, Michael Francis Doyle, Elise F. Musser.

Chile: Miguel Cruchaga Tocornal, Luis Barros Borgoño, Félix Nieto del Río, Ricardo Montaner Bello.

Ecuador: Humberto Albornoz, Antonio Pons, José Gabriel Navarro, Francisco Guarderas, Eduardo Salazar Gómez.

Bolivia: David Alvéstegui, Enrique Finot, Eduardo Díez de Medina, Alberto Ostria Gutiérrez, Carlos Romero, Alberto Cortadellas, Javier Paz Campero.

Haiti: H. Pauleus Sannon, Camille J. León, Elie Lescot, Edmé Manigat, Pierre Eugéne de Lespinasse, Clément Magloire.

Cuba: José Manuel Cortina, Ramón Zaydin, Carlos Márquez Sterling, Rafael Santos Jiménez, César Salaya, Calixto Whitmarsh, José Manuel Carbonell.

Who, after having deposited their full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE I. Each of the High Contracting Parties agrees to grant, so far as its legislation may permit, all possible facilities for the holding within its territory of artistic exhibitions of each of the other Parties.

ARTICLE II. The facilities referred to in Article I shall be granted to Government agencies and to private enterprises which are officially authorized by them and shall be extended, as far as possible, to customshouse formalities and requirements, to transport on communication lines belonging to the respective States, to rooms for exhibition or storage, and to other matters related to the object referred to.

ARTICLE III. The present Convention shall not affect obligations previously entered into by the High Contracting Parties by virtue of international agreements.

ARTICLE IV. The present Convention shall be ratified by the High Contracting Parties in conformity with their respective constitutional procedures. The original instrument shall be deposited in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Argentine Republic which shall transmit authentic certified copies to the Governments for the aforementioned purpose of ratification. The instruments of ratification

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