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scribe; and in the Note of the 9th September, afterceived. We have the honour to be, with perfect having shewn that the basis of uti possidetis, șuch | respect, your obedient servants, JoOHN QUINCY as it was known to exist at the commencement of ADAMS, J. A. BAYARD, H. CLAY, JONA. Rusthe negociation, gave no claim to his Britannic SELL, A. GALLATIN. Majesty to cessions of territory founded upon the right of conquest; they added, that even if the chances of war should give to the British arms a momentary possession of other parts of the terri

tory of the United States, such events would not alter their views with regard to the terms of peace The unto which they would give their consent. dersigned can now only repeat those declarations, and decline treating upon the basis of uti possidetis, or upon any other principle involving a cession of any part of the territory of the United States. As they have uniformly stated, they can treat only upon the principles of a mutual restoration of whatever territory may have been taken by either party. From this principle they cannot recede; and the undersigned; after the repeated declarations of the British Plenipotentiaries, that Great Britain had no view to acquisition of territory in this negocia tion, deeni it necessary to add, that the utility of its continuance depends on their adherence to this principle. The undersigned having declared in their Note of the 21st of August, that although instructed and prepared to enter into an amicable discussion of all the points, on which differences or uncertainty had existed, and which might hereafter tend to interrupt the harmony of the two countries, they would not makeries, have objected to one essential part of the pros the conclusion of the peace at all depend upon a successful result of the discussion; and having since agreed to the preliminary article proposed by the British Government, had believed that the negotiation, already so long protracted, could not be brought to an early conclusion otherwise than by the communication of a projet, embracing all the other specific propositions which Great Britain intended to offer. They repeat their request in that respect, and will bave no objection to a simultaneous exchange of the projets of both parties. This course will bring fairly into discussion the other topics embraced in the last note of the British Plenipotenfiaries, to which the undersigned have thought it annecessary to advert at the present time. The undersigned, renow to the British Plenipotentiaries the assurance of their high consideration. (Signed) JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, JAMES A. BAYARD, HENRY CLAY, JONATHAN RUSSELL. A. GALLATIN.

The undersigned have the honour acknowledg the receipt of the note addressed to them by the American Plenipotentiaries on the 24th instant, in which they object to the basis of uti possidetis proposed by the undersigned, as that on which they are willing to treat in regard to part of the bounda ries between the dominions of his Majesty and those of the United States. The American Plenipotentia ries in their note of the 13th instant, requested the undersigned to communicate to them the projet of a treaty, embracing all the points insisted on by Great Britain, engaging on their part to deliver immediately after a contra projet as to all the articles to which they might not agree, and as to all the subjects deemed material by the United States, and omitted in the projet of the undersigned. The andersigned were accordingly instructed to waive the question of etiquette, and the advantage which might result from receiving the first communication, and confiding in the engagement of the American Plenipotentiaries, communicated in their notes of the 21st instant, all the points upon which they are instructed to insist. The American Plenipotentia

jet thus communicated, but before the undersigned
can enter into the discussion of this objection, they
must require from the American Plenipotentiaries
that, pursuant to their engagement, they will deli
ver a contra-projet containing all their objections
to the points submitted by the undersigned, toge
ther with a statement of such further points as the
Government of the United States consider to be
material. The undersigned are authorised to state
distine ly, that the article as to the pacification
and rights of the Indian nations having been accept
ed, they have brought forward their pote of the
21st instant, all the propositions they have to offer.
They have no further in demands to make, no other
stipulations on which they are instructed to insist,
and they are empowered to sign a Treaty of Peace
forthwith in conformity with those stated in their
former note. The undersigned trust, therefore,
that the American Plenipotentiaries will no longer
hesitate to bring forward, in form of articles or
otherwise as they may prefer, those specific propo-
sitio upon which they are empowered to sign a.
Treaty of Peace between the two countries. The
undersigned avail themselves of the present,opportu-

to renew to the Plenipotentiaries of the United States the assurance of their high consideration. (Signed) Gameisr, H. Goulayan, WM, Apam.

No. XII-NOTE from the British to the American Ministers.-October 31, 1814.

No. XI-Copy of a Letter from the American
Commissioners to the Secretary of State, dated
Ghent, October 31, 1814.

SIR,---The detention of the Chauncey at Ostend,ity enables us to send the inclosed Note from the British Plenipotentiaries, which we have just re

felt myself compelled to forego the satisfaction of destroying the prize. Our braces having been cut away, we kept off the wind until others could be rove, and with the expectation of drawing the second brig from his companions, but in the last we were disappointed. The second brig continued to approach us until she came close to our stern, when she hauled by the wind, fired her broadside, which cut our rigging and sails considerably, and, shot away a lower main cross tree, and retraced her steps to join her censort, when we were necessitated to abandon the prize; he appeared in every respect a total wreck. He continued for some time firing guns of distress, until probably delivered by the two last vessels who made their appearance. The second brig could have engaged us if he had thought proper, as he neared us fast, but contented himself with firing a broadside, and immediately returned to his companions. It is with real satisfaction I have again the pleasure of bearing testimony to the merits of Lieutenant Reilly, Tillinghurst, Baury, and sailing-mnaster Cart: and to the good conduct of every officer and man on board the Wasp. Their divisions and departments were attended and supplied with the utmost regularity and abundance, which, with the good order maintained, together with the vivacity and precision of their are, reflects on them the greatest credit. Our loss is two killed and one slightly wounded with a wad. The hull received four round shot, and the foremast many grape shot, Our rigging and sails suffered a great deal. Evety damage was repaired the day after, with the exception of our sails. Of the vessel with whom we were engaged, nothing positive can be said, with regards to her name or force, While hailing him previous to his being fired into, it was blowing fresh (and then going ten knots) and the name was not distinctly understood. Of her force, the four shot which struck us are all thirty-two lbs. in weight, being a pound and three quarters heavier than any we had belonging to our vessel, From this circumstance, the number of men in her tops, her general appearance and great length, she is believed to one of the largest brigs in the British navy.-I have the honour, &c. &c.

Capt. Blakeley's official Account.

Copy of a Letter from JOHNSON BLAKELEY, Esq. Commander of the United States sloop of war Wasp, to the Secretary of the Navy, dated Toited States' ship Wasp, September 11, 1814, 4.4. N. long, 16. W.

SIR,--After a protracted and tedious stay at I'Orient, I had at last the pleasure of leaving that place on Saturday the 27th August. On the 30th captured the British brig Lettice, Henry Cockbain, zuaster, and 31st August the British brig Bon Accord, Adam Durny, master. In the morning of the 1st September discovered a convoy of ten sail to leeward, in charge of the Armada, 74, and a bomb ship; stood for them, and succeeded in cutting out the British brig Mary, John D.Allen, mas ter, laden with brass cannon taken from the Spaniards, iron cannon and military stores, from Gibraltar to England, removed the prisoners, set her ou fire, and endeavoured to capture another of the Couvoy, but was chased off by the Armada. On the evening of the same day, at half-past six, while going tree, discovered tour vessels nearly at the same time, two on the starboard, and two on the larboard bow, hauled up for the one most on the starboard bow, being farthest to windward. At seven the chace (a brig) commenced making signals with flags, which could not be distinguished for want of light, and soon after made various ones with lanterns, rockets and guns. At 26 minutes atternine, having the chace under our lee bow, the 12 pound carronade was directed to be fired into him, which he returned; ran under his lee to prevent his escaping, and at nine minutes after nine commenced the action. At 10 o'clock believing the enemy to be silenced, orders were given to cease firing, when I hailed and asked if he had surrendered. No answer being given to this and his fire having recommenced, it was again returned. At 12 minutes after 10, the enemy having suffered greatly and having made no retur. to our two last broadsides, I hailed him the second time, to know if he had surrendered, when he answered in the affirmative. The guns were then ordejed to "be secured, and the boat lowered to take possession, In the act of lowering the boat a second brig was discovered a little distance a-stern and standing for us. Sent the crew to their quarters, prepared every thing for another action, and awaited his coming up; at 36 minutes after 10, discovered two more sail a-stern standing towards us. I ow

J. BLAKELEY.

P. S. I am told the enemy, after his surrender, asked for assistance, and said he was sinking. The probability of this is confirmed by his firing signalguns for some time after his capture. The action took place in lat. 47. 30. N. long, 11 W.

Printed and Published by G. HoUSTON: No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed to the Editor are requested to be forwarded,

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VOL. XXVII. No. 5.] LONDON, SATURDAY, FEB. 4, 1815.

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Before we come to the Meeting itself, we ought to notice the previous steps. A Requisition to the Sheriff, signed by 53 gentlemen, was left with the Deputy Sheriff at Winchester. These gentlemen were, principally, land-owners as well as farmers, but none of them distinguished as belonging to either of the Parties, as they are usually termed. After this Requisition was set on foot, another was put in circulation by what is, ludicrously enough, called the Whigs; and, though the former petition was first in the hands of the Deputy Sheriff, the Meeting was called upon the latter, on the ground,

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that it first reached the High Sheriff, notwithstanding that, in all other cases, an application to the former is looked upon, and, in law, is an application to the latter.

HAMPSHIRE MEETING.

Property Tax.-Trick of the London
Press.

HAVING taken a part personally at this meeting in my own county, it was not my intention to have made its proceedings a subject of observation in print, because it seems rather unfair to avail myself of an advantage, not possessed by those gentlemen, from whom I had -the misfortune to differ in opinion. But, I am compelled to do this, on the present occasion, in my own defence, seeing that the London daily news-papers have wholly misrepresented the proceedings; have garbled every thing that they have touched; have suppressed the Petition which I moved; have exhibited me as guilty of the most glaring inconsistency, and as having behaved in a diorderlying ten thousand fines more anxious to and even ridiculous manner. I shall, I inculcate a sound principle or two, as to trust, therefore, be excused for giving the rights and liberties of my country, 1 an account of the Proceedings, through than to relieve myself from the Property the only channel that I have access to, Tax, and all the other taxes put togeespecially as the discussion embraced ther! some great political principles, in which the nation are, of course, deeply interested. When I have given an account of the Proceedings, I will give an account of the Trick of the London daily Press, and endeavour to open the eyes of the public to the true character of that xenal instrument of all that is hypocritical and corrupt.

These circumstances would have bean almost unworthy of notice, if they had not had an effect upon the proceedings of the day; but, as will be seen presently, they had a very material effect upon those proceedings, and tended to shew, in no very amiable light, the character and real views of the party, by whom the second Requisition was urged farward. For my part, I signed neither of the Requisitions, and, until my arrival at Winchester, had had no communication with any one upon the subject. I had determined upon the course to pursue, and left co-operation to chance, be

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About eleven o'clock, that is to say,about an hour before theMeeting took place,some gentlemen joined me at the inn where I was. Sometime after this, I drew up a petition to offer to the Meeting, in case the one to be presented by the Whigs, should not be such as I approved of. So far was I. from having time to copy the paper, I was drying the ink at the fire, when word, was brought us, that the Meeting was begun. Cramming the paper into my pocket, without reading it even once over, I hastened to the Castle, and entered the Court-house in the middie of a speech of Mr. PORTALL, who, I learnt, had opened the business of the day. The fairest way for me to act as to this Speech, is to insert the report of it as I find it in the Times newspaper of the 25th of January. The speech was an hour long; but, really, the reporter has had the ability to bring into about ten minutes compass all the material points of it. The Speech was delivered with

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great clearness and eloquence; but, ge-" who by their mental energy, and bodily nerally speaking, there was nothing new "health, were just in a condition to in it, which the report here inserted does "maintain their families, and from whom not contain: "much of the fruits of their industry was torn by the operation of this tax. "What could be more unjust, than that "such men should be obliged to pay the "same tax for an income so acquired, as "if their income had been the regular produce of large sums invested in the

"Mr. PORTALL came forward to move for a petition to be presented to "the House of Commons, against the "revival of this tax. He, as being a "Commissioner for collecting this tax, "had many opportunities of consider-"

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ing the machinery of it, and witness-" funds? This was not like the other taxes which were paid indirectly or collaterally. It was a tax on the thing itself. If he had ten guineas on his ta "ble, the tax-gatherer took one of them. "This appeared in its principle to be something of a highwayman's-tax. It "was extorted, not by the means of a " pistol, but by the surcharges and sur "veyors. The surveyor administered to "the party the oath of purgation, and "then the inquisition followed. This "tax went to destroy all confidence be No man dared "tween man and man. to speak of his circumstances, for fear of being exposed to the surveyor.

ing its unavoidable oppression: on this account, he did not hesitate to put "himself forward on this occasion, although there were many present of "superior weight and property in the county. He should begin by entirely disclaiming all party motives, and "therefore he should not consider who 66 the man who first proposed the tax, or who it was that increased it. If "he felt any confidence that this most "obnoxious tax would be suffered to die away of itself at the period which the "legislature had marked out for its de-" cease, he should not have thought it necessary to disturb its expiring mo- "this country there were men who would ments. Ministers had, however, both" not be afraid to take a lion by the "by their demeanour and their language" beard, but who trembled before the

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in the House, as well as t of it, by" surveyor, who is, in fact, the greatest "bug-bear in the land. It might be " asked, how came it that such a tax "was ever suffered? It was because it "was then stated that the enemy was at

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"their refusing to answer questions, and
"by their sending private letters to their
friends whom they supposed to have
"considerable local interest, shewed
pretty clearly to the country, that it"
was their intention to propose the re-
"newal of the tax. If this tax was real-"
"ly as good in itself as any other tax by
"which the necessary supplies were to
"be raised, he should not have such
"great objections to it. He was
"convinced, however, that this tax which
"professed to be equal and impartial,"
" was in fact the most unequal and the
"most partial. It was said to be a tax
upon profits, and yet no deduction was
"made on account of the necessary ex-
"6 pense of repairs. Was the expense
"that a landlord or farmer was obliged
"to incur for keeping the premises in re-
pair, to be called their profits? Were

our doors, and that every thing which we valued was at stake. Under such circumstances, the country was not very particular in enquiring into the means which were proposed for our safety. The Legislature had expressly "stated those circumstances in the first "act, the 38th of the King, and men

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tioned in the preamble," that the safety of his Majesty's Crown, the security of our holy religion, our laws, lives, and properties, were at hazard." "If Ministers now wished to renew the tax, it would be for them to shew that "the same circumstances now exist. The "Legislature had always shewn the "greatest anxiety about the time in which

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"the three-fourths of the tax upon land" the act was to expire; and after fixing "which the farmers are obliged to pay "that time in all their acts, they added "to be called a tax upon their profits? " and "no longer." The period at which When a lease was taken for 21 years, "its expiration was fixed, was the Cth

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subject to a heavy fine on the renewal," of April, after the conclusion of the no deduction was made on account of war then existing. If ever there was this fine. The case was still harder" a pledge given by the Legislature to the "with professional men and tradesmen," country, that a tax should expire at a

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SIR W. HEATHCOTE shortly second"ed theResolutions, and observed that he "had voted against the new Malt Duty.

This motion being made and seconded,、 Mr. HUNT rose to speak; but was called to order by Mr.PORTALL, and the Sheriff decided, that he could not be permitted to speak till Lord NoTHESK had read a petition; that is to say, Mr. Portall was permitted to make a long speech and a motion,

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"certain time, that pledge had been 'given in this instance. The country "had performed its part of the contract, " and submitted to the tax with unexampled patience, as long as the war << continued. They had now a clear and "irrefragable right to the benefits of the engagements on the other side, and to expect that the tax should not be re"newed. If the tax were now renewed, "it would not only be a gross violation " of the contract, but it would be an ag"gravated breach of trust, by making "the very violation of their contract "a sort of precedent for further viola-which motion was seconded, and Lord "tions. It was his firm opinion, that if NORTHESK was to make another motion, "the tax were but submitted to for an- and that was to be seconded also, before "other year, it would never be taken off. any person on the other side was to be "New circumstances and new pretences permitted to speak! If this was fair and "would then arise; and rather than regular, it must be acknowledged, that give up the tax, Ministers would pre- Hampshire has its peculiar mode of con"fer another war, perhaps with the Dey ducting debates and discussions. of Algiers, the Nabob of Arcot, or some "of those gentlemen. He should object 86 to any modification of the tax. If it were reduced to one per cent. or one "fourth per cent. he should equaly object to it, as an unfit tax to be intro"duced into a free country. Every man "who is now summoned before the urveyor goes up like a culprit, and feels "like one. The difference is, that by the law of England, every man is presumed innocent until he is found guilty; whereas, before the surveyors, every man is presumed guilty, until he "is found innocent. He did not mean "to cast the slightest reflection on the surveyors personally, but without such a course the tax could not be raised. "There was another subject which affected the people of this country almost as much as the property-tax. Among those taxes which were called war taxes, and which by law would "expire about the same time with the property tax, there was one of no less "than two shillings a bushel on malt. "This bore no less on the comforts of the "poor and middling orders, than it did upon the interests of agriculture. He had, therefore introduced into the petition a prayer, that this tax also should not be revived. As this was not regularly introduced in the requisition, it was only by the pleasure and sufferance "of the Meeting, that he could incorporate it with his petition. (The sense of "the Meeting on this point was testified "by loud applause.) He concluded by

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The petition was then produced and moved, and, having been read, was seconded by SIR HARRY TICHBORNE. Here Mr. HUNT requested that the first requisition might be read. It now appeared, that that requisition included, by name, the War Tax upon Malt, which, as the reader will perceive, had been embodied into the Whig Petition, though not mentioned in the Whig requisition. The motive for this act of irre gularity was clearly this: that the Whigs knowing that, if they left it out, an amendment would be moved, and that, thus, they would be defeated upon their own dunghill, seeing that the Malt Tax is full as burdensome and as odious as the Property Tax. The getting over this irregularity by "taking the sense of the

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Meeting," as it was called, amounted to just nothing at all; for, by the same rule, any thing might be introduced into the Petition; and yet, as the reader will presently see, great efforts were made to set my Petition aside upon the ground, that it contained matter of complaint, not specified in the requisition.

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Having thus shewn the tactics of the Whigs this far, and exposed the motive, whence they were led to introduce the Malt Tax, I now proceed to the discussion of the Petition, into which we were permitted to enter, though we had not been permitted to oppose Mr. Portall's resolu tion. The Whig Petition, as the Times newspaper observes was then read by the Under-Sheriff. It was of con

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"moving a resolution, that it was expe"dient to present a Petition to the House "of Commons against the revival of those "taxes.

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