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has not given it asit really took place. I very but remain there to take care of our friend
mucb lapent this, because in the present the Sovereign Prince of the Netherlands,
degraded state of the British Press, the or whatever he is called, and to protect
Morning Chronicle and Statesman are him and his new dominions from the ap-
the only daily newspapers in which the prehensions he entertains from his new
public has a chance of finding any thing subjects and his old neighbours. It seems
like the truth; and if Mr. Perry, no to be totally forgotten also, that Commis-
matter from what motives, is to be in- sary General Sir Hugh Robert Kennedy,
duced to withhold from us any thing of Knight, and Commissary General Sir
importance on our side of the question, Charles Henry Dalrymple, Knight, and
and Mr. Lovell is to be continued in his Commissary General Sir Charles Edward
imprisonment in Newgate, no matter how Eylmir, Knight, (one Scotch, one Irish,
or why ; in these cases, the only two and one English, to properly represent
sources we have of genuine information Mr. John Bull in his triple capacity) are
will be completely shut up, and we must at present most actively occupied in, wliat
look to the polluted streams of the Times is called according to the technical phrase
and the Courier, for whatever filth and of office, winding up the accounts of the
falsehood they choose to cram down Peninsula, where a sum of no less than
our throats---However, taking Mr. Perry's thirteen millions, for which bills either
account (for we have no other,) to be an are or will be drawn upon the English
accurate one, I beg leave to trouble you treasury, remains to be provided for.
with a few observations, that occur to me The enormous expence which must at,
even from so imperfect an account of the tend the bringing home of our American
proceedings of that day.

army; the unsettled Ordinance accounts;
The public cannot but be much in the charges of Transport, and various
debted to you for the manly manner in other branches of the public service,
which you met the question, and, with which, supposing the ratification of peace
out reference either to Whigs or to arrive in the earliest possible time,
Tories, without thinking either of Lord must of necessity continue so long, that
Grey or Lord Grenville, or Mr. Piti's six this year will probably expire before any
per cent. or Mr. Fox's ten per cent. at cffectual reduction can take place, will
once declaring openly and above aboard, obviously create an expence so euormous,
that in the present state of our expendi- that not only will the Property Tax, or
ture, this tax must go on, oc a substitute some other equally productive, be neces,
for it be provided. The fact is, the Go-sary to meet' it, but a loan of at lcast
vernment cannot go on without resources twenty millions will be required for the
to the aniount which it produces. It is service of the current year. The trifling
understood that the war with America reduction which has taken place in the
cost upon an average a million a month. navy, can hardly be said at all to diminish
Speaking from mentory only, I believe our expence in that branch of service;
The Property Tax produced about twenty and I am quite satisfied that the Prince
millions a year. Thus, therefore, at the Regent's week's merry making at Jubilee
first blush, it would appear that even fair, and the feasting and dancing of the
during the comtinuance of the American Allied Sovereigns, who honouren us with
war, this tax produced a surplus of eight their company last Summer, will cost a
millions, and that, therefore, when the much greater sum than will have been
war ceased, of course the Property Tax saved by the paving off the few ships
ought to cease also. But the very oppo- that have been placed in ordinary.
site is the fact; and although by the fa- No effectual reduction lia$ certainly
vourable issue of the negociations at taken place at home. If we except the
Ghent, a very considerable saving will no reduction of the Militia, and a few super-
doubt be made; yet it appears to be numary officers of the line placed on half
totally forgotten, that we have an army pay, nothing that can be called an im-
in America of from 30 to 40,000 men, portant saving has been inade. It is
and another in Holland of nearly twice true, a few second battalions have been
that amount. The army in America can reduced. But how? Why by drafting
not be brought home for at least six the men to their respective first batta-
months to come; and that in Belgium, I lions; and thus the only diminution
suppose, will not be brought home at all, of expence is the mere difference between

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the full and half pay of a set of meritorious | paid by the consciousness that the and deserving officers, who are sent to sentiments are the offspring of an hothe right-about now they are no longer nourable feeling, and consequently will wanted; while all the extraordinary and meet your approbation. I am, &c. expensive establishments of the Treasury,

Buckinghamshire.

R. II. M. and the Horse Guards, remain untouched, and, I suppose, will be untouchable. The third Secretary of State-ship was expressly created as a mere war establish

ON AMERICA, ment. A variety of corps of different

HAIL! happy land--the blest abode, sorts and descriptions, such as the Royal Artillery Drivers, the Royal Staff Corps, Of those, indignant at Oppression’voj se'; the Royal Waggon Train, and various with thee a hospitable home they find; other similar non-descripts were all war establishinents. Sir Digby Hamilton,

Where no proud Tyrant dares maintain, Knight, Waggon Master General, and In baughty pomp, his iron reign; temporary rank Major General, was, as

Where no vain titles are conferr'd, his very designation purports, only a war establishment. Yet this colossus, as well Upon Corruption's servile herd; in size as in expence, still hovers about

But where EgUALITY alone the Horse Guards, shedding his bareful influence in all directions.

Has built upon a rock its throne; How is it possible then that the In- They fly, America, to thee, come Tax can be dispensed with, while

To taste the swects of LIBERTY; such tremendous draughts as these are made upon the public purse? We begin Undaunted plough tl Atlantic wave, at the wrong end. Instead of meeting to

And buoy'l by Hope, all dangers brave; petition for the repeal of this tax, we should petition for the diminution of the They leave the grov'ing slaves of Courts expence which occasions its necessity.

behind, In that case we should have reason on To seek the promis'd land, il' Asylum of our side, for it is palpable and apparent

mankind. that while the present most frightful expenditure is suffered to continue, it is im

Hail! land of FREEDOM,-Genius there possible to suppose but that a system of Protectest, trives beneath thy fost'ring taxation sufficiently productive must be adapted to meet it.--I remain, &c. .

care, CIVIS. The mind unshackled, and restraints un

hnown; AMERICA.

TheRights OFMANare there display'd, SIR,--The acquaintance I consider Of no despotie law afraid ; myself jo have formed with you, through the channel of your valuable Register, and

Religion, heav'nly Maid, is Free, feeling confident yoa will pardon my pre

Aud teaches pue Morality; fumption, induce me to intrude the en

Do subtle Priests with Tyrants join’il, closed on your atiention; and it not contrary to your regulations, and you should

Endeavour to enslave Mankind; deem it worthy of insertion in your use- But free in action as in word, fil publication, i can only say it will par

The voice of Justice there is heard; ticularly oblige a young man, who has imbibed from your instruction and exam- Who executes, with even hand, ple an ardeist love of liberty, and who

The equallaws, which WISDOM plann'd; has witnessed the late efforts, of the Anericans to maintain their indepenel- May thy example, to surrounding Nations ence, will admiration, and the terinination

slewn. of the contest with the greatest satisfac

Should iny request ke thought too Hurl Priesterast to the dust, and Despotism presumptuous, I shall at any mie be re

from his throre.

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as

THE CONGRESS.

in no slight degree to confirm the opinion MR. COBBETT.--Although it may be

which so many entertain upon this subhazardous to canvass, at present, the ject with myself

, that the only monarch

who has uniformly been the decided enemotives of our generous, and just allies, yet I think that their proceedings form my of Napoleon, remains the victim of yet I think that their proceedings form his sincere hostility, without exciting either a very prominent subject for general the friendly commiseration, or the notice animadversion. Perhaps, previously to

of those monarchs to whom he set the entering into any review of their con- first example of resistance and resolution. words relative to the exaggerated expec- too fond of war, and perhaps deranged; as a

I am not justifying his conduct; he was tations, generally formed as to ibe result of the deliberations of these dignifor the deposition of legitimate kings, the

but God knows if these are just reasons fied and immaculate characters. It was certainly imagined by a great majo- the regal list of formur times. The person

“ decks would soon be swabbed," of half rity of those who huzzaed and attended; I allude to is Gustavus of Sweden, who from morning to night, every movement has lost his own kingdom in the cause for of our receni royal visitors, that every which ourselves and our magnanimous thing would be settled by them upon allies pretend to have been fighting--the the “fairest and most honorable basis. restoration of the old order of things on The applauses bestowed

upon
them

the continent. Now, Sir, has not this were intended as much to reprobate the

Gustavus a much greater right to claim conduct of him whom fate had overthrown,

' indemnitythan any of thcm ? And in approbation of those who had been the secondary agents of his ruin. would it not do inore credit to the charac

ter of the Russian Autocrat, to set the We gave credit for their professions; we

crown of Poland upon the head of Gusanticipated a generous and most magnanimous policy from the Liberator Alex- tavus, than to pocket it himself

, or give ander, and Frederick, the wise and the it to his brother? It was my intention sedate. It is now said, however, by to have seriously canvassed the claims of the Courier, the Times, and almost ail Russia to Poland; but, really, Sir, it would our Newspapers, that a little Bona- be paying them a compliment which they partcan leaven is mixed, even in the do not deserve. Reason need not comcomposition of these legitimate Kings. but power—no right but force. JUVENIS.

bat the principles that have no foundation There appears, say these journals, to be a singular assimulation to the politi

PUBLIC REJOICING. cal system of the recent Ruler of France in all the proceedings of the Congress. Mr. COBBETT.--The public who sa Their ideas of 'regal justice seem not greedily rejoiced, and feasted, and illuvery distant from the policy of usurpa- minated, and were beyond measure elated tion. Aggrandisement is the word with at the downfall of Buonaparte, as an event all of them. They seem almost inclined that could not fail to do for England all to dispute the climax of injustice with their hearts could desire; (in which, by Napoleon, and to pay as little regard as the by, they now begin to see they were himself to the rights of their interiors. mistaken,) that public having suffered the His audacity, they add, is wanting ; but late happy peace with America, which I his rapaciły is not left far behind. I have consider to be far more beneficial to often heard it rernarked, that the views the true interests of our country and the of Buonaparte completely identified him world, to pass by withoutany illumination, with the legitimate and hereditary sove- or other more rational mode of expressing reigns of the day. He was as fond of their joy, I, who am sorry for the omisgoverning imperiously, as careless of the sion, have considered what it would have rights and welfare of his subjects, and cost me to illuminate on that occasion, the rights of his neighbours, as if his an- and determined to devote that sum as far cestors had sat for centuries on thrones, as it will go, to the purchase of your and the sceptre had descended to him valuable Register. By so doing, I shall from some ancient robber, instead of hi- materially gratify myself, pay the debt of ving been forcibly grasped by the rude pratitude to those principles, whose aim hands of a modern one. And it seems it has always been to bring about that

But you

peace, and as far as humble efforts go, to contribute to their spread and encourage- No. 1..--Copy of a Letter from Messrs. Adans, ment. I shall also shew my admiration

Bayard, Clay, Russell, and Gallatin, to the Secreof the writer, whom I consider to be the

lary of State, dated Ghent, Oct. 95, 1814. only one I know, that has set the matter of America in its true light; and whom

SIR.---We have the honour of transmitting hereI respect, (as far as I know, which is only with, copies of all our correspondence with the by his Register, as a sound patriot, clear British Plenipotentiaries, since the departure of Mr. writer, and an honest man. If

you were

Dallas. Although the negociation has not ter to publish this in your Register, perhaps winated so abruptly as we expected at that period it might induce others to do the same, or that it would, we have no reason to retract the opisomething like it; and it is an opportunity nion which we then expressed, that no hopes of for the friends of freedom, to encourage peace as likely to result from it, could be enter, her cause, without any extra expence to izined. It is true, that the terms which the British themselves. For few, or none, of the Government had so peremptorily prescribed at that friends of peace, I presume, (save those

time, have been apparently abandoned, and that who abstain from principle,) would have the sine qua non then required as a preliminary declined to light up, if it had been gene- to all discussion upon other topics, has been rerally the case. I speak more particularly duced to an article securing merely an Indian pasto ihe inhabitants of towns. Those in

cification, which we have agreed to accept, subject the country, who would have spent money

to the ratification or rej .ction of our Government. on the occasion, in other ways, but did

will perceive that our request for the exnot, because they had not the opportunity, change of a projet of a Treaty has been eluded, may also adopt the saine plan. I embrace and liat in their last liote, the British Plenipoteuthis occasion, Sir, to thank you for your diaries have advanced a demand not only new and past efforts, for your country's good. Go inadmissible, but totally incompatible with their on, I entreat you, in the useful work you uniform previous declarations, that Great Britain have so long, and so admirably conducted. had no view in this negociation to any acquisition The time is coming, I hope, when your of teritory. It will be perceived that this new labours will be justly appreciated, and produce good fruit. War having ceased, the accounts had been received that a British force

pretension was brought forward imnuediately ailer corruption has lost half its food. The ne

had taken possession of all that part of the State cessity of strict economy, and the ill effects of extravagant expenditure, and of Massachusetts

, situate East of Penobscot river. the chimerical ideas we have entertained,

The British Plenipotentiaries have invariably re

ferred to their Governinent every hole received will occasion reflection, and thut must shew us the true causes of the mischief, from us, and waited the return of their messenger and dispose the whole community to ad- before they have transmitted to us their answer ;

and the whole tenor of ile correspondence, as well mire, and imitate those principles which

as the manner in which it bas been conducted on would have prevented it; and to follow which affords now the best chance of re

the part of the British Government, have coucurred storation to that happy state we were

lu convince us, That their ubjict has been delay; once in. Ileartily wishing this consuin

their molives for this policy we presume to have mation, I am your admirer and well-ben, to acep the alternative of peace or a protracted wisher,

war in thieir own hands, until a geurral ariangeanant of European atiairs should be accomplislaed

at the Congress of Vienna, and until they could STATE PAPEKS.

avail themselves or the advantages, which they have

anticipated iroma the succe:s of their arms, during Message to the Senate and House of Re- the present campaiyn in America. Although the presentatives of the United States. Suvereigns who had di termined to be present at

the Congress of Vienna have been already several I transmit, for tlte information of Congress, the

weeks assembled there, it does not appear by the cominum catwas last received from the linister lastpydvices from that place that the Congress has Extraordinary and Plenipmentiary of ille L'nited

icon formally opened. On the coutrary, by a States of Ghent, explaining the course and actual

declaration from the Plenipotentiar es of the Powe state of their negociation with the Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain.

who were parties to the peace of Paris of 30:h James MADISON.

Jay last, the opening of the Congress appears Dec 1, 1814.

iu bave been pustponed to the first of November,

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A meitorial is said to have been presented by the verament of the United States, a more satisfactory
French Ambagsador Talleyrand, in which it is de proof of the conciliatory spirit of his Majesty's
clared, liat France having returned to her boun Government cannot be given, than by not requiring
daries in 1792, can recognize none of the aggran. ang stipulation on those subjects, which, though
disenents of the other great Powers of Europe post important in themselves, uo longer, in conse-
since that periad, although no intending 10 oppose quence of the maritime pacification of Europe,
them by war. These circumstalices indicate that produce the same practical results. On the sub.
the new basis for the political system of Europe, ject of the Fisheries, the undersigued expressed
will not be so speedily settled as had been expected. with so nuch frankness, at ibe couference already
The principle thus assumed by France is very ex- referred to, the views of their Government, thaf
lensive in its effects, and opens a field lor negocia liey consider any further observations on that topic
tion much wider than had been anticipated. We as unnecessary at the present tiine. On the ques-
think it does net pidinise an aspect of immediate tion of the boundary between the dominions of his
tranquillity to this Continent, and that it will dis Majesty and those of the United States, the under.
concert particularly the measures which Great Bri- signed are led to expect from the discussion which
tain has been taking with regard to the future destin this subject has already undergone, that the Northa
nation of this country, among others, and 10 which Westeru boundary, from the Lake of the Woods to
she has attached apparently much importance. the Mississipip (the intended arrangernent of 1803)
We have the honour to be, with great respect, Sir, will be adınitted without objection. In regard
Four very humble servants, Joun Quincy Adams, to other boundaries, the American Plenipoten.
J. A. Bayarn,' H. CLAY, Jona. Russell, tiaries, in their nute of August 24, appeared in some
ALBERT GALLATIN.

measure, to object to the propositions then made
by the undersigneri, as not being on the basis of

uti possidetis. The undersigned are willing to No. IX.-NOTE from the British to the American

treat on that basis, subject to such modification Mivisters.--October 21, 1814.

as mutual convenience way be found to require; The undersigned have had the honour of receiving and they trust that the American Plenipotentiaries the note of the American Plenipotentiaries, of the will shew, by their ready acceptance of this busis, 13th instant, communicating the acceptance of their that ihiey duly appreciate the moderation of bio article, which the undersigned had prepared on the Majesty's Government in su far consulting the bonor subject of thc pacificat'on and rights of the Indian and fair pretensions of the United States, as in the Nations. The undersigned are happy in bring relative situation of the two countries, to authorise thus relieved from the necessity of recurring to such a proposition. The undersigned avail theinseveral topics, which though they arose in the selves of this opportunity to renew to the American course of their discussions, liave only an incidental Plenipotentiaries the assurance of their bigh.conconnection with the differences remaining to be sideration. (Signed) GAMBIER, Hsnes Gouda adjusted between the two countries. With a view

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BORN, WILLIAM ADAM. to this adjustment, the undersigned preterring, in the present state of the negotiation, a general state

No. X..--NOTE from the American to the Briment to the formal arrangemout of articles, are

rish Ministers.---Oct. 24, 1814. willing so far to comply with the request of the American Plenipotentiaries, contained in their lası The undersigned have the honour to acknowledge note, as 10 waive the advantage to which they think the receipt at the Note of the British Plenipotegthey were fairly entitled, of requiring from them taries of the 21st instant. Amongst the general the first projel of a treaty. The undersigned have observations which the undersigned, in their Nore viisg stated at the first conference the points, upon of the 24th August, made on the propositions then which his Majesty's Government considered the brought forward on the part of the British Governa discussions between the two countries as likely 10 ment, they reinarked that those propositions were turn, cannot better salisty the request of the founded neither on the basis of uri possidetis, nur American Pler.ipotentiaries ilian by referring them on that of status ante bellum. But so far were they 10 thal conference for a stulenient of the points, fronı suggesting the uti possidetis as the basis on which in the opinion of his Majesty's Government, which they were dispused to treat, that in the same yet renain to be adjusted. Wib respect to the Nole they expressly stated, that they had been forciblc seizure of marines from on board werdant instructed to conclude a peace on the principle vessels on the high seas, and the right of the of buth parties restoring whatever territory they King of Great Britain to tlie allegiance of all liis might bare taken. The undersigned also declareid, ative subjects, and with respect to the maritime in that No!c, that they had no authority lo cede rights of the British Empire, the undersigned con- any part of the terrirory of the United States, and ceive, that after the pretensions asserted by the Go- that to go stipulation to that effect would they can

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