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SCHUYLER OTIS BLAND, Virginia, Chairman EDWARD J. HART, New Jersey

ALVIN F. WEICHEL, Ohio HERBERT C. BONNER, North Carolina T. MILLET HAND, New Jersey DONALD L. O'TOOLE, New York

HENRY J. LATHAM, New York CLARK W. THOMPSON, Texas

THOR C. TOLLEFSON, Washington FRANK W. BOYKIN, Alabama

JOHN J. ALLEN, JR., California EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

EDWARD T. MILLER, Maryland VICTOR WICKERSHAM, Oklahoma CHARLES E. POTTER, Michigan WILLIAM A. BARRETT, Pennsylvania FRANKLIN H. LICHTENWALTER, Pennsylvania JAMES B. HARE, South Carolina

EDGAR A.JONAS, Illinois
CHARLES E. BENNETT, Florida

CHARLES P. NELSON, Maine
PHIL J. WELCH, Missouri
EDWARD BREEN, Ohio
JAMES J. MURPHY, New York
TOM B. FUGATE, Virginia

Hugh A. MEADE, General Counsel
John M. DREWRY, Assistant Counsel

REGINALD S. LOSEE, Investigator
G. S. CARAs, Investigator to the Minority

ELIZABETH B. BEDELL, Chief Clerk

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE No. 1

CLARK W. THOMPSON, Texas, Chairman TOM B. FUGATE, Virginia

EDWARD T. MILLER, Maryland

II

CONTENTS

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Statement of-

Page

Bailey, Frazer, president, National Federation of American Shipping- 17, 39. 72

Bradley, Capt. Willis W., United States Navy, Retired, assistant to

the president of the Pacific Coast Steamship Co.--

Burdick, Bernard F., Chief of Office, the Panama Canal, Washing-

ton, D. C.---

61

Haddock, Hoyt S., executive secretary, CIO Maritime Committee.. 57
Jones, Walter J., legislative representative, Canal Zone Central Labor
Unit and Mutual Trades Council...

132
Mellen, Hon. Grenville, Vice Chairman of the United States Mari-
time Commission..

69

Morgan, George W., president, Association of American Shipowners.- 18, 127

Newcomer, Gen. F. K., Governor of the Panama Canal and President

of the Panama Railroad Company --

29

Parmelee, J. H., vice president, Association of American Railroads. 114, 126

Prince, Gregory S., assistant general solicitor of the Association of

American Railroads.

103

Steese, Gen. James Gordon, Washington, D. C.

2, 3, 96

Thatcher, Hon. Maurice H., former Governor of the Panama Canal

Zone.

58

Additional information:

Address delivered by the President of the United States at a Joint
session of the United States Congress, March 5, 1914

89

Bibliography of persons who have made studies of the capacities of

the Panama Canal.--

33

Letter from—

Gray, Hon. Gordon, Acting Secretary of the Army, to chairman,

May 19, 1949, transmitting memorandum from Governor of

the Panama Canal Zone...

65

Royall, Hon. Kenneth C., Secretary of the Army, to President,

Mar. 10, 1948..

62

Shipping survey by Association of American Shipowners, April 1948.. 19

Table showing --

Chief Federal canals in the United States.

44

Increased direct operating costs at the Atlantic locks which are

indicative of general conditions..

33

Results of operations in 1948.

18

Results of operations for fiscal year 1948 without interest and

before allocation of dual purpose services -

48

Revenues, expenses, and deficit applicable to Panama Canal
activities, 1914-18, and 1939–48.

118, 119

Text of House Resolution 44..

1

Treaty of

1850, Clayton-Bulwer-

73

1901, Hay-Pauncefote.

76

1903, 1904, Hay-Bunau-Varilla.

78

1936, between the United States and the Republic of anama---

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by subpena or otherwise the attendance of such witnesses and the production of such correspondence, books, papers, and documents; to administer such oaths; to take such testimony; and to make such expenditures as it deems advisable. The cost of stenographic services to report such hearings shall not be in excess of 25 cents per one hundred words. The expenses of the committee, which shall not exceed $15,000, shall be paid from the contingent fund of the House upon vouchers authorized by the committee, signed by the chairman thereof, and approved by the Committee on House Administration; and be it further

Resolved, That the President of the United States be, and hereby is, requested to defer until after submission of the committee's report any change in tolls currently levied for the use of the Panama Canal.

Mr. THOMPSON. At first I asked the general to come up here for just an informal gathering, but then it struck me that what he has to say is so important that it ought to go in the record, and that is the reason we took the reporter away from his peace and quiet and asked him to come up here.

I would like, with the general's permission, to read into the record this history of him. I do not know where it came from. Captain Duval furnished that to me the first day I met you, General. [Reading:]

Steese, James Gordon, civil engr.; b. Mt. Holly Springs, Pa., Jan. 21, 1882; s. James Andrew and Anna Zug (Schaeffer) S.; A, B., Dickinson College, 1902, A. M. 1906; B. S. (1st honors), U. S. Mil. Acad., 1907; studied U. of Calif., 1908; grad. U. S. Engr. Sch., Washington, 1910; Sc.D., U. of Alaska, 1932; unmarried. Commd. 2d lt. engrs., June 14, 1907; promoted through grades to col., June 18, 1918; brigadier general and adjutant general Alaska N. G., 1926–27; retired Oct. 1927. Asst. engr. San Diego and San Francisco bays, Calif., 1907-08; asst. engr. Panama Railroad Co. and Panama Canal, 1908–12; chief engr. 5th (expeditionary) Brig., Tex., 1913; instr. and asst. prof. engring., U. S. Mil. Acad., 1913– 17; spl. rep. of gen. mgr. West Md. Ry., June-Sept. 1916; organized 0. T. D., Ft. Riley, Kans., and instr. of engrs. U. S. Army, 1917–18; detailed on General Staff and chief of section, Sept. 1918-June 1920; spl. Alaska Road Commn. 1927–27, also chief engr., 1924, 27; dist. and acting div. engr. for rivers and harbors, Alaska Dist., 1921-27; cons, engr. Department Commerce, 1921-27, also for Ty. of Alaska, 1921-23; mem. spl. commn. to investigate Russian, Japanese, and Am. fur seal rookeries, June-Sept. 1922; dir. pub. works, Alaska, 1923– 27; chmn. Alaska R. R. 1923–24, also chief engr. Mar.-Oct. 1923; with Gulf Oil Corp. as gen. mgr. foreign subsidiary co. 1927–32; chmn. bd. and pres. Guajillo Corp. and affiliated cos., 1932–41; pres. Slate Creek Placers, Inc., 1936–41; recalled to active duty, Corps of Engrs., U. S. Army, detailed as asst. engr. of maintenance, Panama Canal, and asst. to 2d v. p. Panama Ry. Co., Jan. 1941Mar. 1946; asst. to Gov., Panama Canal and asst. to pres. Panama Ry. Co. Brig., gen., a. d. c., Alaska Nat. Guard, 1935-37. In charge President Harding's tour of Alaska, 1923. Trustee Dickinson College since 1919, Amelia S. Givin Free Library since 1921. Fellow Royal Geog. Soc. (London), Am Geog. Soc. A. A. A. S.; mem. Am. Soc. Civil Engrs., Am. Inst. Mining and Metall. Engrs., Soc. Am. Mil. Engrs., Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Sigma, Pi Gamma Mu, Am. Legion. Decorated Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit (U. S.); Distinguished Service Medal, 2d Class (Panamanian); Officer, later Comdr. Order of Prince Danilo I, and silver medal for bravery (Montenegrin); Croix de Guerre, 2d Class (Grecian); Officer of Public Instruction (French); Khames de l'Ahal Saxaoul, French Sahara; Knight of Order of Compassionate Heart, Comdr. Imperial Order of St. Nicholas (Russia); Interallied Victory Medal, American Defense Medal with star, and American Theatre Medal (U. S.); specially commended in Senate and House of Rep. of United States, and salary raised by spl. act of Congress, 1926; mil. road from Fairbanks, Alaska, to Yukon River at Circle officially named Steese Highway by War Dept. Del. U. S. Govt. to XIV Internat. Navigatn. Congress, Cario, Egypt, 1926 (sec. Am. Sect.), IV Internat. Navigatn. Cong., Venice, Italy, 1931, XVI Cong., Brussels, Belgium, 1935; del. Internat. Geog. Congress, Paris, France, 1931; del. U. S. Government to 5th Internat. Congress of Surveyors, London, Eng., 1934 (chmn. Am. section), to Internat. Geog. Congress, Warsaw, Poland, 1934 (pres. sec. I-cartography), to 4th Internat. Congress and Expn. of Photogrammetry, Paris, France, 1934 (declined), to Second World Petroleum Congress, Paris, 1936, Internat. Geog. Congress, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1938. Republican. Episcopalian. Mason

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