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lov 11 1881

Brit that.

Suite d'und






Lord Ilarrowly
Lord Eldon.....
Lord Westmoreland
Lord Ciancarty
Lord Liverpool
Right Hon. N. Vansittart
Right Hon. Charles Bathurst.
Lord Viscount Melville
Lord Mulgrave
Lord Sidmouth
Lord Castlereagh
Lord Bathurst...

Lord President of the Council.
Lord Iligh Chancellor,
Lord Privy Seal.
President of the Board of Trade.
First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister),

Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of the Ex{

chequer. Chance!lor of the Duchy of Lancaster. First Lord of the Admiralty. Master General of the Ordnance. Secretary of State for the Home Department.

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. { Secretary of State for the Department of War

and Colonies. President of the Board of Control for the

Affairs in Iudia.

Lord Buckinghamshire

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Literary Fund and Washington Benevolent Soci.
To John Cartwright, Esq. on the Peace between Interesting Documents, 599.

ety, 591.

England and America, 1, 33.

Mrs. Spercer Perceyal, 15.

The Endyinion and President Frigates, 605,

America, 65, 165.

Nottingham Petition against the War, 621.

Murder! Murder! 79.

Petitions against the War, 639.

Lord Cochrane, ind the Legion of Honour, 80.

America and Algiers, 663.

Property Tax, 97.

Notes on Jonathan's Letters from Boston, 678.81.

Corn Bill, 100, 161, 201, 353.


Continenial Affairs, 109.

The Champ De Mai, 726.

Hamp-bire Meeting Property Tax-Trick of the Abdication of Napoleon in favour of his Son,

Historical Notices of the War, 783, 821.

Londes. Press, 129.

To the Knighis Grand Crosses, &c. of Hertford,

Appointment of a Provisional Government,

New England, 225,

&c. 805.

The Budger, 228.


Deliverance of Spain, 257.

Wiltshire County Meeting, on the Corn Bill, 289.

A By Stander, on German Troops, 16.

Napoleon's Return, 322, $58.

No Gorman, on Riot at Lynn, 17.

Treat) with Napoleon, 326.

Erasmus Parkins, on Religious Persecution, 19,

Letter I. In Lord Castiereagh, on Peace, 395.

92, 152, 214, 250, 433.

Leiter II

on the Message to

Justus, on the Edipus Judaicus, 24.

the Prince Regeni, 449.

Justitia, on Lettres de Cachet, 27.

Letter II.

on the Hope of Suc-

-, on Legitimate Sovereignty, 588.

cess in a War against France, 641.

Benevolus, on ihe Pillory, 69.

Letter IV.

---, on the Debates rela- University of Oxford, 32, 186, 281, 310.

tive to the comme cemert of the War, 639, 705.

An Admirer of American Republicanism, 54.

Letter V.

on the Wes: minster | Juvenis, on the Congress, 32, 120, 437.

Meeling, the Emperor Napoleon, the Duke of Varro, on the @dipus Judaicus, 83.

A, B. on the Pillory, 85.

Enghien, and Captain Wrighi, 769.

Letter VI

on the overthrow of

Civis, on Finance, i14.

the Emperor Napoleon, 831.

Public Rejoicing by W, W.120.

To Louis, on the Causes of his late Expulsion, &c. A Thinking Briton, on the State of the Nation,



The Regent's Message, 429,

Civis, on the Inquisition, 173, 277.

To the People of England on the War against

on the beloved Ferdinand, 208.

France, 481.

to the Thinking People of England, 794.

The Emperor Napole n, 504.

Look at Home, by Tertio, 179.

To the Merchants of England on the War against Philo.Civis, on"" Horrid Blasphemous Impos.

France, and Parliamentary Reform, 513,

ture," 182.

To the People of Nottingham, on the motives and

on the Legion of Honour, 248.

on the New Post Office, 267.

prospects of the War, 545.

Letter Vil to the Earl of Liverpool, 577.

Julian, on the late King of Sweden, 183.

Letter VIII.


P. c. on the Legion of Honour, 184, 263.

Letter IX.

Inspired Writings, 211.

To the Fundholders, on the War against France, Aristides, on Cheap Corn, 216.

by Veritas, 275.


To Correspondents in the United States of Ame. , oa the Farmers, 415.

on the War against France, 555.

rica, 641, 687, 722.

To Sir Francis Burdett, Bart, on the Pitt System

on Traits of Courage in Frenchmen, 759.

of War against France, 650.

-, on the Invasion of France, 813.

To Lord Grenville, on the Constitutions of Eng. G. G. Fordham, on the Corn Bill, 248.

land, America, and France, 737.

on Reform, War, and Taxes, 380.

The New Era, 755.

-, on the consequences of a War with

France, 524.


A Constant Reader, on Commerce and No Cora

Partial and Mean Perry, Proprietor of the Morn. Bill, 270.
ing Chronicle, 97.

GM's Plain Picture of the Corn Laws, 271.
Sir John Cox Hippesly, 148.

W, P, R, on Freedom of Speech, 284.
Murat, King of Naples, 171.

on the Corn Laws, 336.
Sierra Leone, 193.

A Friend to Sincerity, on Cheap Corn, 293.

T. H, I, on the Corn Laws, 297.
Property Tax and Finance, 203.
The liquisition, 308.

Amicus Britanniæ, on Popular Opinions, 313.
Occupations and Miracles of King Ferdinand VII.

An Old Bachelor, on the Bachelor's Tax, 333.

R. F.'s Defence of the Farmers, 337.

Bonaparte in France, 315.

Verax on Religious Persecution, 378.

To the People of Hampshire, on the Corn Bill, 321. The Fair Sex, 379.
on Birkbeck's Journey in France, 465, 528.

H. on the War with France, 411.
Lord Cochrane, 478.

A True Briton, on Retrenchment and Reform, 499.

Petition of the Livery of London against the War, Hampden, on No War with France, 443.

--, on British Political Objects, 816.



Hortstor, on Hopes of Peace, 415.

Official Account of the engagement between the

Mirator, on Mir-hal Marniont, 476,

Wasp and the Avon, 127.

Mercaior, on Perce or War, 509.

General Jackson's Account of the Operations at

-.0: War against Fralice, 593.

New Orleans, 343.

A trend w Peace, justice and Equity, on War | Treaty of Peace with Great Britain, 317, 381.

with France, 525.

Report on the Retaliating System, 633.

W.R. H. ou ine E peror Napoleon, 561.

Report respecting the War with Algiers, 665.

The Cats in Council, 553

FRANCE.-Ordinance of the King against Napo-

Phiio, on Cars, Rats, and other Vermin, 564, leon, 315.

Veritis, on ile Abdication of Bonaparte, 593. Declarations of the Emperor Napoleon to the

Morris Birkbeck, respecting Napoleon, 604.

French people and the Army, 372.

A Friend tu Social Order, ou War with France, Answer of the French Government to the Decla-


ration of the Allies, 483.

Caput loll, on War with France, 632.

Act Additional to the French Constitution, 537.

Jonathan's Letters from Boston, in the United Dispatch, the Duke of Otranto to Prince Met.

States, 677.

ternich, 600.

M. Birkback to the Right Hon. H. Grattan, 698. Correspondence respecting Overtures of Peace, 660.
Won Maylssid, on Moder. Forgeries, 722.

Speeches of the Emperor, &c. at the Champ Do

Censor, un the Term Petition, 819.

Mai, 728,

Speeches at the opening of the Legislative Ses.


sion, 762.

Accounts of the battles of the 15th and 10th of

From Chief Justice Thorpe's pamphlet respecting

June, 789

Sierra Leone, 193.

Exposition ofthe Minister of the Interior, 793.

Birkbeck's Journey through France in July, Address of the Arch Chancellor to the Emperor,

August, ani September, 1814, 476, 523.


Answer of the Emperor, ib.

Address of President Lanjuinais to the Empe-
On America, 118.

Answer of the Emperor, ib.

America Triumphant, 342.

Napoleon's Declaration to the French People, 805.

Peace or War, 4:38.

Address of the Parisian Federation, 809.

Ode to 'Louis, 567.

Proclamation by the Government Commission, 810.

Tire Champ de Mai, 735.

Account of the battle of Waterloo.

On the Threatened Invasion of France, 708. CONCRESS AT VIENNA.- Declaration of the Al.

Bella Horrida Bella ! 831.

lies against Napoleon, 483.

Minutes of Conference respecting the Answer of

Napoleon to the Declaration of the Allies, 698.

GREAT BRITAIN.-Bulletin of the defeat of the Bri,
ST. DOMINGO.-Minutes of the Siilings of the
Council General of the Nation,

tish Army at New Orleans, 8th Jan. 1815, 318,

Gazette Account of the battle of Waterloo, 784.
AFERICA. - alessage to the Senate and House of Gazette Account of the Advance of the Allied
Representatives, 121.

Armies towards Paris, 830.
Documents respecting the Negociations at Glent, 'PRUSSIA. -Account of the battle of Waterloo, 826.

122, 159, 188, 218, 265.

ror, 799.

Record of the Prices of Bread, Wheat, Meat, Labour, Bullion and Funds, in
England, during the time that this Volume was publishing; and also of the number
of Bankrupts, during the same period; that is, from Januury to June, 1815, both months

BREAD). The average price of the Quartern Loaf, weighing 41b. 50%. Strms. in London, which s
pearly the same as in other parts of the corutry, 11 d.

WHEAT.--The average price for the above period, through all England, per Wiuchester Busbelyof
8 gallons, 8s. Sd.

NEAT.--Per pound, on an average for the time above stated, as sold wholesale at Smithfield Mar.
ket, uot including the value of skin or offal. Beef, 7fd.; Mitton, 8d.; Veal, 94d. ; Pork, 94d.--
N.B. Tiris is nearly the retail price all over the country, the Butcher's protit cousisting of the skin
and offat,

LABOUR.--The average pay per day of a labouring man employed iu farming work, at Botley, in
Hampshire, being about a fifth higher than the wages throughout ihe whole country, 18. 11d.

BULLION.-Standard Gold io Bars, per Oz. £5, 25._Standard Silver do. @s. Sfd. N.B. These
are the average prices, during the above period, in Bunk of Englund Notes. The prices in Gold and
Silver Coiu are, for an ounce of Gold £3. 178. 10fd. ; for an ounce of Silver, ös. 2d.

Funds.--Average price of the Three Per Cent. Consolidated Aubuities, during the ab ove period,

BANKRUPTS.--Number of Bankrupts, declared in the London Gazette, during the above period,

Vol. XXVII. No. 1.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JAN. 7, 1815. [Price ls.

we have

* sce ...


[2 TO JOHN CARTWRIGHT, Esq. nuance until now; and, 3d, of the causes THE INFLEXIBLE ENEMY OF TYRANNY.

which produced the peace.


done this, the consequences of such a termiPeace between England and America,

nation of the war will naturally develope

themselves to our view. Happily this war Botley, January 1, 1815. has closed before its causes and its objects DEAR SIR,- When you, a few minutes have been forgotten. We are yet within alter I was enclosed amongst felons in the recollection of every circumstance; and Newgate, for having written about the though I have, over and over again, stated fiogging of English. Local Militia-men in them all, it is now necessary to recapituthe presence of German Dragoons, at the late the material points, and to give them, town of Ely, came to take me by the hand, if possible, a form and situation that may and, looking round you, exclaimed, “Well! defy the power of time. All sorts of vile “I am seventy years old, but I shall yet mcaps will be used by those who have the

........ ;" when you controul of a corrupt press, to misrepresent, vttered that exclamation, little indeed did to disfigure, to disguise, to suppress, upon I bope that your prediction would so soon this important occasion. The hirelings are seem to be in a fair way of being fulfilled. raving with mortification at this grand The peace with America is certainly the event, the consequences of which they feel most auspicious event that I have ever had before hand. It is, therefore, incumbent to record, or to notice, since the first day upon us to place the whole of the inatter in that I ventured to put my thoughts upon a clear light, and thus to do all that we are paper. It opens to mankind a prospect of able to counteract their efforts. happier days. It has, by a stroke of the First, as to the cause of the war: pen, blasted the malignant hopes of the though there had been several points in enemies of freedom, baffled all their specu- dispute, the war was produced by the imlations, flung them back beyond the point pressment, by our naval officers, of men out whence they started in their career of hos- of American ships on the high seas. The tility against the principles of political and Republic wished to take no part in the civil liberty; hurled them and their para- European war, especialiy afier Napoleon graphs, and pamphlets and reviews, and all made himself a King. But she, at last, the rest of their hireling productions, down found, that, in order to avoid miserics equal into the dirt to be trampled under foot; to those of war, it was necessary for her to changed their exultation into mourning, arm and to fight. We stopped her ships their audacity into fear. Let those to on the high seas, and our naval officers imwhom liberty and slavery are indifferent presed such men as they thought proper, talk about boundary lines, passages, fishing took them on board of our ships, compelled banks and commercial arrangements ; you them to submit to our discipline, and to will look at the peace with very different fight, in short, in our service. The ground eyes ; you will see in it the greatest stroke on which we proceeded to do this was, that that has ever yet been struck in favour of the persons impressed were British subthat cause, to which you have devoted your jects; and that we had a right to impress life, and struck, too, at a time, when almost British subjects, being seamen, find them every friend of freedom, except yourself, where we might. The Republic denied alseemed to have yielded to feelings of together our right to take persons of any despair.

description by force out of her neutral A But, in order to be able fully and justly ships, unless they were soldiers or seamen to estiinate the consequences of this peace, actually in the service of our enemy. But, we must take a review, Ist, of the cause perhaps, if we had confined our impressof the war; 2d, of the causes of its conti- I meats to our own people, she might not

on the


have gone to war. This, however, our “ June can only be defeated by a refusal naval officers did not do. It has never



Government to desist becn denied by our Governnient, that many “ from hostilities, or to comply with the native Republicans were impressed by our "conditions expressed in the said Order. officers. It is notorious, that many of them“ Under the circumstances of your baving have been compelled to serve on board of " no powers to regociate, I must decline our ships; and, of course, that many have “ entering into a detailed discussion of the been wounded or killed; or, at least, car- propositions which have been directa ried from their country, their homes, their " ed to bring forward. I cannot, however, family, and their affairs. Mr. Madison, " refrain on one single point from expressin his last speech to the Congress, states, “ing my surprise ; namely, that, as a conthat “thousandsof Native Republicans “ dition, preliminary even to a suspension were thus impressed, before war was de- “ of hostilities, the Government of the clared by the Congress. 'The Congress, “ United States should have thought fit to at last, declared war ; but the President, “ demand, that the British Government always anxious to avoid the calamities of " should desist from its ancient and accuswar, immediately proposed the renewal of “ tomed practice of impressing British sea. negociations for peace. Mr. Russell, then“ men from the merchant ships of a foreign the Republican Minister in London, signi- " State, simply on the assurance that a law fied to Lord Castlereagh, in August 1812, “ shall hereafter be passed, to prohibit the that he was authorised to stipulate for an “ employment of British seamen in the Armistice, to begin in sixty days, on the “ public or commercial service of that following conditions : “ That the Orders in “ State. The British Government now, * Council be repealed, and no illegal “ as heretofore, is ready to receive from “ blockades be substituted for them; and “ the Government of the United States, " that orders be immediately given to dis" and amicably to discuss, any proposition "continue the impressment of persons from " wbich professes to bave in view cither to “ Arnerican vessels, and to restore the “ check abuse in exercise of the practice citizens of the Uniteil States already im- “ of impressment, or to accomplish, by pressed ; it being morcover well under-1" means less liable to vexation, the object “stood, that the British Government will " for which impressment has hitherto been “ assent to enter into definitive

arrange- “ found necessary; but they cannot consent ments, as soon as may be, on these and" to suspend the exercise of a right upon “ every other difference, by a Treaty, to be " which the naval strength of the empire “concluded, either at London or Wash- “ mainly depends, until they are fully con“ ington, .us on an impartial consideration " vinced that means can be devised, and " of existing circumstances shall be deem-“ will be adopted, by which the object to 4 ed most expedient.- As an inducement“ be obtained by the exercise of that right

to Great Britain to discontinue the prac- " can be effectually secured. I have the "tice of_impressment from American “ hovour to be, Sir, your most obedient

vessels, I am authorised to give assurance “ humble Servant." * that a law shall be passed (to be reci- This offer, you will perceive, came from “procal), to prohibit the empioyment of the President. How falsc, then, is the • British scanien in the public or commer- charge, that he went to war to assist Na"cial service of the United States.—It is polcon ! If that had been true, he, of

sincerely believed, that such an arrange- course, would have proposed no armistice. * ment would prove more efficacions, in He would have been anxious to avoid all “ securing to Great Britain her seamen, means of reconciliation. But, on the " than the practice of impressment, so de contrary, he is the first to make an effort

rogatory to the sovereign attributes of the to put an end to the war; and, even in the “ United States, and so incompatible with case of impressment, to tender voluntarily " the personal rights of their citizens.” a measure calculated to remove our ap

Lord Castlercagh's answer to this was prehensions on the score of our seamen. as follows:-“ From this statement you I do not know how an English Secretary of 4. till perceive, that the view you have State may have been able to look a Repub** taken of this part of the subject is incor- tican Minister in the face, while the for. "rect; and that, in the present state of the mer was asserting, that the strength of “rciations between the two countries, the England mainly depended on the exercise " operation of the Order of the 234 of 1 of the right of impressing its own subjects ;

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