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THE

HIS ZORY

OF

CHICAGO LIBRARY
THE WAR,

BETWEEN THE

UNITED STATES AND GREAT-BRITAIN,

WHICH COMMENCED IN JUNE, 1812, and CLOSED IN FEBRUARY, 1815;

CONTAINING

THE CORRESPONDENCE WHICH PASSED BETWEEN THE TWO GOVERNMENTS,
IMM DIATELY PRECEDING, AND SINCE HOSTILITIES COMMENCED; THE
JECLARATION of war, anD THE OFFICIAL REPORTS OF LAND
AL ENGAGEMENTS.

AND

COMPILED CHIEFLY FROM

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.

WITH AN

Appendix,

CONTAINING

TH CORRESPONDENCE WHICH PASSED BETWEEN OUR COMMISSIONERS,
AD THOSE APPOINTED BY GREAT-BRITAIN IN TREATING FOR PEACE.

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Amy BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the tenth day of July, L.S. in the Fortieth year of the Independence of the United States *m of America. B & J. Russell, of the said District, dep÷ited in this office the title of a Book, the right whereof they claim as l'oprietors, in the words following, to wit.

The History of the War between the United States and Great Brain, 'which commenced in June, 1812, and closed in Feb. 1815 containing the 'correspondence which passed between the two Governments immediately 'preceding and since hostilities commenced; the declaration of War and the official reports of land and naval engagements, compiled chiefly from 'public documenis With an appendix, containing the correspondence which passed between our Commissioners and those appointed by treat'Britain, in treating for peace. To which is added the Treaty of Lace, and a list of vessels taken from Great Britain during the war.

by J RUSSELL. Jr'

Comiled

In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled An "act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Nips, "Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, duing "the times therein mentioned."

HENRY W. EDWARD Clerk of the District of Connectut.

A true copy of Record, examined and sealed by me,

H. W. Edwards,

Clerk of the District of Connecticu

62856

INTRODUCTION.

An history of recent transactions, must always be executed under many, and great disadvantages,

In a time of war, many important occurrences are but imperfectly known, till the truth is elicited by legal investigation; and, in addition to this, the feelings of men are so ardent, that an author cannot be expected to be wholly impartial, when recou sting those events, in which himself, or his trends, have acted a conspicuous part.

The publishers were, therefore, of opinion, that at the present time, the most useful History of the War, would be a faithful collection of Official State Papers, and accounts of Military operations. Such a work cannot be taxed with partiality; and, it is presumed, will be perused with interest by every American, who values his national rights, and whose bosom glows, at the recital of those deeds of valor, which have exalted the honor of his country.

If in some instances, Commanding Officers have seemed to manifest a want of candour, it ought still to be remembered by the public, that they wrote in the heat of the occasion; and, often, while agonizing under wounds receiv ed from an exasperated enemy. Modern Histories of Campaigns, are not, to say the least, more candid, and are, surely, less entitled to apology. This collection of Documents can never become a useless volume; for, besides furnishing the best evidence of fact to the inquisitive reader, and future historian, it is a ready manuel, by which every enquirer after truth, can at once adduce the best evidence on questions which affect the character of the American nation, relative to her military prowess. Our readers will feel satisfied, after its perusal, that they possess all the Official information, which can be obtained, relative to the military movements, and bravery and skill of our countrymen in the field of battle. Perhaps, in some instances, the losses and sufferings of the armies of both nations, have not been fully ascertained; so wide is the field, that it is some

what difficult to collect all the facts. On the water, where we have been peculiarly successful, the official accounts more fully and explicitly state the loss, as well as the comparative skill and bravery of the contending parties.

In the list of public and private vessels taken from the enemy during the war, we have not given the whole number of men and guns, on board of a large proportion of the merchant vessels, as it was never officially stated. In every instance of this kind, where we could not obtain correct information, we have left the number blank. We are sorry to say it is wholly out of our power to accompany the list of prizes with a correct list of the vessels we have lost; the enemy never having made a public statement of their prizes, we could not collect them from any authentic

source.

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